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中餐和西餐菜名大全(zt)

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:hpj168 时间:2019-05-27 08:48:05 0 删除 编辑

凉菜 cold dish

冷盘 cold dish

拼盘 assorted cold foods; hors d'oeuvres; assorted appetizers

凉拼盘 assorted cold foods; hors d'oeuvres; assorted appetizers

冷拼盘 assorted cold foods; hors d'oeuvres; assorted appetizers

什锦小吃 assorted cold foods; hors d'oeuvres; assorted appetizers


叉烧肉 roast pork fillet

白肉 plain boiled pork

酱肉 braised pork with soy sauce; spiced pork

酱猪肉 braised pork with soy sauce; spiced pork

酱肘子 braised pork shoulder with soy sauce; spiced pork shoulder

酱猪肘 braised pork leg with soy sauce; spiced pork leg

盐水肝 boiled liver with salt; salted liver

咸水肝 boiled liver with salt; salted liver

酱肚 braised pork tripe with soy sauce

红油肚丝 boiled shredded tripes with chilli/chili oil

凉拌肚丝 shredded tripes with soy sauce

拌肚丝 shredded tripes with soy sauce

凉拌腰片 boiled liver with salt; salted liver

拌腰片 boiled liver with salt; salted liver

炝腰花泡菜 boiled kidney with pickled vegetables

酱牛肉 braised beef with soy sauce; spiced beef

红油牛筋 boiled beef tendons with chilli/chili oil

盐水羊肉 boiled mutton with salt; salted mutton

咸水羊肉 boiled mutton with salt; salted mutton

凉拌鸡丝 shredded chicken with soy sauce

拌鸡丝 shredded chicken with soy sauce

白油鸡 steamed chicken

白切油鸡 sliced steamed chicken

白片鸡 sliced steamed chicken

盐水鸡 boiled chicken with salt; salted chicken

咸水鸡 boiled chicken with salt; salted chicken

童子油鸡 boiled tender chicken with soy sauce; soy tender chicken

白沾鸡 boiled tender chicken with soy sauce; soy tender chicken

白斩鸡 boiled tender chicken with soy sauce; soy tender chicken

蚝油白鸡 boiled chicken with oyster sauce

白露鸡 plain boiled chicken with mustard

白片鸡 boiled tender chicken slices

红油鸡丁 boiled diced chicken with chilli/chili soil

麻辣鸡 boiled chicken with chilli/chili and wild pepper sauce

卤鸡 boiled chicken with spices; spiced chicken;

pot-stewed chicken in soy sauce

卤鸡杂 boiled chicken giblets with spices; spiced chicken giblets

酱鸡 braised chicken with soy sauce

酱鸭 braised duck with soy sauce

盐水鸭 boil duck with salt; salted duck

咸水鸭 boil duck with salt; salted duck

盐水鸭肝 boiled duck liver with salt; salted duck liver

咸水鸭肝 boiled duck liver with salt; salted duck liver

卤鸭 boiled duck with spices; spiced duck;

pot-stewed duck in soy sauce

卤鸭翅 boiled duck wings with spices; spiced duck wings

姜芽鸭片 boiled sliced duck with ginger

红油鸭丁 boiled diced duck with chilli/chili oil

红油鸭掌 boiled duck webs with chilli/chili oil

拌鸭掌 duck webs with soy sauce; soy duck webs

腌鱼 salted fish

咸鱼 salted fish

熏鱼 smoked fish

糟鱼 pickled fish with distilled grains liquor dregs;

pickled fish with wine; pickled fish

姜汁鱼片 boiled fish slices with ginger sauce

红油鱼肚 boiled fish maw with chilli/chili oil

红油虾片 boiled prawn slices with chilli/chili oil

盐水大虾 boiled prawns with salt; salted prawns

咸水大虾 boiled prawns with salt; salted prawns

盐水虾 boiled shrimps with salt; salted shrimps

咸水虾 boiled shrimps with salt; salted shrimps

凉拌海带 shredded kelp with soy sauce

拌海带 shredded kelp with soy sauce

凉拌海蛰 shredded jelly-fish with soy sauce

拌海蛰 shredded jelly-fish with soy sauce

小葱拌豆腐 bean curd mixed with chopped green onion

凉拌豆芽菜 bean sprouts salad

凉拌干丝 shredded dried bean curd salad

卤香干 boiled bean cheese with spices; spicy bean cheese

酸黄瓜 pickled cucumber

酱黄瓜 pickled cucumber with soy sauce

辣黄瓜 pickled cucumber with chilli/chili sauce

泡菜 pickles; pickled vegetables; sauerkraut

朝鲜泡菜 kimchi

酱菜 pickles; pickled vegetables

小菜 pickles; pickled vegetables

咸菜 pickles; salted vegetables

酸菜 pickled Chinese cabbage

油炸花生 fried peanuts

油氽花生 fried peanuts

炸花生 fried peanuts

烤花生 baked peanuts

咸花生 salted peanuts

酱蛋 pickled egg

茶叶蛋 boiled egg with tea and soy sauce

松花蛋 preserved duck egg

咸鸭蛋 salted duck egg

水产品 aquatic product

1) fish

糖醋鱼片 fried fish slices with sweet and sour sauce

糖醋鱼块 fried fish slices with sweet and sour sauce

糖醋石斑鱼 fried garoupa with sweet and sour sauce

糖醋松子桂鱼 fried mandarin fish and pinenuts with sweet and sour sauce

熘鱼片 quick-fry fish slices with distilled grains sauce

焦熘鱼片 crisp fried fish slices with distilled grains sauce

焦熘黄鱼片 crisp fried yellow croaker slices with distilled grains sauce

椒盐黄鱼 fried yellow croaker with pepper sauce

糟熘鱼片 fried fish slices with distilled grains sauce

滑熘鱼片 fried fish slices with distilled grains sauce

炒鱼片 stir-fried fish slices

菜炒鱼片 stir-fried fish slices with vegetables

焦炒鱼片 stir-fried fish slices with bamboo shoots

焦熘鱼片 fried fish slices with sauce

茄汁鱼片 fried fish slices with tomato sauce

炸鱼条 fried fish slices

炸扒鱼片 deep fried garoupa slices

软炸鱼片 soft-fried sliced fish

酥炸鱼条 crisp fried sliced garoupa

炸鱼 deep-fried fish

炸桂鱼 deep-fried mandarin fish

炸板鱼 deep-fried sole

炸凤尾鱼 deep-fried anchovies

煎铜盆鱼 fried sea-bream

酱汁活鱼 fried fish with soy sauce and wine

芙蓉桂鱼 fried mandarin fish with egg white

茄汁鱼球 fried fish balls with tomato sauce

茄汁石斑块 deep fried garoupa slices with tomato sauce

烤酥鱼 baked crisp crucian carp

清蒸鱼 steamed fish

蒸鲜鱼 steamed fresh fish

清蒸全鱼 steamed whole fish

清蒸黄河鲤 steamed Yellow River carp

清蒸鲥鱼 steamed shad

清蒸桂鱼 steamed mandarin fish

清蒸鲈鱼腩 steamed perch-flank

清蒸糟青鱼 steamed black carp with distilled grains

豉汁蒸鱼 steamed fish with black bean sauce

豉油蒸生鱼 steamed rock-fish with soy sauce

豉油蒸鲩鱼 steamed tench with soy sauce

红烧鱼 braised fish with soy sauce;

stewed fish with soy sauce

红烧鲴鱼 braised catfish with soy sauce;

stewed catfish with brown sauce

红烧鳗鱼 braised eel with soy sauce;

stewed ell with brown sauce

红烧河鳗 braised ell with soy sauce;

stewed ell with brown sauce

红烧鲤鱼 braised carp with soy sauce;

stewed carp with brown sauce

红烧鲤鱼头 braised carp head with soy sauce;

stewed carp head with brown sauce

红烧青鱼 braised black carp with soy sauce;

stewed black carp with brown sauce

蒜头烧黄鳝 braised finless ell with garlic;

stewed finless eel with garlic

烧青衣鱼头 braised green wrasse head;

stewed green wrasse head

红烧桂鱼 braised mandarin fish with soy sauce;

stewed mandarin fish

with brown sauce

白汁鳜鱼 braised mandarin fish with white sauce;

stewed mandarin fish

with white sauce

菜炒鲈鱼 stir-fried perch with vegetables

炒鳝丝 stir-fried shredded finless eel

炒鳝片 stir-fried eel slices

松鼠黄鱼 fried yellow croaker in squirrel shape

熏黄鱼 smoked yellow croaker

白汁熏鲳鱼 smoked pomfret with white sauce

清炖甲鱼 braised turtle in clear soup

凤足炖甲鱼 steamed turtle with chicken's feet in soup

甲鱼裙边煨肥猪肉 stewed calipash and calipee with fat pork

火腿甲鱼汤 turtle soup with ham

炒鱿鱼 stir-fried squid

炒鱿鱼丝 stir-fried shredded squid

冬笋炒鱿鱼 stir-fried squid with fresh bamboo shoots

咖喱鱿鱼 fried squid with curry

蛋皮鱼卷 fried fish roll

炒木须银鱼 fried white bait with eggs

a.鱼翅 shark's fins

蟹肉鱼翅 braised shark's fins with minced crab meat

鸡茸鱼翅 braised shark's fins with minced chicken

鸡丝鱼翅 braised shark's fins with shredded chicken; braised shark's fin

with chicken shreds

鸡兰鱼翅 braised shark's fin with chicken shreds and bamboo shoots

鸡包鱼翅 braised chicken stuffed with shark's fin

鸡汁鱼翅 braised shark's fin with chicken gravy

红烧鱼翅 braised shark's fins with brown sauce; braised shark's fins

with soy sauce

红扒鱼翅 braised shark's fins with brown sauce; braised shark's fins

with soy sauce

白扒鱼翅 braised shark's fins with white sauce

海味扒鱼翅 braised shark's fins with sea food

清汤鱼翅 shark's fins in clear soup

b.鱼唇 fish lips

蚝油鱼唇 braised fish lips with oyster oil

蟹肉鱼唇 stewed fish lips with crab meat

白汁鱼唇 stewed shark's lips with white sauce

c.鱼肚 fish maw

鱼扒鱼肚 braised fish maw with white sauce

红烧鱼肚 braised fish maw with soy sauce; stewed fish maw with soy sauce

鸡丝烩鱼肚 stewed fish maw with shredded chicken

蟹肉鱼肚 stewed fish maw with crab meat

奶油鱼肚 fried fish maw with cream sauce

虾仁鱼肚 fried fish maw with shelled shrimps

三鲜鱼肚 fish maw with balls of shelled shrimps, fish and minced pork

清汤鱼肚 fish maw in clear soup

鱼肚鸡片汤 codfish maw soup with sliced chicken

2) shrimp

盐水虾 boiled shrimps with shell in salt water

面拖虾 shrimp fritters

清炒虾仁 stir-fried shelled shrimps

炒虾仁 stir-fried shelled shrimps

芙蓉虾仁 stir-fried shelled shrimps with egg-white sauce

面包虾仁 stir-fried shelled shrimps on croutons

青豆虾仁 stir-fried shelled shrimps with green gravy

茄汁虾仁 stir-fried shelled shrimps with tomato sauce

蟹黄虾仁 stir-fried shelled shrimps with crab roe

锅巴虾仁 stir-fried shelled shrimps with crispy fried rice crust

凤肝虾仁 stir-fried shelled shrimps with chicken liver

菜炒虾脯 stir-fried minced shrimps with vegetables

油炸虾丸 fried shrimp balls

虾仁扒豆腐 stewed shelled shrimps with bean curd

烩虾仁 braised shrimp meat

油焖大虾 braised prawns

黄焖大虾 braised prawns with brown sauce

红烧对虾 braised prawns with soy sauce

红烧明虾 braised prawns with soy sauce

罐焖大虾 braised prawns in pot; pot-braised prawns

荷包金鲤虾 braised prawns stuffed with glutinous rice in the shape of

golden carp

炸大虾 fried prawns; deep-fried prawns; fried jumbo shrimps

炸金钱大虾 fried prawns in the shape of golden coin

炸烹大虾 fried giant prawns; grilled prawns with sauce

椒盐大虾 fried prawns with pepper sauce

炸虾串 fried prawn shashlik

炸虾托 fried prawn canape

软炸虾 soft-fried prawn slices

炒虾片 stir-fried prawn slices

炒大虾片 stir-fried prawn slices

炒鸡肝虾片 fried prawn slices with chicken liver

炸虾饼 fried prawn cutlets; fried shrimp cutlets

煎虾饼 fried prawn cutlets; fried shrimp cutlets

茄汁虾片 fried prawns with tomato sauce

煎明虾 fried prawns with shell in gravy

煎明虾段 fried prawn sections

干烧明虾 fried prawns with pepper sauce

煎酿大明虾 fried giant prawns with soy and ginger sauce

炸竹笋脆虾 fried prawns with bamboo shoots

炸凤尾明虾 fried prawns in the shape of phoeni

炸虾球 fried prawn balls; deepfried prawn meat balls

煎虾丸 fried shrimp balls with sauce

鲜菇炒大虾 stir-fried prawns with fresh mushrooms

鲜菇炒虾球 stir-fried shelled shrimp balls with mushrooms

菜花炒虾丸 stir-fried jumbo shrimp balls with cauliflower

红煤虾球 braised jumbo shrimp balls with cauliflower

辣味烩虾 braised prawns with chilli/chili sauce

辣昧烩虾球 braised prawn balls with chilli/chili sauce

3) crab

蒸螃蟹 steamed crab

蒸梭子蟹 steamed sea crabs

醉蟹 liquor preserved crab

姜汁大肉蟹 fried fresh crab with ginger sauce

酱油蟹 fried crabs with bean sauce

炒蟹肉 stir-fried crab meat

炒海蟹肉 stir-fried minced crab meat

蟹肉豆腐 stir-fried minced crab meat with bean curd

奶汁蟹肉 stir-fried minced crab meat with cream sauce

香菇蟹肉 stir-fried crab meat with mushrooms

芙蓉蟹肉 stir-fried crab meat with egg-white

菜炖蟹肉 stewed crab meat with vegetables

蟹肉狮子头 stewed crab meat with minced pork balls

4)海参 sea cucumber

海参烩鸡丝 stewed sea cucumbers with shredded chicken

海参扒鸡条 braised sea cucumbers with sliced chicken

海参肉片 braised sea cucumbers with pork slices

红烧海参 braised sea cucumbers with brown sauce;

braised sea cucumbers with soy sauce

葱烧海参 braised sea cucumbers with spring onions

麻辣海参片 braised sea cucumbers with chilli/chili sauce

胡辣海参片 braised sea cucumbers with chilli/chili sauce

鱼丸烧海参 stewed sea cucumbers with fish balls

鸡茸海参 fried sea cucumbers with mashed chicken;

fried sea cucumbers with minced chicken

火腿肉丸烧海参 stewed sea cucumbers with pork balls and ham slices

虾仁海参 stewed sea cucumbers with shrimps

鲍鱼海参 fricassee sea cucumbers with abalone

芙蓉海参 fricassee sea cucumbers with egg white

5)鲍鱼 abalone

蚝汁鲍鱼片 fried abalone slices with oyster sauce

蚝油焖鲍鱼 stewed abalone slices with oyster sauce

红烧鲍鱼 braised abalone with soy sauce

红烧酥鲍 braised abalone with soy sauce

红烧鲜鲍 braised fresh abalone with soy sauce

黄焖干鲍 braised abalone with brown sauce

红炖紫鲍 braised abalone garnished with green vegetables

白扒鲍鱼 braised abalone with white sauce

鸡茸金钱鲍 fricassee abalone with minced chicken

鸡茸炒鲍丝 fried abalone shreds with minced chicken

鸡片鲍鱼 fried abalone with sliced chicken

鸡翅鲍鱼片 braised abalone slices with chicken wings

鸡球鲍脯 braised abalone with chicken balls

冬菇鲍鱼 braised abalone with black mushrooms

蘑菇鲍脯 braised abalone with fresh mushrooms

鸡油鲍鱼磨菇 fried abalone and mushrooms with chicken fat

鸡汁鲍鱼鱼翅 steamed abalone with shark's fins in chicken soup

蚝油小鲍鱼 fried awabi with oyster sauce

6)贝类 shellfish

面拖牡蛎 oyster fritters

白灼螺片 fried sliced whelk

鸡肉螺片 fried sliced whelk with chicken

凤肝螺片 fried sliced whelk with chicken liver

蚝油干贝 fried dried scallops with oyster sauce

油爆干贝 fried dried scallops with choice vegetables

白汁干贝 stewed dried scallops with white sauce

鸡冻干贝 fricassee scallop in chicken mousse肉类 meat

1)猪肉 pork

炸酱肉丁 fried pork dices with soya bean paste

酱爆肉丁 stir-fried diced pork with bean sauce;

quick-fried diced pork with soybean paste

宫爆肉丁 stir-fried diced pork with chilli/chili sauce and peanuts

板酱肉丁 stir-fried iced pork with chilli/chili sauce

辣子肉丁 stir-fried diced pork with green pepper

青椒肉丁 stir-fried diced pork with green pepper

青豆肉丁 stir-fried diced pork with green peas

炒肉片 stir-fried pork slices

脆皮锅酥肉 deep fried pork slices

焦熘肉片 crisp fried pork slices with sauce

回锅辣白肉 stir-fried boiled pork slices with hot sauce;

twice-cooked pork slices with hot sauce

回锅肉 stir-fried boiled pork slices with hot sauce;

twice-cooked pork slices with hot sauce

炒木须肉 stir-fried pork slices with eggs and fungi;

stir-fried pork slices with scrambled eggs

木须肉 stir-fried pork slices with eggs and fungi;

stir-fried pork slices with scrambled eggs

糖醋古老肉 fried pork slices with sweet and sour sauce

古老肉 fried pork slices with sweet and sour sauce

青椒肉片 fried pork slices with green pepper

葱烹白肉 fried pork slices with leeks

葱爆肉粉条 fried pork slices and bean starch vermicelli with leeks

清炸里脊 fried pork fillet slices with leeks

葱爆里脊 fried pork fillet slices with leeks

葱爆里脊丁 fried diced tenderloin with scallion

酱爆里脊肉 fried diced tenderloin with soybean paste

酱炸里脊丁 fried diced tenderloin with soy sauce

糖醋里脊 fried pork fillet slices with sweet and sour sauce

软炸里脊 soft-fried pork fillet slices

铁扒里脊 grilled pork fillet slices

豆腐烧肉片 stewed sliced pork with bean curd

腐乳汁烧肉 stewed pork with preserved bean curd

糟肉 steamed preserved pork with distilled grains liquor dregs

米粉蒸肉 steamed pork slices with glutinous rice flour;

steamed pork slices with ground glutinous rice

粉蒸肉 steamed pork slices with glutinous rice flour;

steamed pork slices with ground glutinous rice

米粉肉 steamed pork slices with glutinous rice flour;

steamed pork slices with ground glutinous rice

荷叶米粉蒸肉 steamed pork slices with glutinous rice flour wrapped in

lotus

leaves; steamed rice-flour-coated pork wrapped in lotus leaves

冬菜扣肉 steamed pork slices with spicy cabbage

青椒塞肉 steamed green pepper stuffed with minced pork

扒白条 braised pork slices

红烧猪肉 braised pork with soy sauce; braised pork with soy sauce

红烧肉 braised pork with soy sauce; braised pork with soy sauce

栗子红烧肉 braised pork with chestnuts

烩里脊丝 braised tenderloin shreds

酱爆白肉 stir-fried pork with soybean paste

炒肉丝 stir-fried shredded pork

芙蓉肉丝 stir-fried shredded pork with egg-white sauce;

stir-fried shredded pork with egg-white

鱼香肉丝 stir-fried pork shreds with chilli/chili sauce

冬笋炒肉丝 stir-fried pork shreds with bamboo shoots;

stir-fried shredded pork with bamboo shoots

冬笋肉丝 stir-fried pork shreds with bamboo shoots;

stir-fried shredded pork with bamboo shoots

肉丝炒青椒 stir-fried pork shreds with green pepper

蔬菜肉丝 stir-fried shredded pork with vegetables

榨菜肉丝 stir-fried shredded pork with hot pickled tuber mustard

炒腊肉 stir-fried cured pork

炸猪肉串 pork shashlik

煎猪肉串 pork shashlik

炸丸子 fried pork balls

红烧狮子头 stewed large pork ball with brown sauce

冬瓜火腿 stewed sliced ham with white gourd

火腿酿冬瓜 stewed ham-stuffed white gourd

冰糖蜜灸火腿 stewed ham with crystal sugar

炒猪肝 stir-fried pig's liver

炒肝尖 stir-fried pig's liver

熘肝尖 quick-fried liver with distilled grains sauce

软炸猪肝 soft-fried pig's liver

清炸猪肝 fried pig's liver

炸腰花 fried pig's kidney

炒双脆 fried kidney with pork tripe

炒腰花 stir-fried pig's kidney; fried sliced pig's kidney

炒腰肝 stir-fried pig's kidney and liver

椒麻腰片 steamed sliced kidney with hot sauce

鸡熘爆肚 fried pork tripe with chicken

双片锅巴 sliced pork and liver with fried rice crust

红烧蹄筋 braised pork tendons with soy sauce;

braised pork tendons with brown sauce

椒盐排骨 fried pork ribs with pepper sauce

豉汁排骨 fried spareribs with black bean sauce

糖醋排骨 fried spareribs with sweet and sour sauce

炒什件 fried mixed meat

烤乳猪 roast piglet; roast suckling pig

猪杂碎 chopsuey; cooked chopped entrails of pigs; cooked chopped

entrails

杂碎 chopsuey; cooked chopped entrails of pigs; cooked chopped

entrails

杂烩 chopsuey; cooked chopped entrails of pigs; cooked chopped

entrails

2)牛肉 beef

腌牛肉 salted beef; corn beef

米粉蒸牛肉 steamed beef with glutinous rice flour

粉蒸牛肉 steamed beef with glutinous rice flour

蒸牛肉丸 steamed beef balls

咖喱牛肉 fried beef with curry

葱爆牛肉 fried beef with leeks

芝麻牛肉 fried beef with sesame

茄汁牛肉 fried beef with tomato sauce

滑蛋牛肉 fried beef with scrambled eggs

干煸牛肉 dry fried shredded beef with pepper sauce

炒牛肉片 stir-fried sliced beef

青椒牛肉片 fried sliced beef with green chilli/chili pepper

茄汁牛肉片 fried sliced beef with tomato sauce

炒牛肉丝 stir-fried shredded beef

洋葱牛肉丝 fried shredded beef with onions

冬笋牛肉丝 fried beef shreds with bamboo shoots

菜尖牛肉丝 stir-fried shredded beef with mung bean sprouts

烤牛肉 broiled beef slices

煨牛肉 simmered beef

焖牛肉 braised beef

炖牛肉 braised beef

红焖牛肉 braised beef with soy sauce

蚝油牛肉 braised beef with oyster sauce

红烧牛腩 braised beef tenderloin chunks with soy sauce

红煨牛肉 stewed beef with soy sauce

红烧牛尾 stewed ox tail with brown sauce

红烧牛舌 stewed ox tongue with brown sauce

白汁牛筋 stewed ox tendon with white sauce

红烧牛尾 braised ox tail with soy sauce

红烧牛杂 braised beef offal with soy sauce

牛杂碎 cooked chopped beef offal; cooked chopped entrails of oxen

牛杂烩 cooked chopped beef offal; cooked chopped entrails of oxen

3)羊肉 mutton

炮羊肉 quick-fried mutton

红烧羊肉 braised mutton with soy sauce;

stewed mutton with brown sauce

烧羊肉 braised mutton with soy sauce; stewed mutton with brown sauce

红煨羊肉 braised mutton with soy sauce; stewed mutton with brown sauce

罐焖羊肉 braised mutton in pot; pot-braised mutton

白扣羊肉 plain boiled mutton

涮羊肉 instant boiled sliced mutton;

Mongol's hot pot; sliced mutton rinsed in chafing dish

烤羊肉 roast mutton

烤羊排 roast mutton chops

烤羊肉串 roasted mutton cubes on spit

芝麻羊肉 fried mutton with sesame

炒羊肚 fried lamb tripe

炸羊肉串 fried lamb shashlik

羊杂碎 cooked chopped entrails of sheep

羊杂烩 cooked chopped entrails of sheep

4)野味 game

五香兔肉 spicy sliced hare

冬笋炒兔片 stir-fried rabbit slices with bamboo shoots

红煤鹿肉 braised venison of the spotted deer with brown sauce

清炖鹿肉 braised venison in clear soup

红烧熊掌 braised bear's paw with soy sauce

炸田鸡腿 fried frog legs

豆豉田鸡腿 fried frog legs with fermented soya beans1 烹调方式 2 调味品 3 汤类 4 主食 5 主菜 6 甜点 7 酒水

1 烹调方式 Cooking Method

fried... ... deep fried... 炸(干炸)...

quick-fried/stir-fried...(爆)炒... braised... 炖(烧)... stewed...

闷(炖、煨)... steamed...... smoked... ... roast... ... grilled...

... crisp... 香酥... spicy... 麻辣... caramelized... 拔丝...

toffee...拔丝... dices... ... mashed... ...馅、泥 ...in brown sauce

红烧... ...in soy sauce 酱汁... ...in hot sauce 干烧... ...in tomato sauce

茄汁... ...in black bean sauce 豆瓣... ...in rice wine 糟溜... ...with

fish flavor 鱼香... ...with sweet and sour flavor 糖醋... ...in soup

... ...shreds ... ...slices ... ...cubes ...

2 调味品 Condiments table salt 食盐 sugar 白糖 cheese 奶酪/干酪 vinegar

butter 黄油 pepper 胡椒 soy sauce 酱油 cream 奶油 curry 咖哩 mustard 芥茉 tomato

sauce 蕃茄酱 honey 蜂蜜 gravy 肉汁 jam 果酱 cube sugar 方糖 ginger garlic 大蒜

shallot 大葱 mayonnaise 蛋黄酱 sweet soybean paste 甜面酱

3 汤类 Soup clear soup/thin soup/consomme

清汤 pottage/thick soup 浓汤 broth 肉汤 beef soup 牛肉汤 tomato soup 西红柿汤

cabbage soup 洋白菜汤 vegetable soup 菜汤 chicken soup 鸡汤 creamed chicken

soup 奶油鸡汤 fish and tomato soup 红鱼汤 creamed ham soup 奶油火腿汤 beef balls

soup 牛肉丸子汤 creamed prawn soup 奶油虾汤 beef and vegetable soup 牛肉蔬菜汤

creamed spinach soup 奶油菠菜汤 hot and sour soup 酸辣汤 minced chicken and

corn pottage 鸡茸粟米汤 curry chicken soup 咖哩鸡汤

4 主食 Staple food 中餐主食Chinese Food rice gruel/porridge

大米粥 millet gruel 小米粥 steamed bun/steamed bread 馒头 steamed twisted

roll 花卷 meat pie 馅饼 pancake 煎饼 meatbun/steamed bread with stuffings

包子 dumpling 饺子 wonton/dumpling soup 馄饨 noodles 面条 sichuan style

noodles with peppery sauce 担担面 fried noodles 炒面 stretched noodles 拉面

noodles with soup 汤面 noodles with soybean paste 炸酱面 beef noodles 牛肉面

spring roll/egg roll 春卷 rice noodles 米线 sweet dumpling 元宵 egg fried

rice 蛋炒饭 deep-fried dough sticks 油条 soybean milk 豆浆 muffin 松糕/

cruller 油饼

西餐主食Western Food bread

面包 toast 烤面包/土司 rye bread 黑麦面包 bun 小圆面包 hamburger 汉堡包 bacon

cheeseburger 腊肉奶酪汉堡包 sandwich 三明治 tuna sandwich 金枪鱼三明治 hotdog 热狗

biscuits/crackers/cookies 饼干 pancake 烤饼/薄饼 pizza 比萨饼 meat-pie 肉馅饼

barley gruel 大麦粥 oatmeal 燕麦粥 French fries 炸薯条 pudding 布丁 macaroni

通心面 spaghetti 意大利面条

5 主菜 Entrees 西餐主菜Western Entrees beef steak

牛排 (rare) 半熟的(牛排) roast beef 烤牛排 (medium-rare) 适中偏生的(牛排) curry beef

咖哩牛排 (medium) 适中的(牛排) real cutlet/veal chop 小牛排 (medium-well done)

适中偏熟的(牛排) roast veal 烤小牛排 (well done) 熟透的(牛排) spiced beef 五香牛排

braised beef 焖牛排 roast mutton 烤羊肉 lamb chop 羊排 porp chop 猪排 sliced

ham 火腿片 roast turkey 烤火鸡 roast chicken 烤油鸡 curried chicken 咖哩鸡 roast

duck 烤鸭 smoked carp 熏鲤鱼 sardine 沙丁鱼 fried fish 炸鱼 fried eggs 煎鸡蛋

boiled eggs 煮鸡蛋 poached eggs 荷包蛋 omelet/omelette 摊鸡蛋/蛋卷 pickled

cucumber 酸黄瓜 salad 色拉 salad dressing 色拉酱 chicken salad 鸡色拉 French

法式(色拉酱) vegebable salad 素菜色拉 Italian 意大利式(色拉酱) ham salad 火腿色拉 Blue

cheese 蓝乳酪式(色拉酱) Russian 俄式(色拉酱) backed potato 烤土豆 mashed potato 土豆泥

中餐主菜Chinese Dishes bean curb

豆腐 beansprouts 豆芽 steamed chicken 清蒸鸡 braised chicken 焖鸡 Beijing

roast duck 北京烤鸭 preserved eggs 松花蛋 braised pork 红烧扣肉 red-cooked pork

红烧肉 sweet-sour pork 糖醋肉 broiled beef slices 烤牛肉片 chop suey 炒杂碎

stir-fried liver 炒猪肝 sweet-and-sour fish 糖醋鱼 meat balls 肉丸子 fried

prawns 炸大虾 steamed turtle 炖甲鱼

6 甜点 Dessert cake

蛋糕 cream cake 奶油蛋糕 ice-cream 冰淇淋 pie 馅饼 vanilla ice-cream 香草冰淇淋

shortcake 松饼 chocolate ice-cream 巧克力冰淇淋 tart 果馅饼 strawberry

ice-cream 草霉冰淇淋 apple pie 苹果馅饼 ice sucker 冰棍 jello 冰糕 pastry 点心 yam

甜薯 sweet potato 番薯 raisin 葡萄干

7 酒水

DRINKS 软饮料非酒精饮料 soft drinks/beverages coffee

咖啡

black coffee 不加牛奶的咖啡/清咖啡 decaffeinated coffee 无咖啡因的咖啡 white coffee

牛奶咖啡 coffee with cream and sugar 加奶加糖的咖啡 instant coffee 速溶咖啡 plain

coffee 纯咖啡 milk 牛奶 tea green tea 绿茶 black tea 红茶 jasmine tea 茉莉花茶

tea bags 袋泡茶 yogurt 酸奶 cocacola/coke/cocoa 可口可乐 7-up 七喜 Pepsi Cola

百事可乐 Diet Pepsi 无糖百事可乐 Sprite 雪碧 fruit juice 水果汁 lemonade 柠檬汁

orangeade 桔子汁 mineral water 矿泉水 soda water 汽水 fresh orange juice

鲜桔子汁 Fruit Punch 水果混合饮料 beer 啤酒 light beer 淡啤酒 draught beer 扎啤

开胃酒

aperitive/apertif wine 低度酒/葡萄酒 white wine 白葡萄酒 red wine/port 红葡萄酒/红酒

sherry 雪利酒 champagne 香槟酒 cocktail 鸡尾酒 non-alcoholic cocktail 无酒精鸡尾酒

martini 马丁尼鸡尾酒 punch 潘趣酒 vermouth 味美思酒/苦艾酒 rose liquor 玫瑰酒 cider 苹果酒

烈性酒 liquor/spirit whisky 威士忌 brandy 白兰地 scotch 苏格兰威士忌 vodka 伏特加

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