ITPub博客

首页 > Linux操作系统 > Linux操作系统 > 使用 db_file_multiblock_read_count测试

使用 db_file_multiblock_read_count测试

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:JumFlow 时间:2011-12-27 17:28:07 0 删除 编辑
初始化参数db_file_multiblock_read_count 影响Oracle在执行全表扫描时一次读取的block的数量.

db_file_multiblock_read_count的设置要受OS最大IO能力影响,也就是说,如果 你系统的硬件IO能力有限,
即使设置再大的db_file_multiblock_read_count也是没有用 的。

理论上,最大db_file_multiblock_read_count和系统IO能力应该有如下关系:


      Max(db_file_multiblock_read_count) = MaxOsIOsize/db_block_size

当然这个Max(db_file_multiblock_read_count)还要受Oracle的限制,
目前Oracle所支持的最大db_file_multiblock_read_count 值为128.

我们可以通过db_file_multiblock_read_count来测试Oracle在不同系统下,单次IO最大所能读取得数据量:

 

$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"

SQL*Plus: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on Wed Aug 11 23:43:52 2004

Copyright (c) 1982, 2004, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options

SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >show parameter read_count

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_file_multiblock_read_count        integer     16

SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >create tablespace dfmbrc 
  2  datafile '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/dfmbrc.dbf'
  3  size 20M extent management local uniform. size 2M;

Tablespace created.

SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >create table t tablespace dfmbrc as select * from dba_objects;

Table created.

SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >insert into t select * from t;

9149 rows created.

SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >/

18298 rows created.

SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >/

36596 rows created.

SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >commit;

Commit complete.

SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >alter session set db_file_multiblock_read_count=1000;

Session altered.

SYS AS SYSDBA on 12-AUG-04 >show parameter read_count

NAME                           TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_file_multiblock_read_count        integer        128


SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >alter session set events '10046 trace name context forever,level 12';

Session altered.

SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >alter system flush buffer_cache;

System altered.

SYS AS SYSDBA on 11-AUG-04 >select count(*) from t;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     73192

SYS AS SYSDBA on 12-AUG-04 >@gettrace

TRACE_FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/opt/oracle/soft/eygle_ora_24432.trc


$ cat /opt/oracle/soft/eygle_ora_24432.trc|grep sca
WAIT #26: nam='db file scattered read' ela= 18267 p1=10 p2=10 p3=128
WAIT #26: nam='db file scattered read' ela= 8836 p1=10 p2=138 p3=127
WAIT #26: nam='db file scattered read' ela= 8923 p1=10 p2=265 p3=128
WAIT #26: nam='db file scattered read' ela= 8853 p1=10 p2=393 p3=128
WAIT #26: nam='db file scattered read' ela= 8985 p1=10 p2=521 p3=128
WAIT #26: nam='db file scattered read' ela= 8997 p1=10 p2=649 p3=128
WAIT #26: nam='db file scattered read' ela= 9096 p1=10 p2=777 p3=128
WAIT #26: nam='db file scattered read' ela= 583 p1=10 p2=905 p3=12
$


我们可以看到,在以上测试平台中,Oracle最多每次IO能够读取128个Block,由于block_size为8k,也就是每次最多读取了1M数据.
系统平台为: 

$ uname -a
SunOS billing 5.8 Generic_108528-23 sun4u sparc SUNW,Ultra-4



当然具体的,Oracle一次IO能读取多少block还和很多因素有关,比如存储是否连续,磁盘是否经过条带等方式划分,并且Oracle的
单次IO读取不能跨越Extent边界等.某些平台还和操作系统的参数设置有关.

大家可以测试一下不同的平台,Oracle的单次IO最多可以读取的Block数量.

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/25380220/viewspace-714019/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

请登录后发表评论 登录
全部评论

注册时间:2011-03-03

  • 博文量
    72
  • 访问量
    183887