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HOWTO Copy files using cp, cpio, dd and tar

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:cqubityj 时间:2011-10-13 16:09:56 0 删除 编辑
http://consultancy.edvoncken.net/index.php/HOWTO_Copy_files_using_cp,_cpio,_dd_and_tar

HOWTO Copy files using cp, cpio, dd and tar

cpio

Copy all files, less than 5GB in size, to another host using SSH:

 find . -size -5G -print0 |cpio --null -oaV | ssh remotehost 'cd /var/lib/xen && cpio -imVd'

I used this example to backup small Xen instances to a second server.

dd

Copy a file to another host using SSH:

 dd if=/source/file | ssh remotehost 'dd f=/destination/file'

I actually used the command below to create a backup of a large (1TB) LVM partition containing a Xen guest image:

 dd if=/dev/vg_dom0/lv_domU_fileserver | ssh zen 'dd f=/dev/vg_md1/lv_domU_guardian'

scp

Secure Copy can only copy regular files - for copying LVM partitions, you'll need to use a different mechanism (for example, using dd|ssh|dd).

 scp /source/file user@remotehost:/destination/file

tar

Tar is nice for copying entire directory trees, including symlinks.

 cd /source/dir && tar cf - . | (cd /destination/dir && tar xvf -)

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