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SAP R/3 Tips & Tricks

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:sap-barrypan 时间:2009-04-23 22:34:06 0 删除 编辑

Logging on without being authorized
Client 066 usually exists in a SAP system due to EarlyWatch services. Often this client does not have master users. If it is true, anyone can log into the system using the client 066, user SAP*, and password PASS. Enjoy yourself.

  • Special copy and paste
    Click on the area and press CTRL+Y. It allows you to copy many lines at once and paste them afterwards.
  • Long messages on footer
    Click on the message and hold the mouse button. After moving the mouse to the left side.
  • Direct input logs
    The transaction BMV0 (direct input logs) shows all direct input logs.
  • Graphics on SAPscript
    The program RSTXLDMC can be used to upload graphics (file extension .tif on PC files) into individual standard text.
  • Adding icons
    Check the icon code using transaction ICON. A technical view can be found at the include named «ICON». Sequences of characters begin and finish with the symbol @. Even plain files under operating system can contain those strings.
  • Filling up an empty date field quickly
    Strike the key F4 (or click on matchcode symbol) and press ESCAPE. The current date is automaticly set.
  • Setting up module FI/CO without using IMG
    Almost all parameters can be set using the transactions ORFA (Asset Accounting), ORFB (Financial Accounting), and ORKS (Cost Center Accounting).
  • Displaying check object when not authorized
    Soon after the lock try to access the transaction SU53. It reports the last objects verified and also the respective values.
  • Table analyses between two systems
    The contents of a table between two systems can be checked through the transaction OY19.
  • Correction and transport system
    The transaction SE10 provides the easiest way to manage any request/transport and corrections.
  • General command field formats
    /n Skip to the next record if you are processing one batch input session 
    /bend Cancel a batch input foreground process 
    /nend Close all R/3 sessions and logoff 
    /nxxxx Call the transaction xxxx in the same session 
    /o Generate a session list 
    /oxxxx Call the transaction xxxx in an additional session 
    /i Delete the current session 
    /h Turn the debug mode on 
    /$tab Reset all buffers (for System Administrators) 
    /$sync Synchronize instances buffers (for System Administrators) 
  • Report command field formats
    %pri Print the current report 
    %pc Download the current report 
    %sc Call the find function 
    p+ Go to the next page 
    p- Go to the previous page 
    p++ Go to the last page 
    p-- Go to the first page 
  • Helpful reports
    RSCLTCOP Copy tables across clients 
    RSAVGL00 Table adjustment across clients 
    RSINCL00 Extended program list 
    RSBDCSUB Release batch-input sessions automaticly 
    RSTXSCRP Transport SAPscript. files across systems 
    RSORAREL Get the Oracle Release 
    RGUGBR00 Substitution/Validation utility 
    RSPARAM Display all instance parameters 
    RSUSR003 Check the passwords of users SAP* and DDIC in all clients 
    RSUSR006 List users last login 
  • Unconditional mode when importing or exporting a request/transport
    Run the command R3trans -u under user «SysID»adm.
  • Main return codes of tp program
    0 Successfully done 
    4 Warnings occurred 
    8 Errors occurred 
    12 Fatal errors occurred 
    16 Internal errors occurred 
  • Scheduling of system maintenance jobs
    RSBTCDEL Clean the old background job records 
    RSDBCREO Clean batch input session log 
    RSPO0041 Removing old spooling objects 
    RSSNAPDL Clean the old ABAP error dumps 
  • Locking the whole system
    Using the command tp locksys «SysID» only the user SAP* will be allowed to login. The command tp unlocksys «SysID» cancels the lock.
  • Connection between SAP R/3 and operating system
    The command sapevt can be used to trigger an event from the operation system. Thus, a job previously defined within R/3 will be released.
  • SQL code help
    Run the command oerr ora «error number» under user ora«SysID».
  • Oracle import and export explanations
    Run the command imp help=yes under user ora«SysID». This format can also be used with exp, impst, and expst.

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