黄杉

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分类: MySQL

2015-03-21 09:05:25



    Xtrabackup下载、安装以及全量备份请参考:http://blog.itpub.net/26230597/viewspace-1465772/


1,创建mysql备份用户

mysql -uroot --password="" -e"CREATE USER 'backup'@'192.168.%' IDENTIFIED BY '123456'";

mysql -uroot --password="" -e"GRANT RELOAD, LOCK TABLES, REPLICATION CLIENT, CREATE TABLESPACE, SUPERON *.* TO 'backup'@'192.168.%'";

 

2,xtrabackup进行全量备份

备份命令:

xtrabackup --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--user=backup --password="123456" --port=3306 --backup--target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_$(date +%Y%m%d)

PS: 2>/tmp/fullbackup.log 将备份信息放入文件中。


 备份过程信息如下:

[root@data01 ~]# xtrabackup--defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --user=backup --password="123456"--port=3306 --backup --target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_$(date+%Y%m%d)
xtrabackup version 2.2.9 based on MySQLserver 5.6.22 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: )
xtrabackup: uses posix_fadvise().
xtrabackup: cd to /home/data/mysql/data
xtrabackup: open files limit requested 0,set to 1024
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 67108864
>> log scanned up to (423920168)
xtrabackup: Generating a list of tablespaces
[01] Copying ./IBdata1 to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/IBdata1
>> log scanned up to (423920168)
>> log scanned up to (423920168)
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./IBdata2 to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/IBdata2
>> log scanned up to (423920168)
>> log scanned up to (423920168)
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_master_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/mysql/slave_master_info.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_worker_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/sbtest/sbtest1.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest5.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/sbtest/sbtest5.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest8.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/sbtest/sbtest8.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/sbtest/sbtest4.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/sbtest/sbtest2.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest6.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/sbtest/sbtest6.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest7.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/sbtest/sbtest7.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/sbtest/sbtest3.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/test/t1.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/test/t3.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/test/t.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/user_db/t1.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/user_db/test.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/user_db/test2.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/user_db/t3.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/UC_USER.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/user_db/UC_USER.ibd
>> log scanned up to (423920168)
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319/user_db/t.ibd
[01]       ...done
xtrabackup: The latest check point (forincremental): '423920168'
xtrabackup: Stopping log copying thread.
.>> log scanned up to (423920168)
 
xtrabackup: Transaction log of lsn(423920168) to (423920168) was copied.
[root@data01 ~]#




3,xtrabackup进行增量备份

3.1先录入一张表,实现第一次增量数据:


mysql> create table t4 select 'aaa' asa, 1 as b;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.36 sec)
Records: 1 Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0
 
mysql>
mysql> insert into t4 select 'bbb',2;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)
Records: 1 Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0
 
mysql>



3.2 再进行增量备份1

xtrabackup --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--backup --user=backup --password="123456" --port=3306 --target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/--incremental-basedir=/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_201503192>/tmp/incre_backup_1.log

 

查看备份日志信息:


[root@data01 ~]# more/tmp/incre_backup_1.log
xtrabackup version 2.2.9 based on MySQLserver 5.6.22 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: )
incremental backup from 423920168 isenabled.
xtrabackup: uses posix_fadvise().
xtrabackup: cd to /home/data/mysql/data
xtrabackup: open files limit requested 0,set to 1024
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 67108864
>> log scanned up to (423925813)
xtrabackup: Generating a list oftablespaces
xtrabackup: using the full scan forincremental backup
[01] Copying ./IBdata1 to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/IBdata1.delta
>> log scanned up to (423925813)
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./IBdata2 to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/IBdata2.delta
>> log scanned up to (423925813)
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423925813)
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_master_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/slave_master_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying./mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_worker_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest5.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest5.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest8.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest8.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest4.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest6.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest6.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest7.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest7.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t4.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t1.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/t1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/test.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423925813)
[01] Copying ./user_db/test2.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/test2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/t3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/UC_USER.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/UC_USER.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/t.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
xtrabackup: The latest check point (forincremental): '423925813'
xtrabackup: Stopping log copying thread.
.>> log scanned up to (423925813)
 
xtrabackup: Transaction log of lsn(423925813) to (423925813) was copied.
 



 

3.3 再建立表2,实现第二天增量数据

建立一张表t_incre_2:


mysql> use test;
Database changed
mysql> create table t_incre_2 select'cc' as a,2 as b;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.25 sec)
Records: 1 Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0
 
mysql> insert into t_incre_2 select'dd',2;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)
Records: 1 Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0
 
mysql> select * from t_incre_2;
+----+---+
| a | b |
+----+---+
| cc | 2 |
| dd | 2 |
+----+---+
2 rows in set (0.05 sec)
 
mysql>



 

3.4 进行第二天的增量备份

备份命令:

xtrabackup --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--backup --user=backup --password="123456" --port=3306 --target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/--incremental-basedir=/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320 2>/tmp/incre_backup_2.log

 

备份信息记录如下:


[root@data01 ~]# more /tmp/incre_backup_2.log
xtrabackup version 2.2.9 based on MySQLserver 5.6.22 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: )
incremental backup from 423925813 isenabled.
xtrabackup: uses posix_fadvise().
xtrabackup: cd to /home/data/mysql/data
xtrabackup: open files limit requested 0,set to 1024
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 67108864
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
xtrabackup: Generating a list oftablespaces
xtrabackup: using the full scan forincremental backup
[01] Copying ./IBdata1 to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/IBdata1.delta
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
[01] Copying ./IBdata2 to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/IBdata2.delta
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_master_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/slave_master_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying./mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_worker_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest5.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest5.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest8.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest8.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest4.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest6.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest6.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest7.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest7.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t4.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
[01] Copying ./test/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t_incre_2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t_incre_2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/t1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/test.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/test2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/t3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/UC_USER.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/UC_USER.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/t.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423931610)
xtrabackup: The latest check point (forincremental): '423931610'
xtrabackup: Stopping log copying thread.
.>> log scanned up to (423931610)
 
xtrabackup: Transaction log of lsn(423931610) to (423931610) was copied.

 


4,xtrabackup进行增量恢复

4.1为了验证比对,先删除两个增量备份前表里面的数据


mysql> delete from t4;
Query OK, 2 rows affected (0.05 sec)
 
mysql> delete from t_incre_2;
Query OK, 2 rows affected (0.04 sec)
 
mysql> select * from t4;
Empty set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> select * from t_incre_2;
Empty set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql>



 

4.2开始全备份恢复PREPARE THE BASE BACKUP

备份命令如下:

xtrabackup --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--prepare --user=backup --password="123456"  --apply-log-only--target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319 2>/tmp/full_restore.log


备份信息记录如下:


[root@data01 mysql]# xtrabackup--defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --prepare --user=backup--password="123456" --apply-log-only --target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319
xtrabackup version 2.2.9 based on MySQLserver 5.6.22 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: )
xtrabackup: cd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319
xtrabackup: This target seems to be alreadyprepared.
xtrabackup: notice: xtrabackup_logfile wasalready used to '--prepare'.
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration for recovery:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 67108864
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration for recovery:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 67108864
xtrabackup: Starting InnoDB instance forrecovery.
xtrabackup: Using 104857600 bytes forbuffer pool (set by --use-memory parameter)
InnoDB: Using atomics to ref count bufferpool pages
InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomicbuiltins
InnoDB: Memory barrier is not used
InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions
InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size =100.0M
InnoDB: Completed initialization of bufferpool
InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile101size to 64 MB
InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile1 sizeto 64 MB
InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile2 sizeto 64 MB
InnoDB: Renaming log file ./ib_logfile101to ./ib_logfile0
InnoDB: New log files created,LSN=423920168
InnoDB: Highest supported file format isBarracuda.
 
[notice (again)]
  Ifyou use binary log and don't use any hack of group commit,
  thebinary log position seems to be:
InnoDB: Last MySQL binlog file position 0915, file name mysql-bin.000053
 
xtrabackup: starting shutdown withinnodb_fast_shutdown = 1
InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequencenumber 423920652
[root@data01 mysql]#

 


4.3 恢复到第一次增量的时刻

恢复命令:

xtrabackup --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--prepare --user=backup --password="123456"  --apply-log-only--target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319--incremental-dir=/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320 2>/tmp/restore_incre_1.log

恢复过程:


[root@data01 mysql]# more /tmp/restore_incre_1.log
xtrabackup version 2.2.9 based on MySQLserver 5.6.22 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: )
incremental backup from 423920168 isenabled.
xtrabackup: cd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319
xtrabackup: This target seems to be alreadyprepared.
xtrabackup: xtrabackup_logfile detected:size=2097152, start_lsn=(423925813)
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration for recovery:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir =/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 1
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 2097152
xtrabackup: Generating a list oftablespaces
xtrabackup: page size for /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/IBdata2.deltais 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/IBdata2.delta to ./IBdata2...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/IBdata1.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/IBdata1.deltato ./IBdata1...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd.delta is 16384bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd.delta to./mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd.delta is 16384bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd.delta to./mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd.delta is 16384bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd.delta to./mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd.delta is16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd.delta to./mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/slave_master_info.ibd.delta is 16384bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/mysql/slave_master_info.ibd.delta to./mysql/slave_master_info.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest4.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest4.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest4.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest3.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest3.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest3.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest1.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest1.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest1.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest7.ibd.deltais 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest7.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest7.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest6.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest6.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest6.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest8.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest8.ibd.deltato ./sbtest/sbtest8.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest2.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest2.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest2.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest5.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/sbtest/sbtest5.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest5.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t3.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t3.ibd.delta to ./test/t3.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t.ibd.delta to ./test/t.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t4.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t4.ibd.delta to ./test/t4.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t1.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/test/t1.ibd.delta to ./test/t1.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/t3.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/t3.ibd.deltato ./user_db/t3.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/t.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/t.ibd.delta to ./user_db/t.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/test2.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/test2.ibd.delta to./user_db/test2.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/test.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/test.ibd.delta to./user_db/test.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/t1.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/t1.ibd.delta to ./user_db/t1.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/UC_USER.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320/user_db/UC_USER.ibd.delta to./user_db/UC_USER.ibd...
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration for recovery:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir =/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150320
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 1
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 2097152
xtrabackup: Starting InnoDB instance forrecovery.
xtrabackup: Using 104857600 bytes forbuffer pool (set by --use-memory parameter)
InnoDB: Using atomics to ref count bufferpool pages
InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomicbuiltins
InnoDB: Memory barrier is not used
InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions
InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 100.0M
InnoDB: Completed initialization of bufferpool
InnoDB: Highest supported file format isBarracuda.
InnoDB: The log sequence numbers 423920652and 423920652 in ibdata files do not match the log sequence number 423925813 inthe ib_logfiles!
InnoDB: Database was not shutdown normally!
InnoDB: Starting crash recovery.
InnoDB: Reading tablespace information fromthe .ibd files...
InnoDB: Restoring possible half-writtendata pages
InnoDB: from the doublewrite buffer...
InnoDB: Last MySQL binlog file position 0915, file name mysql-bin.000053
 
[notice (again)]
  Ifyou use binary log and don't use any hack of group commit,
  thebinary log position seems to be:
InnoDB: Last MySQL binlog file position 0915, file name mysql-bin.000053
 
xtrabackup: starting shutdown withinnodb_fast_shutdown = 1
InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequencenumber 423925813

 


4.4 恢复到第二次增量备份前面:

恢复命令:

xtrabackup --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--prepare --user=backup --password="123456"  --apply-log-only --target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319--incremental-dir=/data/backups/mysql/incre_201503212>/tmp/restore_incre_2.log

 

恢复过程:


[root@data01 mysql]# more/tmp/restore_incre_2.log
xtrabackup version 2.2.9 based on MySQLserver 5.6.22 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: )
incremental backup from 423925813 isenabled.
xtrabackup: cd to/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319
xtrabackup: This target seems to be alreadyprepared.
xtrabackup: xtrabackup_logfile detected:size=2097152, start_lsn=(423931610)
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration for recovery:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir =/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 1
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 2097152
xtrabackup: Generating a list oftablespaces
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/IBdata2.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/IBdata2.deltato ./IBdata2...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/IBdata1.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/IBdata1.delta to ./IBdata1...
xtrabackup: page size for /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd.deltais 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd.delta to./mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd.delta is 16384bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd.delta to./mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd.delta is 16384bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd.delta to./mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd.delta is16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd.delta to./mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/slave_master_info.ibd.delta is 16384bytes
Applying /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/mysql/slave_master_info.ibd.deltato ./mysql/slave_master_info.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest4.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest4.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest4.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest3.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest3.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest3.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest1.ibd.deltais 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest1.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest1.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest7.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest7.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest7.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest6.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest6.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest6.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest8.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest8.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest8.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest2.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest2.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest2.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest5.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/sbtest/sbtest5.ibd.delta to./sbtest/sbtest5.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t3.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying /data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t3.ibd.deltato ./test/t3.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t_incre_2.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t_incre_2.ibd.delta to./test/t_incre_2.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t.ibd.delta to ./test/t.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t4.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t4.ibd.delta to ./test/t4.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t1.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/test/t1.ibd.delta to ./test/t1.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/t3.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/t3.ibd.delta to ./user_db/t3.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/t.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/t.ibd.delta to ./user_db/t.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/test2.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/test2.ibd.delta to./user_db/test2.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/test.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/test.ibd.delta to./user_db/test.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/t1.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/t1.ibd.delta to ./user_db/t1.ibd...
xtrabackup: page size for/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/UC_USER.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
Applying/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321/user_db/UC_USER.ibd.delta to./user_db/UC_USER.ibd...
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration for recovery:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir =/data/backups/mysql/incre_20150321
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 1
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 2097152
xtrabackup: Starting InnoDB instance forrecovery.
xtrabackup: Using 104857600 bytes forbuffer pool (set by --use-memory parameter)
InnoDB: Using atomics to ref count bufferpool pages
InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomicbuiltins
InnoDB: Memory barrier is not used
InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions
InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size =100.0M
InnoDB: Completed initialization of bufferpool
InnoDB: Highest supported file format isBarracuda.
InnoDB: The log sequence numbers 423925813and 423925813 in ibdata files do not match the log sequence number 423931610 inthe ib_logfiles!
InnoDB: Database was not shutdown normally!
InnoDB: Starting crash recovery.
InnoDB: Reading tablespace information fromthe .ibd files...
InnoDB: Restoring possible half-writtendata pages
InnoDB: from the doublewrite buffer...
InnoDB: Last MySQL binlog file position 0915, file name mysql-bin.000053
 
[notice (again)]
  Ifyou use binary log and don't use any hack of group commit,
  thebinary log position seems to be:
InnoDB: Last MySQL binlog file position 0915, file name mysql-bin.000053
 
xtrabackup: starting shutdown withinnodb_fast_shutdown = 1
InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequencenumber 423931610
[root@data01 mysql]#

 


4.5 恢复整个库

恢复命令:

xtrabackup --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--prepare --user=backup --password="123456"--target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319 2>/tmp/restore_end_3.log

停止mysql服务:

service mysqld5612 stop

开始rsync数据文件:

cd /data/backups/mysql/full_incre_20150319

rsync -rvt --exclude'xtrabackup_checkpoints' --exclude 'xtrabackup_logfile'  ./ /home/data/mysql/data

授予mysql访问权限:

chown -R mysql:mysql /home/data/mysql/data

启动mysql服务:

service mysqld5612 start


4.6,验证

登录mysql,看到以前在备份之后删除的t4以及t_incre_2表的数据已经通过2次增量备份恢复过来了,如下所示:


mysql> select * from t4;
+-----+---+
| a  | b |
+-----+---+
| aaa | 1 |
| bbb | 2 |
+-----+---+
2 rows in set (0.05 sec)
 
mysql> select * from t_incre_2;
+----+---+
| a | b |
+----+---+
| cc | 2 |
| dd | 2 |
+----+---+
2 rows in set (0.06 sec)
 
mysql>



5,innobackupex先做全量备份

命令如下:

innobackupex --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--user=backup --password="123456" --host=192.168.52.129/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/ --no-timestamp 2>/tmp/innobackupex_full.log

 

备份过程信息:


[root@data01 mysql]# more/tmp/innobackupex_full.log
 
InnoDB Backup Utility v1.5.1-xtrabackup;Copyright 2003, 2009 Innobase Oy
and Percona LLC and/or its affiliates2009-2013.  All Rights Reserved.
 
This software is published under
the GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2,June 1991.
 
Get the latest version of PerconaXtraBackup, documentation, and help resources:
http://www.percona.com/xb/p
 
150319 02:31:18  innobackupex: Connecting to MySQL server withDSN 'dbi:mysql:;mysql_read_default_file=/etc/my.cnf;mysql_read_default_group=xtrabackup;host=192.168.52.129'as 'backup'  (using
 password: YES).
150319 02:31:18  innobackupex: Connected to MySQL server
150319 02:31:18  innobackupex: Executing a version checkagainst the server...
150319 02:31:18  innobackupex: Done.
150319 02:31:18  innobackupex: Starting the backup operation
 
IMPORTANT: Please check that the backup runcompletes successfully.
          At the end of a successful backup run innobackupex
          prints "completed OK!".
 
innobackupex:  Using server version 5.6.12-log
 
innobackupex: Created backup directory/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319
 
150319 02:31:18  innobackupex: Starting ibbackup with command:xtrabackup --defaults-file="/etc/my.cnf" --defaults-group="mysqld" --backup --suspend-at-end--target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/
innobackupex_full_20150319 --tmpdir=/tmp--extra-lsndir='/tmp'
innobackupex: Waiting for ibbackup(pid=13118) to suspend
innobackupex: Suspend file'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/xtrabackup_suspended_2'
 
xtrabackup version 2.2.9 based on MySQLserver 5.6.22 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: )
xtrabackup: uses posix_fadvise().
xtrabackup: cd to /home/data/mysql/data
xtrabackup: open files limit requested 0, setto 1024
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 67108864
>> log scanned up to (423920964)
xtrabackup: Generating a list oftablespaces
[01] Copying ./IBdata1 to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/IBdata1
>> log scanned up to (423920964)
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./IBdata2 to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/IBdata2
>> log scanned up to (423920964)
>> log scanned up to (423920964)
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423920964)
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_master_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/slave_master_info.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying./mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_worker_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest1.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest5.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest5.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest8.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest8.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest4.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest2.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest6.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest6.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest7.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest7.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest3.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t1.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t4.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t3.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t_incre_2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t_incre_2.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/t1.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/test.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/test2.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/t3.ibd
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/UC_USER.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/UC_USER.ibd
>> log scanned up to (423920964)
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/t.ibd
[01]       ...done
xtrabackup: Creating suspend file'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/xtrabackup_suspended_2' withpid '13118'
 
150319 02:31:24  innobackupex: Continuing after ibbackup hassuspended
150319 02:31:24  innobackupex: Executing FLUSH TABLES WITHREAD LOCK...
150319 02:31:24  innobackupex: All tables locked and flushedto disk
 
150319 02:31:24  innobackupex: Starting to backup non-InnoDBtables and files
innobackupex: in subdirectories of'/home/data/mysql/data/'
innobackupex: Backing up files'/home/data/mysql/data//performance_schema/*.{frm,isl,MYD,MYI,MAD,MAI,MRG,TRG,TRN,ARM,ARZ,CSM,CSV,opt,par}'(53 files)
>> log scanned up to (423920964)
innobackupex: Backing up files'/home/data/mysql/data//mysql/*.{frm,isl,MYD,MYI,MAD,MAI,MRG,TRG,TRN,ARM,ARZ,CSM,CSV,opt,par}'(74 files)
>> log scanned up to (423920964)
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest3.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest4.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest6.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest8.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest1.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/db.opt'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest2.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest7.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest5.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t_incre_2.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t3.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t4.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t1.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/UC_USER.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file '/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/t.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/t3.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/test.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/db.opt'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/test2.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/t1.frm'
150319 02:31:26  innobackupex: Finished backing up non-InnoDBtables and files
 
150319 02:31:26  innobackupex: Executing FLUSHNO_WRITE_TO_BINLOG ENGINE LOGS...
150319 02:31:26  innobackupex: Waiting for log copying tofinish
 
>> log scanned up to (423920964)
xtrabackup: The latest check point (forincremental): '423920964'
xtrabackup: Stopping log copying thread.
.>> log scanned up to (423920964)
 
xtrabackup: Creating suspend file'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/xtrabackup_log_copied' with pid'13118'
xtrabackup: Transaction log of lsn(423920964) to (423920964) was copied.
150319 02:31:27  innobackupex: All tables unlocked
 
innobackupex: Backup created in directory'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319'
innobackupex: MySQL binlog position:filename 'mysql-bin.000066', position 120
150319 02:31:27  innobackupex: Connection to database serverclosed
150319 02:31:27  innobackupex: completed OK!
[root@data01 mysql]#

 


6,innobackupex做增量备份

6.1做第一次增量备份

先录入增量数据


mysql> create table incre1 select'incre1 table ' as incre1, 'a' as id;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.06 sec)
Records: 1 Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0
 
mysql> select * from incre1;
+---------------+----+
| incre1        | id |
+---------------+----+
| incre1 table  | a  |
+---------------+----+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql>



 

再进行增量备份,命令如下:

innobackupex --incremental/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1--incremental-basedir=/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/--user=backup --password="123456" --host=192.168.52.129 --no-timestamp2>/tmp/innobackex_incre_1.log

 

备份过程信息如下:


[root@data01 mysql]# more/tmp/innobackex_incre_1.log
 
InnoDB Backup Utility v1.5.1-xtrabackup;Copyright 2003, 2009 Innobase Oy
and Percona LLC and/or its affiliates2009-2013.  All Rights Reserved.
 
This software is published under
the GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2,June 1991.
 
Get the latest version of PerconaXtraBackup, documentation, and help resources:
http://www.percona.com/xb/p
 
150319 02:38:04  innobackupex: Connecting to MySQL server withDSN 'dbi:mysql:;mysql_read_default_group=xtrabackup;host=192.168.52.129' as'backup'  (using password: YES).
150319 02:38:04  innobackupex: Connected to MySQL server
150319 02:38:04  innobackupex: Executing a version checkagainst the server...
150319 02:38:04  innobackupex: Done.
150319 02:38:04  innobackupex: Starting the backup operation
 
IMPORTANT: Please check that the backup runcompletes successfully.
          At the end of a successful backup run innobackupex
          prints "completed OK!".
 
innobackupex:  Using server version 5.6.12-log
 
innobackupex: Created backup directory/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1
 
150319 02:38:04  innobackupex: Starting ibbackup with command:xtrabackup --defaults-group="mysqld" --backup --suspend-at-end--target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1 --tmpdir=/tm
p --extra-lsndir='/tmp'--incremental-basedir='/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/'
innobackupex: Waiting for ibbackup(pid=13358) to suspend
innobackupex: Suspend file'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/xtrabackup_suspended_2'
 
xtrabackup version 2.2.9 based on MySQLserver 5.6.22 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: )
incremental backup from 423920964 isenabled.
xtrabackup: uses posix_fadvise().
xtrabackup: cd to /home/data/mysql/data
xtrabackup: open files limit requested 0,set to 1024
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 67108864
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
xtrabackup: Generating a list oftablespaces
xtrabackup: using the full scan forincremental backup
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
[01] Copying ./IBdata1 to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/IBdata1.delta
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
[01] Copying ./IBdata2 to /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/IBdata2.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_master_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/slave_master_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying./mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_worker_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest5.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest5.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest8.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest8.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest4.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest6.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest6.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest7.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest7.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest3.ibd.delta
[01]        ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/t1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/t4.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/incre1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/incre1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/t3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/t.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t_incre_2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/t_incre_2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/t1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/test.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/test2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/t3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/UC_USER.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/UC_USER.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/t.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
xtrabackup: Creating suspend file'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/xtrabackup_suspended_2' with pid'13358'
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
 
150319 02:38:15  innobackupex: Continuing after ibbackup hassuspended
150319 02:38:15  innobackupex: Executing FLUSH TABLES WITHREAD LOCK...
150319 02:38:15  innobackupex: All tables locked and flushedto disk
 
150319 02:38:15  innobackupex: Starting to backup non-InnoDBtables and files
innobackupex: in subdirectories of'/home/data/mysql/data/'
innobackupex: Backing up files'/home/data/mysql/data//performance_schema/*.{frm,isl,MYD,MYI,MAD,MAI,MRG,TRG,TRN,ARM,ARZ,CSM,CSV,opt,par}'(53 files)
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
innobackupex: Backing up files'/home/data/mysql/data//mysql/*.{frm,isl,MYD,MYI,MAD,MAI,MRG,TRG,TRN,ARM,ARZ,CSM,CSV,opt,par}'(74 files)
>> log scanned up to (423925361)
innobackupex: Backing up file '/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest3.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest4.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest6.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest8.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest1.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/db.opt'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest2.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file '/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest7.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest5.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t_incre_2.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t3.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t4.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/incre1.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t1.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/UC_USER.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/t.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/t3.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/test.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/db.opt'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/test2.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/t1.frm'
150319 02:38:17  innobackupex: Finished backing up non-InnoDBtables and files
 
150319 02:38:17  innobackupex: Executing FLUSHNO_WRITE_TO_BINLOG ENGINE LOGS...
150319 02:38:17  innobackupex: Waiting for log copying tofinish
 
xtrabackup: The latest check point (forincremental): '423925361'
xtrabackup: Stopping log copying thread.
.>> log scanned up to (423925361)
 
xtrabackup: Creating suspend file'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/xtrabackup_log_copied' with pid '13358'
xtrabackup: Transaction log of lsn(423925361) to (423925361) was copied.
150319 02:38:18  innobackupex: All tables unlocked
 
innobackupex: Backup created in directory'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1'
innobackupex: MySQL binlog position:filename 'mysql-bin.000066', position 120
150319 02:38:18  innobackupex: Connection to database server closed
150319 02:38:18  innobackupex: completed OK!
[root@data01 mysql]#

 


6.2 基于全备和第一个增量备份来做第二次增量备份

先录入增量数据录入


mysql> create table incre2 select'incre2' as a,3 as id;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.12 sec)
Records: 1 Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0
 
mysql>
mysql> select * from incre2;
+--------+----+
| a     | id |
+--------+----+
| incre2 | 3 |
+--------+----+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql>
 



开始进行第二次增量备份,备份命令:

innobackupex --incremental/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2 --incremental-basedir=/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/--user=backup --password="123456" --host=192.168.52.129 --no-timestamp2>/tmp/innobackex_incre_2.log

 

备份过程信息如下:


[root@data01 innobackex_incre_1]# more/tmp/innobackex_incre_2.log
 
InnoDB Backup Utility v1.5.1-xtrabackup;Copyright 2003, 2009 Innobase Oy
and Percona LLC and/or its affiliates2009-2013.  All Rights Reserved.
 
This software is published under
the GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2,June 1991.
 
Get the latest version of PerconaXtraBackup, documentation, and help resources:
http://www.percona.com/xb/p
 
150319 02:51:09  innobackupex: Connecting to MySQL server withDSN 'dbi:mysql:;mysql_read_default_group=xtrabackup;host=192.168.52.129' as'backup'  (using password: YES).
150319 02:51:09  innobackupex: Connected to MySQL server
150319 02:51:09  innobackupex: Executing a version checkagainst the server...
150319 02:51:09  innobackupex: Done.
150319 02:51:09  innobackupex: Starting the backup operation
 
IMPORTANT: Please check that the backup runcompletes successfully.
          At the end of a successful backup run innobackupex
          prints "completed OK!".
 
innobackupex:  Using server version 5.6.12-log
 
innobackupex: Created backup directory/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2
 
150319 02:51:10  innobackupex: Starting ibbackup with command:xtrabackup --defaults-group="mysqld" --backup --suspend-at-end--target-dir=/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2 --tmpdir=/tm
p --extra-lsndir='/tmp'--incremental-basedir='/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/'
innobackupex: Waiting for ibbackup(pid=13694) to suspend
innobackupex: Suspend file'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/xtrabackup_suspended_2'
 
xtrabackup version 2.2.9 based on MySQLserver 5.6.22 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: )
incremental backup from 423925361 isenabled.
xtrabackup: uses posix_fadvise().
xtrabackup: cd to /home/data/mysql/data
xtrabackup: open files limit requested 0,set to 1024
xtrabackup: using the following InnoDBconfiguration:
xtrabackup:   innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:  innodb_data_file_path =IBdata1:128M;IBdata2:128M:autoextend
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
xtrabackup:   innodb_log_file_size = 67108864
>> log scanned up to (423929601)
xtrabackup: Generating a list oftablespaces
xtrabackup: using the full scan forincremental backup
>> log scanned up to (423929601)
[01] Copying ./IBdata1 to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/IBdata1.delta
>> log scanned up to (423929601)
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./IBdata2 to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/IBdata2.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_master_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/slave_master_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423929601)
[01] Copying./mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/innodb_index_stats.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/slave_worker_info.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/slave_worker_info.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibdto /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/innodb_table_stats.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest5.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest5.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest8.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest8.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest4.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest6.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest6.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest7.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest7.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./sbtest/sbtest3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/incre2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/incre2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/t1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t4.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/t4.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/incre1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/incre1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/t3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423929601)
[01] Copying ./test/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/t.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./test/t_incre_2.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/t_incre_2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t1.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/t1.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test.ibd to /data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/test.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/test2.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/test2.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t3.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/t3.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/UC_USER.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/UC_USER.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
[01] Copying ./user_db/t.ibd to/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/t.ibd.delta
[01]       ...done
>> log scanned up to (423929601)
xtrabackup: Creating suspend file'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/xtrabackup_suspended_2' with pid'13694'
 
150319 02:51:16  innobackupex: Continuing after ibbackup hassuspended
150319 02:51:16  innobackupex: Executing FLUSH TABLES WITHREAD LOCK...
150319 02:51:16  innobackupex: All tables locked and flushedto disk
 
150319 02:51:16  innobackupex: Starting to backup non-InnoDBtables and files
innobackupex: in subdirectories of '/home/data/mysql/data/'
innobackupex: Backing up files'/home/data/mysql/data//performance_schema/*.{frm,isl,MYD,MYI,MAD,MAI,MRG,TRG,TRN,ARM,ARZ,CSM,CSV,opt,par}'(53 files)
>> log scanned up to (423929601)
innobackupex: Backing up files'/home/data/mysql/data//mysql/*.{frm,isl,MYD,MYI,MAD,MAI,MRG,TRG,TRN,ARM,ARZ,CSM,CSV,opt,par}'(74 files)
>> log scanned up to (423929601)
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest3.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest4.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest6.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest8.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest1.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/db.opt'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest2.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest7.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//sbtest/sbtest5.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t_incre_2.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t3.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t4.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file '/home/data/mysql/data//test/incre2.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/incre1.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//test/t1.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/UC_USER.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/t.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/t3.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/test.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/db.opt'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/test2.frm'
innobackupex: Backing up file'/home/data/mysql/data//user_db/t1.frm'
150319 02:51:17  innobackupex: Finished backing up non-InnoDBtables and files
 
150319 02:51:17  innobackupex: Executing FLUSHNO_WRITE_TO_BINLOG ENGINE LOGS...
150319 02:51:17  innobackupex: Waiting for log copying tofinish
 
xtrabackup: The latest check point (forincremental): '423929601'
xtrabackup: Stopping log copying thread.
.>> log scanned up to (423929601)
 
xtrabackup: Creating suspend file'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/xtrabackup_log_copied' with pid '13694'
xtrabackup: Transaction log of lsn(423929601) to (423929601) was copied.
150319 02:51:18  innobackupex: All tables unlocked
 
innobackupex: Backup created in directory'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2'
innobackupex: MySQL binlog position:filename 'mysql-bin.000066', position 120
150319 02:51:19  innobackupex: Connection to database serverclosed
150319 02:51:19  innobackupex: completed OK!

 


7,innobackupex做增量恢复

7.1先删除两次增量数据,用来查看验证恢复结果


mysql> delete from incre1;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)
 
mysql> delete from incre2;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)
 
mysql> select * from incre1;
Empty set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> select * from incre2;
Empty set (0.00 sec)



7.2 开始做恢复,恢复全备份

备份命令如下:

innobackupex --user=backup--password="123456" --host=192.168.52.129  --apply-log/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/2>/tmp/innobackex_restore_full.log

备份过程信息如下:


......
InnoDB: Last MySQL binlog file position 0915, file name mysql-bin.000053
 
xtrabackup: starting shutdown withinnodb_fast_shutdown = 1
InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequencenumber 423921634
150319 03:06:57  innobackupex: completed OK!



7.3 基于全备份进行第一字增量备份的恢复

备份命令:

innobackupex --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--user=backup --password="123456" --host=192.168.52.129  /data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/--incremental-dir=/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1  --apply-log2>/tmp/innobackex_restore_incre_1.log

备份过程信息如下:


……
xtrabackup: starting shutdown withinnodb_fast_shutdown = 1
InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequencenumber 423925452
innobackupex: Starting to copy non-InnoDBfiles in '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1'
innobackupex: to the full backup directory'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/xtrabackup_info' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/xtrabackup_info'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/xtrabackup_binlog_info' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/xtrabackup_binlog_info'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_waits_history.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_waits_history.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_global_by_event_name.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_global_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/threads.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/threads.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_stages_history_long.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_stages_history_long.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/file_summary_by_instance.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/file_summary_by_instance.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_by_user_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_by_user_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_by_account_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_by_account_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_by_user_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_by_user_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_waits_current.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_waits_current.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/table_lock_waits_summary_by_table.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/table_lock_waits_summary_by_table.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/socket_instances.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/socket_instances.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/setup_actors.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/setup_actors.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/table_io_waits_summary_by_table.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/table_io_waits_summary_by_table.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_stages_summary_by_account_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_stages_summary_by_account_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/cond_instances.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/cond_instances.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/users.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/users.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/db.opt' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/db.opt'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_by_instance.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_by_instance.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_stages_summary_by_thread_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_stages_summary_by_thread_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_statements_current.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_statements_current.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/objects_summary_global_by_type.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/objects_summary_global_by_type.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_by_thread_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_by_thread_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_by_host_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_by_host_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/socket_summary_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/socket_summary_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_stages_history.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_stages_history.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_statements_history.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_statements_history.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_by_thread_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_by_thread_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_stages_summary_global_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_stages_summary_global_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/setup_timers.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/setup_timers.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/hosts.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/hosts.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_stages_summary_by_host_by_event_name.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_stages_summary_by_host_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/host_cache.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/host_cache.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/setup_objects.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/setup_objects.frm'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/setup_consumers.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/setup_consumers.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/session_account_connect_attrs.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/session_account_connect_attrs.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_by_host_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_by_host_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/socket_summary_by_instance.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/socket_summary_by_instance.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_global_by_event_name.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_global_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_stages_summary_by_user_by_event_name.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_stages_summary_by_user_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/mutex_instances.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/mutex_instances.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/setup_instruments.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/setup_instruments.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_by_digest.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_statements_summary_by_digest.frm'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/rwlock_instances.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/rwlock_instances.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/file_summary_by_event_name.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/file_summary_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_by_account_by_event_name.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_waits_summary_by_account_by_event_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_stages_current.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_stages_current.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/session_connect_attrs.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/session_connect_attrs.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/performance_timers.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/performance_timers.frm'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_waits_history_long.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_waits_history_long.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/file_instances.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/file_instances.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/events_statements_history_long.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/events_statements_history_long.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/table_io_waits_summary_by_index_usage.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/table_io_waits_summary_by_index_usage.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/performance_schema/accounts.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/performance_schema/accounts.frm'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/event.MYI'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/event.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/columns_priv.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/columns_priv.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/db.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/db.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/user.MYI' to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/user.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_transition_type.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_transition_type.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/procs_priv.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/procs_priv.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_topic.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_topic.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_name.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_name.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/columns_priv.MYI'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/columns_priv.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/slow_log.CSV' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/slow_log.CSV'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/func.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/func.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/db.frm' to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/db.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/servers.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/servers.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone.MYI'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/proc.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/proc.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/tables_priv.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/tables_priv.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/slave_worker_info.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/slave_worker_info.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/ndb_binlog_index.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/ndb_binlog_index.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/slow_log.CSM' to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/slow_log.CSM'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/ndb_binlog_index.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/ndb_binlog_index.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/tables_priv.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/tables_priv.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/event.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/event.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/func.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/func.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_keyword.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_keyword.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/procs_priv.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/procs_priv.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.frm'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/slave_relay_log_info.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_leap_second.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_leap_second.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_transition.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_transition.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/func.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/func.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_keyword.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_keyword.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/procs_priv.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/procs_priv.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_topic.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_topic.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/plugin.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/plugin.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/innodb_index_stats.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/innodb_index_stats.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_category.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_category.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_transition_type.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_transition_type.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/user.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/user.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/general_log.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/general_log.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_category.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_category.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_relation.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_relation.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/proxies_priv.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/proxies_priv.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/tables_priv.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/tables_priv.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_transition_type.MYI'to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_transition_type.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_transition.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_transition.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/general_log.CSM' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/general_log.CSM'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/proxies_priv.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/proxies_priv.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/ndb_binlog_index.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/ndb_binlog_index.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/slave_master_info.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/slave_master_info.frm'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_relation.MYI'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_relation.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/db.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/db.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_leap_second.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_leap_second.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_leap_second.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_leap_second.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_name.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_name.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/proc.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/proc.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_relation.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_relation.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/proxies_priv.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/proxies_priv.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/servers.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/servers.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_keyword.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_keyword.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/servers.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/servers.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_transition.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_transition.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_category.MYI' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_category.MYI'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/innodb_table_stats.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/innodb_table_stats.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/slow_log.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/slow_log.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/user.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/user.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/time_zone_name.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/plugin.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/plugin.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/columns_priv.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/columns_priv.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/plugin.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/plugin.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/general_log.CSV' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/general_log.CSV'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/event.MYD' to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/event.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/proc.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/proc.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/mysql/help_topic.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_topic.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest3.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest3.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest4.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest4.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest6.frm' to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest6.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest8.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest8.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest1.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest1.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/db.opt' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/db.opt'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest2.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest2.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest7.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest7.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/sbtest/sbtest5.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest5.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/t_incre_2.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t_incre_2.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/t3.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t3.frm'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/t4.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t4.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/incre1.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/incre1.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/test/t1.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t1.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/UC_USER.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/UC_USER.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/t.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/t.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/t3.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/t3.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/test.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/test.frm'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/db.opt'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/db.opt'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/test2.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/test2.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_1/user_db/t1.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/t1.frm'
150319 03:12:51  innobackupex: completed OK!

 


 

7.4, 基于全备份和第一次增量备份,恢复第二次增量备份

备份命令如下:

innobackupex --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--user=backup --password="123456" --host=192.168.52.129  /data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/--incremental-dir=/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2  --apply-log2>/tmp/innobackex_restore_incre_2.log

 

备份过程信息如下:


……
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/user.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/user.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/time_zone_name.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/time_zone_name.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/plugin.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/plugin.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/columns_priv.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/columns_priv.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/plugin.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/plugin.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/general_log.CSV' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/general_log.CSV'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/event.MYD' to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/event.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/proc.MYD' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/proc.MYD'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/mysql/help_topic.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/mysql/help_topic.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest3.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest3.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest4.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest4.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest6.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest6.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest8.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest8.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest1.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest1.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/db.opt' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/db.opt'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest2.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest2.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest7.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest7.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/sbtest/sbtest5.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/sbtest/sbtest5.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/t_incre_2.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t_incre_2.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/t3.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t3.frm'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/t4.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t4.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/incre2.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/incre2.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/incre1.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/incre1.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/test/t1.frm' to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/test/t1.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/UC_USER.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/UC_USER.frm'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/t.frm'to '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/t.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/t3.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/t3.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/test.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/test.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/db.opt' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/db.opt'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/test2.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/test2.frm'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackex_incre_2/user_db/t1.frm' to'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/user_db/t1.frm'
150319 03:18:34  innobackupex: completed OK!
[root@data01 mysql]#

 


7.5 恢复整个数据库

停止数据库

 service mysqld5612 stop

 清空数据目录下所有文件

 mkdir -p /tmp/mysqldatabak/

 mv/home/data/mysql/data/* /tmp/mysqldatabak/

 将恢复好的数据按照配置文件的需求拷贝到相应目录

 innobackupex --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf--user=backup --password="123456" --host=192.168.52.129--defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --copy-back/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/ 2>/tmp/innobackex_incre_restore_end.log

赋予mysql账号权限

chown -R mysql:mysql /home/data/mysql/data

启动mysql服务

service mysqld5612 start

PS:--copy-back过程如下:


innobackupex: Starting to copy InnoDB undotablespaces
innobackupex: in'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319'
innobackupex: back to'/home/data/mysql/data'
 
innobackupex: Starting to copy InnoDB logfiles
innobackupex: in'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319'
innobackupex: back to original InnoDB logdirectory '/home/data/mysql/data'
innobackupex: Copying '/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/ib_logfile1'to '/home/data/mysql/data/ib_logfile1'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/ib_logfile2' to'/home/data/mysql/data/ib_logfile2'
innobackupex: Copying'/data/backups/mysql/innobackupex_full_20150319/ib_logfile0' to'/home/data/mysql/data/ib_logfile0'
innobackupex: Finished copying back files.
 
150319 03:23:49  innobackupex: completed OK!



7.6 check已经被delete的数据

登录mysql界面,查看表incre1和表incre2,数据已经恢复,如下所示:


mysql> select * from incre1;
+---------------+----+
| incre1        | id |
+---------------+----+
| incre1 table  | a  |
+---------------+----+
1 row in set (0.04 sec)
 
mysql> select * from incre2;
+--------+----+
| a     | id |
+--------+----+
| incre2 | 3 |
+--------+----+
1 row in set (0.07 sec)
 
mysql>

 


参考文档:http://www.percona.com/doc/percona-xtrabackup/2.2/howtos/recipes_xbk_inc.html

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
<版权所有,允许转载,但必须以链接方式注明源地址,否则追究法律责任!>
原博客地址:      http://blog.itpub.net/26230597/viewspace-1468124/
原作者:黄杉 (mchdba)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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