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SQL Server2008 实例数据迁移步骤

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:is.x 时间:2012-12-06 10:04:45 0 删除 编辑

原实例和新实例环境相同,均为Windows Server 2008 ClusterSQL Server 2008 SP1

这次做的是将旧实例的数据迁移至新实例。

 

一、新的SQLServer实例安装

安装的是SQL Server 2008 SP1RTM合并SP1步骤如下:

1.SQL Server 2008 RTM安装介质拷贝到c:\SQLServer2008_FullSP1

2.下载SP1补丁文件,并解压到c:\SQLServer2008_FullSP1\PCU

SQLServer2008SP1-KB968369-x64-ENU.exe /x:c:\SQLServer2008_FullSP1\PCU

3.setup.exesetup.rll文件copy出来并覆盖原有的介质

robocopy C:\SQLServer2008_FullSP1\PCU c:\SQLServer2008_FullSP1 Setup.exe

robocopy C:\SQLServer2008_FullSP1\PCU c:\SQLServer2008_FullSP1 Setup.rll

4.x64文件夹里的所有文件除了Microsoft.SQL.Chainer.PackageData.dllcopy覆盖到原有安装介质相应位置,可通过下面代码实现:

robocopy C:\SQLServer2008_FullSP1\pcu\x64 C:\SQLServer2008_FullSP1\x64 /XF Microsoft.SQL.Chainer.PackageData.dll

如果没有排除此dll文件,在打开setup.exe的时候会有如下报错:

The specified action LandingPage is not supported for the SQL Server patching operation.

Error code 0x84BF0007

可用老版本恢复回去再运行。

5.如果在x64目录下有Defaultsetup.ini文件,需要在最后加上一行PCUSOURCE=".\PCU",例如:

     ;SQLSERVER2008 Configuration File

     [SQLSERVER2008]

     ...

     PCUSOURCE=".\PCU"

如没有此文件,创建该文件,并写入如下内容:

    ;SQLSERVER2008 Configuration File

    [SQLSERVER2008]

    PCUSOURCE=".\PCU"

 

Windows Cluster下安装实例和加节点命令:

Setup /SkipRules=Cluster_VerifyForErrors /Action=InstallFailoverCluster

Setup /SkipRules=Cluster_VerifyForErrors /Action=AddNode

 

二、迁移login

原实例上执行以下脚本,导出login信息:

USE master

GO

IF OBJECT_ID ('sp_hexadecimal') IS NOT NULL

  DROP PROCEDURE sp_hexadecimal

GO

CREATE PROCEDURE sp_hexadecimal

    @binvalue varbinary(256),

    @hexvalue varchar (514) OUTPUT

AS

DECLARE @charvalue varchar (514)

DECLARE @i int

DECLARE @length int

DECLARE @hexstring char(16)

SELECT @charvalue = '0x'

SELECT @i = 1

SELECT @length = DATALENGTH (@binvalue)

SELECT @hexstring = '0123456789ABCDEF'

WHILE (@i <= @length)

BEGIN

  DECLARE @tempint int

  DECLARE @firstint int

  DECLARE @secondint int

  SELECT @tempint = CONVERT(int, SUBSTRING(@binvalue,@i,1))

  SELECT @firstint = FLOOR(@tempint/16)

  SELECT @secondint = @tempint - (@firstint*16)

  SELECT @charvalue = @charvalue +

    SUBSTRING(@hexstring, @firstint+1, 1) +

    SUBSTRING(@hexstring, @secondint+1, 1)

  SELECT @i = @i + 1

END

 

SELECT @hexvalue = @charvalue

GO

 

IF OBJECT_ID ('sp_help_revlogin') IS NOT NULL

  DROP PROCEDURE sp_help_revlogin

GO

CREATE PROCEDURE sp_help_revlogin @login_name sysname = NULL AS

DECLARE @name sysname

DECLARE @type varchar (1)

DECLARE @hasaccess int

DECLARE @denylogin int

DECLARE @is_disabled int

DECLARE @PWD_varbinary  varbinary (256)

DECLARE @PWD_string  varchar (514)

DECLARE @SID_varbinary varbinary (85)

DECLARE @SID_string varchar (514)

DECLARE @tmpstr  varchar (1024)

DECLARE @is_policy_checked varchar (3)

DECLARE @is_expiration_checked varchar (3)

 

DECLARE @defaultdb sysname

 

IF (@login_name IS NULL)

  DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR

 

      SELECT p.sid, p.name, p.type, p.is_disabled, p.default_database_name, l.hasaccess, l.denylogin FROM

sys.server_principals p LEFT JOIN sys.syslogins l

      ON ( l.name = p.name ) WHERE p.type IN ( 'S', 'G', 'U' ) AND p.name <> 'sa'

ELSE

  DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR

 

 

      SELECT p.sid, p.name, p.type, p.is_disabled, p.default_database_name, l.hasaccess, l.denylogin FROM

sys.server_principals p LEFT JOIN sys.syslogins l

      ON ( l.name = p.name ) WHERE p.type IN ( 'S', 'G', 'U' ) AND p.name = @login_name

OPEN login_curs

 

FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @type, @is_disabled, @defaultdb, @hasaccess, @denylogin

IF (@@fetch_status = -1)

BEGIN

  PRINT 'No login(s) found.'

  CLOSE login_curs

  DEALLOCATE login_curs

  RETURN -1

END

SET @tmpstr = '/* sp_help_revlogin script. '

PRINT @tmpstr

SET @tmpstr = '** Generated ' + CONVERT (varchar, GETDATE()) + ' on ' + @@SERVERNAME + ' */'

PRINT @tmpstr

PRINT ''

WHILE (@@fetch_status <> -1)

BEGIN

  IF (@@fetch_status <> -2)

  BEGIN

    PRINT ''

    SET @tmpstr = '-- Login: ' + @name

    PRINT @tmpstr

    IF (@type IN ( 'G', 'U'))

    BEGIN -- NT authenticated account/group

 

      SET @tmpstr = 'CREATE LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME( @name ) + ' FROM WINDOWS WITH DEFAULT_DATABASE = [' + @defaultdb + ']'

    END

    ELSE BEGIN -- SQL Server authentication

        -- obtain password and sid

            SET @PWD_varbinary = CAST( LOGINPROPERTY( @name, 'PasswordHash' ) AS varbinary (256) )

        EXEC sp_hexadecimal @PWD_varbinary, @PWD_string OUT

        EXEC sp_hexadecimal @SID_varbinary,@SID_string OUT

 

        -- obtain password policy state

        SELECT @is_policy_checked = CASE is_policy_checked WHEN 1 THEN 'ON' WHEN 0 THEN 'OFF' ELSE NULL END FROM sys.sql_logins WHERE name = @name

        SELECT @is_expiration_checked = CASE is_expiration_checked WHEN 1 THEN 'ON' WHEN 0 THEN 'OFF' ELSE NULL END FROM sys.sql_logins WHERE name = @name

 

            SET @tmpstr = 'CREATE LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME( @name ) + ' WITH PASSWORD = ' + @PWD_string + ' HASHED, SID = ' + @SID_string + ', DEFAULT_DATABASE = [' + @defaultdb + ']'

 

        IF ( @is_policy_checked IS NOT NULL )

        BEGIN

          SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + ', CHECK_POLICY = ' + @is_policy_checked

        END

        IF ( @is_expiration_checked IS NOT NULL )

        BEGIN

          SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + ', CHECK_EXPIRATION = ' + @is_expiration_checked

        END

    END

    IF (@denylogin = 1)

    BEGIN -- login is denied access

      SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '; DENY CONNECT SQL TO ' + QUOTENAME( @name )

    END

    ELSE IF (@hasaccess = 0)

    BEGIN -- login exists but does not have access

      SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '; REVOKE CONNECT SQL TO ' + QUOTENAME( @name )

    END

    IF (@is_disabled = 1)

    BEGIN -- login is disabled

      SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '; ALTER LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME( @name ) + ' DISABLE'

    END

    PRINT @tmpstr

  END

 

  FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @type, @is_disabled, @defaultdb, @hasaccess, @denylogin

   END

CLOSE login_curs

DEALLOCATE login_curs

RETURN 0

GO

 

导出login信息:

EXEC sp_help_revlogin;

 

三、导出Server Role信息

SELECT  r.name AS SERVER_roles

      , p.name AS [Login_Name]

FROM    sys.server_principals r

INNER JOIN sys.server_role_members m

ON      r.principal_id = m.role_principal_id

INNER JOIN sys.server_principals p

ON      p.principal_id = m.member_principal_id

WHERE   (r.type = 'R')

ORDER BY server_roles ASC

 

新实例上增加Server Role步骤:

方法1:打开SQL Server Management Studio -> Security -> Logins

双击登录用户 -> Server Roles -> 勾选角色 -> OK

 

方法2:打开SQL Server Management Studio -> Security -> Server Roles

双击角色 -> General -> Add

添加登录用户信息,可使用Check Names验证输入是否正确 -> OK

 

四、恢复数据库

backup database to

disk = 'I:\database_1.bak',

disk = 'I:\database_2.bak',

disk = 'I:\database_3.bak',

disk = 'I:\database_4.bak'

with compression , stats=5

go

 

恢复后,一般还会有些个性化参数需要调整,比如数据库内存等,这个可根据实际情况设置调整。

 

 

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