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DB2_行压缩

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:redhouser 时间:2011-07-15 15:01:54 0 删除 编辑

目的:
测试DB2行压缩,本脚本摘录自DB2安装目录admin_scripts/tbrowcompress.db2。
版本:Windows DB2 Express-C V9.7

操作步骤:
使用"db2cmd db2 -td@"进入交互模式,执行后续操作。

1,行压缩

-- Connect to sample database.
CONNECT TO sample@

-- Create a schema.
CREATE SCHEMA testschema@

-- Create a scratch table.
CREATE TABLE testschema.temp(empno INT, sal DOUBLE)@

-- Insert data into the table and export the data in order to obtain
-- dummy.del file in the required format for load.
-- Create a procedure to insert the sufficient data for ADC.
DROP PROCEDURE insertdata@

CREATE PROCEDURE insertdata(IN size INT)
LANGUAGE SQL
BEGIN
   DECLARE count INTEGER DEFAULT 0;
   while (count < size)
   do
      INSERT INTO testschema.temp VALUES(100, 20000);
      INSERT INTO testschema.temp VALUES(200, 30000);
      INSERT INTO testschema.temp VALUES(200, 30000);
      SET count=count+1;
   end while;
END@

-- Call the procedure to insert data into the table until table size threshold is breached.
CALL insertdata(1000)@
 
EXPORT TO dummy.del OF DEL SELECT * FROM testschema.temp@

-- Drop the table.
DROP TABLE testschema.temp@

-- Create a table without enabling row compression at the time of table creation.
CREATE TABLE testschema.empl (emp_no INT, salary DOUBLE)@
 
-- Perform. a load operation to load three rows of data into empl.
LOAD FROM dummy.del OF DEL INSERT INTO testschema.empl@
 
-- Enable row compression. 
ALTER TABLE testschema.empl COMPRESS YES@

-- Perform. non-inplace reorg to compress rows.
REORG TABLE testschema.empl@
 
-- Drop the table.
DROP TABLE testschema.empl@

-- Create a table enabling compression initially. 
CREATE TABLE testschema.empl (emp_no INT, salary DOUBLE) COMPRESS YES@

-- Load data into table.
LOAD FROM dummy.del OF DEL INSERT INTO testschema.empl@

-- Perform. reorganization to compress rows.
REORG TABLE testschema.empl@

-- Perform. modifications on table.
INSERT INTO testschema.empl VALUES(400, 30000)@
UPDATE testschema.empl SET salary = salary + 1000@
DELETE FROM testschema.empl WHERE emp_no = 200@

-- Disable row compression for the table.
ALTER TABLE testschema.empl COMPRESS NO@

-- Perform. reorganization to remove existing dictionary.
-- New dictionary will be created and all the rows processed by the reorg
-- are decompressed.
REORG TABLE testschema.empl RESETDICTIONARY@
 
-- Drop the table.
DROP TABLE testschema.empl@
 
-- Create a table, load data, perform. some modifications on the table.
-- All the rows will be in non-compressed state until reorganization is performed.
CREATE TABLE testschema.empl (emp_no INT, salary DOUBLE)@

IMPORT FROM dummy.del OF DEL INSERT INTO testschema.empl@

ALTER TABLE testschema.empl COMPRESS YES@

INSERT INTO testschema.empl VALUES(400, 30000)@

-- Perform. inspect to estimate the effectiveness of compression.
-- INSPECT command has to be run before the REORG utility.
-- Inspect allows you to look over table spaces and tables for their
-- architectural integrity.
-- 'result' file contains percentage of bytes saved from compression,
-- Percentage of rows ineligible for compression due to small row size,
-- Compression dictionary size, Expansion dictionary size etc.
-- To view the contents of 'result' file perform
--    db2inspf result result.out@
-- This formats the 'result' file to readable form.

INSPECT ROWCOMPESTIMATE TABLE NAME empl SCHEMA testschema RESULTS KEEP result@
 
REORG TABLE testschema.empl@

-- All the rows will be compressed including the one inserted after reorg.
INSERT INTO testschema.empl VALUES(500, 40000)@

-- Disable row compression for the table.
-- Rows inserted after this will be non-compressed.
ALTER TABLE testschema.empl COMPRESS NO@
INSERT INTO testschema.empl VALUES(600, 50000)@

-- Enable row compression again to compress the rows inserted later.
ALTER TABLE testschema.empl COMPRESS YES@
INSERT INTO testschema.empl VALUES(700, 40600)@

-- Perform. runstats to measure the effectiveness of compression using
-- compression related catalog fields. New columns will be updated to
-- catalog table after runstats is performed on a compressed table.
RUNSTATS ON TABLE testschema.empl@

-- Display the contents of 'empl' table.
SELECT count(*) FROM testschema.empl@

-- Display the contents of 'SYSCAT.TABLES' to measure effectiveness
-- of compression.
SELECT avgrowsize, avgcompressedrowsize, pctpagessaved, avgrowcompressionratio,
  pctrowscompressed from SYSCAT.TABLES WHERE tabname = 'EMPL'@

-- Drop the table.
DROP TABLE testschema.empl@

-- Remove temporary file.
-- Delete the 'result1' file created by INSPECT command
-- Uncomment one of the following based on the platform. it is run

-- If UNIX platform. uncomment the below.
-- ! rm dummy.del@
-- ! rm $HOME/sqllib/db2dump/result@

-- If NT platform. uncomment the below.
-- ! del dummy.del@
-- ! del $HOME\sqllib\db2dump\result@


2,自动创建字典
-- *************************************************************************
--  2. AUTOMATIC DICTIONARY CREATION
-- *************************************************************************

-- Automatic Dictionary Creation(ADC) while populating table using INSERT command.

-- Create a table with row compression turned on.
CREATE TABLE testschema.emptable(emp_no INT, name VARCHAR(120),joindate DATE) COMPRESS YES@

-- Create a procedure to insert the sufficient data for ADC.
DROP PROCEDURE insertdata@

CREATE PROCEDURE insertdata(IN size INT)
LANGUAGE SQL
BEGIN
   DECLARE count INTEGER DEFAULT 0;
   while (count < size)
   do
      INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES(10, 'Padma Kota', '2001-12-02');
      INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES(30, 'Doug Foulds', '1898-08-08');
      INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES(50, 'Kathy Smith', '2006-12-02');
      INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES(75, 'Brad Cassels', '1984-04-06');
      INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES(90, 'Kelly Booch', '2003-12-02');
      SET count=count+1;
   end while;
END@

-- Call the procedure to insert data into the table until table size threshold is breached.
CALL insertdata(8000)@

-- When the table size is reaches threshold, the compression dictionary
-- will be created automatically. Get the dictionary size using.
SELECT dict_builder, dict_build_timestamp, compress_dict_size, expand_dict_size, pages_saved_percent, bytes_saved_percent FROM table(sysproc.admin_get_tab_compress_info('TESTSCHEMA','EMPTABLE','REPORT')) as temp@

-- Export the data to a temporary file.
EXPORT TO dummy.del OF DEL SELECT * FROM testschema.emptable@

-- Drop the table.
DROP TABLE testschema.emptable@

-- Automatic Dictionary Creation(ADC) while populating table using IMPORT command.

-- Create a table with row compression turned on.
CREATE TABLE testschema.emptable(emp_no INT, name VARCHAR(120),joindate DATE) COMPRESS YES@

-- IMPORT data into an existing table which is currently less in size than    
-- the threshold for ADC. As data is inserted into the table, the threshold is breached and
-- a dictionary is built, inserted into the table and the remaining data to be loaded is         
-- subject to compression.
IMPORT FROM dummy.del OF DEL INSERT INTO testschema.emptable@

-- When the table size is reaches threshold, the compression dictionary
-- will be created automatically. Get the dictionary size using.
SELECT dict_builder, dict_build_timestamp, compress_dict_size, expand_dict_size, pages_saved_percent, bytes_saved_percent FROM table(sysproc.admin_get_tab_compress_info('TESTSCHEMA','EMPTABLE','REPORT')) as temp@

-- Drop the table.
DROP TABLE testschema.emptable@

-- Automatic Dictionary Creation(ADC) while populating table using LOAD command.

-- Create a table with row compression turned on.
CREATE TABLE testschema.emptable(emp_no INT, name VARCHAR(120),joindate DATE) COMPRESS YES@

-- LOAD INSERT into an existing table which is currently less in size than    
-- the threshold for ADC. As data is inserted into the table, the threshold is breached and
-- a dictionary is built, inserted into the table and the remaining data to be loaded is         
-- subject to compression.
LOAD FROM dummy.del OF DEL INSERT INTO testschema.emptable@

-- When the table size is reaches threshold, the compression dictionary
-- will be created automatically. Get the dictionary size using
SELECT dict_builder, dict_build_timestamp, compress_dict_size, expand_dict_size, pages_saved_percent, bytes_saved_percent FROM table(sysproc.admin_get_tab_compress_info('TESTSCHEMA','EMPTABLE','REPORT')) as temp@

-- Drop the table.
DROP TABLE testschema.emptable@

-- To confirm whether a new dictionary should be built in order re-establish
-- a more acceptable compression ratio for already existing dictionary
-- which is built using offline REORG.

-- Create a table with compression attribute enabled.
CREATE TABLE testschema.emptable(empid int, dept int, name varchar(50), joindate date) COMPRESS YES@

-- Insert some data into the table.
INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES(1, 720, 'Smith', '05/12/2006')@
INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES (3, 168, 'Jones', '05/13/2006')@

-- Do a offline REORG on the table.
REORG TABLE employee@

-- Insert some more data into the table.
INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES(5, 720, 'Smith', '05/12/2006')@
INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES (6, 168, 'Jones', '05/13/2006')@

-- Reports compression information as of last generation.
SELECT pages_saved_percent, bytes_saved_percent FROM table(sysproc.admin_get_tab_compress_info('TESTSCHEMA','EMPTABLE','REPORT')) as temp@

-- Insert some more data into the table.
INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES(7, 720, 'Smith', '05/12/2006')@
INSERT INTO testschema.emptable VALUES (8, 168, 'Jones', '05/13/2006')@

-- Generates an estimate of new compression information based on current table data.
SELECT pages_saved_percent, bytes_saved_percent FROM table(sysproc.admin_get_tab_compress_info('TESTSCHEMA','EMPTABLE','ESTIMATE')) as temp@

-- Delete the table employee.
DROP TABLE testschema.emptable@

-- Automatic Dictionary Creation in a partitioned table.

-- Create a data partitioned table, and load with an initial subset of data.
CREATE TABLESPACE tbsp1 MANAGED BY DATABASE USING (FILE 'conta' 1000)@
CREATE TABLESPACE tbsp2 MANAGED BY DATABASE USING (FILE 'contb' 1000)@
CREATE TABLESPACE tbsp3 MANAGED BY DATABASE USING (FILE 'contc' 1000)@
CREATE TABLESPACE tbsp4 MANAGED BY DATABASE USING (FILE 'contd' 1000)@
CREATE TABLESPACE tbsp5 MANAGED BY DATABASE USING (FILE 'conte' 1000)@

-- Create a data partitioned table with a condition and compress attribute set.
CREATE TABLE testschema.emp_dpart (id int, name varchar(120), joindate DATE) IN tbsp1, tbsp2, tbsp3, tbsp4, tbsp5 partition by range(id) (starting from (1) ending (100) every (20)) COMPRESS YES@

-- Load some records of data into table so that the partitions data size reaches
-- ADC threshold.
LOAD FROM dummy.del OF del MESSAGES load_ins.msg INSERT INTO testschema.emp_dpart@

-- Get the dictionary sizes for the partitions.
SELECT dict_builder, compress_dict_size+expand_dict_size, data_partition_id from table(sysproc.admin_get_tab_compress_info('TESTSCHEMA','EMP_DPART','REPORT')) as temp@

-- Get compression statistics via RUNSTATS command.
RUNSTATS ON TABLE testschema.emp_dpart@
SELECT avgcompressedrowsize, pctrowscompressed, pctpagessaved FROM syscat.tables WHERE tabschema='TESTSCHEMA' and tabname='EMP_DPART'@

-- Delete the table.
DROP TABLE testschema.emp_dpart@

DROP TABLESPACE tbsp1@
DROP TABLESPACE tbsp2@
DROP TABLESPACE tbsp3@
DROP TABLESPACE tbsp4@
DROP TABLESPACE tbsp5@

-- Drop the schema.
DROP SCHEMA testschema RESTRICT@

!del dummy.del@

-- Disconnect from database.
CONNECT RESET@

TERMINATE@

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