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11gR2 rac安装别忘记在hosts里设置localhost,否则安装grid运行root.sh不成功

原创 Oracle 作者:warehouse 时间:2012-09-21 13:54:00 0 删除 编辑

太坑爹了,10g记得没有这个要求。安装前通过执行下面命令都没有问题:./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n rac1,rac2 -fixup -verbose

grid安装时提示运行root.sh,执行时报错了:

[@more@]

[root@rac1 grid]# ./root.sh
Running Oracle 11g root.sh script...

The following environment variables are set as:
ORACLE_OWNER= grid
ORACLE_HOME= /opt/grid/11.2.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:
The file "dbhome" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)
[n]: y
Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
The file "oraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)
[n]: y
Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
The file "coraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)
[n]: y
Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...


Creating /etc/oratab file...
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root.sh script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
/opt/grid/11.2.0/grid/rdbms/install/rootadd_rdbms.sh: line 80: [: 6815744#(forexample6815744for13312processes): integer expression expected
/opt/grid/11.2.0/grid/rdbms/install/rootadd_rdbms.sh: line 91: [: 6815744#(forexample6815744for13312processes): integer expression expected
2012-09-18 22:20:48: Parsing the host name
2012-09-18 22:20:48: Checking for super user privileges
2012-09-18 22:20:48: User has super user privileges
Using configuration parameter file: /opt/grid/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
Creating trace directory
LOCAL ADD MODE
Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..
Operation successful.
root wallet
root wallet cert
root cert export
peer wallet
profile reader wallet
pa wallet
peer wallet keys
pa wallet keys
peer cert request
pa cert request
peer cert
pa cert
peer root cert TP
profile reader root cert TP
pa root cert TP
peer pa cert TP
pa peer cert TP
profile reader pa cert TP
profile reader peer cert TP
peer user cert
pa user cert
Adding daemon to inittab
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
ohasd is starting
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded

ASM created and started successfully.

DiskGroup DATA created successfully.

clscfg: -install mode specified
Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.
Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..
Operation successful.
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-4256: Updating the profile
Successful addition of voting disk 951e9b072acb4f2cbfe1f4e8590650c3.
Successfully replaced voting disk group with +DATA.
CRS-4256: Updating the profile
CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced
## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group
-- ----- ----------------- --------- ---------
1. ONLINE 951e9b072acb4f2cbfe1f4e8590650c3 (ORCL:DISK1) [DATA]
Located 1 voting disk(s).
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-0184: Cannot communicate with the CRS daemon.

PRCR-1070 : Failed to check if resource ora.asm is registered
Cannot communicate with crsd
add asm ... failed
clsr_start_dg return error at loc: 70 rc=0
CRS-4535: Cannot communicate with Cluster Ready Services
CRS-4000: Command Create failed, or completed with errors.
create diskgroup DATA ... failed
CRS-4535: Cannot communicate with Cluster Ready Services
CRS-4000: Command Add failed, or completed with errors.
Command return code of 1 (256) from command: /opt/grid/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl add type ora.registry.acfs.type -basetype ora.local_resource.type -file /opt/grid/11.2.0/grid/crs/template/registry.acfs.type
add ora.registry.acfs.type ... failed
PRCR-1070 : Failed to check if resource ora.net1.network is registered
Cannot communicate with crsd
add scan=rac-scan ... failed
Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... failed
Updating inventory properties for clusterware
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB. Actual 1382 MB Passed
The inventory pointer is located at /etc/oraInst.loc
The inventory is located at /opt/oraInventory
'UpdateNodeList' was successful.

--==================================

追踪各种日志最后隐约记得在grid用户的主目录下的cssd的日志里看到了提示localhost命名解析等字样,搜了一下发现网上有人遇到了和我同样的问题:

https://kr.forums.oracle.com/forums/thread.jspa?threadID=2156504

这里他里面写的一句话:

While i was searching the logs i found an error log in the GRID_HOME/log/eprhel5/crsd/crsdOUT.log which complains about resolving localhost hostname. When i checked the /etc/hosts file i realized that the line with the localhost entry is commented out. I uncommented the line and rerun the root.sh. It seems everything is resolved.

当然了使用过rac有一定经验的人看到

这样的错误:CRS-0184: Cannot communicate with the CRS daemon.

以后,最终肯定都会去看cssd的日志的。

最后在2个节点的hosts文件中增加了

127.0.0.1 localhosts之后重新安装grid成功了,成功之后的提示:

[root@rac1 grid]# ./root.sh
Running Oracle 11g root.sh script...

The following environment variables are set as:
ORACLE_OWNER= grid
ORACLE_HOME= /opt/grid/11.2.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:
The file "dbhome" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)
[n]: y
Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
The file "oraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)
[n]: y
Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
The file "coraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)
[n]: y
Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...


Creating /etc/oratab file...
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root.sh script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
/opt/grid/11.2.0/grid/rdbms/install/rootadd_rdbms.sh: line 80: [: 6815744#(forexample6815744for13312processes): integer expression expected
/opt/grid/11.2.0/grid/rdbms/install/rootadd_rdbms.sh: line 91: [: 6815744#(forexample6815744for13312processes): integer expression expected
2012-09-19 01:49:46: Parsing the host name
2012-09-19 01:49:46: Checking for super user privileges
2012-09-19 01:49:46: User has super user privileges
Using configuration parameter file: /opt/grid/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
Creating trace directory
LOCAL ADD MODE
Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..
Operation successful.
root wallet
root wallet cert
root cert export
peer wallet
profile reader wallet
pa wallet
peer wallet keys
pa wallet keys
peer cert request
pa cert request
peer cert
pa cert
peer root cert TP
profile reader root cert TP
pa root cert TP
peer pa cert TP
pa peer cert TP
profile reader pa cert TP
profile reader peer cert TP
peer user cert
pa user cert
Adding daemon to inittab
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
ohasd is starting
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded

ASM created and started successfully.

DiskGroup DATA created successfully.

clscfg: -install mode specified
Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.
Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..
Operation successful.
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-4256: Updating the profile
Successful addition of voting disk 84a1442424c94f99bfb0003c3e23e24c.
Successfully replaced voting disk group with +DATA.
CRS-4256: Updating the profile
CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced
## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group
-- ----- ----------------- --------- ---------
1. ONLINE 84a1442424c94f99bfb0003c3e23e24c (ORCL:DISK1) [DATA]
Located 1 voting disk(s).
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.registry.acfs' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.registry.acfs' on 'rac1' succeeded

rac1 2012/09/19 02:02:04 /opt/grid/11.2.0/grid/cdata/rac1/backup_20120919_020204.olr
Preparing packages for installation...
cvuqdisk-1.0.7-1
Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded
Updating inventory properties for clusterware
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB. Actual 1289 MB Passed
The inventory pointer is located at /etc/oraInst.loc
The inventory is located at /opt/oraInventory
'UpdateNodeList' was successful.
[root@rac1 grid]#

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