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行业的英语术语大全之国际贸易

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:hpj168 时间:2019-01-05 15:54:05 0 删除 编辑
出口信贷 export credit 出口津贴 export subsidy 商品倾销 dumping 外汇倾销 exchange dumping 优惠关税 special preferences 保税仓库 bonded warehouse 贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade 贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade 进口配额制 import quotas 自由贸易区 free trade zone 对外贸易值 value of foreign trade 国际贸易值 value of international trade 普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP 最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT
-------------------价格条件----------------------
价格术语trade term (price term)   运费freight 单价 price          码头费wharfage 总值 total value       卸货费landing charges 金额 amount         关税customs duty 净价 net price        印花税stamp duty 含佣价price including commission 港口税portdues 回佣return commission   装运港portof shipment 折扣discount,allowance   卸货港port of discharge 批发价 wholesale price  目的港portof destination 零售价 retail price    进口许口证inportlicence 现货价格spot price    出口许口证exportlicence 期货价格forward price 现行价格(时价)current price prevailingprice 国际市场价格 world (International)Marketprice 离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board 成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight 到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight

--------------------交货条件----------------------
交货delivery    轮船steamship(缩写S.S) 装运、装船shipment 租船charter (the chartered shep) 交货时间 time of delivery  定程租船voyage charter; 装运期限time of shipment   定期租船time charter 托运人(一般指出口商)shipper,consignor 收货人consignee 班轮regular shipping liner   驳船lighter 舱位shipping space       油轮tanker 报关clearance of goods   陆运收据cargo receipt 提货to take delivery of goods 空运提单airway bill     正本提单original BL 选择港(任意港)optional port       选港费optional charges 选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers account 一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment 一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st. 一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment 在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots 在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots 分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments 分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments 立即装运 immediate shipments 即期装运 prompt shipments 收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C 允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed partial shipment not permitted partial shipment not unacceptable

---------------交易磋商、合同签订-----------------
订单 indent       订货;订购 book; booking 电复 cable reply    实盘 firm offer 递盘 bid; bidding   递实盘 bid firm 还盘 counter offer   发盘(发价) offer 发实盘 offer firm    询盘(询价) inquiry;enquiry ---------------交易磋商、合同签订----------------- 指示性价格 price indication 速复 reply immediately 参考价 reference price 习惯做法 usual practice 交易磋商 business negotiation      不受约束 without engagement 业务洽谈 business discussion 限**复 subject to reply ** 限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here ** 有效期限 time of validity   有效至**: valid till ** 购货合同 purchase contract   销售合同 sales contract 购货确认书 purchase confirmation 销售确认书 sales confirmation       一般交易条件 general terms and conditions 以未售出为准 subject to prior sale 需经卖方确认 subject to sellers confirmation 需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation

------------------贸易方式------------------------
INT (拍卖auction)       寄售consignment 招标invitation of tender 投标submission of tender 一般代理人agent      总代理人general agent 代理协议agency agreement 累计佣金accumulative commission 补偿贸易compensation trade    (或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade    (又叫:往返贸易) counter trade 来料加工processing on giving materials 来料装配assembling on provided parts 独家经营/专营权exclusive right 独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement 独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency;    exclusive agent

-------------------品质条件-----------------------
品质 quality      原样 original sample 规格 specifications   复样 duplicate sample 说明 description    对等样品 countersample 标准 standard type   参考样品 reference sample 商品目录 catalogue   封样 sealed sample 宣传小册 pamphlet    公差 tolerance 货号 article No.    花色(搭配) assortment 样品 sample 5%     增减 5% plus or minus 代表性样品 representative sample 大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality
--------------------商检仲裁-----------------------
索赔 claim        争议disputes 罚金条款 penalty      仲裁arbitration 不可抗力 force Majeure  仲裁庭arbitral tribunal 产地证明书certificate of origin 品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quanlity 重量检验证书 inspection certificate of weight (quantity) **商品检验局 **commodity inspection bureau (*.C.I.B) 品质、重量检验证书 inspection certificate
---------------------数量条件-----------------------
个数 number         净重 net weight 容积 capacity        毛作净 gross for net 体积 volume         皮重 tare 毛重 gross weight      溢短装条款 more or less clause -----------------------外 汇-------------------------
外汇 foreign exchange   法定贬值 devaluation 外币 foreign currency   法定升值 revaluation 汇率 rate of exchange   浮动汇率floating rate 国际收支 balance of payments   硬通货 hard currency 直接标价 direct quotation    软通货 soft currency 间接标价 indirect quotation   金平价 gold standard 买入汇率 buying rate      通货膨胀 inflation 卖出汇率 selling rate     固定汇率 fixed rate 金本位制度 gold standard    黄金输送点 gold points 铸币平价 mint par    纸币制度 paper money system 国际货币基金 international monetary fund 黄金外汇储备 gold and foreign exchange reserve 汇率波动的官定上下限 official upper and lower limits of fluctuation

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