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RMAN同字节序跨平台跨版本迁移数据库(二)

原创 Oracle 作者:eric0435 时间:2015-04-01 10:57:54 0 删除 编辑

在目标平台执行数据文件转换
将32位windows平台上的数据库jingyong(10.2.0.1)迁移到32位的Linux平台上(10.2.0.5)在目标平台上执行RMAN的convert database操作的步骤如下:
1.将源数据库以只读模式打开

C:\Users\Administrator>sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 星期二 3月 31 20:30:23 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


连接到:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options


SQL> shutdown immediate
数据库已经关闭。
已经卸载数据库。
ORACLE 例程已经关闭。
SQL> startup mount
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area  419430400 bytes
Fixed Size                  1249320 bytes
Variable Size             125833176 bytes
Database Buffers          285212672 bytes
Redo Buffers                7135232 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
SQL> alter database open read only;

数据库已更改。

2.对源数据库执行dbms_tdb.check_db检查

SQL> set serveroutput on
SQL> declare
  2   db_ready boolean;
  3  begin
  4   db_ready :=dbms_tdb.check_db('Linux IA (32-bit)',dbms_tdb.skip_readonly);
  5  end;
  6  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed

3.对源数据库执行dbms_tdb.check_external来识别外部对象

SQL> set serveroutput on;
SQL> declare
  2    external boolean;
  3  begin
  4    external:=dbms_tdb.check_external;
  5  end;
  6  /

The following external tables exist in the database:
SH.SALES_TRANSACTIONS_EXT
The following directories exist in the database:
SYS.TEST_DUMP, SYS.SUBDIR, SYS.XMLDIR, SYS.MEDIA_DIR, SYS.LOG_FILE_DIR, SYS.DATA_FILE_DIR, SYS.WORK_DIR, SYS.ADMIN_DIR, SYS.DATA_PUMP_DIR
The following BFILEs exist in the database:
PM.PRINT_MEDIA

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed

4.在源平台上执行convert database命令并指定on target platform参数。

C:\Users\Administrator>rman target/

恢复管理器: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 星期二 3月 31 21:05:58 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

连接到目标数据库: JINGYONG (DBID=3213417256)

RMAN> convert database on target platform
2> convert script 'E:\oradata\convert\convertscript.rman'
3> transport script 'E:\oradata\convert\transportscript.sql'
4> new database 'cs'
5> format 'E:\oradata\convert\%U';

启动 convert 于 31-3月 -15
使用目标数据库控制文件替代恢复目录
分配的通道: ORA_DISK_1
通道 ORA_DISK_1: sid=152 devtype=DISK

在数据库中找到外部表 SH.SALES_TRANSACTIONS_EXT

在数据库中找到目录 SYS.TEST_DUMP
在数据库中找到目录 SYS.SUBDIR
在数据库中找到目录 SYS.XMLDIR
在数据库中找到目录 SYS.MEDIA_DIR
在数据库中找到目录 SYS.LOG_FILE_DIR
在数据库中找到目录 SYS.DATA_FILE_DIR
在数据库中找到目录 SYS.WORK_DIR
在数据库中找到目录 SYS.ADMIN_DIR
在数据库中找到目录 SYS.DATA_PUMP_DIR

在数据库中找到 BFILE PM.PRINT_MEDIA

在口令文件中找到用户 SYS (具有 SYSDBA and SYSOPER 权限)
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 开始检查数据文件
输入数据文件 fno=00001 name=E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\DATAFILE\O1_MF_SYSTEM_BKLLOT8Z_.
DBF
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 数据文件检查完毕, 用时: 00:00:00
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 开始检查数据文件
输入数据文件 fno=00003 name=E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\DATAFILE\O1_MF_SYSAUX_BKLLOTFL_.
DBF
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 数据文件检查完毕, 用时: 00:00:01
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 开始检查数据文件
输入数据文件 fno=00005 name=E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\DATAFILE\O1_MF_EXAMPLE_BKLLRKG2_
.DBF
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 数据文件检查完毕, 用时: 00:00:00
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 开始检查数据文件
输入数据文件 fno=00006 name=E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\TSPITR01.DBF
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 数据文件检查完毕, 用时: 00:00:00
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 开始检查数据文件
输入数据文件 fno=00007 name=E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\TEST01.DBF
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 数据文件检查完毕, 用时: 00:00:00
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 开始检查数据文件
输入数据文件 fno=00002 name=E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\DATAFILE\O1_MF_UNDOTBS1_BKLLOTM0
_.DBF
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 数据文件检查完毕, 用时: 00:00:00
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 开始检查数据文件
输入数据文件 fno=00004 name=E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\DATAFILE\O1_MF_USERS_BKLLOTM6_.D
BF
通道 ORA_DISK_1: 数据文件检查完毕, 用时: 00:00:01
在目标平台上运行 SQL 脚本 E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\TRANSPORTSCRIPT.SQL 以创建数据库
编辑 init.ora 文件 E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\INIT_00Q3836C_1_0.ORA。此 PFILE 将用于在目
标平台上创建数据库据
在目标平台上运行 RMAN 脚本 E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\CONVERTSCRIPT.RMAN 以转换数据文件
要重新编译所有 PL/SQL 模块, 请在目标平台上运行 utlirp.sql 和 utlrp.sql
要更改内部数据库标识符, 请使用 DBNEWID 实用程序
完成 backup 于 31-3月 -15

与在源平台执行convert database命令一样,convert database on target platform会生成可以在目标平台上创建新数据库的传输脚本和包含与源数据库有相同参数设置的PFILE参数文件。convert database on target platform也会生成一个包含对源数据库每个数据文件执行convert datafile命令的转换脚本。源数据库的数据文件必须在不被转换的情况下传输到目标主机相应的目录中,并对转换脚本做相应的修改,转换脚本内容如下:

RUN {

  CONVERT DATAFILE 'E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\DATAFILE\O1_MF_SYSTEM_BKLLOT8Z_.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT 'E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\DATA_D-JINGYONG_I-3213417256_TS-SYSTEM_FNO-1_08Q3836D';


  CONVERT DATAFILE 'E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\DATAFILE\O1_MF_SYSAUX_BKLLOTFL_.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT 'E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\DATA_D-JINGYONG_I-3213417256_TS-SYSAUX_FNO-3_09Q3836D';


  CONVERT DATAFILE 'E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\DATAFILE\O1_MF_EXAMPLE_BKLLRKG2_.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT 'E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\DATA_D-JINGYONG_I-3213417256_TS-EXAMPLE_FNO-5_0AQ3836E';


  CONVERT DATAFILE 'E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\TSPITR01.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT 'E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\DATA_D-JINGYONG_I-3213417256_TS-TSPITR_FNO-6_0BQ3836E';


  CONVERT DATAFILE 'E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\TEST01.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT 'E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\DATA_D-JINGYONG_I-3213417256_TS-TEST_FNO-7_0CQ3836E';


  CONVERT DATAFILE 'E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\DATAFILE\O1_MF_UNDOTBS1_BKLLOTM0_.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT 'E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\DATA_D-JINGYONG_I-3213417256_TS-UNDOTBS1_FNO-2_0DQ3836E';


  CONVERT DATAFILE 'E:\ORADATA\JINGYONG\DATAFILE\O1_MF_USERS_BKLLOTM6_.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT 'E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\DATA_D-JINGYONG_I-3213417256_TS-USERS_FNO-4_0EQ3836F';


}

5.在源数据库为只读状态时将数据文件与传输脚本,转换脚本与PFILE参数文件复制到目标主机对应的目录中。

ftp> put CONVERTSCRIPT.RMAN
200 PORT command successful. Consider using PASV.
150 Ok to send data.
226 File receive OK.
ftp: 发送 1462 字节,用时 0.00秒 1462000.00千字节/秒。
ftp> put INIT_00Q3836C_1_0.ORA
200 PORT command successful. Consider using PASV.
150 Ok to send data.
226 File receive OK.
ftp: 发送 1309 字节,用时 0.00秒 1309.00千字节/秒。
ftp> TRANSPORTSCRIPT.SQL
无效命令。
ftp> put TRANSPORTSCRIPT.SQL
200 PORT command successful. Consider using PASV.
150 Ok to send data.
226 File receive OK.
ftp: 发送 2739 字节,用时 0.00秒 2739.00千字节/秒。
ftp> lcd E:\oradata\JINGYONG
目前的本地目录 E:\oradata\JINGYONG。
ftp> bin
200 Switching to Binary mode.
ftp> put TEST01.dbf
200 PORT command successful. Consider using PASV.
150 Ok to send data.
226 File receive OK.
ftp: 发送 52436992 字节,用时 2.55秒 20555.47千字节/秒。
ftp> put TSPITR01.dbf
200 PORT command successful. Consider using PASV.
150 Ok to send data.
226 File receive OK.
ftp: 发送 52436992 字节,用时 6.71秒 7819.41千字节/秒。
ftp> lcd E:\oradata\JINGYONG\DATAFILE
目前的本地目录 E:\oradata\JINGYONG\DATAFILE。
ftp> bin
200 Switching to Binary mode.
ftp> put O1_MF_SYSTEM_BKLLOT8Z_.
O1_MF_SYSTEM_BKLLOT8Z_.: ftp> DBF
无效命令。
ftp> put O1_MF_EXAMPLE_BKLLRKG2_.DBF
200 PORT command successful. Consider using PASV.
150 Ok to send data.
226 File receive OK.
ftp: 发送 104865792 字节,用时 12.16秒 8620.29千字节/秒。
ftp> put O1_MF_SYSAUX_BKLLOTFL_.DBF
200 PORT command successful. Consider using PASV.
150 Ok to send data.
226 File receive OK.
ftp: 发送 251666432 字节,用时 25.59秒 9835.71千字节/秒。
ftp> put O1_MF_SYSTEM_BKLLOT8Z_.DBF
200 PORT command successful. Consider using PASV.
150 Ok to send data.
226 File receive OK.
ftp: 发送 503324672 字节,用时 60.46秒 8325.06千字节/秒。
ftp> put O1_MF_UNDOTBS1_BKLLOTM0_.DBF
200 PORT command successful. Consider using PASV.
150 Ok to send data.
226 File receive OK.
ftp: 发送 31465472 字节,用时 6.67秒 4718.17千字节/秒。
ftp> put O1_MF_USERS_BKLLOTM6_.DBF
200 PORT command successful. Consider using PASV.
150 Ok to send data.
226 File receive OK.
ftp: 发送 5251072 字节,用时 0.42秒 12355.46千字节/秒。


[oracle@oracle11g cs]$ ls -lrt
total 978980
-rwxrwxrwx 1 oracle oinstall      1462 Mar 31 21:22 CONVERTSCRIPT.RMAN
-rwxrwxrwx 1 oracle oinstall      1309 Mar 31 21:22 INIT_00Q3836C_1_0.ORA
-rwxrwxrwx 1 oracle oinstall      2739 Mar 31 21:22 TRANSPORTSCRIPT.SQL
-rwxrwxrwx 1 oracle oinstall  52436992 Mar 31 21:23 TEST01.DBF
-rwxrwxrwx 1 oracle oinstall  52436992 Mar 31 21:23 TSPITR01.DBF
-rwxrwxrwx 1 oracle oinstall 104865792 Mar 31 21:24 O1_MF_EXAMPLE_BKLLRKG2_.DBF
-rwxrwxrwx 1 oracle oinstall 251666432 Mar 31 21:25 O1_MF_SYSAUX_BKLLOTFL_.DBF
-rwxrwxrwx 1 oracle oinstall 503324672 Mar 31 21:26 O1_MF_SYSTEM_BKLLOT8Z_.DBF
-rwxrwxrwx 1 oracle oinstall  31465472 Mar 31 21:27 O1_MF_UNDOTBS1_BKLLOTM0_.DBF
-rwxrwxrwx 1 oracle oinstall   5251072 Mar 31 21:27 O1_MF_USERS_BKLLOTM6_.DBF

6.创建新数据库cs相关目录,并修改PFILE参数文件,传输脚本与转换脚本中的相关路径信息,因为convert database on target platform命令并不会生成转换后的数据文件副本。当目标主机数据文件存储路径与源数据库数据文件存储路径完全相同时,可以直接执行转换脚本,但这里由于目标主机存储数据文件的路径与源数据库存储数据文件的路径不相同,需要对转换脚本做相应修改,也需要对用来创建新数据库的传输脚本做修改。

创建相关目录

[oracle@oracle11g dbs]$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/admin/cs/adump
[oracle@oracle11g dbs]$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/admin/cs/bdump
[oracle@oracle11g dbs]$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/admin/cs/cdump
[oracle@oracle11g dbs]$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/admin/cs/udump
[oracle@oracle11g dbs]$ chmod -R 777 /u01/app/oracle/admin/cs*

修改PFILE参数文件

[oracle@oracle11g cs]$ mv INIT_00Q3836C_1_0.ORA initcs.ora
[oracle@oracle11g cs]$ vi initcs.ora
  __shared_pool_size       = 113246208

  __large_pool_size        = 4194304

  __java_pool_size         = 4194304

  __streams_pool_size      = 4194304

  __db_cache_size          = 285212672

  remote_login_passwordfile= "EXCLUSIVE"

  db_domain                = ""
  db_create_file_dest      = "E:\ORADATA\CONVERT\oradata"
# Please change the values of the following parameters:


  audit_file_dest          = '/u01/app/oracle/admin/cs/adump'

  background_dump_dest     = '/u01/app/oracle/admin/cs/bdump'

  user_dump_dest           = '/u01/app/oracle/admin/cs/udump'

  core_dump_dest           = '/u01/app/oracle/admin/cs/cdump'

  db_name                  = "CS"

  control_files='/u02/cs/control01.ctl'

# Please review the values of the following parameters:


  dispatchers              = "(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=csXDB)"



# The values of the following parameters are from source database:

  processes                = 150

  nls_language             = "SIMPLIFIED CHINESE"

  nls_territory            = "CHINA"

  sga_target               = 130M

  db_block_size            = 8192

  compatible               = "10.2.0.1.0"

  db_file_multiblock_read_count= 16

  undo_management          = "AUTO"

  undo_tablespace          = "UNDOTBS1"

  job_queue_processes      = 10

  open_cursors             = 300

  pga_aggregate_target     = 32M

"initcs.ora" 48L, 990C written
[oracle@oracle11g cs]$ cp initcs.ora $ORACLE_HOME/dbs

修改转换脚本

[oracle@oracle11g cs]$ vi CONVERTSCRIPT.RMAN
RUN {

  CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/O1_MF_SYSTEM_BKLLOT8Z_.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/system01.dbf';


  CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/O1_MF_SYSAUX_BKLLOTFL_.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/sysaux01.dbf';


  CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/O1_MF_EXAMPLE_BKLLRKG2_.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/example01.dbf';


  CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/TSPITR01.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/tspitr01.dbf';


  CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/TEST01.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/test01.dbf';


  CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/O1_MF_UNDOTBS1_BKLLOTM0_.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/undotsb1.dbf';


  CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/O1_MF_USERS_BKLLOTM6_.DBF'
  FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
  FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/users01.dbf';


}

修改用来创建新数据库的传输脚本

[oracle@oracle11g cs]$ vi TRANSPORTSCRIPT.SQL
-- The following commands will create a new control file and use it
-- to open the database.
-- Data used by Recovery Manager will be lost.
-- The contents of online logs will be lost and all backups will
-- be invalidated. Use this only if online logs are damaged.

-- After mounting the created controlfile, the following SQL
-- statement will place the database in the appropriate
-- protection mode:
--  ALTER DATABASE SET STANDBY DATABASE TO MAXIMIZE PERFORMANCE

STARTUP NOMOUNT PFILE='/u01/app/oracle/10.2.0/db/dbs/initcs.ora'

-- Create SPFILE
CREATE SPFILE FROM PFILE = '/u01/app/oracle/10.2.0/db/dbs/initcs.ora';


STARTUP FORCE NOMOUNT
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE SET DATABASE "CS" RESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
    MAXLOGFILES 16
    MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
    MAXDATAFILES 100
    MAXINSTANCES 8
    MAXLOGHISTORY 292
LOGFILE
  GROUP 1 '/u02/cs/datafiles/redo01.log' SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 2 '/u02/cs/datafiles/redo02.log' SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 3 '/u02/cs/datafiles/redo03.log' SIZE 50M
DATAFILE
  '/u02/cs/datafiles/system01.dbf',
  '/u02/cs/datafiles/sysaux01.dbf',
  '/u02/cs/datafiles/example01.dbf',
  '/u02/cs/datafiles/tspitr01.dbf',
  '/u02/cs/datafiles/test01.dbf',
  '/u02/cs/datafiles/undotsb1.dbf',
  '/u02/cs/datafiles/users01.dbf'
CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK
;

-- Database can now be opened zeroing the online logs.
ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS;

-- Commands to add tempfiles to temporary tablespaces.
-- Online tempfiles have complete space information.
-- Other tempfiles may require adjustment.
ALTER TABLESPACE TEMP ADD TEMPFILE '/u02/cs/datafiles/temp01.dbf'
     SIZE 50M  AUTOEXTEND OFF;
-- End of tempfile additions.
--

set echo off
prompt ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
prompt * Your database has been created successfully!
prompt * There are many things to think about for the new database. Here
prompt * is a checklist to help you stay on track:
prompt * 1. You may want to redefine the location of the directory objects.
prompt * 2. You may want to change the internal database identifier (DBID)
prompt *    or the global database name for this database. Use the
prompt *    NEWDBID Utility (nid).
prompt ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE
STARTUP UPGRADE
@@ ?/rdbms/admin/utlirp.sql
SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE
STARTUP
-- The following step will recompile all PL/SQL modules.
-- It may take serveral hours to complete.
@@ ?/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql

7.在目标主机上执行转换脚本

[oracle@oracle11g admin]$ rman target/

Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production on Tue Mar 31 21:55:50 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: JINGYONG (DBID=3213417256)

RMAN> run
2> {
3> CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/O1_MF_SYSTEM_BKLLOT8Z_.DBF'
4>   FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
5>   FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/system01.dbf';
6>
7>   CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/O1_MF_SYSAUX_BKLLOTFL_.DBF'
8>   FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
9>   FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/sysaux01.dbf';
10>
11>   CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/O1_MF_EXAMPLE_BKLLRKG2_.DBF'
12>   FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
13>   FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/example01.dbf';
14>
15>   CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/TSPITR01.DBF'
16>   FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
17>   FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/tspitr01.dbf';
18>
19>   CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/TEST01.DBF'
20>   FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
21>   FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/test01.dbf';
22>
23>   CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/O1_MF_UNDOTBS1_BKLLOTM0_.DBF'
24>   FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
25>   FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/undotsb1.dbf';
26>
27>   CONVERT DATAFILE '/u02/cs/O1_MF_USERS_BKLLOTM6_.DBF'
28>   FROM PLATFORM 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
29>   FORMAT '/u02/cs/datafiles/users01.dbf';
30> }

Starting backup at 31-MAR-15
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=160 devtype=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile conversion
input filename=/u02/cs/O1_MF_SYSTEM_BKLLOT8Z_.DBF
converted datafile=/u02/cs/datafiles/system01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile conversion complete, elapsed time: 00:00:55
Finished backup at 31-MAR-15

Starting backup at 31-MAR-15
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile conversion
input filename=/u02/cs/O1_MF_SYSAUX_BKLLOTFL_.DBF
converted datafile=/u02/cs/datafiles/sysaux01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile conversion complete, elapsed time: 00:00:25
Finished backup at 31-MAR-15

Starting backup at 31-MAR-15
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile conversion
input filename=/u02/cs/O1_MF_EXAMPLE_BKLLRKG2_.DBF
converted datafile=/u02/cs/datafiles/example01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile conversion complete, elapsed time: 00:00:15
Finished backup at 31-MAR-15

Starting backup at 31-MAR-15
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile conversion
input filename=/u02/cs/TSPITR01.DBF
converted datafile=/u02/cs/datafiles/tspitr01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile conversion complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
Finished backup at 31-MAR-15

Starting backup at 31-MAR-15
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile conversion
input filename=/u02/cs/TEST01.DBF
converted datafile=/u02/cs/datafiles/test01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile conversion complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
Finished backup at 31-MAR-15

Starting backup at 31-MAR-15
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile conversion
input filename=/u02/cs/O1_MF_UNDOTBS1_BKLLOTM0_.DBF
converted datafile=/u02/cs/datafiles/undotsb1.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile conversion complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
Finished backup at 31-MAR-15

Starting backup at 31-MAR-15
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile conversion
input filename=/u02/cs/O1_MF_USERS_BKLLOTM6_.DBF
converted datafile=/u02/cs/datafiles/users01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile conversion complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished backup at 31-MAR-15

8.执行传输脚本中的内容来创建新数据库(也可以直接执行传输脚本)

[oracle@oracle11g admin]$ export ORACLE_SID=cs
[oracle@oracle11g admin]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production on Tue Mar 31 22:01:12 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> STARTUP NOMOUNT PFILE='/u01/app/oracle/10.2.0/db/dbs/initcs.ora'
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  138412032 bytes
Fixed Size                  1272432 bytes
Variable Size              62915984 bytes
Database Buffers           71303168 bytes
Redo Buffers                2920448 bytes

SQL> CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE SET DATABASE "CS" RESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
  2      MAXLOGFILES 16
  3      MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
  4      MAXDATAFILES 100
  5      MAXINSTANCES 8
  6      MAXLOGHISTORY 292
  7  LOGFILE
  8    GROUP 1 '/u02/cs/datafiles/redo01.log' SIZE 50M,
  9    GROUP 2 '/u02/cs/datafiles/redo02.log' SIZE 50M,
 10    GROUP 3 '/u02/cs/datafiles/redo03.log' SIZE 50M
 11  DATAFILE
 12    '/u02/cs/datafiles/system01.dbf',
 13    '/u02/cs/datafiles/sysaux01.dbf',
 14    '/u02/cs/datafiles/example01.dbf',
 15    '/u02/cs/datafiles/tspitr01.dbf',
 16    '/u02/cs/datafiles/test01.dbf',
 17    '/u02/cs/datafiles/undotsb1.dbf',
 18    '/u02/cs/datafiles/users01.dbf'
 19  CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK
 20  ;

Control file created.


SQL> ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS;
ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced

在执行恢复后正常打开数据库实例被终止,在alert.log中的错误信息如下:

Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/admin/cs/udump/cs_ora_6458.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-39700: database must be opened with UPGRADE option
Tue Mar 31 22:04:28 CST 2015
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 6458
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS...

错误信息指示需要以升级模式来启动数据库,因为迁移过来的源数据库的版本是10.2.0.1,而目标主机上的数据库版本是10.2.0.5。

以升级模式启动数据库

[oracle@oracle11g admin]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production on Tue Mar 31 22:06:55 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup upgrade
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  138412032 bytes
Fixed Size                  1272432 bytes
Variable Size              62915984 bytes
Database Buffers           71303168 bytes
Redo Buffers                2920448 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01113: file 1 needs media recovery if it was restored from backup, or END
BACKUP if it was not
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/u02/cs/datafiles/system01.dbf'

执行恢复并关闭数据库

SQL> recover database;
Media recovery complete.
SQL> shutdown immediate;
ORA-01109: database not open


Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

再次以升级模式启动数据库

SQL> startup upgrade;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  138412032 bytes
Fixed Size                  1272432 bytes
Variable Size              62915984 bytes
Database Buffers           71303168 bytes
Redo Buffers                2920448 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

创建临时表空间

SQL> ALTER TABLESPACE TEMP ADD TEMPFILE '/u02/cs/datafiles/temp01.dbf'
  2       SIZE 50M  AUTOEXTEND OFF;

Tablespace altered.

SQL>@$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlirp.sql
省略...
SQL>
SQL> Rem Continue even if there are SQL errors
SQL> WHENEVER SQLERROR CONTINUE;
SQL>
SQL> Rem ===========================================================================
SQL> Rem END utlip.sql
SQL> Rem ===========================================================================
SQL>
SQL> DOC
DOC>#######################################################################
DOC>#######################################################################
DOC>   utlirp.sql completed successfully. All PL/SQL objects in the
DOC>   database have been invalidated.
DOC>
DOC>   Shut down and restart the database in normal mode and run utlrp.sql to
DOC>   recompile invalid objects.
DOC>#######################################################################
DOC>#######################################################################
DOC>#

上面的输出信息说在以正常模式重启数据库后执行utlrp.sql脚本来编译无效对象。由于这里源数据库是10.2.0.1,而目标主机数据库的版本是10.2.0.5,在重启数据库仍然需要以升级模式来启动并执行utlrp.sql脚本

SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup upgrade
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  138412032 bytes
Fixed Size                  1272432 bytes
Variable Size              62915984 bytes
Database Buffers           71303168 bytes
Redo Buffers                2920448 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql
SQL> Rem ===========================================================================
SQL> Rem BEGIN utlrp.sql
SQL> Rem ===========================================================================
省略...

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> SET serveroutput off
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> Rem ===========================================================================
SQL> Rem END utlrp.sql
SQL> Rem ===========================================================================

执行和数据库升级相关的脚本catupgrade.sql

SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catupgrd.sql
省略...
TIMESTAMP
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COMP_TIMESTAMP UPGRD_END  2015-03-31 23:04:46
.
Oracle Database 10.2 Upgrade Status Utility           03-31-2015 23:04:46
.
Component                                Status         Version  HH:MM:SS
Oracle Database Server                    VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:18:17
JServer JAVA Virtual Machine              VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:04:52
Oracle XDK                                VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:00:49
Oracle Database Java Packages             VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:00:32
Oracle Text                               VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:00:56
Oracle XML Database                       VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:02:33
Oracle Workspace Manager                  VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:01:05
Oracle Data Mining                      INVALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:00:30
OLAP Analytic Workspace                   VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:01:07
OLAP Catalog                              VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:01:32
Oracle OLAP API                           VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:01:08
Oracle interMedia                         VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:05:11
Spatial                                   VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:06:40
Oracle Expression Filter                INVALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:00:25
Oracle Enterprise Manager                 VALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:02:50
Oracle Rule Manager                     INVALID      10.2.0.5.0  00:00:20
.
Total Upgrade Time: 00:51:07
DOC>#######################################################################
DOC>#######################################################################
DOC>
DOC>   The above PL/SQL lists the SERVER components in the upgraded
DOC>   database, along with their current version and status.
DOC>
DOC>   Please review the status and version columns and look for
DOC>   any errors in the spool log file.  If there are errors in the spool
DOC>   file, or any components are not VALID or not the current version,
DOC>   consult the Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for troubleshooting
DOC>   recommendations.
DOC>
DOC>   Next shutdown immediate, restart for normal operation, and then
DOC>   run utlrp.sql to recompile any invalid application objects.
DOC>
DOC>#######################################################################
DOC>#######################################################################
DOC>

再次运行utlrp.sql脚本来进行编译无效对象

SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql
TIMESTAMP
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COMP_TIMESTAMP UTLRP_BGN  2015-03-31 23:05:21
DOC>   The following PL/SQL block invokes UTL_RECOMP to recompile invalid
DOC>   objects in the database. Recompilation time is proportional to the
DOC>   number of invalid objects in the database, so this command may take
DOC>   a long time to execute on a database with a large number of invalid
DOC>   objects.
DOC>
DOC>   Use the following queries to track recompilation progress:
DOC>
DOC>   1. Query returning the number of invalid objects remaining. This
DOC>      number should decrease with time.
DOC>         SELECT COUNT(*) FROM obj$ WHERE status IN (4, 5, 6);
DOC>
DOC>   2. Query returning the number of objects compiled so far. This number
DOC>      should increase with time.
DOC>         SELECT COUNT(*) FROM UTL_RECOMP_COMPILED;
DOC>
DOC>   This script automatically chooses serial or parallel recompilation
DOC>   based on the number of CPUs available (parameter cpu_count) multiplied
DOC>   by the number of threads per CPU (parameter parallel_threads_per_cpu).
DOC>   On RAC, this number is added across all RAC nodes.
DOC>
DOC>   UTL_RECOMP uses DBMS_SCHEDULER to create jobs for parallel
DOC>   recompilation. Jobs are created without instance affinity so that they
DOC>   can migrate across RAC nodes. Use the following queries to verify
DOC>   whether UTL_RECOMP jobs are being created and run correctly:
DOC>
DOC>   1. Query showing jobs created by UTL_RECOMP
DOC>         SELECT job_name FROM dba_scheduler_jobs
DOC>            WHERE job_name like 'UTL_RECOMP_SLAVE_%';
DOC>
DOC>   2. Query showing UTL_RECOMP jobs that are running
DOC>         SELECT job_name FROM dba_scheduler_running_jobs
DOC>            WHERE job_name like 'UTL_RECOMP_SLAVE_%';
DOC>#

TIMESTAMP
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COMP_TIMESTAMP UTLRP_END  2015-03-31 23:07:54
DOC> The following query reports the number of objects that have compiled
DOC> with errors (objects that compile with errors have status set to 3 in
DOC> obj$). If the number is higher than expected, please examine the error
DOC> messages reported with each object (using SHOW ERRORS) to see if they
DOC> point to system misconfiguration or resource constraints that must be
DOC> fixed before attempting to recompile these objects.
DOC>#

OBJECTS WITH ERRORS
-------------------
                  5
DOC> The following query reports the number of errors caught during
DOC> recompilation. If this number is non-zero, please query the error
DOC> messages in the table UTL_RECOMP_ERRORS to see if any of these errors
DOC> are due to misconfiguration or resource constraints that must be
DOC> fixed before objects can compile successfully.
DOC>#

ERRORS DURING RECOMPILATION
---------------------------
                          0
SQL> column comp_name format a35
SQL> SELECT comp_name, status, substr(version,1,10) as version from dba_server_registry order by modified;

COMP_NAME                           STATUS                 VERSION
----------------------------------- ---------------------- --------------------
Oracle Enterprise Manager           VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle Database Packages and Types  VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle Workspace Manager            VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
JServer JAVA Virtual Machine        VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle Database Java Packages       VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle Database Catalog Views       VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle XDK                          VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle Expression Filter            VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle Data Mining                  VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle Text                         VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle Rule Manager                 VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle interMedia                   VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle XML Database                 VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
OLAP Analytic Workspace             VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Oracle OLAP API                     VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
OLAP Catalog                        VALID                  10.2.0.5.0
Spatial                             VALID                  10.2.0.5.0

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