ITPub博客

首页 > 数据库 > Oracle > Troubleshoot Grid Infrastructure Startup Issues (Doc ID 1050908.1)

Troubleshoot Grid Infrastructure Startup Issues (Doc ID 1050908.1)

原创 Oracle 作者:desert_xu 时间:2017-07-05 21:58:41 0 删除 编辑
Click to add to Favorites Troubleshoot Grid Infrastructure Startup Issues (Doc ID 1050908.1) To BottomTo Bottom

In this Document

Purpose
Scope
Details
  Start up sequence:
  Cluster status
  Case 1: OHASD does not start
  Case 2: OHASD Agents do not start
  Case 3: OCSSD.BIN does not start
  Case 4: CRSD.BIN does not start
  Case 5: GPNPD.BIN does not start
  Case 6: Various other daemons do not start
  Case 7: CRSD Agents do not start
  Case 8: HAIP does not start
 
  Network and Naming Resolution Verification
  Log File Location, Ownership and Permission
  In Grid Infrastructure cluster environment:
  In Oracle Restart environment:
  Network Socket File Location, Ownership and Permission
  In Grid Infrastructure cluster environment:
  In Oracle Restart environment:
  Diagnostic file collection
References


APPLIES TO:

Oracle Database - Enterprise Edition - Version 11.2.0.1 and later
Information in this document applies to any platform.

PURPOSE


This note is to provide reference to troubleshoot 11gR2 and 12c Grid Infrastructure clusterware startup issues. It applies to issues in both new environments (during root.sh or rootupgrade.sh) and unhealthy existing environments.  To look specifically at root.sh issues, see note 1053970.1 for more information. 

SCOPE

This document is intended for Clusterware/RAC Database Administrators and Oracle support engineers. 

DETAILS

Start up sequence:

In a nutshell, the operating system starts ohasd, ohasd starts agents to start up daemons (gipcd, mdnsd, gpnpd, ctssd, ocssd, crsd, evmd asm etc), and crsd starts agents that start user resources (database, SCAN, listener etc).

For detailed Grid Infrastructure clusterware startup sequence, please refer to note 1053147.1

Cluster status


To find out cluster and daemon status:

$GRID_HOME/bin/crsctl check crs
CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online
CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online
CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online
CRS-4533: Event Manager is online

$GRID_HOME/bin/crsctl stat res -t -init
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                  Started
ora.crsd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1
ora.cssd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1
ora.cssdmonitor
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1
ora.ctssd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                  OBSERVER
ora.diskmon
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1
ora.drivers.acfs
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1
ora.evmd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1
ora.gipcd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1
ora.gpnpd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1
ora.mdnsd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1

For 11.2.0.2 and above, there will be two more processes:

ora.cluster_interconnect.haip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1
ora.crf
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1

For 11.2.0.3 onward in non-Exadata, ora.diskmon will be offline:

ora.diskmon
      1        OFFLINE  OFFLINE       rac1

For 12c onward, ora.storage is introduced: 

ora.storage
1 ONLINE ONLINE racnode1 STABLE



To start an offline daemon - if ora.crsd is OFFLINE:

$GRID_HOME/bin/crsctl start res ora.crsd -init

 

Case 1: OHASD does not start


As ohasd.bin is responsible to start up all other cluserware processes directly or indirectly, it needs to start up properly for the rest of the stack to come up. If ohasd.bin is not up, when checking its status, CRS-4639 (Could not contact Oracle High Availability Services) will be reported; and if ohasd.bin is already up, CRS-4640 will be reported if another start up attempt is made; if it fails to start, the following will be reported:

CRS-4124: Oracle High Availability Services startup failed.
CRS-4000: Command Start failed, or completed with errors.



Automatic ohasd.bin start up depends on the following:

1. OS is at appropriate run level:

OS need to be at specified run level before CRS will try to start up.

To find out at which run level the clusterware needs to come up:

cat /etc/inittab|grep init.ohasd
h1:35:respawn:/etc/init.d/init.ohasd run >/dev/null 2>&1 </dev/null

Note: Oracle Linux 6 (OL6) or Red Hat Linux 6 (RHEL6) has deprecated inittab, rather, init.ohasd will be configured via upstart in /etc/init/oracle-ohasd.conf, however, the process ""/etc/init.d/init.ohasd run" should still be up.

Above example shows CRS suppose to run at run level 3 and 5; please note depend on platform, CRS comes up at different run level.

To find out current run level:

who -r



2. "init.ohasd run" is up

On Linux/UNIX, as "init.ohasd run" is configured in /etc/inittab, process init (pid 1, /sbin/init on Linux, Solaris and hp-ux, /usr/sbin/init on AIX) will start and respawn "init.ohasd run" if it fails. Without "init.ohasd run" up and running, ohasd.bin will not start:

ps -ef|grep init.ohasd|grep -v grep
root      2279     1  0 18:14 ?        00:00:00 /bin/sh /etc/init.d/init.ohasd run

Note: Oracle Linux 6 (OL6) or Red Hat Linux 6 (RHEL6) has deprecated inittab, rather, init.ohasd will be configured via upstart in /etc/init/oracle-ohasd.conf, however, the process ""/etc/init.d/init.ohasd run" should still be up.

If any rc Snncommand script (located in rcn.d, example S98gcstartup) stuck, init process may not start "/etc/init.d/init.ohasd run"; please engage OS vendor to find out why relevant Snncommand script stuck.

Error "[ohasd(<pid>)] CRS-0715:Oracle High Availability Service has timed out waiting for init.ohasd to be started." may be reported of init.ohasd fails to start on time. 
 
If SA can not identify the reason why init.ohasd is not starting, the following can be a very short term workaround:

 cd <location-of-init.ohasd>
 nohup ./init.ohasd run &



3. Cluserware auto start is enabled - it's enabled by default

By default CRS is enabled for auto start upon node reboot, to enable:

$GRID_HOME/bin/crsctl enable crs


To verify whether it's currently enabled or not:

$GRID_HOME/bin/crsctl config crs


If the following is in OS messages file

Feb 29 16:20:36 racnode1 logger: Oracle Cluster Ready Services startup disabled.
Feb 29 16:20:36 racnode1 logger: Could not access /var/opt/oracle/scls_scr/racnode1/root/ohasdstr


The reason is the file does not exist or not accessible, cause can be someone modified it manually or wrong opatch is used to apply a GI patch(i.e. opatch for Solaris X64 used to apply patch on Linux).




4. syslogd is up and OS is able to execute init script S96ohasd

OS may stuck with some other Snn script while node is coming up, thus never get chance to execute S96ohasd; if that's the case, following message will not be in OS messages:

Jan 20 20:46:51 rac1 logger: Oracle HA daemon is enabled for autostart.


If you don't see above message, the other possibility is syslogd(/usr/sbin/syslogd) is not fully up. Grid may fail to come up in that case as well. This may not apply to AIX.

To find out whether OS is able to execute S96ohasd while node is coming up, modify S96ohasd:

From:

    case `$CAT $AUTOSTARTFILE` in
      enable*)
        $LOGERR "Oracle HA daemon is enabled for autostart."


To:

    case `$CAT $AUTOSTARTFILE` in
      enable*)
        /bin/touch /tmp/ohasd.start."`date`"
        $LOGERR "Oracle HA daemon is enabled for autostart."


After a node reboot, if you don't see /tmp/ohasd.start.timestamp get created, it means OS stuck with some other Snn script. If you do see /tmp/ohasd.start.timestamp but not "Oracle HA daemon is enabled for autostart" in messages, likely syslogd is not fully up. For both case, you will need engage System Administrator to find out the issue on OS level. For latter case, the workaround is to "sleep" for about 2 minutes, modify ohasd:

From:

    case `$CAT $AUTOSTARTFILE` in
      enable*)
        $LOGERR "Oracle HA daemon is enabled for autostart."


To:

    case `$CAT $AUTOSTARTFILE` in
      enable*)
        /bin/sleep 120
        $LOGERR "Oracle HA daemon is enabled for autostart."


5.
 File System that GRID_HOME resides is online when init script S96ohasd is executed; once S96ohasd is executed, following message should be in OS messages file:

Jan 20 20:46:51 rac1 logger: Oracle HA daemon is enabled for autostart.
..
Jan 20 20:46:57 rac1 logger: exec /ocw/grid/perl/bin/perl -I/ocw/grid/perl/lib /ocw/grid/bin/crswrapexece.pl /ocw/grid/crs/install/s_crsconfig_rac1_env.txt /ocw/grid/bin/ohasd.bin "reboot"


If you see the first line, but not the last line, likely the filesystem containing the GRID_HOME was not online while S96ohasd is executed.


6. Oracle Local Registry (OLR, $GRID_HOME/cdata/${HOSTNAME}.olr) is accessible and valid

ls -l $GRID_HOME/cdata/*.olr
-rw------- 1 root  oinstall 272756736 Feb  2 18:20 rac1.olr


If the OLR is inaccessible or corrupted, likely ohasd.log will have similar messages like following:

..
2010-01-24 22:59:10.470: [ default][1373676464] Initializing OLR
2010-01-24 22:59:10.472: [  OCROSD][1373676464]utopen:6m':failed in stat OCR file/disk /ocw/grid/cdata/rac1.olr, errno=2, os err string=No such file or directory
2010-01-24 22:59:10.472: [  OCROSD][1373676464]utopen:7:failed to open any OCR file/disk, errno=2, os err string=No such file or directory
2010-01-24 22:59:10.473: [  OCRRAW][1373676464]proprinit: Could not open raw device
2010-01-24 22:59:10.473: [  OCRAPI][1373676464]a_init:16!: Backend init unsuccessful : [26]
2010-01-24 22:59:10.473: [  CRSOCR][1373676464] OCR context init failure.  Error: PROCL-26: Error while accessing the physical storage Operating System error [No such file or directory] [2]
2010-01-24 22:59:10.473: [ default][1373676464] OLR initalization failured, rc=26
2010-01-24 22:59:10.474: [ default][1373676464]Created alert : (:OHAS00106:) :  Failed to initialize Oracle Local Registry
2010-01-24 22:59:10.474: [ default][1373676464][PANIC] OHASD exiting; Could not init OLR


OR

..
2010-01-24 23:01:46.275: [  OCROSD][1228334000]utread:3: Problem reading buffer 1907f000 buflen 4096 retval 0 phy_offset 102400 retry 5
2010-01-24 23:01:46.275: [  OCRRAW][1228334000]propriogid:1_1: Failed to read the whole bootblock. Assumes invalid format.
2010-01-24 23:01:46.275: [  OCRRAW][1228334000]proprioini: all disks are not OCR/OLR formatted
2010-01-24 23:01:46.275: [  OCRRAW][1228334000]proprinit: Could not open raw device
2010-01-24 23:01:46.275: [  OCRAPI][1228334000]a_init:16!: Backend init unsuccessful : [26]
2010-01-24 23:01:46.276: [  CRSOCR][1228334000] OCR context init failure.  Error: PROCL-26: Error while accessing the physical storage
2010-01-24 23:01:46.276: [ default][1228334000] OLR initalization failured, rc=26
2010-01-24 23:01:46.276: [ default][1228334000]Created alert : (:OHAS00106:) :  Failed to initialize Oracle Local Registry
2010-01-24 23:01:46.277: [ default][1228334000][PANIC] OHASD exiting; Could not init OLR


OR

..
2010-11-07 03:00:08.932: [ default][1] Created alert : (:OHAS00102:) : OHASD is not running as privileged user
2010-11-07 03:00:08.932: [ default][1][PANIC] OHASD exiting: must be run as privileged user


OR

ohasd.bin comes up but output of "crsctl stat res -t -init"shows no resource, and "ocrconfig -local -manualbackup" fails


OR

..
2010-08-04 13:13:11.102: [   CRSPE][35] Resources parsed
2010-08-04 13:13:11.103: [   CRSPE][35] Server [] has been registered with the PE data model
2010-08-04 13:13:11.103: [   CRSPE][35] STARTUPCMD_REQ = false:
2010-08-04 13:13:11.103: [   CRSPE][35] Server [] has changed state from [Invalid/unitialized] to [VISIBLE]
2010-08-04 13:13:11.103: [  CRSOCR][31] Multi Write Batch processing...
2010-08-04 13:13:11.103: [ default][35] Dump State Starting ...
..
2010-08-04 13:13:11.112: [   CRSPE][35] SERVERS:
:VISIBLE:address{{Absolute|Node:0|Process:-1|Type:1}}; recovered state:VISIBLE. Assigned to no pool

------------- SERVER POOLS:
Free [min:0][max:-1][importance:0] NO SERVERS ASSIGNED

2010-08-04 13:13:11.113: [   CRSPE][35] Dumping ICE contents...:ICE operation count: 0
2010-08-04 13:13:11.113: [ default][35] Dump State Done.


The solution is to restore a good backup of OLR with "ocrconfig -local -restore <ocr_backup_name>". 
By default, OLR will be backed up to $GRID_HOME/cdata/$HOST/backup_$TIME_STAMP.olr once installation is complete.

7. ohasd.bin is able to access network socket files:

2010-06-29 10:31:01.570: [ COMMCRS][1206901056]clsclisten: Permission denied for (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=procr_local_conn_0_PROL))

2010-06-29 10:31:01.571: [  OCRSRV][1217390912]th_listen: CLSCLISTEN failed clsc_ret= 3, addr= [(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=procr_local_conn_0_PROL))]
2010-06-29 10:31:01.571: [  OCRSRV][3267002960]th_init: Local listener did not reach valid state


In Grid Infrastructure cluster environment, ohasd related socket files should be owned by root, but in Oracle Restart environment, they should be owned by grid user, refer to "Network Socket File Location, Ownership and Permission" section for example output.

8. ohasd.bin is able to access log file location:

OS messages/syslog shows:

Feb 20 10:47:08 racnode1 OHASD[9566]: OHASD exiting; Directory /ocw/grid/log/racnode1/ohasd not found.


Refer to "Log File Location, Ownership and Permission" section for example output, if the expected directory is missing, create it with proper ownership and permission.

9. After node reboot, ohasd may fail to start on SUSE Linux after node reboot, refer to note 1325718.1 - OHASD not Starting After Reboot on SLES

10. OHASD fails to start, "ps -ef| grep ohasd.bin" shows ohasd.bin is started, but nothing in $GRID_HOME/log/<node>/ohasd/ohasd.log for many minutes, truss shows it is looping to close non-opened file handles:

..
15058/1:         0.1995 close(2147483646)                               Err#9 EBADF
15058/1:         0.1996 close(2147483645)                               Err#9 EBADF
..


Call stack of ohasd.bin from pstack shows the following:

_close  sclssutl_closefiledescriptors  main ..


The cause is bug 11834289 which is fixed in 11.2.0.3 and above, other symptoms of the bug is clusterware processes may fail to start with same call stack and truss output (looping on OS call "close"). If the bug happens when trying to start other resources, "CRS-5802: Unable to start the agent process" could show up as well.

11. Other potential causes/solutions listed in note 1069182.1 - OHASD Failed to Start: Inappropriate ioctl for device

12. ohasd.bin started fine, however, "crsctl check crs" shows only the following and nothing else:

CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online

And "crsctl stat res -p -init" shows nothing

The cause is that OLR is corrupted, refer to note 1193643.1 to restore.

13. On EL7/OL7: note 1959008.1 - Install of Clusterware fails while running root.sh on OL7 - ohasd fails to start 

14. For EL7/OL7, patch 25606616 is needed: TRACKING BUG TO PROVIDE GI FIXES FOR OL7

15. If ohasd still fails to start, refer to ohasd.log in <grid-home>/log/<nodename>/ohasd/ohasd.log and ohasdOUT.log
 

Case 2: OHASD Agents do not start


OHASD.BIN will spawn four agents/monitors to start resource:

  oraagent: responsible for ora.asm, ora.evmd, ora.gipcd, ora.gpnpd, ora.mdnsd etc
  orarootagent: responsible for ora.crsd, ora.ctssd, ora.diskmon, ora.drivers.acfs etc
  cssdagent / cssdmonitor: responsible for ora.cssd(for ocssd.bin) and ora.cssdmonitor(for cssdmonitor itself)

If ohasd.bin can not start any of above agents properly, clusterware will not come to healthy state.

1. Common causes of agent failure are that the log file or log directory for the agents don't have proper ownership or permission.

Refer to below section "Log File Location, Ownership and Permission" for general reference.

One example is "rootcrs.pl -patch/postpatch" wasn't executed while patching manually resulting in agent start failure: 

2015-02-25 15:43:54.350806 : CRSMAIN:3294918400: {0:0:2} {0:0:2} Created alert : (:CRSAGF00123:) : Failed to start the agent process: /ocw/grid/bin/orarootagent Category: -1 Operation: fail Loc: canexec2 OS error: 0 Other : no exe permission, file [/ocw/grid/bin/orarootagent]

2015-02-25 15:43:54.382154 : CRSMAIN:3294918400: {0:0:2} {0:0:2} Created alert : (:CRSAGF00123:) : Failed to start the agent process: /ocw/grid/bin/cssdagent Category: -1 Operation: fail Loc: canexec2 OS error: 0 Other : no exe permission, file [/ocw/grid/bin/cssdagent]

2015-02-25 15:43:54.384105 : CRSMAIN:3294918400: {0:0:2} {0:0:2} Created alert : (:CRSAGF00123:) : Failed to start the agent process: /ocw/grid/bin/cssdmonitor Category: -1 Operation: fail Loc: canexec2 OS error: 0 Other : no exe permission, file [/ocw/grid/bin/cssdmonitor]


The solution is to execute the missed steps.



2. If agent binary (oraagent.bin or orarootagent.bin etc) is corrupted, agent will not start resulting in related resources not coming up:

2011-05-03 11:11:13.189
[ohasd(25303)]CRS-5828:Could not start agent '/ocw/grid/bin/orarootagent_grid'. Details at (:CRSAGF00130:) {0:0:2} in /ocw/grid/log/racnode1/ohasd/ohasd.log.


2011-05-03 12:03:17.491: [    AGFW][1117866336] {0:0:184} Created alert : (:CRSAGF00130:) :  Failed to start the agent /ocw/grid/bin/orarootagent_grid
2011-05-03 12:03:17.491: [    AGFW][1117866336] {0:0:184} Agfw Proxy Server sending the last reply to PE for message:RESOURCE_START[ora.diskmon 1 1] ID 4098:403
2011-05-03 12:03:17.491: [    AGFW][1117866336] {0:0:184} Can not stop the agent: /ocw/grid/bin/orarootagent_grid because pid is not initialized
..
2011-05-03 12:03:17.492: [   CRSPE][1128372576] {0:0:184} Fatal Error from AGFW Proxy: Unable to start the agent process
2011-05-03 12:03:17.492: [   CRSPE][1128372576] {0:0:184} CRS-2674: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'racnode1' failed

..

2011-06-27 22:34:57.805: [    AGFW][1131669824] {0:0:2} Created alert : (:CRSAGF00123:) :  Failed to start the agent process: /ocw/grid/bin/cssdagent Category: -1 Operation: fail Loc: canexec2 OS error: 0 Other : no exe permission, file [/ocw/grid/bin/cssdagent]
2011-06-27 22:34:57.805: [    AGFW][1131669824] {0:0:2} Created alert : (:CRSAGF00126:) :  Agent start failed
..
2011-06-27 22:34:57.806: [    AGFW][1131669824] {0:0:2} Created alert : (:CRSAGF00123:) :  Failed to start the agent process: /ocw/grid/bin/cssdmonitor Category: -1 Operation: fail Loc: canexec2 OS error: 0 Other : no exe permission, file [/ocw/grid/bin/cssdmonitor]


The solution is to compare agent binary with a "good" node, and restore a good copy.

 truss/strace of ohasd shows agent binary is corrupted
32555 17:38:15.953355 execve("/ocw/grid/bin/orarootagent.bin", 
["/opt/grid/product/112020/grid/bi"...], [/* 38 vars */]) = 0
..
32555 17:38:15.954151 --- SIGBUS (Bus error) @ 0 (0) ---  

3. Agent may fail to start due to bug 11834289 with error "CRS-5802: Unable to start the agent process", refer to Section "OHASD does not start"  #10 for details.

4. Refer to: note 1964240.1 - CRS-5823:Could not initialize agent framework

 

Case 3: OCSSD.BIN does not start


Successful cssd.bin startup depends on the following:

1. GPnP profile is accessible - gpnpd needs to be fully up to serve profile

If ocssd.bin is able to get the profile successfully, likely ocssd.log will have similar messages like following:

2010-02-02 18:00:16.251: [    GPnP][408926240]clsgpnpm_exchange: [at clsgpnpm.c:1175] Calling "ipc://GPNPD_rac1", try 4 of 500...
2010-02-02 18:00:16.263: [    GPnP][408926240]clsgpnp_profileVerifyForCall: [at clsgpnp.c:1867] Result: (87) CLSGPNP_SIG_VALPEER. Profile verified.  prf=0x165160d0
2010-02-02 18:00:16.263: [    GPnP][408926240]clsgpnp_profileGetSequenceRef: [at clsgpnp.c:841] Result: (0) CLSGPNP_OK. seq of p=0x165160d0 is '6'=6
2010-02-02 18:00:16.263: [    GPnP][408926240]clsgpnp_profileCallUrlInt: [at clsgpnp.c:2186] Result: (0) CLSGPNP_OK. Successful get-profile CALL to remote "ipc://GPNPD_rac1" disco ""


Otherwise messages like following will show in ocssd.log

2010-02-03 22:26:17.057: [    GPnP][3852126240]clsgpnpm_connect: [at clsgpnpm.c:1100] GIPC gipcretConnectionRefused (29) gipcConnect(ipc-ipc://GPNPD_rac1)
2010-02-03 22:26:17.057: [    GPnP][3852126240]clsgpnpm_connect: [at clsgpnpm.c:1101] Result: (48) CLSGPNP_COMM_ERR. Failed to connect to call url "ipc://GPNPD_rac1"
2010-02-03 22:26:17.057: [    GPnP][3852126240]clsgpnp_getProfileEx: [at clsgpnp.c:546] Result: (13) CLSGPNP_NO_DAEMON. Can't get GPnP service profile from local GPnP daemon
2010-02-03 22:26:17.057: [ default][3852126240]Cannot get GPnP profile. Error CLSGPNP_NO_DAEMON (GPNPD daemon is not running).
2010-02-03 22:26:17.057: [    CSSD][3852126240]clsgpnp_getProfile failed, rc(13)

The solution is to ensure gpnpd is up and running properly.


2. Voting Disk is accessible

In 11gR2, ocssd.bin discover voting disk with setting from GPnP profile, if not enough voting disks can be identified, ocssd.bin will abort itself.

2010-02-03 22:37:22.212: [    CSSD][2330355744]clssnmReadDiscoveryProfile: voting file discovery string(/share/storage/di*)
..
2010-02-03 22:37:22.227: [    CSSD][1145538880]clssnmvDiskVerify: Successful discovery of 0 disks
2010-02-03 22:37:22.227: [    CSSD][1145538880]clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Completing initial voting file discovery
2010-02-03 22:37:22.227: [    CSSD][1145538880]clssnmvFindInitialConfigs: No voting files found
2010-02-03 22:37:22.228: [    CSSD][1145538880]###################################
2010-02-03 22:37:22.228: [    CSSD][1145538880]clssscExit: CSSD signal 11 in thread clssnmvDDiscThread


ocssd.bin may not come up with the following error if all nodes failed while there's a voting file change in progress:

2010-05-02 03:11:19.033: [    CSSD][1197668093]clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Detected voting file add in progress for CIN 0:1134513465:0, waiting for configuration to complete 0:1134513098:0


The solution is to start ocssd.bin in exclusive mode with note 1364971.1


If the voting disk is located on a non-ASM device, ownership and permissions should be:

-rw-r----- 1 ogrid oinstall 21004288 Feb  4 09:13 votedisk1

3. Network is functional and name resolution is working:

If ocssd.bin can't bind to any network, likely the ocssd.log will have messages like following:

2010-02-03 23:26:25.804: [GIPCXCPT][1206540320]gipcmodGipcPassInitializeNetwork: failed to find any interfaces in clsinet, ret gipcretFail (1)
2010-02-03 23:26:25.804: [GIPCGMOD][1206540320]gipcmodGipcPassInitializeNetwork: EXCEPTION[ ret gipcretFail (1) ]  failed to determine host from clsinet, using default
..
2010-02-03 23:26:25.810: [    CSSD][1206540320]clsssclsnrsetup: gipcEndpoint failed, rc 39
2010-02-03 23:26:25.811: [    CSSD][1206540320]clssnmOpenGIPCEndp: failed to listen on gipc addr gipc://rac1:nm_eotcs- ret 39
2010-02-03 23:26:25.811: [    CSSD][1206540320]clssscmain: failed to open gipc endp



If there's connectivity issue on private network (including multicast is off), likely the ocssd.log will have messages like following:

2010-09-20 11:52:54.014: [    CSSD][1103055168]clssnmvDHBValidateNCopy: node 1, racnode1, has a disk HB, but no network HB, DHB has rcfg 180441784, wrtcnt, 453, LATS 328297844, lastSeqNo 452, uniqueness 1284979488, timestamp 1284979973/329344894
2010-09-20 11:52:54.016: [    CSSD][1078421824]clssgmWaitOnEventValue: after CmInfo State  val 3, eval 1 waited 0
..  >>>> after a long delay
2010-09-20 12:02:39.578: [    CSSD][1103055168]clssnmvDHBValidateNCopy: node 1, racnode1, has a disk HB, but no network HB, DHB has rcfg 180441784, wrtcnt, 1037, LATS 328883434, lastSeqNo 1036, uniqueness 1284979488, timestamp 1284980558/329930254
2010-09-20 12:02:39.895: [    CSSD][1107286336]clssgmExecuteClientRequest: MAINT recvd from proc 2 (0xe1ad870)
2010-09-20 12:02:39.895: [    CSSD][1107286336]clssgmShutDown: Received abortive shutdown request from client.
2010-09-20 12:02:39.895: [    CSSD][1107286336]###################################
2010-09-20 12:02:39.895: [    CSSD][1107286336]clssscExit: CSSD aborting from thread GMClientListener
2010-09-20 12:02:39.895: [    CSSD][1107286336]###################################


To validate network, please refer to note 1054902.1
Please also check if the network interface name is matching the gpnp profile definition ("gpnptool get") for cluster_interconnect if CSSD could not start after a network change.

In 11.2.0.1, ocssd.bin may bind to public network if private network is unavailable

4. Vendor clusterware is up (if using vendor clusterware)

Grid Infrastructure provide full clusterware functionality and doesn't need Vendor clusterware to be installed; but if you happened to have Grid Infrastructure on top of Vendor clusterware in your environment, then Vendor clusterware need to come up fully before CRS can be started, to verify, as grid user:

$GRID_HOME/bin/lsnodes -n
racnode1    1
racnode1    0


If vendor clusterware is not fully up, likely ocssd.log will have similar messages like following:

2010-08-30 18:28:13.207: [    CSSD][36]clssnm_skgxninit: skgxncin failed, will retry
2010-08-30 18:28:14.207: [    CSSD][36]clssnm_skgxnmon: skgxn init failed
2010-08-30 18:28:14.208: [    CSSD][36]###################################
2010-08-30 18:28:14.208: [    CSSD][36]clssscExit: CSSD signal 11 in thread skgxnmon


Before the clusterware is installed, execute the command below as grid user:

$INSTALL_SOURCE/install/lsnodes -v

 

One issue on hp-ux: note 2130230.1 - Grid infrastructure startup fails due to vendor Clusterware did not start (HP-UX Service guard)

 

5. Command "crsctl" being executed from wrong GRID_HOME

Command "crsctl" must be executed from correct GRID_HOME to start the stack, or similar message will be reported:

2012-11-14 10:21:44.014: [    CSSD][1086675264]ASSERT clssnm1.c 3248
2012-11-14 10:21:44.014: [    CSSD][1086675264](:CSSNM00056:)clssnmvStartDiscovery: Terminating because of the release version(11.2.0.2.0) of this node being lesser than the active version(11.2.0.3.0) that the cluster is at
2012-11-14 10:21:44.014: [    CSSD][1086675264]###################################
2012-11-14 10:21:44.014: [    CSSD][1086675264]clssscExit: CSSD aborting from thread clssnmvDDiscThread#

 

Case 4: CRSD.BIN does not start


Successful crsd.bin startup depends on the following:

1. ocssd is fully up

If ocssd.bin is not fully up, crsd.log will show messages like following:

2010-02-03 22:37:51.638: [ CSSCLNT][1548456880]clssscConnect: gipc request failed with 29 (0x16)
2010-02-03 22:37:51.638: [ CSSCLNT][1548456880]clsssInitNative: connect failed, rc 29
2010-02-03 22:37:51.639: [  CRSRTI][1548456880] CSS is not ready. Received status 3 from CSS. Waiting for good status ..



2. OCR is accessible

If the OCR is located on ASM, ora.asm resource (ASM instance) must be up and diskgroup for OCR must be mounted, if not, likely the crsd.log will show messages like:

2010-02-03 22:22:55.186: [  OCRASM][2603807664]proprasmo: Error in open/create file in dg [GI]
[  OCRASM][2603807664]SLOS : SLOS: cat=7, opn=kgfoAl06, dep=15077, loc=kgfokge
ORA-15077: could not locate ASM instance serving a required diskgroup

2010-02-03 22:22:55.189: [  OCRASM][2603807664]proprasmo: kgfoCheckMount returned [7]
2010-02-03 22:22:55.189: [  OCRASM][2603807664]proprasmo: The ASM instance is down
2010-02-03 22:22:55.190: [  OCRRAW][2603807664]proprioo: Failed to open [+GI]. Returned proprasmo() with [26]. Marking location as UNAVAILABLE.
2010-02-03 22:22:55.190: [  OCRRAW][2603807664]proprioo: No OCR/OLR devices are usable
2010-02-03 22:22:55.190: [  OCRASM][2603807664]proprasmcl: asmhandle is NULL
2010-02-03 22:22:55.190: [  OCRRAW][2603807664]proprinit: Could not open raw device
2010-02-03 22:22:55.190: [  OCRASM][2603807664]proprasmcl: asmhandle is NULL
2010-02-03 22:22:55.190: [  OCRAPI][2603807664]a_init:16!: Backend init unsuccessful : [26]
2010-02-03 22:22:55.190: [  CRSOCR][2603807664] OCR context init failure.  Error: PROC-26: Error while accessing the physical storage ASM error [SLOS: cat=7, opn=kgfoAl06, dep=15077, loc=kgfokge
ORA-15077: could not locate ASM instance serving a required diskgroup
] [7]
2010-02-03 22:22:55.190: [    CRSD][2603807664][PANIC] CRSD exiting: Could not init OCR, code: 26


Note: in 11.2 ASM starts before crsd.bin, and brings up the diskgroup automatically if it contains the OCR.


If the OCR is located on a non-ASM device, expected ownership and permissions are:

-rw-r----- 1 root  oinstall  272756736 Feb  3 23:24 ocr

If OCR is located on non-ASM device and it's unavailable, likely crsd.log will show similar message like following:

2010-02-03 23:14:33.583: [  OCROSD][2346668976]utopen:7:failed to open any OCR file/disk, errno=2, os err string=No such file or directory
2010-02-03 23:14:33.583: [  OCRRAW][2346668976]proprinit: Could not open raw device
2010-02-03 23:14:33.583: [ default][2346668976]a_init:7!: Backend init unsuccessful : [26]
2010-02-03 23:14:34.587: [  OCROSD][2346668976]utopen:6m':failed in stat OCR file/disk /share/storage/ocr, errno=2, os err string=No such file or directory
2010-02-03 23:14:34.587: [  OCROSD][2346668976]utopen:7:failed to open any OCR file/disk, errno=2, os err string=No such file or directory
2010-02-03 23:14:34.587: [  OCRRAW][2346668976]proprinit: Could not open raw device
2010-02-03 23:14:34.587: [ default][2346668976]a_init:7!: Backend init unsuccessful : [26]
2010-02-03 23:14:35.589: [    CRSD][2346668976][PANIC] CRSD exiting: OCR device cannot be initialized, error: 1:26



If the OCR is corrupted, likely crsd.log will show messages like the following:

2010-02-03 23:19:38.417: [ default][3360863152]a_init:7!: Backend init unsuccessful : [26]
2010-02-03 23:19:39.429: [  OCRRAW][3360863152]propriogid:1_2: INVALID FORMAT
2010-02-03 23:19:39.429: [  OCRRAW][3360863152]proprioini: all disks are not OCR/OLR formatted
2010-02-03 23:19:39.429: [  OCRRAW][3360863152]proprinit: Could not open raw device
2010-02-03 23:19:39.429: [ default][3360863152]a_init:7!: Backend init unsuccessful : [26]
2010-02-03 23:19:40.432: [    CRSD][3360863152][PANIC] CRSD exiting: OCR device cannot be initialized, error: 1:26



If owner or group of grid user got changed, even ASM is available, likely crsd.log will show following:

2010-03-10 11:45:12.510: [  OCRASM][611467760]proprasmo: Error in open/create file in dg [SYSTEMDG]
[  OCRASM][611467760]SLOS : SLOS: cat=7, opn=kgfoAl06, dep=1031, loc=kgfokge
ORA-01031: insufficient privileges

2010-03-10 11:45:12.528: [  OCRASM][611467760]proprasmo: kgfoCheckMount returned [7]
2010-03-10 11:45:12.529: [  OCRASM][611467760]proprasmo: The ASM instance is down
2010-03-10 11:45:12.529: [  OCRRAW][611467760]proprioo: Failed to open [+SYSTEMDG]. Returned proprasmo() with [26]. Marking location as UNAVAILABLE.
2010-03-10 11:45:12.529: [  OCRRAW][611467760]proprioo: No OCR/OLR devices are usable
2010-03-10 11:45:12.529: [  OCRASM][611467760]proprasmcl: asmhandle is NULL
2010-03-10 11:45:12.529: [  OCRRAW][611467760]proprinit: Could not open raw device
2010-03-10 11:45:12.529: [  OCRASM][611467760]proprasmcl: asmhandle is NULL
2010-03-10 11:45:12.529: [  OCRAPI][611467760]a_init:16!: Backend init unsuccessful : [26]
2010-03-10 11:45:12.530: [  CRSOCR][611467760] OCR context init failure.  Error: PROC-26: Error while accessing the physical storage ASM error [SLOS: cat=7, opn=kgfoAl06, dep=1031, loc=kgfokge
ORA-01031: insufficient privileges
] [7]



If oracle binary in GRID_HOME has wrong ownership or permission regardless whether ASM is up and running, or if grid user can not write in ORACLE_BASE, likely crsd.log will show following:

2012-03-04 21:34:23.139: [  OCRASM][3301265904]proprasmo: Error in open/create file in dg [OCR]
[  OCRASM][3301265904]SLOS : SLOS: cat=7, opn=kgfoAl06, dep=12547, loc=kgfokge

2012-03-04 21:34:23.139: [  OCRASM][3301265904]ASM Error Stack : ORA-12547: TNS:lost contact

2012-03-04 21:34:23.633: [  OCRASM][3301265904]proprasmo: kgfoCheckMount returned [7]
2012-03-04 21:34:23.633: [  OCRASM][3301265904]proprasmo: The ASM instance is down
2012-03-04 21:34:23.634: [  OCRRAW][3301265904]proprioo: Failed to open [+OCR]. Returned proprasmo() with [26]. Marking location as UNAVAILABLE.
2012-03-04 21:34:23.634: [  OCRRAW][3301265904]proprioo: No OCR/OLR devices are usable
2012-03-04 21:34:23.635: [  OCRASM][3301265904]proprasmcl: asmhandle is NULL
2012-03-04 21:34:23.636: [    GIPC][3301265904] gipcCheckInitialization: possible incompatible non-threaded init from [prom.c : 690], original from [clsss.c : 5326]
2012-03-04 21:34:23.639: [ default][3301265904]clsvactversion:4: Retrieving Active Version from local storage.
2012-03-04 21:34:23.643: [  OCRRAW][3301265904]proprrepauto: The local OCR configuration matches with the configuration published by OCR Cache Writer. No repair required.
2012-03-04 21:34:23.645: [  OCRRAW][3301265904]proprinit: Could not open raw device
2012-03-04 21:34:23.646: [  OCRASM][3301265904]proprasmcl: asmhandle is NULL
2012-03-04 21:34:23.650: [  OCRAPI][3301265904]a_init:16!: Backend init unsuccessful : [26]
2012-03-04 21:34:23.651: [  CRSOCR][3301265904] OCR context init failure.  Error: PROC-26: Error while accessing the physical storage
ORA-12547: TNS:lost contact

2012-03-04 21:34:23.652: [ CRSMAIN][3301265904] Created alert : (:CRSD00111:) :  Could not init OCR, error: PROC-26: Error while accessing the physical storage
ORA-12547: TNS:lost contact

2012-03-04 21:34:23.652: [    CRSD][3301265904][PANIC] CRSD exiting: Could not init OCR, code: 26


The expected ownership and permission of oracle binary in GRID_HOME should be:

-rwsr-s--x 1 grid oinstall 184431149 Feb  2 20:37 /ocw/grid/bin/oracle


If OCR or mirror is unavailable (could be ASM is up, but diskgroup for OCR/mirror is unmounted), likely crsd.log will show following:

2010-05-11 11:16:38.578: [  OCRASM][18]proprasmo: Error in open/create file in dg [OCRMIR]
[  OCRASM][18]SLOS : SLOS: cat=8, opn=kgfoOpenFile01, dep=15056, loc=kgfokge
ORA-17503: ksfdopn:DGOpenFile05 Failed to open file +OCRMIR.255.4294967295
ORA-17503: ksfdopn:2 Failed to open file +OCRMIR.255.4294967295
ORA-15001: diskgroup "OCRMIR
..
2010-05-11 11:16:38.647: [  OCRASM][18]proprasmo: kgfoCheckMount returned [6]
2010-05-11 11:16:38.648: [  OCRASM][18]proprasmo: The ASM disk group OCRMIR is not found or not mounted
2010-05-11 11:16:38.648: [  OCRASM][18]proprasmdvch: Failed to open OCR location [+OCRMIR] error [26]
2010-05-11 11:16:38.648: [  OCRRAW][18]propriodvch: Error  [8] returned device check for [+OCRMIR]
2010-05-11 11:16:38.648: [  OCRRAW][18]dev_replace: non-master could not verify the new disk (8)
[  OCRSRV][18]proath_invalidate_action: Failed to replace [+OCRMIR] [8]
[  OCRAPI][18]procr_ctx_set_invalid_no_abort: ctx set to invalid
..
2010-05-11 11:16:46.587: [  OCRMAS][19]th_master:91: Comparing device hash ids between local and master failed
2010-05-11 11:16:46.587: [  OCRMAS][19]th_master:91 Local dev (1862408427, 1028247821, 0, 0, 0)
2010-05-11 11:16:46.587: [  OCRMAS][19]th_master:91 Master dev (1862408427, 1859478705, 0, 0, 0)
2010-05-11 11:16:46.587: [  OCRMAS][19]th_master:9: Shutdown CacheLocal. my hash ids don't match
[  OCRAPI][19]procr_ctx_set_invalid_no_abort: ctx set to invalid
[  OCRAPI][19]procr_ctx_set_invalid: aborting...
2010-05-11 11:16:46.587: [    CRSD][19] Dump State Starting ...



3. crsd.bin pid file exists and points to running crsd.bin process

If pid file does not exist, $GRID_HOME/log/$HOST/agent/ohasd/orarootagent_root/orarootagent_root.log will have similar like the following:

2010-02-14 17:40:57.927: [ora.crsd][1243486528] [check] PID FILE doesn't exist.
..
2010-02-14 17:41:57.927: [  clsdmt][1092499776]Creating PID [30269] file for home /ocw/grid host racnode1 bin crs to /ocw/grid/crs/init/
2010-02-14 17:41:57.927: [  clsdmt][1092499776]Error3 -2 writing PID [30269] to the file []
2010-02-14 17:41:57.927: [  clsdmt][1092499776]Failed to record pid for CRSD
2010-02-14 17:41:57.927: [  clsdmt][1092499776]Terminating process
2010-02-14 17:41:57.927: [ default][1092499776] CRSD exiting on stop request from clsdms_thdmai


The solution is to create a dummy pid file ($GRID_HOME/crs/init/$HOST.pid) manually as grid user with "touch" command and restart resource ora.crsd

If pid file does exist and the PID in this file references a running process which is NOT the crsd.bin process, $GRID_HOME/log/$HOST/agent/ohasd/orarootagent_root/orarootagent_root.log will have similar like the following:

2011-04-06 15:53:38.777: [ora.crsd][1160390976] [check] PID will be looked for in /ocw/grid/crs/init/racnode1.pid
2011-04-06 15:53:38.778: [ora.crsd][1160390976] [check] PID which will be monitored will be 1535                               >> 1535 is output of "cat /ocw/grid/crs/init/racnode1.pid"
2011-04-06 15:53:38.965: [ COMMCRS][1191860544]clsc_connect: (0x2aaab400b0b0) no listener at (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=racnode1DBG_CRSD))
[  clsdmc][1160390976]Fail to connect (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=racnode1DBG_CRSD)) with status 9
2011-04-06 15:53:38.966: [ora.crsd][1160390976] [check] Error = error 9 encountered when connecting to CRSD
2011-04-06 15:53:39.023: [ora.crsd][1160390976] [check] Calling PID check for daemon
2011-04-06 15:53:39.023: [ora.crsd][1160390976] [check] Trying to check PID = 1535
2011-04-06 15:53:39.203: [ora.crsd][1160390976] [check] PID check returned ONLINE CLSDM returned OFFLINE
2011-04-06 15:53:39.203: [ora.crsd][1160390976] [check] DaemonAgent::check returned 5
2011-04-06 15:53:39.203: [    AGFW][1160390976] check for resource: ora.crsd 1 1 completed with status: FAILED
2011-04-06 15:53:39.203: [    AGFW][1170880832] ora.crsd 1 1 state changed from: UNKNOWN to: FAILED
..
2011-04-06 15:54:10.511: [    AGFW][1167522112] ora.crsd 1 1 state changed from: UNKNOWN to: CLEANING
..
2011-04-06 15:54:10.513: [ora.crsd][1146542400] [clean] Trying to stop PID = 1535
..
2011-04-06 15:54:11.514: [ora.crsd][1146542400] [clean] Trying to check PID = 1535


To verify on OS level:

ls -l /ocw/grid/crs/init/*pid
-rwxr-xr-x 1 ogrid oinstall 5 Feb 17 11:00 /ocw/grid/crs/init/racnode1.pid
cat /ocw/grid/crs/init/*pid
1535
ps -ef| grep 1535
root      1535     1  0 Mar30 ?        00:00:00 iscsid                  >> Note process 1535 is not crsd.bin


The solution is to create an empty pid file and to restart the resource ora.crsd, as root:

# > $GRID_HOME/crs/init/<racnode1>.pid
# $GRID_HOME/bin/crsctl stop res ora.crsd -init
# $GRID_HOME/bin/crsctl start res ora.crsd -init



4. Network is functional and name resolution is working:

If the network is not fully functioning, ocssd.bin may still come up, but crsd.bin may fail and the crsd.log will show messages like:

2010-02-03 23:34:28.412: [    GPnP][2235814832]clsgpnp_Init: [at clsgpnp0.c:837] GPnP client pid=867, tl=3, f=0
2010-02-03 23:34:28.428: [  OCRAPI][2235814832]clsu_get_private_ip_addresses: no ip addresses found.
..
2010-02-03 23:34:28.434: [  OCRAPI][2235814832]a_init:13!: Clusterware init unsuccessful : [44]
2010-02-03 23:34:28.434: [  CRSOCR][2235814832] OCR context init failure.  Error: PROC-44: Error in network address and interface operations Network address and interface operations error [7]
2010-02-03 23:34:28.434: [    CRSD][2235814832][PANIC] CRSD exiting: Could not init OCR, code: 44


Or:

2009-12-10 06:28:31.974: [  OCRMAS][20]proath_connect_master:1: could not connect to master  clsc_ret1 = 9, clsc_ret2 = 9
2009-12-10 06:28:31.974: [  OCRMAS][20]th_master:11: Could not connect to the new master
2009-12-10 06:29:01.450: [ CRSMAIN][2] Policy Engine is not initialized yet!
2009-12-10 06:29:31.489: [ CRSMAIN][2] Policy Engine is not initialized yet!


Or:

2009-12-31 00:42:08.110: [ COMMCRS][10]clsc_receive: (102b03250) Error receiving, ns (12535, 12560), transport (505, 145, 0)


To validate the network, please refer to note 1054902.1

5. crsd executable (crsd.bin and crsd in GRID_HOME/bin) has correct ownership/permission and hasn't been manually modified, a simply way to check is to compare output of "ls -l <grid-home>/bin/crsd <grid-home>/bin/crsd.bin" with a "good" node.

6. crsd may not start due to the following:

note 1552472.1 -CRSD Will Not Start Following a Node Reboot: crsd.log reports: clsclisten: op 65 failed and/or Unable to get E2E port
note 1684332.1 - GI crsd Fails to Start: clsclisten: op 65 failed, NSerr (12560, 0), transport: (583, 0, 0)

 

7. To troubleshoot further, refer to note 1323698.1 - Troubleshooting CRSD Start up Issue
 

Case 5: GPNPD.BIN does not start

1. Name Resolution is not working

gpnpd.bin fails with following error in gpnpd.log:

2010-05-13 12:48:11.540: [    GPnP][1171126592]clsgpnpm_exchange: [at clsgpnpm.c:1175] Calling "tcp://node2:9393", try 1 of 3...
2010-05-13 12:48:11.540: [    GPnP][1171126592]clsgpnpm_connect: [at clsgpnpm.c:1015] ENTRY
2010-05-13 12:48:11.541: [    GPnP][1171126592]clsgpnpm_connect: [at clsgpnpm.c:1066] GIPC gipcretFail (1) gipcConnect(tcp-tcp://node2:9393)
2010-05-13 12:48:11.541: [    GPnP][1171126592]clsgpnpm_connect: [at clsgpnpm.c:1067] Result: (48) CLSGPNP_COMM_ERR. Failed to connect to call url "tcp://node2:9393"


In above example, please make sure current node is able to ping "node2", and no firewall between them.

2. Bug 10105195

Due to Bug 10105195, gpnp dispatch is single threaded and could be blocked by network scanning etc, the bug is fixed in 11.2.0.2 GI PSU2, 11.2.0.3 and above, refer to note 10105195.8 for more details.

Case 6: Various other daemons do not start

Common causes:

1. Log file or directory for the daemon doesn't have appropriate ownership or permission

If the log file or log directory for the daemon doesn't have proper ownership or permissions, usually there is no new info in the log file and the timestamp remains the same while the daemon tries to come up.

Refer to below section "Log File Location, Ownership and Permission" for general reference.


2. Network socket file doesn't have appropriate ownership or permission

In this case, the daemon log will show messages like:

2010-02-02 12:55:20.485: [ COMMCRS][1121433920]clsclisten: Permission denied for (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=rac1DBG_GIPCD))

2010-02-02 12:55:20.485: [  clsdmt][1110944064]Fail to listen to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=rac1DBG_GIPCD))



3. OLR is corrupted

In this case, the daemon log will show messages like (this is a case that ora.ctssd fails to start):

2012-07-22 00:15:16.565: [ default][1]clsvactversion:4: Retrieving Active Version from local storage.
2012-07-22 00:15:16.575: [    CTSS][1]clsctss_r_av3: Invalid active version [] retrieved from OLR. Returns [19].
2012-07-22 00:15:16.585: [    CTSS][1](:ctss_init16:): Error [19] retrieving active version. Returns [19].
2012-07-22 00:15:16.585: [    CTSS][1]ctss_main: CTSS init failed [19]
2012-07-22 00:15:16.585: [    CTSS][1]ctss_main: CTSS daemon aborting [19].
2012-07-22 00:15:16.585: [    CTSS][1]CTSS daemon aborting


 
The solution is to restore a good copy of OLR note 1193643.1   

 

4.  Other cases:

note 1087521.1 - CTSS Daemon Aborting With "op 65 failed, NSerr (12560, 0), transport: (583, 0, 0)" 

 

Case 7: CRSD Agents do not start


CRSD.BIN will spawn two agents to start up user resource -the two agent share same name and binary as ohasd.bin agents:

  orarootagent: responsible for ora.netn.network, ora.nodename.vip, ora.scann.vip and  ora.gns
  oraagent: responsible for ora.asm, ora.eons, ora.ons, listener, SCAN listener, diskgroup, database, service resource etc

To find out the user resource status:

$GRID_HOME/crsctl stat res -t



If crsd.bin can not start any of the above agents properly, user resources may not come up.  

1. Common cause of agent failure is that the log file or log directory for the agents don't have proper ownership or permissions.

Refer to below section "Log File Location, Ownership and Permission" for general reference.

2. Agent may fail to start due to bug 11834289 with error "CRS-5802: Unable to start the agent process", refer to Section "OHASD does not start"  #10 for details.

Case 8: HAIP does not start

HAIP may fail to start with various errors, i.e. 

[ohasd(891)]CRS-2807:Resource 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' failed to start automatically.

Refer to note 1210883.1 for more details of HAIP 

Network and Naming Resolution Verification


CRS depends on a fully functional network and name resolution. If the network or name resolution is not fully functioning, CRS may not come up successfully.

To validate network and name resolution setup, please refer to note 1054902.1

Log File Location, Ownership and Permission


Appropriate ownership and permission of sub-directories and files in $GRID_HOME/log is critical for CRS components to come up properly.

In Grid Infrastructure cluster environment:

Assuming a Grid Infrastructure environment with node name rac1, CRS owner grid, and two separate RDBMS owner rdbmsap and rdbmsar, here's what it looks like under $GRID_HOME/log in cluster environment:

drwxrwxr-x 5 grid oinstall 4096 Dec  6 09:20 log
  drwxr-xr-x  2 grid oinstall 4096 Dec  6 08:36 crs
  drwxr-xr-t 17 root   oinstall 4096 Dec  6 09:22 rac1
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Dec  6 09:20 admin
    drwxrwxr-t 4 root   oinstall  4096 Dec  6 09:20 agent
      drwxrwxrwt 7 root    oinstall 4096 Jan 26 18:15 crsd
        drwxr-xr-t 2 grid  oinstall 4096 Dec  6 09:40 application_grid
        drwxr-xr-t 2 grid  oinstall 4096 Jan 26 18:15 oraagent_grid
        drwxr-xr-t 2 rdbmsap oinstall 4096 Jan 26 18:15 oraagent_rdbmsap
        drwxr-xr-t 2 rdbmsar oinstall 4096 Jan 26 18:15 oraagent_rdbmsar
        drwxr-xr-t 2 grid  oinstall 4096 Jan 26 18:15 ora_oc4j_type_grid
        drwxr-xr-t 2 root    root     4096 Jan 26 20:09 orarootagent_root
      drwxrwxr-t 6 root oinstall 4096 Dec  6 09:24 ohasd
        drwxr-xr-t 2 grid oinstall 4096 Jan 26 18:14 oraagent_grid
        drwxr-xr-t 2 root   root     4096 Dec  6 09:24 oracssdagent_root
        drwxr-xr-t 2 root   root     4096 Dec  6 09:24 oracssdmonitor_root
        drwxr-xr-t 2 root   root     4096 Jan 26 18:14 orarootagent_root     
    -rw-rw-r-- 1 root root     12931 Jan 26 21:30 alertrac1.log
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Jan 26 20:44 client
    drwxr-x--- 2 root oinstall  4096 Dec  6 09:24 crsd 
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Dec  6 09:24 cssd 
    drwxr-x--- 2 root oinstall  4096 Dec  6 09:24 ctssd
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Jan 26 18:14 diskmon 
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Dec  6 09:25 evmd      
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Jan 26 21:20 gipcd      
    drwxr-x--- 2 root oinstall  4096 Dec  6 09:20 gnsd       
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Jan 26 20:58 gpnpd     
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Jan 26 21:19 mdnsd     
    drwxr-x--- 2 root oinstall  4096 Jan 26 21:20 ohasd      
    drwxrwxr-t 5 grid oinstall  4096 Dec  6 09:34 racg        
      drwxrwxrwt 2 grid oinstall 4096 Dec  6 09:20 racgeut
      drwxrwxrwt 2 grid oinstall 4096 Dec  6 09:20 racgevtf
      drwxrwxrwt 2 grid oinstall 4096 Dec  6 09:20 racgmain
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Jan 26 20:57 srvm        

Please note most log files in sub-directory inherit ownership of parent directory; and above are just for general reference to tell whether there's unexpected recursive ownership and permission changes inside the CRS home . If you have a working node with the same version, the working node should be used as a reference.

In Oracle Restart environment:

And here's what it looks like under $GRID_HOME/log in Oracle Restart environment:

drwxrwxr-x 5 grid oinstall 4096 Oct 31  2009 log
  drwxr-xr-x  2 grid oinstall 4096 Oct 31  2009 crs
  drwxr-xr-x  3 grid oinstall 4096 Oct 31  2009 diag
  drwxr-xr-t 17 root   oinstall 4096 Oct 31  2009 rac1
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 admin
    drwxrwxr-t 4 root   oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 agent
      drwxrwxrwt 2 root oinstall 4096 Oct 31  2009 crsd
      drwxrwxr-t 8 root oinstall 4096 Jul 14 08:15 ohasd
        drwxr-xr-x 2 grid oinstall 4096 Aug  5 13:40 oraagent_grid
        drwxr-xr-x 2 grid oinstall 4096 Aug  2 07:11 oracssdagent_grid
        drwxr-xr-x 2 grid oinstall 4096 Aug  3 21:13 orarootagent_grid
    -rwxr-xr-x 1 grid oinstall 13782 Aug  1 17:23 alertrac1.log
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Nov  2  2009 client
    drwxr-x--- 2 root   oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 crsd
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 cssd
    drwxr-x--- 2 root   oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 ctssd
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 diskmon
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 evmd
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 gipcd
    drwxr-x--- 2 root   oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 gnsd
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 gpnpd
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 mdnsd
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 ohasd
    drwxrwxr-t 5 grid oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 racg
      drwxrwxrwt 2 grid oinstall 4096 Oct 31  2009 racgeut
      drwxrwxrwt 2 grid oinstall 4096 Oct 31  2009 racgevtf
      drwxrwxrwt 2 grid oinstall 4096 Oct 31  2009 racgmain
    drwxr-x--- 2 grid oinstall  4096 Oct 31  2009 srvm

 

For 12.1.0.2 onward, refer to note 1915729.1 - Oracle Clusterware Diagnostic and Alert Log Moved to ADR

 

Network Socket File Location, Ownership and Permission


Network socket files can be located in /tmp/.oracle, /var/tmp/.oracle or /usr/tmp/.oracle

When socket file has unexpected ownership or permission, usually daemon log file (i.e. evmd.log) will have the following:

2011-06-18 14:07:28.545: [ COMMCRS][772]clsclisten: Permission denied for (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=racnode1DBG_EVMD))

2011-06-18 14:07:28.545: [  clsdmt][515]Fail to listen to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=lena042DBG_EVMD))
2011-06-18 14:07:28.545: [  clsdmt][515]Terminating process
2011-06-18 14:07:28.559: [ default][515] EVMD exiting on stop request from clsdms_thdmai


And the following error may be reported:

CRS-5017: The resource action "ora.evmd start" encountered the following error:
CRS-2674: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'racnode1' failed
..


The solution is to stop GI as root (crsctl stop crs -f), clean up socket files and restart GI.


Assuming a Grid Infrastructure environment with node name rac1, CRS owner grid, and clustername eotcs

In Grid Infrastructure cluster environment:

Below is an example output from cluster environment:

drwxrwxrwt  2 root oinstall 4096 Feb  2 21:25 .oracle

./.oracle:
drwxrwxrwt 2 root  oinstall 4096 Feb  2 21:25 .
srwxrwx--- 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 master_diskmon
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 mdnsd
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall    5 Feb  2 18:00 mdnsd.pid
prw-r--r-- 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 13:33 npohasd
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 ora_gipc_GPNPD_rac1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 13:34 ora_gipc_GPNPD_rac1_lock
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 13:39 s#11724.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 13:39 s#11724.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 13:39 s#11735.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 13:39 s#11735.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 13:45 s#12339.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 13:45 s#12339.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:01 s#6275.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:01 s#6275.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:01 s#6276.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:01 s#6276.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:01 s#6278.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:01 s#6278.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 sAevm
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 sCevm
srwxrwxrwx 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 18:01 sCRSD_IPC_SOCKET_11
srwxrwxrwx 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 18:01 sCRSD_UI_SOCKET
srwxrwxrwx 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 21:25 srac1DBG_CRSD
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 srac1DBG_CSSD
srwxrwxrwx 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 18:00 srac1DBG_CTSSD
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 srac1DBG_EVMD
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 srac1DBG_GIPCD
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 srac1DBG_GPNPD
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 srac1DBG_MDNSD
srwxrwxrwx 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 18:00 srac1DBG_OHASD
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:01 sLISTENER
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:01 sLISTENER_SCAN2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:01 sLISTENER_SCAN3
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 sOCSSD_LL_rac1_
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 sOCSSD_LL_rac1_eotcs
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 sOCSSD_LL_rac1_eotcs_lock
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 sOCSSD_LL_rac1__lock
srwxrwxrwx 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 18:00 sOHASD_IPC_SOCKET_11
srwxrwxrwx 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 18:00 sOHASD_UI_SOCKET
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 sOracle_CSS_LclLstnr_eotcs_1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 sOracle_CSS_LclLstnr_eotcs_1_lock
srwxrwxrwx 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 18:01 sora_crsqs
srwxrwxrwx 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 18:00 sprocr_local_conn_0_PROC
srwxrwxrwx 1 root  root        0 Feb  2 18:00 sprocr_local_conn_0_PROL
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall    0 Feb  2 18:00 sSYSTEM.evm.acceptor.auth

 

In Oracle Restart environment:

And below is an example output from Oracle Restart environment:

drwxrwxrwt  2 root oinstall 4096 Feb  2 21:25 .oracle

./.oracle:
srwxrwx--- 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 master_diskmon
prw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 0 Oct 31  2009 npohasd
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 s#14478.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 s#14478.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Jul 14 08:02 s#2266.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Jul 14 08:02 s#2266.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Jul  7 10:59 s#2269.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Jul  7 10:59 s#2269.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Jul 31 22:10 s#2313.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Jul 31 22:10 s#2313.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Jun 29 21:58 s#2851.1
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Jun 29 21:58 s#2851.2
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sCRSD_UI_SOCKET
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 srac1DBG_CSSD
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 srac1DBG_OHASD
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sEXTPROC1521
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sOCSSD_LL_rac1_
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sOCSSD_LL_rac1_localhost
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sOCSSD_LL_rac1_localhost_lock
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sOCSSD_LL_rac1__lock
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sOHASD_IPC_SOCKET_11
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sOHASD_UI_SOCKET
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sgrid_CSS_LclLstnr_localhost_1
-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sgrid_CSS_LclLstnr_localhost_1_lock
srwxrwxrwx 1 grid oinstall 0 Aug  1 17:23 sprocr_local_conn_0_PROL


Diagnostic file collection


If the issue can't be identified with the note, as root, please run $GRID_HOME/bin/diagcollection.sh on all nodes, and upload all .gz files it generated in current directory.

REFERENCES

NOTE:1564555.1 - 11.2.0.3 PSU5/PSU6/PSU7 or 12.1.0.1 CSSD Fails to Start if Multicast Fails on Private Network
NOTE:1068835.1 - What to Do if 11gR2 Grid Infrastructure is Unhealthy


NOTE:1323698.1 - Troubleshooting CRSD Start up Issue
BUG:10105195 - PROC-32 ACCESSING OCR; CRS DOES NOT COME UP ON NODE
NOTE:1325718.1 - OHASD not Starting After Reboot on SLES
NOTE:1427234.1 - autorun file for ohasd is missing
NOTE:1077094.1 - How to fix the "DiscoveryString" in profile.xml or "asm_diskstring" in ASM if set wrongly
NOTE:1915729.1 - 12.1.0.2 Oracle Clusterware Diagnostic and Alert Log Moved to ADR

NOTE:1054902.1 - How to Validate Network and Name Resolution Setup for the Clusterware and RAC
NOTE:1069182.1 - OHASD Failed to Start: Inappropriate ioctl for device
NOTE:942166.1 - How to Proceed from Failed 11gR2 Grid Infrastructure (CRS) Installation
NOTE:10105195.8 - Bug 10105195 - Clusterware fails to start after reboot due to gpnpd fails to start
NOTE:1053147.1 - 11gR2 Clusterware and Grid Home - What You Need to Know
NOTE:1053970.1 - Troubleshooting 11.2 or 12.1 Grid Infrastructure root.sh Issues
BUG:11834289 - OHASD FAILED TO START TIMELY
NOTE:969254.1 - How to Proceed from Failed Upgrade to 11gR2 Grid Infrastructure on Linux/Unix
 

Was this document helpful?

 
Yes
No
     
 

Document Details

 
Email link to this documentOpen document in new windowPrintable Page
Type:
Status:
Last Major Update:
Last Update:
Language:
BULLETIN
PUBLISHED
27-Mar-2014
31-Mar-2017
English简体中文日本語???
     
 

Related Products

 
Oracle Database - Enterprise Edition
     
Didn't find what you are looking for?Ask in Community...

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/21980353/viewspace-2141629/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

请登录后发表评论 登录
全部评论

注册时间:2013-10-23

  • 博文量
    79
  • 访问量
    244655