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10g新特性之-跨平台表空间传输

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:wuweilong 时间:2012-04-05 17:05:06 0 删除 编辑
1.准备工作:
 查询源数据库平台信息
SQL> col platform_name for a40
SQL> SELECT d.PLATFORM_NAME, ENDIAN_FORMAT
 2 FROM V$TRANSPORTABLE_PLATFORM. tp, V$DATABASE d
 3 WHERE tp.PLATFORM_NAME = d.PLATFORM_NAME;
PLATFORM_NAME ENDIAN_FORMAT
 ---------------------------------------- --------------
 Solaris[tm] OE (64-bit) Big
查询目标数据库平台信息
SQL> col platform_name for a40
 SQL> SELECT d.PLATFORM_NAME, ENDIAN_FORMAT
 2 FROM V$TRANSPORTABLE_PLATFORM. tp, V$DATABASE d
 3 WHERE tp.PLATFORM_NAME = d.PLATFORM_NAME;
PLATFORM_NAME ENDIAN_FORMAT
 ---------------------------------------- --------------
 Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit) Little
查询Oracle10g支持的平台转换
SQL> select * from v$transportable_platform;
PLATFORM_ID PLATFORM_NAME ENDIAN_FORMAT
----------- ---------------------------------------- --------------
1 Solaris[tm] OE (32-bit) Big
2 Solaris[tm] OE (64-bit) Big
7 Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit) Little
10 Linux IA (32-bit) Little
6 AIX-Based Systems (64-bit) Big
3 HP-UX (64-bit) Big
5 HP Tru64 UNIX Little
4 HP-UX IA (64-bit) Big
11 Linux IA (64-bit) Little
15 HP Open VMS Little
8 Microsoft Windows IA (64-bit) Little
PLATFORM_ID PLATFORM_NAME ENDIAN_FORMAT
----------- ---------------------------------------- --------------
9 IBM zSeries Based Linux Big
13 Linux 64-bit for AMD Little
16 Apple Mac OS Big
12 Microsoft Windows 64-bit for AMD Little
2.创建一个独立的自包含表空间
用于测试
$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL*Plus: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on Tue Apr 27 14:04:08 2004
Copyright (c) 1982, 2004, Oracle.?All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
SQL> select name from v$datafile;
NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/opt/oracle/oradata/wwl/system01.dbf
/opt/oracle/oradata/wwl/undotbs01.dbf
/opt/oracle/oradata/wwl/sysaux01.dbf
/opt/oracle/oradata/wwl/users01.dbf
/data1/oradata/systemfile/wwl01.dbf
/opt/oracle/oradata/wwl/wwl/datafile/o1_mf_test_03xv34ny_.dbf
/opt/oracle/oradata/wwl/wwl/datafile/o1_mf_itpub_03xv5g66_.dbf
7 rows selected.
SQL> create tablespace trans
2?datafile '/data1/oradata/systemfile/trans01.dbf'
3?size 10M;
Tablespace created.
SQL> create user trans identified by trans
2?default tablespace trans;
User created.
SQL> grant connect,resource to trans;
Grant succeeded.
SQL> connect trans/trans
Connected.
SQL> create table test as select * from user_objects;
Table created.
SQL> select count(*) from test;
COUNT(*)
----------
1
SQL> select * from test;
OBJECT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SUBOBJECT_NAME?OBJECT_ID DATA_OBJECT_ID OBJECT_TYPE
------------------------------ ---------- -------------- -------------------
CREATED?LAST_DDL_TIM TIMESTAMP?STATUS?T G S
------------ ------------ ------------------- ------- - - -
TEST
15604?15604 TABLE
27-APR-04?27-APR-04?2004-04-27:14:05:42 VALID?N N N

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data

3.导出要传输的表空间
$ pwd
 /opt/oracle
 $ cd dpdata
 $ ls
 $ expdp wwl/wwl dumpfile=trans.dmp directory=dpdata transport_tablespace=trans
 LRM-00101: unknown parameter name 'transport_tablespace'
$ expdp wwl/wwl dumpfile=trans.dmp directory=dpdata TRANSPORT_TABLESPACES=trans
Export: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production on Tuesday, 27 April, 2004 14:07
Copyright (c) 2003, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
 With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
 Starting "wwl"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01": wwl/******** dumpfile=trans.dmp directory=dpdata TRANSPORT_TABLESPACES=trans
ORA-39123: Data Pump transportable tablespace job aborted
 ORA-29335: tablespace 'TRANS' is not read only
Job "wwl"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" stopped due to fatal error at 14:08
注意:传输表空间必须置为只读状态
$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL*Plus: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on Tue Apr 27 14:08:13 2004
Copyright (c) 1982, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.

 Connected to:
 Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
 With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
SQL> alter tablespace trans read only;
Tablespace altered.
SQL> exit
 Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
 With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options

 $ expdp wwl/wwl dumpfile=trans.dmp directory=dpdata TRANSPORT_TABLESPACES=trans
Export: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production on Tuesday, 27 April, 2004 14:08
Copyright (c) 2003, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
 With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
 Starting "wwl"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01": wwl/******** dumpfile=trans.dmp directory=dpdata TRANSPORT_TABLESPACES=trans
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/PLUGTS_BLK
 Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TABLE
 Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TTE_POSTINST/PLUGTS_BLK
 Master table "wwl"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
 ******************************************************************************
 Dump file set for wwl.SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01 is:
 /opt/oracle/dpdata/trans.dmp
 Job "wwl"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" successfully completed at 14:09
4.使用rman转换文件格式

 $ rman target /
Recovery Manager: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
Copyright (c) 1995, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.
connected to target database: wwl (DBID=1337390772)
RMAN> convert tablespace trans
 2> to platform. 'Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)'
 3> Format '/tmp/%U';
Starting backup at 27-APR-04
 using target database controlfile instead of recovery catalog
 allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
 channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=148 devtype=DISK
 channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile conversion
 input datafile fno=00008 name=/data1/oradata/systemfile/trans01.dbf
 converted datafile=/tmp/data_D-wwl_I-1337390772_TS-TRANS_FNO-8_01fk92hg
 channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile conversion complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
 Finished backup at 27-APR-04
RMAN> exit

 Recovery Manager complete.
5.确认导出文件已生成
$ ls /tmp/data*
 /tmp/data_D-wwl_I-1337390772_TS-TRANS_FNO-8_01fk92hg
 $ ls -l /tmp/data*
 -rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 10493952 Apr 27 14:12 /tmp/data_D-wwl_I-1337390772_TS-TRANS_FNO-8_01fk92hg
 $ chmod 777 /tmp/data*
 $ chmod 777 /opt/oracle/dpdata/*
6.通过ftp传输文件至目标主机
220 billing-center.hurray.com.cn FTP server (SunOS 5.8) ready.
 User (192.168.96.10none)): gqgai
 331 Password required for gqgai.
 Password:
 230 User gqgai logged in.
 ftp> bin
 200 Type set to I.
 ftp> cd /tmp
 250 CWD command successful.
 ftp> mget data*
 200 Type set to I.
 mget data_D-wwl_I-1337390772_TS-TRANS_FNO-8_01fk92hg? y
 200 PORT command successful.
 150 Binary data connection for data_D-wwl_I-1337390772_TS-TRANS_FNO-8_01fk92hg (192.168.96.5,2885) (10493952 bytes).
 226 Binary Transfer complete.
 ftp: 10493952 bytes received in 15.90Seconds 659.87Kbytes/sec.
 ftp> cd /opt/oracle/dpdata
 250 CWD command successful.
 ftp> ls
 200 PORT command successful.
 150 ASCII data connection for /bin/ls (192.168.96.5,2889) (0 bytes).
 export.log
 trans.dmp
 226 ASCII Transfer complete.
 ftp: 23 bytes received in 0.01Seconds 2.30Kbytes/sec.
 ftp> bin
 200 Type set to I.
 ftp> mget trans.dmp
 200 Type set to I.
 mget trans.dmp? y
 200 PORT command successful.
 150 Binary data connection for trans.dmp (192.168.96.5,2893) (73728 bytes).
 226 Binary Transfer complete.
 ftp: 73728 bytes received in 0.03Seconds 2457.60Kbytes/sec.
 ftp> bye
 221 Goodbye.

 7.使用rman在目标数据库转换文件
E:\Oracle\oradata\wwl\dpdata>rman target /
恢复管理器: 版本10.1.0.2.0 - Production
Copyright (c) 1995, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.
连接到目标数据库: wwl (DBID=1587222708)

 RMAN> CONVERT DATAFILE 'E:\Oracle\oradata\wwl\dpdata\data_D-wwl_I-1337390772_TS-TRANS_FNO-8_01fk92hg'
 2> DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT
 3> 'E:\Oracle\oradata\wwl\dpdata\data_D-wwl_I-1337390772_TS-TRANS_FNO-8_01fk92hg','E:\Oracle\oradata\wwl\wwl\DATAFILE\trans01.dbf';
启动 backup 于 27-4月 -04
 使用通道 ORA_DISK_1
 通道 ORA_DISK_1: 启动数据文件转换
 输出文件名=E:\ORACLE\ORADATA\wwl\DPDATA\DATA_D-wwl_I-1337390772_TS-TRANS_FNO-8_01FK92HG
 已转换的数据文件 = E:\ORACLE\ORADATA\wwl\wwl\DATAFILE\TRANS01.DBF
 通道 ORA_DISK_1: 数据文件转换完毕, 经过时间: 00:00:04
 完成 backup 于 27-4月 -04
RMAN>

8.在目标数据库plugin数据文件
注意目标数据库中的目标用户必须存在,否则会报错.
E:\Oracle\oradata\wwl\dpdata>impdp wwl/wwl dumpfile=trans.dmp directory=dpdata transport_datafiles='E:\Oracle\orad
 ata\wwl\wwl\DATAFILE\TRANS01.DBF'
Import: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on 星期二, 27 4月, 2004 15:02
Copyright (c) 2003, Oracle. All rights reserved.
连接到: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
 With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
 已成功加载/卸载了主表 "wwl"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01"
 启动 "wwl"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01": wwl/******** dumpfile=trans.dmp directory=dpdata transport_datafiles='E:\
 Oracle\oradata\wwl\wwl\DATAFILE\TRANS01.DBF'
 处理对象类型 TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/PLUGTS_BLK
 ORA-39123: 数据泵可传输的表空间作业中止
 ORA-29342: 数据库中不存在用户 TRANS
作业 "wwl"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" 因致命错误于 15:02 停止

 E:\Oracle\oradata\wwl\dpdata>sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL*Plus: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on 星期二 4月 27 15:03:03 2004
Copyright (c) 1982, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.

 连接到:
 Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
 With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
SQL> create user trans identified by trans;
用户已创建。
SQL> grant connect,resource to trans;
授权成功。
SQL> exit
 从 Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
 With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options 断开
E:\Oracle\oradata\wwl\dpdata>impdp wwl/wwl dumpfile=trans.dmp directory=dpdata transport_datafiles='E:\Oracle\orad
 ata\wwl\wwl\DATAFILE\TRANS01.DBF'
Import: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on 星期二, 27 4月, 2004 15:03
Copyright (c) 2003, Oracle. All rights reserved.
连接到: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
 With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
 已成功加载/卸载了主表 "wwl"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01"
 启动 "wwl"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01": wwl/******** dumpfile=trans.dmp directory=dpdata transport_datafiles='E:\
 Oracle\oradata\wwl\wwl\DATAFILE\TRANS01.DBF'
 处理对象类型 TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/PLUGTS_BLK
 处理对象类型 TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TABLE
 处理对象类型 TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TTE_POSTINST/PLUGTS_BLK
 作业 "wwl"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" 已于 15:03 成功完成
9.检查数据
E:\Oracle\oradata\wwl\dpdata>sqlplus trans/trans
SQL*Plus: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on 星期二 4月 27 15:03:50 2004
Copyright (c) 1982, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.

 连接到:
 Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
 With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
SQL> select count(*) from test;
COUNT(*)
 ----------
 1
SQL> exit
 从 Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
 With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options 断开
E:\Oracle\oradata\wwl\dpdata>
可以选择把表空间更改为读写
SQL> alter tablespace trans read write;
表空间已更改。

10.总结
10g的表空间跨平台迁移,较9i就是增加了一个使用Rman进行的文件格式转换的过程.
 实际上也就是转换了数据文件头的格式信息而已.

-The End-

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