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在别人的空间里看到的收藏在这里

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:fengzj 时间:2008-11-27 11:29:23 0 删除 编辑

我有一个表结构,
fphm,kshm
2014,00000001
2014,00000002
2014,00000003
2014,00000004
2014,00000005
2014,00000007
2014,00000008
2014,00000009
2013,00000120
2013,00000121
2013,00000122
2013,00000124
2013,00000125

(第二个字段内可能是连续的数据,可能存在断点。)

怎样能查询出来这样的结果,查询出连续的记录来。
就像下面的这样?
2014,00000001,00000005
2014,00000009,00000007
2013,00000120,00000122
2013,00000124,00000125

方法一: 引用自
hmxxyy.

SQL> select * from gap;

ID SEQ
---------- ----------
1 1
1 4
1 5
1 8
2 1
2 2
2 9

select res1.id, res2.seq str, res1.seq end
from (
select rownum rn, c.*
from (
select *
from gap a
where not exists (
select null from gap b where b.id = a.id and a.seq = b.seq - 1
)
order by id, seq
) c
) res1, (
select rownum rn, d.*
from (
select *
from gap a
where not exists (
select null from gap b where b.id = a.id and a.seq = b.seq + 1
)
order by id, seq
) d
) res2
where res1.id = res2.id
and res1.rn = res2.rn
/

ID STR END
--------- ---------- ----------
1 1 1
1 4 5
1 8 8
2 1 2
2 9 9

方法二: 使用lag/lead分析函数进行处理.. 楼上的方法确实挺好用就是觉得表扫描/表连接比较多, 可能数据量大了. 速度会比较慢, 当然我的这种方法由于使用分析函数使用的比较频繁.所以排序量可能比上一种要多..

SQL> select fphm,lpad(kshm,8,'0') kshm
2 from t
3 /

FPHM KSHM
---------- ----------------
2014 00000001
2014 00000002
2014 00000003
2014 00000004
2014 00000005
2014 00000007
2014 00000008
2014 00000009
2013 00000120
2013 00000121
2013 00000122

FPHM KSHM
---------- ----------------
2013 00000124
2013 00000125

13 rows selected.

SQL> set echo on
SQL> @bbb.sql
SQL> select fphm,lpad(kshm,8,'0') start_kshm,lpad(prev_prev_kshm,8,'0') end_kshm
2 from (
3 select fphm,kshm,next_kshm,prev_kshm,
4 lag(kshm,1,null) over (partition by fphm order by kshm )next_next_kshm,
5 lead(kshm,1,null) over (partition by fphm order by kshm ) prev_prev_kshm
6 from (
7 select *
8 from (
9 select fphm,kshm,
10 lead(kshm,1,null) over (partition by fphm order by kshm) next_kshm,
11 lag(kshm,1,null) over (partition by fphm order by kshm) prev_kshm
12 from t
13 )
14 where ( next_kshm - kshm <> 1 or kshm - prev_kshm <> 1 )
15 or ( next_kshm is null or prev_kshm is null )
16 )
17 )
18 where next_kshm - kshm = 1
19 /

FPHM START_KSHM END_KSHM
---------- ---------------- ----------------
2013 00000120 00000122
2013 00000124 00000125
2014 00000001 00000005
2014 00000007 00000009

SQL> spool off


方法三: 今天早上wildflower给了我这个答案, 顿时觉得耳目一新啊..就贴出来与大家一起共享了^_^.



SQL> spool aaa.log
SQL> set echo on
SQL> select * from t;

no rows selected

SQL> select * from t;

      FPHM       KSHM
---------- ----------
      2014          1
      2014          2
      2014          3
      2014          4
      2014          5
      2014          7
      2014          8
      2014          9
      2013        120
      2013        121
      2013        122

      FPHM       KSHM
---------- ----------
      2013        124
      2013        125

13 rows selected.

SQL> @bbb.sql
SQL> select b.fphm,min(b.kshm),max(b.kshm)
  2  from (
  3          select a.*,to_number(a.kshm-rownum) cc
  4          from (
  5                  select * from t order by fphm,kshm
  6          ) a
  7  )  b
  8  group by b.fphm,b.cc
  9  /

      FPHM MIN(B.KSHM) MAX(B.KSHM)
---------- ----------- -----------
      2013         120         122
      2013         124         125
      2014           1           5
      2014           7           9

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/219982/viewspace-503620/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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