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[转载] Oracle LSNRCTL------监听器的启动和关闭

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:it_wangych 时间:2009-09-14 20:55:36 0 删除 编辑
对于DBA来说,启动和关闭oracle监听器是很基础的任务,但是Linux系统管理员或者程序员有时也需要在开发数据库中做一些基本的DBA操作,因此了解一些基本的管理操作对他们来说很重要。

      本文将讨论用LSNRCTL命令启动、关闭和查看监听器的状态的方法。

怎样启动、关闭和重新启动oracle监听器

在启动、关闭或者重启oracle监听器之前确保使用lsnrctl status命令检查oracle监听器的状态。除了得到监听器的状态之外,你还可以从lsnrctl status命令的输出中得到如下的信息:

  • 监听器的启动时间
  • 监听器的运行时间
  • 监听器参数文件listener.ora的位置,通常位于$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin目录下
  • 监听器日志文件的位置

如果oracle监听器没用运行,你将得到如下的信息

  1. $ lsnrctl status   
  2.   
  3. LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:27:39   
  4.   
  5. Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.   
  6.   
  7. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521)))   
  8. TNS-12541: TNS:no listener   
  9.  TNS-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error   
  10.   TNS-00511: No listener   
  11.    Linux Error: 111: Connection refused   
  12. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=EXTPROC)))   
  13. TNS-12541: TNS:no listener   
  14.  TNS-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error   
  15.   TNS-00511: No listener   
  16.    Linux Error: 2: No such file or directory  
$ lsnrctl status LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:27:39 Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521))) TNS-12541: TNS:no listener TNS-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error TNS-00511: No listener Linux Error: 111: Connection refused Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=EXTPROC))) TNS-12541: TNS:no listener TNS-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error TNS-00511: No listener Linux Error: 2: No such file or directory

如果oracle监听器正在运行,你将得到如下信息

  1. $ lsnrctl status   
  2.   
  3. LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:27:02   
  4.   
  5. Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.   
  6.   
  7. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521)))   
  8. STATUS of the LISTENER   
  9. ————————   
  10. Alias                     LISTENER   
  11. Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production   
  12. Start Date                29-APR-2009 18:43:13   
  13. Uptime                    6 days 21 hr. 43 min. 49 sec   
  14. Trace Level               off   
  15. Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication   
  16. SNMP                      OFF   
  17. Listener Parameter File   /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/network/admin/listener.ora   
  18. Listener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/devdb/listener/alert/log.xml   
  19. Listening Endpoints Summary…   
  20.   (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521)))   
  21.   (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC)))   
  22. Services Summary…   
  23. Service “devdb” has 1 instance(s).   
  24.   Instance “devdb”, status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service…   
  25. Service “devdb.thegeekstuff.com” has 1 instance(s).   
  26.   Instance “devdb”, status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service…   
  27. Service “devdbXDB.thegeekstuff.com” has 1 instance(s).   
  28.   Instance “devdb”, status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service…   
  29. Service “devdb_XPT.thegeekstuff.com” has 1 instance(s).   
  30.   Instance “devdb”, status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service…   
  31. The command completed successfully  
$ lsnrctl status LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:27:02 Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521))) STATUS of the LISTENER ———————— Alias LISTENER Version TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production Start Date 29-APR-2009 18:43:13 Uptime 6 days 21 hr. 43 min. 49 sec Trace Level off Security ON: Local OS Authentication SNMP OFF Listener Parameter File /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/network/admin/listener.ora Listener Log File /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/devdb/listener/alert/log.xml Listening Endpoints Summary… (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521))) (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC))) Services Summary… Service “devdb” has 1 instance(s). Instance “devdb”, status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service… Service “devdb.thegeekstuff.com” has 1 instance(s). Instance “devdb”, status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service… Service “devdbXDB.thegeekstuff.com” has 1 instance(s). Instance “devdb”, status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service… Service “devdb_XPT.thegeekstuff.com” has 1 instance(s). Instance “devdb”, status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service… The command completed successfully

2.启动oracle监听器

如果oracle监听器没用运行,你可以用lsnrctl start命令启动oracle监听器,该命令将启动所有的监听器,如果你只想启动特定的监听器,可以再start后面指定监听器的名字,例如:lsnrctl start [listener-name]。

  1. $ lsnrctl start   
  2.   
  3. LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:27:42   
  4.   
  5. Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.   
  6.   
  7. Starting /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/bin/tnslsnr: please wait…   
  8.   
  9. TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production   
  10. System parameter file is /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/network/admin/listener.ora   
  11. Log messages written to /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/devdb/listener/alert/log.xml   
  12. Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521)))   
  13. Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC)))   
  14.   
  15. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521)))   
  16. STATUS of the LISTENER   
  17. ————————   
  18. Alias                     LISTENER   
  19. Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production   
  20. Start Date                04-APR-2009 16:27:42   
  21. Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 sec   
  22. Trace Level               off   
  23. Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication   
  24. SNMP                      OFF   
  25. Listener Parameter File   /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/network/admin/listener.ora   
  26. Listener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/devdb/listener/alert/log.xml   
  27. Listening Endpoints Summary…   
  28.   (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521)))   
  29.   (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC)))   
  30. Services Summary…   
  31. Service “devdb” has 1 instance(s).   
  32.   Instance “devdb”, status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service…   
  33. The command completed successfully  
$ lsnrctl start LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:27:42 Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved. Starting /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/bin/tnslsnr: please wait… TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production System parameter file is /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/network/admin/listener.ora Log messages written to /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/devdb/listener/alert/log.xml Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521))) Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC))) Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521))) STATUS of the LISTENER ———————— Alias LISTENER Version TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production Start Date 04-APR-2009 16:27:42 Uptime 0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 sec Trace Level off Security ON: Local OS Authentication SNMP OFF Listener Parameter File /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/network/admin/listener.ora Listener Log File /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/devdb/listener/alert/log.xml Listening Endpoints Summary… (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521))) (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC))) Services Summary… Service “devdb” has 1 instance(s). Instance “devdb”, status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service… The command completed successfully

3.关闭oracle监听器

如果oracle监听器正在运行,可以使用lsnrctl stop命令关闭oracle监听器,该命令将关闭所有的监听器,如果你只想关闭特定的监听器,可以再stop后面指定监听器的名字,例如:lsnrctl stop [listener-name]

  1. $ lsnrctl stop   
  2.   
  3. LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:27:37   
  4.   
  5. Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.   
  6.   
  7. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521)))   
  8. The command completed successfully  
$ lsnrctl stop LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:27:37 Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521))) The command completed successfully

4.重启oracle监听器

用lsnrctl reload重启监听器,此命令可以代替lsnrctl stop和lsnrctl start。重启将会在不需要关闭和启动监听器的情况下读取listener.ora的配置。

  1. $ lsnrctl reload   
  2.   
  3. LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 17:03:31   
  4.   
  5. Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.   
  6.   
  7. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521)))   
  8. The command completed successfully  
$ lsnrctl reload LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 17:03:31 Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.2)(PORT=1521))) The command completed successfully

Oracle监听器帮助

1.查看所有的监听器命令

lsnrctl hep命令可以显示所有可用的监听器命令。在oracle11g中其输出如下:

  • start - Start the Oracle listener
  • stop - Stop the Oracle listener
  • status - Display the current status of the Oracle listener
  • services - Retrieve the listener services information
  • version - Display the oracle listener version information
  • reload - This will reload the oracle listener SID and parameter files. This is equivalent to lsnrctl stop and lsnrctl start.
  • save_config - This will save the current settings to the listener.ora file and also take a backup of the listener.ora file before overwriting it. If there are no changes, it will display the message “No changes to save for LISTENER”
  • trace - Enable the tracing at the listener level. The available options are ‘trace OFF’, ‘trace USER’, ‘trace ADMIN’ or ‘trace SUPPORT’
  • spawn - Spawns a new with the program with the spawn_alias mentioned in the listener.ora file
  • change_password - Set the new password to the oracle listener (or) change the existing listener password.
  • show - Display log files and other relevant listener information.

    1. $ lsnrctl help   
    2.   
    3. LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:12:09   
    4.   
    5. Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.   
    6.   
    7. The following operations are available   
    8. An asterisk (*) denotes a modifier or extended command:   
    9.   
    10. start               stop                status   
    11. services            version             reload   
    12. save_config         trace               spawn   
    13. change_password     quit                exit   
    14. set*                show*  
    $ lsnrctl help LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:12:09 Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved. The following operations are available An asterisk (*) denotes a modifier or extended command: start stop status services version reload save_config trace spawn change_password quit exit set* show*

    2.得到指定监听器命令的详细帮助信息

    可以使用lsnrctl help得到指定的命令的详细帮助信息。如下所示

    1. $ lsnrctl help show   
    2.   
    3. LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 04-APR-2009 16:22:28   
    4.   
    5. Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.   
    6.   
    7. The following operations are available after show   
    8. An asterisk (*) denotes a modifier or extended command:   
    9.   
    10. rawmode                     displaymode   
    11. rules                       trc_file   
    12. trc_directory               trc_level   
    13. log_file                    log_directory   
    14. log_status                  current_listener   
    15. inbound_connect_timeout     startup_waittime   
    16. snmp_visible                save_config_on_stop   
    17. dynamic_registration  
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