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常用分类词汇表-英美菜谱

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:hpj168 时间:2019-07-16 13:24:02 0 删除 编辑
1 烹调方式 Cooking Method
fried... 煎... deep fried... 炸(干炸)... quick-fried/stir-fried...(爆)炒... braised... 炖(烧)... stewed... 闷(炖、煨)... steamed...蒸... smoked... 熏... roast... 烤... grilled... 烤... crisp... 香酥... spicy... 麻辣... caramelized... 拔丝... toffee...拔丝... dices... ...丁 mashed... ...馅、泥 ...in brown sauce 红烧... ...in soy sauce 酱汁... ...in hot sauce 干烧... ...in tomato sauce 茄汁... ...in black bean sauce 豆瓣... ...in rice wine 糟溜... ...with fish flavor 鱼香... ...with sweet and sour flavor 糖醋... ...in soup 氽... ...shreds ...丝 ...slices ...片 ...cubes ...块
2 调味品
Condiments table salt 食盐 sugar 白糖 cheese 奶酪/干酪 vinegar 醋 butter 黄油 pepper 胡椒 soy sauce 酱油 cream 奶油 curry 咖哩 mustard 芥茉 tomato sauce 蕃茄酱 honey 蜂蜜 gravy 肉汁 jam 果酱 cube sugar 方糖 ginger 姜 garlic 大蒜 shallot 大葱 mayonnaise 蛋黄酱 sweet soybean paste 甜面酱

3 汤类 Soup
clear soup/thin soup/consomme 清汤 pottage/thick soup 浓汤 broth 肉汤 beef soup 牛肉汤 tomato soup 西红柿汤 cabbage soup 洋白菜汤 vegetable soup 菜汤 chicken soup 鸡汤 creamed chicken soup 奶油鸡汤 fish and tomato soup 红鱼汤 creamed ham soup 奶油火腿汤 beef balls soup 牛肉丸子汤 creamed prawn soup 奶油虾汤 beef and vegetable soup 牛肉蔬菜汤 creamed spinach soup 奶油菠菜汤 hot and sour soup 酸辣汤 minced chicken and corn pottage 鸡茸粟米汤 curry chicken soup 咖哩鸡汤
4 主食 Staple food
* 中餐主食Chinese Food
rice gruel/porridge 大米粥 millet gruel 小米粥 steamed bun/steamed bread 馒头 steamed twisted roll 花卷 meat pie 馅饼 pancake 煎饼 meatbun/steamed bread with stuffings 包子 dumpling 饺子 wonton/dumpling soup 馄饨 noodles 面条 sichuan style noodles with peppery sauce 担担面 fried noodles 炒面 stretched noodles 拉面 noodles with soup 汤面 noodles with soybean paste 炸酱面 beef noodles 牛肉面 spring roll/egg roll 春卷 rice noodles 米线 sweet dumpling 元宵 egg fried rice 蛋炒饭 deep-fried dough sticks 油条 soybean milk 豆浆 muffin 松糕/饼 cruller 油饼
* 西餐主食Western Food
bread 面包 toast 烤面包/土司 rye bread 黑麦面包 bun 小圆面包 hamburger 汉堡包 bacon cheeseburger 腊肉奶酪汉堡包 sandwich 三明治 tuna sandwich 金枪鱼三明治 hotdog 热狗 biscuits/crackers/cookies 饼干 pancake 烤饼/薄饼 pizza 比萨饼 meat-pie 肉馅饼 barley gruel 大麦粥 oatmeal 燕麦粥 French fries 炸薯条 pudding 布丁 macaroni 通心面 spaghetti 意大利面条

5 主菜 Entrees

* 西餐主菜Western Entrees
beef steak 牛排 (rare) 半熟的(牛排) roast beef 烤牛排 (medium-rare) 适中偏生的(牛排) curry beef 咖哩牛排 (medium) 适中的(牛排) real cutlet/veal chop 小牛排 (medium-well done) 适中偏熟的(牛排) roast veal 烤小牛排 (well done) 熟透的(牛排) spiced beef 五香牛排 braised beef 焖牛排 roast mutton 烤羊肉 lamb chop 羊排 porp chop 猪排 sliced ham 火腿片 roast turkey 烤火鸡 roast chicken 烤油鸡 curried chicken 咖哩鸡 roast duck 烤鸭 smoked carp 熏鲤鱼 sardine 沙丁鱼 fried fish 炸鱼 fried eggs 煎鸡蛋 boiled eggs 煮鸡蛋 poached eggs 荷包蛋 omelet/omelette 摊鸡蛋/蛋卷 pickled cucumber 酸黄瓜 salad 色拉 salad dressing 色拉酱 chicken salad 鸡色拉 French 法式(色拉酱) vegebable salad 素菜色拉 Italian 意大利式(色拉酱) ham salad 火腿色拉 Blue cheese 蓝乳酪式(色拉酱) Russian 俄式(色拉酱) backed potato 烤土豆 mashed potato 土豆泥

* 中餐主菜Chinese Dishes
bean curb 豆腐 beansprouts 豆芽 steamed chicken 清蒸鸡 braised chicken 焖鸡 Beijing roast duck 北京烤鸭 preserved eggs 松花蛋 braised pork 红烧扣肉 red-cooked pork 红烧肉 sweet-sour pork 糖醋肉 broiled beef slices 烤牛肉片 chop suey 炒杂碎 stir-fried liver 炒猪肝 sweet-and-sour fish 糖醋鱼 meat balls 肉丸子 fried prawns 炸大虾 steamed turtle 炖甲鱼

6 甜点 Dessert
cake 蛋糕 cream cake 奶油蛋糕 ice-cream 冰淇淋 pie 馅饼 vanilla ice-cream 香草冰淇淋 shortcake 松饼 chocolate ice-cream 巧克力冰淇淋 tart 果馅饼 strawberry ice-cream 草霉冰淇淋 apple pie 苹果馅饼 ice sucker 冰棍 jello 冰糕 pastry 点心 yam 甜薯 sweet potato 番薯 raisin 葡萄干
7 酒水 DRINKS 软饮料非酒精饮料 soft drinks/beverages
* 咖啡 coffee
black coffee 不加牛奶的咖啡/清咖啡 decaffeinated coffee 无咖啡因的咖啡 white coffee 牛奶咖啡 coffee with cream and sugar 加奶加糖的咖啡 instant coffee 速溶咖啡 plain coffee 纯咖啡 milk 牛奶 tea 茶 green tea 绿茶 black tea 红茶 jasmine tea 茉莉花茶 tea bags 袋泡茶 yogurt 酸奶 cocacola/coke/cocoa 可口可乐 7-up 七喜 Pepsi Cola 百事可乐 Diet Pepsi 无糖百事可乐 Sprite 雪碧 fruit juice 水果汁 lemonade 柠檬汁 orangeade 桔子汁 mineral water 矿泉水 soda water 汽水 fresh orange juice 鲜桔子汁 Fruit Punch 水果混合饮料 beer 啤酒 light beer 淡啤酒 draught beer 扎啤

* 开胃酒 aperitive/apertif wine 低度酒/葡萄酒 white wine 白葡萄酒 red wine/port 红葡萄酒/红酒 sherry 雪利酒 champagne 香槟酒 cocktail 鸡尾酒 non-alcoholic cocktail 无酒精鸡尾酒 martini 马丁尼鸡尾酒 punch 潘趣酒 vermouth 味美思酒/苦艾酒 rose liquor 玫瑰酒 cider 苹果酒 烈性酒 liquor/spirit whisky 威士忌 brandy 白兰地 scotch 苏格兰威士忌 vodka 伏特加

中餐菜谱 Chinese Meal Menu(1)
冷盘类: hors d'oeuvers Jinjiang style 锦江拼盆 butterfly-shaped appetizer 蝴蝶冷盆 assorted appetizer 什锦冷盘 eight-diagram-shaped appetizer 太极八卦 spiced chicken liver and gizzard 卤鸡珍肝 shredded boiled pork meat 卤牛肉 spicy chicken giblets 卤鸡杂 salted duck gizzards 盐水鸭肫 duck wing tips 鸭翅膀 cold duck web 拌鸭掌 duck flippers with mustard sauce 芥末鸭掌 spiced peanuts 五香花生仁 sauté sword beans with dried shrimps 开洋炝刀豆 pickled hot vegetables 泡辣菜 cold vermicelli with mustard and meat shreds 冷拌粉皮 wine preserved crabs 醉蟹 boiled shrimps with salt 咸水虾 sliced pork tripe in hot chili oil 红油肚片 chicken pickled in fermented rice wine sauce 糟鸡 roast duck / goose 烧鸭(鹅) multi-flavor chicken 怪味鸡 spiced beef 麻辣牛肉条 mixed meat in aspic 白切肉 sauté meat and vegetable 什锦肉冻 marinated chicken feet 五香凤爪 spiced marinated chicken 五香酱鸡 chicken skin with mustard sauce 芥末鸡皮 chicken slices with bean jelly sheets 鸡丝粉皮 chicken sings with chili sauce and sesame paste 辣味麻酱鸡翅 roast duck shred in sauce 拌烤鸭丝

中餐菜谱 Chinese Meal Menu(2)
duck cutlets with sesame paste 麻酱鸭块 stewed salt-preserved duck 桂花盐水鸭 shrimp chip 虾片 cucumber with jellyfish and dried shelled shrimp 瓜皮虾 raw fish in sauce 生拌鱼 汤类: consommé 清汤 chowder 羹 double-stewed soup 老火汤 pork and radish soup 连锅汤 three fresh delicacies soup 三鲜汤 five-flavored mutton soup 五滋汤 shark's fin soup 鱼翅汤 scallop soup 干贝汤 snake potage with eight delicacies 八珍蛇羹 stewed white gourd soup with eight ingredients 八宝冬瓜盅 ginseng and black hen soup 人参炖乌鸡 laver egg soup 紫菜蛋花汤 soup with bamboo shoots and fresh mush 竹笋鲜蘑汤 mushroom soup 清炖冬菇汤 Mt. Lushan stone fungus soup 庐山石耳汤 sliced roast 火鸭芥菜汤 mashed chicken and asparagus soup 芦笋鸡茸汤 consommé of snow egg with bean sprouts 豆苗鞭蓉蛋汤

中餐菜谱 Chinese Meal Menu(3)
肉类: pork with preserved vegetable 梅菜扣肉 steamed minced pork with salt fish 咸鱼蒸肉饼 sauté diced pork fillet with brown sauce 酱炸里脊丁 ham with fresh bamboo shoots 鲜笋火腿 braised pork leg 红烧猪蹄 pig tripe with chili sauce 麻辣猪肚 sliced meat and liver with fried rice crust 双片锅巴 pork chops with bean sauce 豆豉排骨 pork chops with sweet and sour sauce 糖醋排骨 sauté pork cubelets with hot pepper 宫保肉丁 meat with cayenne pepper 麻辣白肉 braised pork tendons 红烧蹄筋 meat balls braised with brown sauce 红烧狮子头 fried crisp pork slices with sugar powder 糖粉酥肉 roasted suckling pig 烤乳猪 fried crisp pork 脆皮锅酥肉 stewed pork with preserved bean curd 腐乳炖肉 braised pork slices in soy sauce 红烧扣肉 quick-fried pork and scallions 葱爆肉 sweet and sour pork 咕噜肉 steamed pork with rice flavor in lotus leaves 荷叶粉蒸肉 double cooked pork slices 回锅肉 beef with orange peel 陈皮牛肉 mutton shashlik 烤羊肉串 rinse-mutton / mutton slices rinsed in chafing dish 涮羊肉 mutton braised in brown sauce 红烧羊肉

中餐菜谱 Chinese Meal Menu(4)
禽蛋类 bird' s nest in crystal sugar 冰糖燕窝 braised snipe in port wine 红酒烧竹鸡 grilled young pigeon 铁扒乳鸽 minced quail 鹌鹑松 eggs preserved in wine 糟蛋 pickled egg 酱蛋 egg in tea 茶叶蛋 spiced goose wing tps and webfeet 蒸腊鹅 spiced goose, Chaozhou style 潮州卤鹅 roast goose, Chaozhou style 潮州烧雁鹅 braised whole duck in soy sauce 红烧全鸭 spiced duck 五香鸭 steamed Nanjing salted duck 蒸南京板鸭 roast Beijing duck 北京烤鸭 sliced chicken in wine sauce 香糟鸡片 deep fried spring chicken 炸童子鸡 steamed chicken in lotus leaf packets 荷叶粉蒸鸡 fried chicken in paper packets 炸纸包鸡 chicken in orange flavor 陈皮鸡 curry chicken 咖喱鸡 braised chicken in casserole 砂锅鸡 mud-baked chicken 叫化子鸡

中餐菜谱 Chinese Meal Menu(5)
海鲜类如下:
consommé of abalone 清汤鲍鱼 consommé of fish maw 清汤鱼肚 steamed sea conch 清蒸大响螺 griddle cooked shark' s fin 干烤鱼翅 fried oysters 炸牡蛎 stewed scallops with fresh mushrooms 鲜菇烧干贝 stewed sea cucumber in brown sauce 红烧海参 steamed grass carp in soy sauce 豉油蒸鲩鱼 fried silver carp's head with sheet jelly 粉皮鱼头 sauté cuttlefish rolls with scallion 葱爆目鱼卷 stewed yellow croaker fillets in rice wine sauce 糟溜鱼片 fish slices with egg white 芙蓉鱼片 fried yellow croaker in squirrel shape 松鼠黄鱼 shrimp with crisp fish Sichuan style 四川香酥鱼 whole fried fish with pinenuts 烧松子鱼 fresh cuttlefish in chili sauce with peanuts 宫保墨鱼 Lushan fried stone fish with egg white 庐山芙蓉石鱼 bream fish in chicken oil 鸡油武昌鱼 steamed Yellow River carp 清蒸黄河鲤 steamed bass 清蒸鲈鱼 shrimp with lobster sauce 虾龙糊 fried fresh crab wit ginger sauce 姜汁大肉蟹 fish maw with crab meat 蟹粉鱼肚 fried prawns 干烧大虾 pan sauté shrimps wit egg white 煎芙蓉虾

中餐菜谱 Chinese Meal Menu(6)
Chines中餐主食和点心 e-English Classified Dictionary For Interpreters
stir-fried rice 炒饭 congee / porridge 粥;稀饭 rice crust 锅巴 hot candied apple 拔丝苹果 sweet tender beamcured 豆腐花 zongzi (sticky rice dumpling wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves) 粽子 sticky rice wrapped in lotus leaves 糯米糕 steamed corn-bread 窝头 deep fried twisted dough stick 油条 jiaozi (dumpling with vegetable and meat stuffing) 饺子 fried jiaozi / soft fried dumpling 锅贴 tangyuan / stuffed dumpling ball 汤圆 hundun, dumpling, ravioli 馄饨 shaomai (a steamed dumpling with the dough gathered the top) 烧麦 moon cake 月饼 sesame seed cake 烧饼 steamed sponge cake 蜂糕 deep-fried dough cake 油饼 fried meat pie 馅饼 jujube paste cake 枣泥饼 scallion cake 葱油饼 fried spring roll 春卷 fancy roll 银丝卷 steamed roll 花卷 Goubuli stuffed bun 狗不理包子 steamed dumpling with pork 小笼包 steamed dumplings stuffed with red bean paste 豆沙包 mantou (steamed bun) 馒头 rice noodles过桥米线 dandan noodles, Sichuan style 担担面 New Year cake 年糕 eight-treasure rice pudding 八宝饭

西餐菜谱
(1) 色拉: salad nicoise 尼斯式色拉 gelatin salad 胶状色拉 sunshine salad 胡萝卜色拉 waldorf salad 沃尔多夫色拉 vegetable combination salad 蔬菜大会色拉 mixed salad 什锦色拉 home-made vegetable salad 家常蔬菜色拉 fruit salad 水果色拉 vegetable salad 蔬菜色拉 chicken laesar salad 卤鸡色拉 tossed salad 油拌色拉

肉类如下:
rump steak 牛腿排 T-bone steak T形骨牛排 roast sirloin beef 烤牛外俏 green fillet 青春里脊 fillet steak, country style 乡村里脊扒 beef steak curried 咖喱牛排 plain fried calf ribs 清煎小牛排 fried calf ribs 炸小牛排 roast veal 烤小牛肉 ham steak 火腿扒 sauté pork chop 嫩煎猪排 roast lamb 烤羔羊肉 lamb couscous 羊肉库司 charcoal grilled minced lamb 串烤羊肉饼 roast saddle of mutton 烤羊里脊 grilled mutton chop 铁扒羊排 salami 意大利香肠 bologna sausage 大红肠 game pie 野味排

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