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【Oracle】 rman 删除归档日志的命令

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:杨奇龙 时间:2012-01-30 20:57:42 0 删除 编辑
    因为数据仓库上asm的磁盘空间不足,需要删除早期的归档日志,查看资料有以下两种方式:
delete archivelog until time 'sysdate-N';
delete archivelog all completed before 'sysdate-N';
这两个命令的差别在哪里呢?
使用list 命令来查看一下究竟...
RMAN>  list archivelog until time 'sysdate-1';
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
List of Archived Log Copies for database with db_unique_name YANGDB
=====================================================================
Key     Thrd Seq     S Low Time 
------- ---- ------- - ---------
459     1    463     A 08-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_463_762800109.log
460     1    464     A 08-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_464_762800109.log
461     1    465     A 08-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_465_762800109.log
462     1    466     A 08-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_466_762800109.log
463     1    467     A 09-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_467_762800109.log
464     1    468     A 09-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_468_762800109.log
465     1    469     A 10-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_469_762800109.log
466     1    470     A 11-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_470_762800109.log
467     1    471     A 11-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_471_762800109.log
468     1    472     A 12-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_472_762800109.log
469     1    473     A 13-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_473_762800109.log
470     1    474     A 13-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_474_762800109.log
471     1    475     A 14-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_475_762800109.log
472     1    476     A 15-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_476_762800109.log
归档日志的序列号码到476
RMAN> list archivelog all completed before 'sysdate-1';
List of Archived Log Copies for database with db_unique_name YANGDB
=====================================================================
Key     Thrd Seq     S Low Time 
------- ---- ------- - ---------
459     1    463     A 08-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_463_762800109.log
460     1    464     A 08-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_464_762800109.log
461     1    465     A 08-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_465_762800109.log
462     1    466     A 08-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_466_762800109.log
463     1    467     A 09-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_467_762800109.log
464     1    468     A 09-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_468_762800109.log
465     1    469     A 10-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_469_762800109.log
466     1    470     A 11-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_470_762800109.log
467     1    471     A 11-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_471_762800109.log
468     1    472     A 12-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_472_762800109.log
469     1    473     A 13-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_473_762800109.log
470     1    474     A 13-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_474_762800109.log
471     1    475     A 14-JAN-12 Name: /opt/oracle/yangdb_arch/yangdb_1_475_762800109.log
归档日志的序列号码到475 
查看v$archived_log 视图从中获取 时间和序列号信息!
SYS@yangdb> select THREAD#,sequence#,FIRST_TIME,COMPLETION_TIME  
2   from v$archived_log order by thread#,sequence#;

THREAD# SEQUENCE# FIRST_TIME      COMPLETION_TIME
------- ---------- -------------- -------------------
1        470  2012-01-11 11:00:10  2012-01-11 22:08:23
1        471  2012-01-11 22:08:20  2012-01-12 17:00:10
1        472  2012-01-12 17:00:10  2012-01-13 02:00:28
1        473  2012-01-13 02:00:28  2012-01-13 22:09:56
1        474  2012-01-13 22:09:55  2012-01-14 22:01:02
1        475  2012-01-14 22:01:02  2012-01-15 06:46:14 ==list archivelog all completed 以COMPLETION_TIME为基准   
1        476  2012-01-15 06:46:14  2012-01-30 14:10:18 ==list archivelog until 以FIRST_TIME 为基准 编号476的日志横跨15号和30号两天,以first_time的值来截取!
1        477  2012-01-30 14:10:15  2012-01-30 14:10:23
1        478  2012-01-30 14:10:22  2012-01-30 14:10:29
1        479  2012-01-30 14:10:28  2012-01-30 14:10:33
1        480  2012-01-30 14:10:32  2012-01-30 14:10:40  

总结:
delete archivelog until time 'sysdate-N';
该命令删除日志时的时间基准是first_name
delete archivelog all completed before 'sysdate-N';
该命令删除日志时的时间基准是completion_time   

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