If you run CROSSCHECK, and if RMAN cannot locate the files, then it updates their records in the RMAN repository to EXPIRED status. You can then use the DELETE EXPIRED command to remove records of expired backups and copies from the RMAN repository.
The RMAN DELETE command supports an OBSOLETE option, which deletes backups that are no longer needed to satisfy specified recoverability requirements. You can delete files obsolete according to the configured default retention policy, or another retention policy that you specify as an option to the DELETE OBSOLETE command. As with other forms of the DELETE command, the files deleted are removed from backup media, deleted from the recovery catalog, and marked as DELETED in the control file.
delete expired删除的是那些本来RMAN以为存在但是实际上在磁盘或者磁带上已经被删除了的信息，删除的只是RMAN资料库中的记录；delete obsolete则删除旧于备份保留策略定义的备份数据同时也更新RMAN资料库以及控制文件。
#delete obsolete and expired backup and archivelog
delete noprompt obsolete;
crosscheck archivelog all;
delete noprompt expired archivelog all;
delete noprompt expired backup;
来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ，链接：http://blog.itpub.net/25380220/viewspace-707045/，如需转载，请注明出处，否则将追究法律责任。