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abap submit 的使用方法 不同情况

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:SAP骑士 时间:2009-06-23 15:30:48 0 删除 编辑

1、最普通的用法

*Code used to execute a report
SUBMIT Zreport.

2、带select-options程序的Submit的用法

*Code used to populate 'select-options' & execute report
DATA: seltab type table of rsparams,
      seltab_wa like line of seltab.

  seltab_wa-selname = 'PNPPERNR'.
  seltab_wa-sign    = 'I'.
  seltab_wa-option  = 'EQ'.

* load each personnel number accessed from the structure into
* parameters to be used in the report
  loop at pnppernr.
    seltab_wa-low = pnppernr-low.
    append seltab_wa to seltab.
  endloop.
  SUBMIT zreport with selection-table seltab
                                via selection-screen.

3、带parameters程序的Submit的用法

*Code used to populate 'parameters' & execute report

 SUBMIT zreport with p_param1 = 'value'
with p_param2 = 'value'.

4、其他情况

*Submit report and return to current program afterwards

 SUBMIT zreport AND RETURN.

*Submit report via its own selection screen
 SUBMIT zreport VIA SELECTION-SCREEN.

*Submit report using selection screen variant
 SUBMIT zreport USING SELECTION-SET 'VARIANT1'.

*Submit report but export resultant list to memory, rather than
*it being displayed on screen
 SUBMIT zreport EXPORTING LIST TO MEMORY.
* Once report has finished and control has returned to calling
* program, use function modules LIST_FROM_MEMORY, WRITE_LIST and
* DISPLAY_LIST to retrieve and display report.


*Example Code (Retrieving list from memory)
DATA BEGIN OF itab_list OCCURS 0.
INCLUDE STRUCTURE abaplist.
DATA END OF itab_list.

DATA: BEGIN OF vlist OCCURS 0,
filler1(01) TYPE c,
field1(06) TYPE c,
filler(08) TYPE c,
field2(10) TYPE c,
filler3(01) TYPE c,
field3(10) TYPE c,
filler4(01) TYPE c,
field4(3) TYPE c,
filler5(02) TYPE c,
field5(15) TYPE c,
filler6(02) TYPE c,
field6(30) TYPE c,
filler7(43) TYPE c,
field7(10) TYPE c,
END OF vlist.

SUBMIT zreport EXPORTING LIST TO MEMORY.

CALL FUNCTION 'LIST_FROM_MEMORY'
TABLES
listobject = itab_list
EXCEPTIONS
not_found = 4
OTHERS = 8.

CALL FUNCTION 'LIST_TO_ASCI'
EXPORTING
list_index = -1
TABLES
listasci = vlist
listobject = itab_list
EXCEPTIONS
empty_list = 1
list_index_invalid = 2
OTHERS = 3.

IF sy-subrc NE '0'.
WRITE:/ 'LIST_TO_ASCI error !! ', sy-subrc.
ENDIF.

5、Submit为后台执行

*Submit report as job(i.e. in background)

data: jobname like tbtcjob-jobname value
' TRANSFER TRANSLATION'.
data: jobcount like tbtcjob-jobcount,
host like msxxlist-host.
data: begin of starttime.
include structure tbtcstrt.
data: end of starttime.
data: starttimeimmediate like btch0000-char1.

* Job open
call function 'JOB_OPEN'
exporting
delanfrep = ' '
jobgroup = ' '
jobname = jobname
sdlstrtdt = sy-datum
sdlstrttm = sy-uzeit
importing
jobcount = jobcount
exceptions
cant_create_job = 01
invalid_job_data = 02
jobname_missing = 03.
if sy-subrc ne 0.
"error processing
endif.

* Insert process into job
SUBMIT zreport and return
with p_param1 = 'value'
with p_param2 = 'value'
user sy-uname
via job jobname
number jobcount.
if sy-subrc > 0.
"error processing
endif.

* Close job
starttime-sdlstrtdt = sy-datum + 1.
starttime-sdlstrttm = '220000'.
call function 'JOB_CLOSE'
exporting
event_id = starttime-eventid
event_param = starttime-eventparm
event_periodic = starttime-periodic
jobcount = jobcount
jobname = jobname
laststrtdt = starttime-laststrtdt
laststrttm = starttime-laststrttm
prddays = 1
prdhours = 0
prdmins = 0
prdmonths = 0
prdweeks = 0
sdlstrtdt = starttime-sdlstrtdt
sdlstrttm = starttime-sdlstrttm
strtimmed = starttimeimmediate
targetsystem = host
exceptions
cant_start_immediate = 01
invalid_startdate = 02
jobname_missing = 03
job_close_failed = 04
job_nosteps = 05
job_notex = 06
lock_failed = 07
others = 99.
if sy-subrc eq 0.
"error processing
endif.

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