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SMON disabling TX Recovery

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:quanli0818 时间:2012-03-19 14:02:03 0 删除 编辑

Shutdown Normal or Shutdown Immediate Hangs. SMON disabling TX Recovery [ID 1076161.6]



Modified 01-JUL-2010Type BULLETINStatus PUBLISHED


Checked for relevance on 04-June-2009

Description

===========

SHUTDOWN NORMAL or SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE hangs. In the alert.log, you see only

the following:

Shutting down instance (immediate)

License high water mark = 12

Thu Dec 8 18:43:16 1994

alter database close normal

Thu Dec 8 18:43:17 1994

SMON: disabling tx recovery

SMON: disabling cache recovery

or

waiting for smon to disable tx recovery

There are no ORA errors or trace files.

Scope & Application

===================

Informational

During a SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE and SHUTDOWN NORMAL, SMON is cleaning up extents

which are no longer needed and marking them as freed.

Either wait for SMON to clean up the free extents in the database as it

shuts down or perform. a SHUTDOWN ABORT to shutdown the instance. A SHUTDOWN

ABORT will not perform. a clean shutdown.

Verify that temporary segments are decreasing

---------------------------------------------

To verify that the temporary segments are decreasing have an active session

available in Server Manager or SQLPLUS during the SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE. Issue the following

query to ensure the database is not hanging, but is actually perform. extent

cleanup:

SVRMGR/SQL> select count(block#) from fet$;

COUNT(BLOC

----------

7

SVRMGR/SQL> select count(block#) from uet$;

COUNT(BLOC

----------

402

After some time has elapsed, reissue the query and see that the values for fet$

have increased while the values or uet$ have decreased:

SVRMGR/SQL> select count(block#) from fet$;

COUNT(BLOC

----------

10

SVRMGR/SQL> select count(block#) from uet$;

COUNT(BLOC

----------

399

During shutdown the SMON process is cleaning up extents and updating the data

dictionary tables with the marked free extents. As the extents are marked as

freed, they are removed from the table for used extents, UET$ and placed on the

table for free extents, FET$.

How to Avoid creating many Temporary Extents

--------------------------------------------

Once the database has shutdown cleanly, to avoid creating many temporary

extents change the initial and next extent sizes on temporary tablespaces

to a more appropriate size:

ALTER TABLESPACE DEFAULT STORAGE (INITIAL M/K NEXT M/K);

Note: If the temporary tablespace is of type TEMPORARY, then this change

will only affect temporary segments created after issuing the above

command. Any existing temporary segments already in the TEMPORARY tablespace

will not be affected till the instance is restarted. On shutdown, existing

temporary segments are dropped. If the TEMPORARY TABLESPACE is of type

PERMANENT, then cleanup is performed by SMON after completion of the process

using it.

Increasing the initial and next extent size will decrease the number of extents

that are allocated to temporary segments. Since there are fewer extents to

deallocate, the database should shutdown more speedily.

Take the following scenario:

A database was subject to large sorts with the following sort parameter in

the "init.ora" file:

- sort_area_size=1000000

The temporary tablespaces for this database were all created with initial and

next extents sized at 50k and the total database size was about 300mb.

Database sorts will utilize memory as much as possible based on the "init.ora"

parameter "sort_area_size". Once this memory-based sort area is filled, the

database will utilize the temporary table space associated with the database

user to complete the sort operation. During a shutdown normal, the database

will attempt to clean up the temporary tablespaces.

If a small extent size is used, then a large number of extents will be created

for a large sort. The cleanup of the temporary tablespace takes much longer

with a large number of extents.

Note:

=====

You have to do a shutdown abort and then bring the database

back up to run the suggested queries.

For other reasons for slow/hung shutdown see also these notes:

Note 375935.1 - What To Do and Not To Do When 'shutdown immediate' Hangs

Note 428688.1 - Bug:5057695: Shutdown Immediate Very Slow To Close Database.

References:

===========

Note:61997.1 SMON - Temporary Segment Cleanup and Free Space Coalescing

Search Words:

=============

hanging

shutdown

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