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成本变式-传递控制

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:mashipu 时间:2009-04-03 15:22:39 0 删除 编辑

定义传递策略

In this step you define parameters for partial costing. The purpose of partial costing is to prevent the system from creating a new cost estimate for a material when costing data already exists. Instead, the existing costing data is simply transferred into the new cost estimate. This improves performance.在这一步中你定义局部成本的参数。局部成本的目的是防止当成本数据已经存在的情况下为一个物料创建一个新的成本评估。改为已经存在的成本数据简单的传入新的成本评估。这提高了性能。

 

Partial Costing局部成本

 

Partial costing is particularly useful in the following situations:局部成本在下面情形中特别有用

 

You want to cost a new product. The BOM for this product contains materials that have already been costed, and you do not want to cost these materials again.你想计算一个新产品的成本。这个产品BOM包含的物料已经计算了成本,并且你不想重新计算这些物料的成本

You want to cost all new products during the fiscal year. You define a costing run that includes all materials, and use transfer control so that only new products are selected.在会计年度中,你想计算所有新产品的成本,你定义了一个计算成本运作,其包括所有物料,并起用传递控制,这样只有新产品别执行成本核算。

You want to plan the costs for a sales order in product costing.在产品成本计算的时候,你想为销售定单计划一下成本。

Some materials are carried in the sales order stock. These materials are produced or ordered for the sales order. You want to recost these materials.有些物料在销售定单库存中被传送。因销售定单,这些物料被生产或别采购,你想重新计算这些物料的成本。

Other materials are carried as collective requirements. These materials are withdrawn from stock and the costs are taken from the current standard cost estimate.有些物料作为集合的需求被传送,这些物料从库存提取,成本来自当前的标准成本评估

In the special procurement type you specified that cross-plant transfer is to take place. In the other plant, the quantity structure is not determined and is not costed.在特殊的采购类型中,你指定跨工厂的传送要发生。在其它厂,数量结构没确定,并且没有计算成本。

The costing variant specifies a tranfer control that establishes the strategy sequence for the search for costing data:成本变量指定一个传送控制,该控制确定查找这些成本数据的策略顺序

 

Single-Plant Transfer单工厂传送

If cost estimates for certain materials already exist in the individual levels of the BOM, they are not recosted. Rather, the existing costing data is transferred into the cost estimate in accordance with the transfer control.如果某些物料的成本估算在BOM的单独标准中已经存在,它们不需要重新成本估算。依照传送控制,已经存在的成本数据被传送进成本估算中。

If you always want to recost, choose the transfer control No transfer.如果你一直想计算成本,选择 传送控制 无传递

Cross-Plant Transfer 跨工厂传递

The following special procurement types are taken into account for transfer into material cost estimates:传递物料成本评估考虑下面特殊的存取类型

Transfer from other plant 从其它工厂传递

Production in other plant在其它工厂生产

If you have entered one of these special procurement types in the costing view of the material master record, the system proceeds as follows:如果你在物料主记录的成本视图中录入了特殊采购类型之一,系统发生如下情况:

In the plant from which the material component is withdrawn according to the special procurement type, the system looks for existing costing data and transfers that data into the cost estimate.在依照特殊的获取类型指定的物料部件被提取的工厂,系统搜索已经存在的成本数据并传送这些数据到成本核算中。

It ignores any cost estimates for the material component that exist in the plant in which the cost estimate is being created.在要被成本核算的工厂,如果物料部件已经有成本核算数据

For materials in plants that are assigned to another company code, you specify how the system should proceed in the step Activate cross-company costing:对于工厂中被分配到其它公司的物料,有要在激活跨公司成本核算的步骤中指定系统如何处理

If you are costing across company codes, the system transfers the costing data from the other plant.如果你正跨公司代码的计算成本,系统从其它工厂传送成本数据。

If you have not activated cross-company costing, the system uses a price from the material master record.如果你眉宇激活跨公司成本核算,系统用物料记录中的价格。

If you have not entered a special procurement type in the material master record in the Costing view, the special procurement type in the MRP view is used.如果在物料主记录的成本视图中你没录入一个特殊的采购类型,使用在MRP视图中的特殊采购类型。

If you do not want to use the costing data from other plants, choose the transfer control no transfer.如果你不想从其它工厂传递成本数据,选择传递控制 无传递。

Strategy Sequences for Single-Plant and Cross-Plant Transfer单工厂和跨工厂策略顺序

 

The strategy sequence determines the order in which the system searches for costing data. If the system cannot select a cost estimate even after reaching the end of the strategy sequence, it explodes the BOM of the material and creates a new cost estimate.策略顺序确定在系统查找成本数据的次序。如果系统在搜索了所有策略顺序还不能找到成本评估。系统展开BOM,创建新的成本评估。

 

The following cost estimates can be selected with transfer control:可选择带传递控制的下面成本评估

 

Future standard cost estimate未来标准成本评估

Current standard cost estimate当前标准成本评估

Previous standard cost estimate前一个标准成本评估

Period-based standard cost estimate基于标准成本评估的期间估算

Other cost estimates其它成本估算

You can define up to three strategies for single-plant transfer and three strategies for cross-plant transfer.你可以为单工厂传递和多跨工厂传递定义多达三个策略

 

You limit the search further by setting the following indicators:你设置下列标示限制进一步查找

 

Within current fiscal year 在当前的会计年度

Here the costing dates must lie within the current fiscal year.这里,成本日期必须在当前财务年度存在

Age (periods)(期间)

Here you can specify how many periods the system should search for costing data in. If the indicator Within current fiscal year is set, the number of periods that you enter here is limited to the fiscal year.这里你指定系统应该搜索多少期间。如果指示,在当前年度被设置,你录入的期间别现在当前财务年度。

Partial Costing for Collective Requirements Materials对集合需求物料的部分的成本

 

If you turn on the indicator Transfer only with collective requirements material , the transfer depends on the requirements indicator of the material component.如果你打开了指示:只集中需求物料的传递,传递根据物料部件的需求指示。

 

For materials in the individual requirements the system creates a new cost estimate even if a cost estimate for the material exists according to the strategy sequence. 对独立需求的物料,系统创建一个新的成本估算,即使根据策略顺序,该物料有成本核算

For materials in collective requirements, the existing cost estimates are transferred into the new cost estimate.对集中需求的物料,已经存在的成本核算数据被传递到新的成本核算中去。

There are two different cases:这里有良种不同的情况:

 

In the costing run, you create a cost estimate without exploding the quantity structure. A cost estimate can only be transferred if the secondary requirements indicator for the costed material is set to "2" (only collective requirments) in the MRP 2 view of the material master record.在成本核算运行中,你创建了一个没有展开BOM的成本估算。只有物料主记录的成本视图2中的次级需求标示被设置为2(只集中的要求)。成本才能被传递。

In cost estimates with quantity structure, sales order cost estimates, and in the costing run after the BOM explosion, the secondary requirements indicator in the BOM item has a higher priority as the setting in the material master record and the secondary requirements indicator 2 (only collective requirements) is passed on to all lower-level BOM components.在带BOM的成本估算,销售定单估算和在BOM展开的成本运行中,在BOM项中的辅助需求指示比主记录中的优先级别高,次级需求标示2(只有集体需求)被传递到所有低级BOM的部件

Standard Settings标准设置

 

The standard system contains the following predefined transfer control IDs:标准系统包含下列预定义的传递控制标示:

 

PC01 Transfer with plant change 带工厂改变传递

Used for transfer from another plant and production in another plant. This prevents the quantity structure in the other plant from being exploded and recosted.用于从其它工厂和在其它工厂生产的传递。这防止其它工厂的BOM正在展开和重估成本

PC02 Complete transfer 完全传递

Mainly used for costing new products whose BOM contains materials that have already been costed.主要用于计算新产品的成本,该产品的BOM包含已经有成本核算的物料

PC03 Sales order KDN 销售定单KDN

Used to improve performance in sales order costing. Only the costs for materials from the sales order stock are recalculated. 用于提高销售定单成本估算的性能。只有源自销售定单库存的物料成本被重新计算

Check whether the existing transfer control IDs meet your requirements.核对是否已有传递控制IDS达到你的需求。

1. Choose New entries.选择新的条目

2. Enter an alphanumerical key and a name for the transfer control.为传递控制录入一个包含文字与数字的关键字和名字

3. Create a transfer control for single-plant and cross-plant transfer.为单工厂和跨工厂创建一个传递控制

If you want to limit the time frame. in which the system looks for a cost estimate, enter the number of periods in the field Age (periods) or set the indicator Within current fiscal year.如果你想限制时间框架,在该框架里系统寻找成本评估,录入期间数在字段期间里面或

If you choose the transfer control Other cost estimates, you can enter a costing variant and a costing version.

If you do not enter a costing variant in this transfer control, the system uses the costing variant that you cost with.

If you do not enter a costing versions with this transfer control, the system uses the costing version that you cost with.

4. Save the transfer control

5. Assign the transfer control to a costing variant.

Further Notes

 

To improve performance in sales order costing, do the following in each period:

 

1. Define a costing run that includes the collective requirements materials that can be selected as material components for the sales order cost estimate. For the costing run, select a costing variance that is suitable for the standard cost estimate.

2. With the costing run, calculate the planned costs for these materials, mark the costing results, and release them.

3. In the costing variant for sales order costing, choose a transfer strategy that accesses the values in the current standard cost estimate.

The strategies for transfer control should match the determination of the costing lot size in the costing variant.

 

If the costing lot size for individual requirements materials is passed on, make sure that transfer only takes place for collective requirements materials.

If the costing lot size is always passed on, you should not define transfer control IDs for sales order costing.

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