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Redo Block Size

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:ylw66 时间:2009-08-13 11:09:59 0 删除 编辑

Although the size of redo entries is measured in bytes, LGWR writes the redo to the log files on disk in blocks. The size of redo log blocks is fixed in the Oracle source code and is operating system specific. Oracle's documentation uses the term "operating system block size" to refer to the log block size. Normally it is the smallest unit of I/O supported by the operating system for raw I/O, but on some operating systems it is the smallest possible unit of file system based I/O. The following table shows the most common log block sizes and some of the operating systems that use them.

虽然redo entries是以字节为单位的,但是LGWRredo写入log file还是以块为单位的。redo log block 的大小在Oracle代码中是固定的,是依据操作系统的,是操作系统支持的I/O的最小单位

 

 

  Log Block Size  

Operating Systems

512 bytes

  Solaris, AIX, Windows NT/2000, Linux, Irix, DG/UX, OpenVMS, NetWare, UnixWare, DYNIX/ptx  

1024 bytes

  HP-UX, Tru64 Unix

2048 bytes

  SCO Unix, Reliant Unix

4096 bytes

  MVS, MPE/ix

从上表可以看出,最常用的操作系统的log block 的大小都是512字节。查看这个块大小有很多方法:

x$kccle中查:

select  max(l.lebsz)  log_block_size_kccle

from sys.x$kccle  l

where l.inst_id = userenv('Instance')

The log block size can also be inferred from the system statistics in StatsPack reports. There is a 16 byte header for each log block, and the size of the data area is approximately the number of bytes of redo generated (redo size) plus the number of bytes of redo space left unused (redo wastage) divided by the number of log blocks written (redo blocks written). Thus the approximate formula is

log block size可以大致由统计信息中推断。每个log block16个字节的头,数据区域大约是

(redo sizeredo信息的大小)+redo wastage(浪费的redo大小))/redo blocks written(LGWRRedo的块的数量)

16 + (redo size + redo wastage) / redo blocks written

v$sysstat中查:

 

select ceil(16+(redo_size+redo_wastage)/redo_block_written) log_block_size_sysstat

from(select max(decode(name,'redo size',value)) redo_size,

           max(decode(name,'redo wastage',value)) redo_wastage,

           max(decode(name,'redo blocks written',value)) redo_block_written

from (select name,value from v$sysstat

where name in('redo size','redo wastage','redo blocks written')))

This formula will commonly understate the log block size by a few bytes, because it does not allow for redo that has been generated but not yet written, and the redo size statistic is commonly a little inaccurate.

按道理 redo block written *(512-16) 应该等于 redo size+redo wastage 的,现在还不是很理解,准备发一个帖子请教论坛高手

另外,既然redo写入log file都是以block为单位,那在LGWR频繁给触发时,必然存在block还没有写满就被写入了log file,针对这样的场景如何理解----看了redo wastage就明白了 

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