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由于字符集问题导致 Package Body created with compilation errors.

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:杨奇龙 时间:2011-07-27 21:30:40 0 删除 编辑
将要在生产库上进行包的预发布,时遇到如下情况:Warning: Package Body created with compilation errors.整个过程如下:
首先检查对象的有效个数和无效的个数。
IM@im1>select object_type,status,count(*) from user_objects group by object_type,status;
OBJECT_TYPE        STATUS    COUNT(*)
------------------ ------- ----------
TYPE               VALID           11
VIEW               INVALID          3
INDEX              VALID          399
TABLE              VALID          234
PACKAGE            VALID           49
SYNONYM            VALID           10
FUNCTION           VALID            1
SEQUENCE           VALID          173
PROCEDURE          VALID           22
PACKAGE BODY       VALID           49
DATABASE LINK      VALID            6
INDEX PARTITION    VALID           79
TABLE PARTITION    VALID           79
13 rows selected.
发布是遇到如下错误:
IM@im1>@/tmp/IM_SMS_20110727.pkg
Package created.
Warning: Package Body created with compilation errors.
show error 检查,无结果显示。考虑不是语法的问题。
IM@im1>show error
No errors.
检查对象的有效个数:
IM@im1>select object_type,status,count(*) from user_objects group by object_type,status;
OBJECT_TYPE        STATUS    COUNT(*)
------------------ ------- ----------
TYPE               VALID           11
VIEW               INVALID          3
INDEX              VALID          399
TABLE              VALID          234
PACKAGE            VALID           49
SYNONYM            VALID           10
FUNCTION           VALID            1
SEQUENCE           VALID          173
PROCEDURE          VALID           22
PACKAGE BODY       VALID           48
PACKAGE BODY       INVALID          1  --多一个无效对象
DATABASE LINK      VALID            6
INDEX PARTITION    VALID           79
TABLE PARTITION    VALID           79
14 rows selected.

测试库的字符集为NLS_CHARACTERSET= AL32UTF8,而编辑的脚本的windows平台是ANSI,导致对中文的不兼容。
解决办法是测试环境的NLS_LANG为"AMERICAN_AMERICA.US7ASCII",重新执行包的发布。
IM@im1>select * from nls_database_parameters;

PARAMETER               VALUE
-------------          ------------
NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET AL16UTF16
NLS_LANGUAGE           AMERICAN
NLS_TERRITORY          AMERICA
NLS_CURRENCY           $ 
NLS_ISO_CURRENCY       AMERICA
NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS .,
NLS_CHARACTERSET       AL32UTF8
NLS_CALENDAR           GREGORIAN
NLS_DATE_FORMAT        DD-MON-RR
NLS_DATE_LANGUAGE      AMERICAN
NLS_SORT               BINARY
NLS_TIME_FORMAT        HH.MI.SSXFF AM
NLS_TIMESTAMP_FORMAT   DD-MON-RR HH.MI.SSXFF AM
NLS_TIME_TZ_FORMAT     HH.MI.SSXFF AM TZR
NLS_TIMESTAMP_TZ_FORMAT DD-MON-RR HH.MI.SSXFF AM TZR
NLS_DUAL_CURRENCY      $
NLS_COMP               BINARY
NLS_LENGTH_SEMANTICS   BYTE
NLS_NCHAR_CONV_EXCP    FALSE
NLS_RDBMS_VERSION      9.2.0.8.0
20 rows selected.
IM@im1>exit
Disconnected from Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.8.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Oracle Data Mining options
JServer Release 9.2.0.8.0 - Production

oracle@c9e016r3ectk1xl67j8p:aliuid /tmp>export|grep LANG
declare -x LANG="en_US.UTF-8"
declare -x NLS_LANG="AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8"
oracle@c9e016r3ectk1xl67j8p:/tmp>
oracle@c9e016r3ectk1xl67j8p:/tmp>
oracle@c9e016r3ectk1xl67j8p: /tmp>export NLS_LANG="AMERICAN_AMERICA.US7ASCII"
oracle@c9e016r3ectk1xl67j8p: /tmp>
oracle@c9e016r3ectk1xl67j8p: /tmp>
oracle@c9e016r3ectk1xl67j8p: /tmp>export|grep LANG
declare -x LANG="en_US.UTF-8"
declare -x NLS_LANG="AMERICAN_AMERICA.US7ASCII"
oracle@c9e016r3ectk1xl67j8p: /tmp>
再次执行包的变更,程序正确执行。
oracle@c9e016r3ectk1xl67j8p: /tmp>sqlplus IM   
SQL*Plus: Release 9.2.0.8.0 - Production on Fri Jul 29 04:01:29 2011
Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.
Enter password: 
Connected to:
Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.8.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Oracle Data Mining options
JServer Release 9.2.0.8.0 - Production
IM@im1>@/tmp/IM_SMS_20110727.pkg
Package created.
Package body created.
IM@im1>select object_type,status,count(*) from user_objects group by object_type,status;
OBJECT_TYPE        STATUS    COUNT(*)
------------------ ------- ----------
TYPE               VALID           11
VIEW               INVALID          3
INDEX              VALID          399
TABLE              VALID          234
PACKAGE            VALID           49
SYNONYM            VALID           10
FUNCTION           VALID            1
SEQUENCE           VALID          173
PROCEDURE          VALID           22
PACKAGE BODY       VALID           49
DATABASE LINK      VALID            6
INDEX PARTITION    VALID           79
TABLE PARTITION    VALID           79
13 rows selected.

IM@im1>@/tmp/IM_WEB_ONLIE_20110727.pkg
Package created.
Package body created.
IM@im1>select object_type,status,count(*) from user_objects group by object_type,status;
OBJECT_TYPE        STATUS    COUNT(*)
------------------ ------- ----------
TYPE               VALID           11
VIEW               INVALID          3
INDEX              VALID          399
TABLE              VALID          234
PACKAGE            VALID           49
SYNONYM            VALID           10
FUNCTION           VALID            1
SEQUENCE           VALID          173
PROCEDURE          VALID           22
PACKAGE BODY       VALID           49
DATABASE LINK      VALID            6
INDEX PARTITION    VALID           79
TABLE PARTITION    VALID           79
13 rows selected.

IM@im1>exit
Disconnected from Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.8.0 - 64bit Production
问题解决。。

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