ITPub博客

CloudFoundry命令行和Kubernetes命令行的Restful API消费方式

原创 Docker/K8 作者:i042416 时间:2018-10-12 09:54:49 0 删除 编辑

先说CloudFoundry的命令行工具CLI。我们在CloudFoundry环境下工作,第一个使用的命令就是cf login。

如果在环境变量里维护CF_TRACE的值为true:

则我们能发现,诸如cf login这种命令,实际上也是通过消费Restful API来完成的。

下图是cf login这个命令的api endpoint请求细节,供大家参考:

API endpoint:  https://api.cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com

REQUEST: [2018-09-21T14:50:57+08:00]

GET /v2/info HTTP/1.1

Host: api.cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com

Accept: application/json

Content-Type: application/json

User-Agent: go-cli 6.36.1+e3799ad7e.2018-04-04 / windows

RESPONSE: [2018-09-21T14:50:59+08:00]

HTTP/1.1 200 OK

Connection: close

Content-Length: 550

Content-Type: application/json;charset=utf-8

Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2018 06:50:58 GMT

Server: nginx

X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff

X-Vcap-Request-Id: abf32f52-294a-41f5-5919-be948d78f0dd::a32b17bb-da82-4d45-930f-f0344c8a83b3

{"name":"","build":"","support":"","version":0,"description":"Cloud Foundry at SAP Cloud Platform","authorization_endpoint":" https://login.cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com ","token_endpoint":"[PRIVATE DATA HIDDEN]","min_cli_version":null,"min_recommended_cli_version":null,"api_version":"2.115.0","app_ssh_endpoint":" ssh.cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com:2222 ","app_ssh_host_key_fingerprint":"f3:12:47:b5:3a:19:6e:6c:4e:9d:90:2e:6f:8e:87:cc","app_ssh_oauth_client":"ssh-proxy","doppler_logging_endpoint":" wss://doppler.cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com:443 "}

REQUEST: [2018-09-21T14:50:59+08:00]

GET /login HTTP/1.1

Host: login.cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com

Accept: application/json

Content-Type: application/json

User-Agent: go-cli 6.36.1+e3799ad7e.2018-04-04 / windows

API响应结果:

RESPONSE: [2018-09-21T14:51:00+08:00]

HTTP/1.1 200 OK

Connection: close

Content-Length: 551

Cache-Control: no-store

Content-Language: en-US

Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8

Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2018 06:50:59 GMT

Set-Cookie: X-Uaa-Csrf=8uoxBvyG8QCwo29efrrZNh; Max-Age=86400; Expires=Sat, 22-Sep-2018 06:51:00 GMT; Path=/; Secure; HttpOnly

Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=31536000 ; includeSubDomains

X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff

X-Frame-Options: DENY

X-Vcap-Request-Id: f6b29d8f-f78e-4c5e-61f3-5c9d906828ed

X-Xss-Protection: 1; mode=block

{"app":{"version":"4.19.0"},"links":{"uaa":" https://uaa.cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com ","passwd":" https://accounts.sap.com/ui/createForgottenPasswordMail?spName=cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com ","login":" https://login.cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com ","register":" https://accounts.sap.com/ui/public/showRegisterForm?spName=cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com "},"zone_name":"uaa","entityID":" login.cf.eu10.hana.ondemand.com ","commit_id":"7897100","idpDefinitions":{},"prompts":{"username":["text","Email"],"password":["password","Password"]},"timestamp":"2018-06-13T12:02:09-0700"}

Email>

再看Kubernetes。我们用的很多的命令:

kubectl get pods,返回pods列表。

CloudFoundry命令行和Kubernetes命令行的Restful API消费方式

而用命令行

kubectl --v=8 get pods

则发现,get pods这个命令实际上也是发请求发往Kubernetes的API server:

https://<ip>:6443/api/v1/namespaces/default/pods?limit=500

API请求明细如下:

API server是Kubernetes最重要的核心组件之一:

1. 提供集群管理的REST API接口,包括认证授权、数据校验以及集群状态变更等

2. 提供其他模块之间的数据交互和通信的枢纽(其他模块通过API Server查询或修改

数据,只有API Server才直接操作etcd)

kube-apiserver支持同时提供https(默认监听在6443端口)和http API(默认监听在

127.0.0.1的8080端口),其中http API是非安全接口,不做任何认证授权机制,不建议

生产环境启用。两个接口提供的REST API格式相同,参考Kubernetes API Reference查

看所有API的调用格式。

在实际使用中,通常通过kubectl来访问apiserver,也可以通过Kubernetes各个语言的

client库来访问apiserver。

比如上面get pods命令对应的API的文档:

https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/generated/kubernetes-api/v1.10/#list-62

要获取更多Jerry的原创文章,请关注公众号"汪子熙":


来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/24475491/viewspace-2216131/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

请登录后发表评论 登录
全部评论

注册时间:2018-01-20

  • 博文量
    425
  • 访问量
    103677