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Nginx参数proxy_pass细说

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:1向2飞 时间:2017-11-09 13:46:15 0 删除 编辑

Syntax:

proxy_pass URL;

Default:

Context:

location, if in location, limit_except

        Sets the protocol and address of a proxied(代理) server and an optional URI to which a location should be mapped. As a protocol, “http” or “https” can be specified. The address can be specified as a domain name or IP address, and an optional port:

proxy_pass http://localhost:8000/uri/;

or as a UNIX-domain socket path specified after the word “unix” and enclosed in colons:

proxy_pass http://unix:/tmp/backend.socket:/uri/;

        If a domain name resolves to several addresses, all of them will be used in a round-robin fashion(流行). In addition, an address can be specified as a server group.

        Parameter value can contain variables. In this case, if an address is specified as a domain name, the name is searched among the described server groups, and, if not found, is determined(确定) using a resolver(解析器).

A request URI is passed to the server as follows:

·         If the proxy_pass directive(指令) is specified with a URI, then when a request is passed to the server, the part of a normalized request URI matching the location(location后匹配的路径) is replaced by a URI specified in the directive:

解释:如果在proxy_pass指令后的地址带有uri,同时location后也带有uri,这时在客户端发出请求时,proxy_pass后的uri将覆盖location后的uri向后端web服务器发出请求。

location /name/ {

    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1/remote/;

}

例如这个示例中请求过程如下:

1、客户请求 curl http://NG_IP:port/name/index.html -->2、Nginx代理服务器 http://WEB_IP:port/remote/index.html --> 3、web服务器

·         If proxy_pass is specified without a URI, the request URI is passed to the server in the same form as sent by a client when the original request is processed, or the full normalized request URI is passed when processing the changed URI:

解释:如果proxy_pass没有带有uri,则使用原始的客户端URI或location后指定的uri向后端web服务器发出请求。

location /some/path/ {

    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;

}

例如这个示例中请求过程如下:

1、客户请求 curl http://NG_IP:port/some/path/index.html --> 2、Nginx代理服务器 http://WEB_IP:port/some/path/index.html --> 3、web服务器

 

Before version 1.1.12, if proxy_pass is specified without a URI, the original request URI might be passed instead of the changed URI in some cases.

In some cases, the part of a request URI to be replaced cannot be determined(确定):

·         When location is specified using a regular expression, and also inside(里面) named locations.

In these cases, proxy_pass should be specified without a URI.

解释:如果location使用了正则,那么proxy_pass后就不能指定uri.

·         When the URI is changed inside a proxied location using the rewrite directive, and this same configuration will be used to process a request (break):

location /name/ {

    rewrite    /name/([^/]+) /users?name=$1 break;

    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;

}

In this case, the URI specified in the directive is ignored and the full changed request URI is passed to the server.

解释:当在location中使用rewrite规则修改URI时,proxy_pass后的URI就会被忽略,而使用rewrite修改后的uri来作为实际的请求。

·         When variables are used in proxy_pass:

·         location /name/ {

·             proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1$request_uri;

·         }

In this case, if URI is specified in the directive, it is passed to the server as is, replacing the original request URI.

WebSocket proxying requires special configuration and is supported since version 1.3.13.

 

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