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Oracle常用监控SQL

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:km8u8 时间:2012-06-15 09:43:33 0 删除 编辑
1.监控事例的等待:
select event,sum(decode(wait_time,0,0,1)) prev, sum(decode(wait_time,0,1,0)) curr,count(*) from v$session_wait  group by event order by 4;

2.回滚段的争用情况:
select name,waits,gets,waits/gets ratio from v$rollstat a,v$rollname b where a.usn=b.usn;

3.监控表空间的I/O比例:
select df.tablespace_name name,df.file_name "ile",f.phyrds pyr,f.phyblkrd pbr,f.phywrts pyw,
f.phyblkwrt pbw
from v$filestat f,dba_data_files df
where f.file#=df.file_id

4.监空文件系统的I/O比例:
select substr(a.file#,1,2) "#",substr(a.name,1,30) "name",a.status,a.bytes,
b.phyrds,b.phywrts
from v$datafile a,v$filestat b
where a.file#=b.file#

5.在某个用户下找所有的索引:
select user_indexes.table_name, user_indexes.index_name,uniqueness,
column_name
from user_ind_columns, user_indexes
where user_ind_columns.index_name = user_indexes.index_name
and user_ind_columns.table_name = user_indexes.table_name
order by user_indexes.table_type, user_indexes.table_name,
user_indexes.index_name, column_position;

6. 监控 SGA 的命中率
select a.value + b.value "logical_reads", c.value "phys_reads",
round(100 * ((a.value+b.value)-c.value) / (a.value+b.value)) "BUFFER HIT RATIO"
from v$sysstat a, v$sysstat b, v$sysstat c
where a.statistic# = 38 and b.statistic# = 39
and c.statistic# = 40;

7. 监控 SGA 中字典缓冲区的命中率
select parameter, gets,Getmisses , getmisses/(gets+getmisses)*100 "miss ratio",
(1-(sum(getmisses)/ (sum(gets)+sum(getmisses))))*100 "Hit ratio"
from v$rowcache
where gets+getmisses  <>0
group by parameter, gets, getmisses;

8. 监控 SGA 中共享缓存区的命中率,应该小于1%

select sum(pins) "Total Pins", sum(reloads) "Total Reloads",
sum(reloads)/sum(pins) *100 libcache
from v$librarycache;
select sum(pinhits-reloads)/sum(pins) "hit radio",sum(reloads)/sum(pins)
"reload percent"
from v$librarycache;

9. 显示所有数据库对象的类别和大小
select count(name) num_instances ,type ,sum(source_size) source_size ,
sum(parsed_size) parsed_size ,sum(code_size) code_size ,sum(error_size)
error_size,
sum(source_size) +sum(parsed_size) +sum(code_size) +sum(error_size)
size_required
from dba_object_size
group by type order by 2;

10. 监控 SGA 中重做日志缓存区的命中率,应该小于1%
SELECT name, gets, misses, immediate_gets, immediate_misses,
Decode(gets,0,0,misses/gets*100) ratio1,
Decode(immediate_gets+immediate_misses,0,0,
immediate_misses/(immediate_gets+immediate_misses)*100) ratio2
FROM v$latch WHERE name IN ('redo allocation', 'redo copy');

11. 监控内存和硬盘的排序比率,最好使它小于 .10,增加 sort_area_size
SELECT name, value FROM v$sysstat WHERE name IN ('sorts (memory)',
'sorts (disk)');

12. 监控当前数据库谁在运行什么SQL语句
SELECT osuser, username, sql_text from v$session a, v$sqltext b
where a.sql_address =b.address order by address, piece;

13. 监控字典缓冲区
SELECT (SUM(PINS - RELOADS)) / SUM(PINS) "LIB CACHE" FROM
V$LIBRARYCACHE;
SELECT (SUM(GETS - GETMISSES - USAGE - FIXED)) / SUM(GETS) "ROW
CACHE" FROM V$ROWCACHE;
SELECT SUM(PINS) "EXECUTIONS", SUM(RELOADS) "CACHE MISSES
WHILE EXECUTING" FROM V$LIBRARYCACHE;

后者除以前者,此比率小于1%,接近0%为好。

SELECT SUM(GETS) "DICTIONARY GETS",SUM(GETMISSES)
"DICTIONARY CACHE GET MISSES"
FROM V$ROWCACHE

14. 找ORACLE字符集
select * from sys.props$ where name='NLS_CHARACTERSET';

15. 监控 MTS
select busy/(busy+idle) "shared servers busy" from v$dispatcher;
此值大于0.5时,参数需加大
select sum(wait)/sum(totalq) "ispatcher waits" from v$queue where
type='dispatcher';
select count(*) from v$dispatcher;
select servers_highwater from v$mts;

servers_highwater接近mts_max_servers时,参数需加大


16. 碎片程度
select tablespace_name,count(tablespace_name) from dba_free_space
group by tablespace_name
having count(tablespace_name)>10;

alter tablespace name coalesce;
alter table name deallocate unused;

create or replace view ts_blocks_v as
select tablespace_name,block_id,bytes,blocks,'free space' segment_name
from dba_free_space
union all
select tablespace_name,block_id,bytes,blocks,segment_name from
dba_extents;

select * from ts_blocks_v;

select tablespace_name,sum(bytes),max(bytes),count(block_id) from
dba_free_space
group by tablespace_name;

查看碎片程度高的表

SELECT segment_name table_name , COUNT(*) extents
FROM dba_segments WHERE owner NOT IN ('SYS', 'SYSTEM') GROUP BY
segment_name
HAVING COUNT(*) = (SELECT MAX( COUNT(*) ) FROM dba_segments
GROUP BY segment_name);

17. 表、索引的存储情况检查
select segment_name,sum(bytes),count(*) ext_quan from dba_extents
where
tablespace_name='&tablespace_name' and segment_type='TABLE' group by
tablespace_name,segment_name;

select segment_name,count(*) from dba_extents where
segment_type='INDEX' and wner='&wner'
group by segment_name;

18、找使用CPU多的用户session

12是cpu used by this session

select a.sid,spid,status,substr(a.program,1,40)
prog,a.terminal,osuser,value/60/100 value
from v$session a,v$process b,v$sesstat c
where c.statistic#=12 and c.sid=a.sid and a.paddr=b.addr order by value
desc;

20.监控log_buffer的使用情况:(值最好小于1%,否则增加log_buffer 的大小)
select rbar.name,rbar.value,re.name,re.value,
(rbar.value*100)/re.value||'%' "radio"
from v$sysstat rbar,v$sysstat re
where rbar.name='redo buffer allocation retries'
and re.name='redo entries';


19、查看运行过的SQL语句:

SELECT SQL_TEXT
FROM V$SQL

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