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Oracle Grid Infrastructure Patch Set Update 11.2.0.4.3

Oracle 作者:shilei1 时间:2015-12-30 10:06:50 0 删除 编辑

Oracle Grid Infrastructure Patch Set Update 11.2.0.4.3 (Includes Database PSU 11.2.0.4.3) - 18706472

 

Released: July 15, 2014

In this document Oracle Database Home refers to Enterprise Edition or Standard Edition Database software. GI refers to Grid Infrastructure and PSU refers to Patch Set Update.

The GI PSU patch includes updates for both the Clusterware home and Database home that can be applied in a rolling fashion.

This patch is Data Guard Standby First Installable - See My Oracle Support Document 1265700.1 Oracle Patch Assurance - Data Guard Standby-First Patch Apply for details on how to remove risk and reduce downtime when applying this patch.

This document is accurate at the time of release. For any changes and additional information regarding GI PSU 11.2.0.4.3, see these related documents that are available at My Oracle Support (http://support.oracle.com/):

  • Document 854428.1 Patch Set Updates for Oracle Products

  • Document 1666916.1 Oracle Grid Infrastructure Patch Set Update 11.2.0.4.3 Known Issues

This document includes the following sections:

1 Patch Information

GI PSUs are cumulative and include the Database PSU and associated CPU program security content.

Table 1 describes installation types and security content. For each installation type, it indicates the most recent patches, which includes new security fixes that are pertinent to that installation type. If there are no security fixes to be applied to an installation type, then "None" is indicated. If a specific patch is listed, then apply that or any later patch to be current with security fixes.

Table 1 Installation Types and Security Content

Installation Type Latest PSU with Security Fixes

Server homes

GI PSU 11.2.0.4.3

Grid Infrastructure home

GI PSU 11.2.0.4.3

Client-Only Installations

None

Instant Client Installations

None

(The Instant Client installation is not the same as the client-only Installation. For additional information about Instant Client installations, see Oracle Call Interface Programmer's Guide.)


Table 2 lists the various configurations and the applicable PSU that should be used to patch that configuration.

Table 2 Configuration and PSU Mapping

Configuration GI Version Database Versions PSU Patch (to Apply) OPatch Command Comments

GI Home in conjunction with RAC, RACOne, or Single Instance home

11.2.0.4

11.2.0.4

GI PSU

OPatch auto

GI Home and all the Database Homes will be patched

GI Home in conjunction with RAC, RACOne, or Single Instance home

11.2.0.4

11.2.0.4 and prior versions

GI PSU

OPatch auto

GI Home and Database Home at 11.2.0.4 version will be patched.

For Database home with version other than 11.2.0.4, apply the appropriate Database PSU for that version. For example, apply 11.1.0.7.x PSU to Database version 11.1.0.7.0.

GI Home in conjunction with RAC, RACOne, or Single Instance home

11.2.0.4

Versions prior to 11.2.0.4

GI PSU

OPatch auto

GI Home alone is patched.

For Database home, apply the appropriate Database PSU for that version. For example, apply 11.1.0.7.x PSU to Database version 11.1.0.7.0.

Oracle Restart Home

11.2.0.4

11.2.0.4

GI PSU

OPatch auto

GI Home and all the Database Homes will be patched.

Database Single Instance home

NA

11.2.0.4

Database PSU

OPatch apply

None

Database Client home

NA

11.2.0.4

Database PSU

OPatch apply

None


2 Patch Installation and Deinstallation

This section includes the following sections:

2.1 Patch Installation Prerequisites

You must satisfy the conditions in the following sections before applying the patch:

2.1.1 OPatch Utility Information

You must use the OPatch utility version 11.2.0.3.6 or later to apply this patch. Oracle recommends that you use the latest released OPatch version for 11.2 releases, which is available for download from My Oracle Support patch6880880 by selecting ARU link for the 11.2.0.0.0 release. It is recommended that you download the Opatch utility and the patch in a shared location to be able to access them from any node in the cluster for the patch application on each node.

When patching the GI Home, a shared location on ACFS only needs to be unmounted on the node where the GI Home is being patched.

The new opatch utility should be updated in all the Oracle RAC database homes and the GI home that are being patched.

To update Opatch, use the following instructions:

  1. Download the OPatch utility to a temporary directory.

  2. For each Oracle RAC database home and the GI home that are being patched, run the following commands as the home owner to extract the OPatch utility.

    $ unzip <OPATCH-ZIP> -d <ORACLE_HOME>
    $ <ORACLE_HOME>/OPatch/opatch version
    

The version output of the previous command should be 11.2.0.3.6 or later.

For information about OPatch documentation, including any known issues, see My Oracle Support Document 293369.1 OPatch documentation list.

2.1.2 OCM Configuration

The OPatch utility will prompt for your OCM (Oracle Configuration Manager) response file when it is run. You should enter a complete path of OCM response file if you already have created this in your environment. OCM response file is required and is not optional.

If you do not have the OCM response file (ocm.rsp), see the following My Oracle Support Document 966023.1 How To Create An OCM Response File For Opatch Silent Installation.

2.1.3 Validation of Oracle Inventory

Before beginning patch application, check the consistency of inventory information for GI home and each database home to be patched. Run the following command as respective Oracle home owner to check the consistency.

$ <ORACLE_HOME>/OPatch/opatch lsinventory -detail -oh <ORACLE_HOME>

If this command succeeds, it lists the Oracle components that are installed in the home. Save the output so you have the status prior to the patch apply.

If this command fails, contact Oracle Support Services for assistance.

2.1.4 Download and Unzip the Patch

To apply the patch, it must be accessible from all nodes in the Oracle cluster. Download the patch and unzip it to a shared location, this is called the <UNZIPPED_PATCH_LOCATION>. This directory must be empty and not be/tmp. Additionally, the directory should have read permission for the ORA_INSTALL group.

$ cd <UNZIPPED_PATCH_LOCATION>

Check that the directory is empty.

$ ls

Unzip the patch as grid home owner.

$ unzip p18706472_112040_<platform>.zip

2.1.5 Stop EM Agent Processes Prior to Patching and Prior to Rolling Back the Patch

You must stop the EM agent processes running from the database home, prior to patching the Oracle RAC database or GI Home and prior to rolling back the patch from Oracle RAC database or GI Home. Execute the following command on the node to be patched or the node where the patch is to be rolled back.

As the Oracle RAC database home owner execute:

$ <ORACLE_HOME>/bin/emctl stop dbconsole

2.2 One-off Patch Conflict Detection and Resolution

See My Oracle Support Document 1061295.1 Patch Set Updates - One-off Patch Conflict Resolution to determine, for each conflicting patch, whether a conflict resolution patch is already available, and if you need to request a new conflict resolution patch or if the conflict may be ignored.

The fastest and easiest way to determine whether you have one-off patches in the Oracle home that conflict with the patch, and to get the necessary conflict resolution patches, is to use the Patch Recommendations and Patch Plans features on the Patches & Updates tab in My Oracle Support. These features work in conjunction with the My Oracle Support Configuration Manager. Recorded training sessions on these features can be found in Document603505.1.

2.3 OPatch auto for GI

The Opatch utility has automated the patch application for the Oracle Grid Infrastructure (GI) home and the Oracle RAC database homes when run with root privileges. It must be executed on each node in the cluster if the GI home or Oracle RAC database home is in non-shared storage. The utility should not be run in parallel on the cluster nodes.

For more information about opatch auto, see My Oracle Support Document 1339140.1 FAQ: OPatch/Patch Questions/Issues for Oracle Clusterware (Grid Infrastructure or CRS) and RAC Environments.

For detailed patch installation instructions, see Section 2.4, "Patch Installation".

2.4 Patch Installation

The patch instructions will differ based on the configuration of the Grid infrastructure and the Oracle RAC database homes. Patching instructions for Oracle RAC Database Homes and GI together are listed below.

The most common configurations are listed as follows:

For other configurations listed below, see My Oracle Support Document 1641136.1:

  • GI Home is not shared, the Database Home is not shared, ACFS may be used.

  • Patching Oracle RAC Database Homes.

  • Patching GI Home alone.

  • Patching Oracle Restart Home.

  • Patching a software only GI Home installation or before the GI Home is configured.

Patching Oracle RAC Database Homes and GI Together

  • Case 1: GI Home and the Database Homes that are not shared and ACFS file system is not configured.

    As root user, execute the following command on each node of the cluster:

    # opatch auto <UNZIPPED_PATCH_LOCATION>/18706472 -ocmrf <ocm response file>
    
  • Case 2: GI Home is not shared, Database Home is shared, ACFS may be used.

    Patching instructions:

    1. From the Oracle database home, make sure to stop the Oracle RAC databases running on all nodes. As the database home owner execute:

      $ <ORACLE_HOME>/bin/srvctl stop database –d <db-unique-name>
      
    2. On the 1st node, unmount the ACFS file systems. See My Oracle Support Document 1494652.1 for unmounting ACFS file systems.

    3. On the 1st node, apply the patch to the GI Home using the opatch auto command. As root user, execute the following command:

      # opatch auto <UNZIPPED_PATCH_LOCATION>/18706472 -ocmrf <ocm response file>
      
    4. If the message, "A system reboot is recommended before using ACFS” is shown, then a reboot must be issued before continuing. Failure to do so will result in running with an unpatched ACFS\ADVM\OKS driver.

    5. On the 1st node, remount ACFS file systems. See My Oracle Support Document 1494652.1 for mounting ACFS file systems.

    6. On the 1st node, apply the patch to the Database home using the opatch auto command. Since the Database home is shared, this operation will patch the Database home across the cluster. Note that a USM only patch cannot be applied to a database home. As root user, execute the following command:

      # opatch auto <UNZIPPED_PATCH_LOCATION>/18706472 -oh <DATABASE_HOME> -ocmrf <ocm response file>
      
    7. On the 1st node only, restart the Oracle instance, which you have previously stopped in Step 1As the database home owner execute:

      $ <ORACLE_HOME>/bin/srvctl start instance –d <db-unique-name> -n <nodename>
      
    8. On the 2nd (next) node, unmount the ACFS file systems. See My Oracle Support Document 1494652.1 for unmounting ACFS file systems.

    9. On the 2nd node, apply the patch to GI Home using the opatch auto command. As root user, execute the following command:

      # opatch auto <UNZIPPED_PATCH_LOCATION>/18706472 -oh <GI_HOME> -ocmrf <ocm response file>
      
    10. If the message, "A system reboot is recommended before using ACFS” is shown, then a reboot must be issued before continuing. Failure to do so will result in running with an unpatched ACFS\ADVM\OKS driver.

    11. On the 2nd node, running the opatch auto command in Step 9 will restart the stack.

    12. On the 2nd node, remount ACFS file systems. See My Oracle Support Document 1494652.1 for mounting ACFS file systems.

    13. On the 2nd node only, restart the Oracle instance, which you have previously stopped in Step 1As the database home owner execute:

      $ <ORACLE_HOME>/bin/srvctl start instance –d <db-unique-name> -n <nodename>
      
    14. Repeat Steps 8 through 13 for all remaining nodes of the cluster.

2.5 Patch Post-Installation Instructions

After installing the patch, perform the following actions:

  1. Apply conflict resolution patches as explained in Section 2.5.1.

  2. If applying a PSU, load modified SQL files into the database, as explained in Section 2.5.2.

  3. Upgrade Oracle Recovery Manager catalog, as explained in Section 2.5.3.

2.5.1 Applying Conflict Resolution Patches

Apply the patch conflict resolution one-off patches that were determined to be needed when you performed the steps in Section 2.2, "One-off Patch Conflict Detection and Resolution".

2.5.2 Loading Modified SQL Files into the Database

The following steps load modified SQL files into the database. For an Oracle RAC environment, perform these steps on only one node.

  1. For each database instance running on the Oracle home being patched, connect to the database using SQL*Plus. Connect as SYSDBA and run the catbundle.sql script as follows:

    cd $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin
    sqlplus /nolog
    SQL> CONNECT / AS SYSDBA
    SQL> STARTUP
    SQL> @catbundle.sql psu apply
    SQL> QUIT
    

    The catbundle.sql execution is reflected in the dba_registry_history view by a row associated with bundle series PSU.

    For information about the catbundle.sql script, see My Oracle Support Document 605795.1 Introduction to Oracle Database catbundle.sql.

  2. Check the following log files in $ORACLE_BASE/cfgtoollogs/catbundle for any errors:

    catbundle_PSU_<database SID>_APPLY_<TIMESTAMP>.log
    catbundle_PSU_<database SID>_GENERATE_<TIMESTAMP>.log
    

    where TIMESTAMP is of the form YYYYMMMDD_HH_MM_SS. If there are errors, see Section 3, "Known Issues".

2.5.3 Upgrade Oracle Recovery Manager Catalog

If you are using the Oracle Recovery Manager, the catalog needs to be upgraded. Enter the following command to upgrade it:

$ rman catalog username/password@alias
RMAN> UPGRADE CATALOG;

2.6 Patch Post-Installation Instructions for Databases Created or Upgraded after Installation of Patch in the Oracle Home

These instructions are for a database that is created or upgraded after the installation of the patch.

You must execute the steps in Section 2.5.2, "Loading Modified SQL Files into the Database" for any new database only if it was created by any of the following methods:

  • Using DBCA (Database Configuration Assistant) to select a sample database (General, Data Warehouse, Transaction Processing)

  • Using a script that was created by DBCA that creates a database from a sample database

There are no actions required for databases that have been upgraded.

2.7 Patch Deinstallation

The patch rollback instructions will differ based on the configuration of the Grid infrastructure and the Oracle RAC database homes. Roll Back instructions for Oracle RAC Database Homes and GI are listed below.

The most common configurations are listed as follows:

For other configurations listed below, see My Oracle Support Document 1641136.1:

  • GI Home is not shared, the Database Home is not shared, ACFS may be used.

  • Rolling back from Oracle RAC Database Homes.

  • Rolling back from GI Home alone.

  • Rolling back the patch from Oracle Restart Home.

  • Rolling back the patch from a software only GI Home installation or before the GI Home is configured.

Roll Back the Oracle RAC Database Homes and GI Together

  • Case 1: GI Home and Database Homes that are not shared and ACFS file system is not configured.

    As root user, execute the following command on each node of the cluster.

    # opatch auto <UNZIPPED_PATCH_LOCATION>/18706472 -rollback -ocmrf <ocm response file>
    

    If the message, "A system reboot is recommended before using ACFS" is shown, then a reboot must be issued before continuing. Failure to do so will result in running with an unpatched ACFS\ADVM\OKS driver.

  • Case 2: GI Home is not shared, Database Home is shared and ACFS may be used.

    1. From the Oracle database home, make sure to stop the Oracle RAC databases running on all nodes. As the database home owner execute:

      $ <ORACLE_HOME>/bin/srvctl stop database –d <db-unique-name>
      
    2. On the 1st node, unmount the ACFS file systems. See My Oracle Support Document 1494652.1 for unmounting ACFS file systems.

    3. On the 1st node, roll back the patch from the GI Home using the opatch auto command. As root user, execute the following command:

      # opatch auto <UNZIPPED_PATCH_LOCATION>/18706472 -oh <GI_HOME> -rollback -ocmrf <ocm response file>
      
    4. If the message, "A system reboot is recommended before using ACFS” is shown, then a reboot must be issued before continuing. Failure to do so will result in running with an unpatched ACFS\ADVM\OKS driver.

    5. On the 1st node, remount ACFS file systems. See My Oracle Support Document 1494652.1 for mounting ACFS file systems.

    6. On the 1st node, roll back the patch to the Database home using the opatch auto command. This operation will rollback the patch to the Database home across the cluster given that it is a shared ACFS home. Note that a USM only patch cannot be applied to a Database home. As root user, execute the following command:

      # opatch auto <UNZIPPED_PATCH_LOCATION>/18706472 -oh <DATABASE_HOME> -rollback -ocmrf <ocm response file>
      
    7. On the 1st node only, restart the Oracle instance, which you have previously stopped in Step 1As the database home owner execute:

      $ <ORACLE_HOME>/bin/srvctl start instance –d <db-unique-name> -n <nodename>
      
    8. On the 2nd (next) node, unmount the ACFS file systems. See My Oracle Support Document 1494652.1 for unmounting ACFS file systems.

    9. On the 2nd node, roll back the patch to GI Home using the opatch auto command. As root user, execute the following command:

      # opatch auto <UNZIPPED_PATCH_LOCATION>/18706472 -oh <GI_HOME> -rollback -ocmrf <ocm response file>
      
    10. If the message, "A system reboot is recommended before using ACFS” is shown, then a reboot must be issued before continuing. Failure to do so will result in running with an unpatched ACFS\ADVM\OKS driver.

    11. On the 2nd node, running the opatch auto command in Step 9 will restart the stack.

    12. On the 2nd node, remount ACFS file systems. See My Oracle Support Document 1494652.1 for mounting ACFS file systems.

    13. On the 2nd node only, restart the Oracle instance, which you have previously stopped in Step 1As the database home owner execute:

      $ <ORACLE_HOME>/bin/srvctl start instance –d <db-unique-name> -n <nodename>
      
    14. Repeat Steps 8 through 13 for all remaining nodes of the cluster.

2.8 Patch Post-Deinstallation Instructions for an Oracle RAC Environment

Follow these steps only on the node for which the steps in Section 2.5.2, "Loading Modified SQL Files into the Database" were executed during the patch application.:

  1. Start all database instances running from the Oracle home. (For more information, see Oracle Database Administrator's Guide.)

  2. For each database instance running out of the ORACLE_HOME, connect to the database using SQL*Plus as SYSDBA and run the rollback script as follows:

    cd $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin
    sqlplus /nolog
    SQL> CONNECT / AS SYSDBA
    SQL> STARTUP
    SQL> @catbundle_PSU_<database SID PREFIX>_ROLLBACK.sql
    SQL> QUIT
    

    In an Oracle RAC environment, the name of the rollback script will have the format catbundle_PSU_<database SID PREFIX>_ROLLBACK.sql.

  3. Check the log file for any errors. The log file is found in $ORACLE_BASE/cfgtoollogs/catbundle and is named catbundle_PSU_<database SID>_ROLLBACK_<TIMESTAMP>.log where TIMESTAMP is of the form YYYYMMMDD_HH_MM_SS. If there are errors, see Section 3, "Known Issues".

  4. Ensure that you verify the Oracle Inventory and compare the output with the one you ran in Section 2.1.3, "Validation of Oracle Inventory" and re-apply any patches that were rolled back as part of this patch apply. To verify the inventory, run the following command:

    $ opatch lsinventory
    

All other instances can be started and accessed as usual while you are executing the deinstallation steps.

3 Known Issues

For issues documented after the release of this PSU, see My Oracle Support Document 1666916.1 Oracle Grid Infrastructure Patch Set Update 11.2.0.4.3 Known Issues.

This section includes the following known issues:

Issue 1   

When Trace File Analyzer (TFA) is patched as part of a PSU, any rollback of the PSU will not roll back any patch applied to TFA. This is intended behavior, but if there are any issues with patching TFA itself, then manual steps will be required to recover.

If a PSU has been rolled back and due to some issue with patching TFA it has to be reinstalled, then you should:

  1. Remove TFA by executing the following command on each node as the root user:

    GIHOME/tfa/<nodename>/tfa_home/bin/uninstalltfa.sh -local
    
  2. Reinstall the previous TFA version by executing the following command on each node as the root user:

    GIHOME/crs/install/tfa_setup.sh -crshome <path to GIHOME> -silent
    

If a PSU is installed but not rolled back and there are issues with TFA, then contact Oracle Support to help resolve the TFA issues.

4 References

The following documents are references for this patch.

Document 1494646.1 Patch Installation and Deinstallation

Document 1494652.1 Instructions for Mounting/Unmounting ACFS File Systems

Document 854428.1 Patch Set Updates for Oracle Products

Document 360870.1 Impact of Java Security Vulnerabilities on Oracle Products

Document 468959.1 Enterprise Manager Grid Control Known Issues

Document 1339140.1 Opatch/Patch Questions/Issues for Oracle Clusterware (Grid Infrastructure or CRS) and RAC Environments

Document 1666916.1 Oracle Grid Infrastructure Patch Set Update 11.2.0.4.3 Known Issues

5 Manual Steps for Apply/Rollback Patch

See My Oracle Support Document 1641136.1 for cases where opatch auto cannot be used.

6 Bugs Fixed by This Patch

See My Oracle Support Document 1614046.1.

7 Documentation Accessibility

For information about Oracle's commitment to accessibility, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program website at http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=docacc.

Access to Oracle Support

Oracle customers have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. For information, visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=info or visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=trs if you are hearing impaired.


Oracle Grid Infrastructure Patch 18706472 - 11.2.0.4.3 GI Patch Set Update

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