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Legal Entities (2)

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:susie0409 时间:2012-05-14 11:28:51 0 删除 编辑
• Legal Entities:
• A legal entity is a clearly identified entity, which isgiven rights and responsibilities under commercial law, through registration which the country’s appropriate legal authority. These rights and responsibilities are enforceable through the judicial system.
• 一个法人实体,是一个明确确定的实体,这是根据商法的权利和责任,通过注册该国的适当的法律权威,。这些权利和责任是通过司法系统执行。
• A legal entity generally has the right toown property and trade, andthe responsibility to repay debt and comply with labor law.
• 一般法人拥有的权利,拥有财产和贸易,以及偿还债务的责任和遵守劳动法。
• Legal entities are responsible to account for themselves to company regulators, taxation authorities, and owners according to rules specified in the relevant legislation.
• The legal entity belongs to the organization’s own corporate legal structure.
• The legal entity is referred to as the internal legal entity and is the initiator and owner of a given transaction.
• 法律实体是负责任的交代自己公司的监管机构,税务机关和业主根据有关法例规定的规则。
法人属于自己的企业组织的法律结构。
法人是指内部的法人实体,是一个给定的交易发起和雇主。
• Establishments:
• Establishment is the generic term used to refer to thebuilding blocksof legal entities.Each legal entity is made up of at least one establishment.These 100 percent owned and controlled entities can also be referred as branches, divisions, establishments (domestic or foreign), inventory organizations, physical locations (for example, manufacturing plants and warehouses). They can be a physical (address) or logical (specific activity)subdivisionof the legal entity.
• 的成立,是通用的术语,用来指法律实体积木。至少设立一个由每一法律实体。这些100%的国有及控制实体,也可简称为分支机构,部门,机构(国内或国外),库存组织,物理位置(例如,生产厂房和仓库)。他们可以是法人实体(地址)或逻辑(具体活动)细分。
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• In many countries, establishments need to be registered with local regulatory bodies and may have their own activity codes (such as the NACE code in Europe or the SIC code in the U.S.). To fulfill registration requirements in some countries at a local level, a legal entity must register a main establishment. For this reason, the main establishment is created automatically when you create a legal entity.While establishments may or may not be located in the country of the legal entity, the main establishment is always located in the country of the legal entity.It is the main site (location) of a legal entity, which supports specific duties related to coordinating business operations and compliance with legislation and reporting needs for the legal entity.
• 在许多国家,机构需要与当地监管机构登记,并可能有自己的活动代码(如在欧洲的NACE代码或在美国的SIC代码)。为了满足一些国家在地方一级的登记要求,法人实体必须登记的主要机构。出于这个原因,主要的成立,将自动创建,当你创建一个法人实体。虽然机构可能会或可能不会被设在国家的法律实体,主要建立始终位于在国家的法律实体。这是一个法律实体,它支持的具体职责,相关业务和遵守立法协调和报告的法律实体的需求的主要场所(位置)
• Registrations:Company registration is done in accordance with a particular legislation (commercial law, income tax law, civil law, company law, etc., depending on the country). It is the backbone of all other legal obligations a company must fulfill. This registration confers the status of legal entity and therefore, the right to do business in a territory (often a country). To comply with the law in the territory of its operations, a legal entity may be required to register with different legal authorities depending on its activity. However, company registration is the first registration to gain official recognition to qualify for other registrations. In some countries, additional registrations may be required for establishments of the legal entity. Registration information can be used on financial statements and legal reports.
• 公司登记是按照特定法例(商业法,所得税法,民法,公司法等,根据国家)。它是所有其他的公司必须履行的法律义务的骨干。此登记,赋予法人地位,因此,做在境内的业务(通常是一个国家)的权利。在其业务领土的法律,遵守法律实体可能需要注册不同的法律部门,根据其活动。然而,公司登记是获得官方认可的其他注册资格首次登记。在一些国家,可能需要额外注册的法人机构。注册信息可用于对财务报表和法律报告。
• Jurisdictions(管辖):
• All legal entities must be registered against a jurisdiction that is governed by a legal authority. A jurisdiction is a combination of the legislative category (labor law, transaction tax law, income tax laws, Insurance law, Securities law, Ground Transportation law etc.) and the physical territory (group of countries, country, state, county, and parish) to which legal rules are grounded. A tax jurisdiction is a geographic area where a tax is levied by a specific tax authority, for example, the tax jurisdiction for Goods and Services tax in Singapore is the country of Singapore.
• 所有法人实体必须登记,对一个由法律机关管辖的管辖。司法管辖区是一个立法的类别(劳动法,交易税法,所得税法,保险法,证券法,地面运输法等)和物理领土(国家集团,国家,州,县和教区的组合)接地的法律规则。一个税收管辖权是一个地理区域,其中由一个特定的税务机关征收的一种税,例如,在新加坡的商品及服务税的税收管辖权是新加坡的国家。
• You need to set up jurisdictions before creating registrations because a jurisdiction is required when creating a registration.For some countries, at least one jurisdiction is seeded: the identifying jurisdiction. Users will have the ability to create additional jurisdictions for other registrations.
• 你需要设置创建之前注册的司法管辖区的,因为一个司法管辖区登记时,需要创建。对于一些国家,至少有一个司法管辖区播种:确定管辖。用户将有能力创造其他登记的其他司法管辖区。
• The identifying jurisdiction is usually the first jurisdiction that the legal entity must register with, in order to be recognized in its territory. Because registrations to this jurisdiction may not be used in Oracle Applications, the identifying jurisdiction may be another jurisdiction that is commonly used within a country.
• The registration to the identifying jurisdiction of the legal entity territory is called the identifying registration.
• 确定管辖通常是第一个司法管辖区的法律实体必须登记,以便在其领土上的认可。由于本司法管辖区注册的,不得使用Oracle应用产品中,识别的司法管辖区可能是另一种通常用在一个国家内管辖。
被称为注册的法律实体的领土管辖权确定的识别登记。
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• The jurisdiction can also capture the registration code or the name of the registration number.The registration code can then be used as the prompt for the registration number given the context of the jurisdiction. The jurisdiction will also have a start date and end date to show when the jurisdiction is effective and when you can register against the jurisdiction.
• When a legal entity or establishment registers with a jurisdiction, there may be a set of functions that it needs to perform, such as payment or income tax declaration. Legal functions can be pre-defined in the jurisdiction to facilitate the registration process. When a registration is created, the specific functions of the jurisdiction can be assigned to the legal entity or establishment. Legal functions that are defined as required on the jurisdiction are by default assigned to the legal entity or establishment during registration.
• 司法管辖权,也可以捕捉注册代码或名称的登记号码。然后,可以使用登记代码作为提示,对管辖范围内的登记号码。司法管辖区也将开始日期和结束日期的管辖权时是有效的,当你可以针对司法管辖区注册。
当一个法律实体或成立的司法管辖区注册,有可能是一组功能,它需要执行,如付款或所得税申报。法律的功能,可预先定义的司法管辖区,以方便登记过程。创建登记时,该司法管辖区的具体职能可以被分配给法人或机构。默认分配给法人或设立登记时所定义的管辖权规定的法定职能。
• Legal Authorities:
• A legal authority is a governing legal body that operates within a jurisdiction. The legal authority is responsible for enforcing legislation, collecting fees and taxes, and making financial appropriations within a given physical area for a type of law. For example, the Internal Revenue Service is the legal authority for income tax law in the US.
• When a legal entity registers under a given jurisdiction, it may be related to a legal authority that is governing in that jurisdiction. Legal authority information is used on legal reports and financial statements in some countries and is determined by the legislation of the jurisdiction. Defining a legal authority is not required for a legal entity to transact and therefore, is not required to create a registration.
• 一个法律的权威,是执政的法律机构,司法管辖区域内经营。法律的权威,是负责执行立法,收费和税收,财政拨款,在一个给定的法律类型的物理面积。例如,国内收入署是在美国所得税法的法律权威。
当一个给定的管辖区注册的法律实体下,它可能会涉及到法律的权威,在该司法管辖区的管治。法律的权威信息是用来在一些国家的法律报告和财务报表和确定的司法管辖区的法例。定义法律权威,不需要办理法人实体,因此,不需要创建一个注册。
• A legal authority is associated with a jurisdiction because it has authority over the legal entities that are registered with the jurisdiction. The relationship between the legal authority and the jurisdiction is formed when you create a legal entity registration. Each registration is made to a jurisdiction and each registration can identify an issuing legal authority.
• In some countries, the legal authority has executive responsibility over several legislative categories. All of these legislative categories can be assigned to the legal authority. Legal authorities are defined according to your company's preferences. For example, you can create one authority per office or one authority for multiple offices.
• 相关的司法管辖区的法律机关,在与司法管辖区注册的法人实体,因为它有权威。当你创建一个法人实体登记的法律权力和管辖权之间的关系正在形成。每个登记的管辖和每个登记可以识别发出的法律权威。
在一些国家,法律的权威,有几立法范畴的行政责任。所有这些立法的类别,可以分配到的法律权力。根据贵公司的偏好,法律权威的定义。例如,你可以创建一个机关每个办公室或多个办事处的权威。
• Legal Associations
• Legal Associations is a set of components that aims to provide a centralized repository and a common mechanism for maintaining associations between business entities (non-legal constructs) and legal constructs (legal entities, establishments) and between just legal constructs. You can also use Legal Associations to maintain associations between balancing segment values and establishments for some countries.
• 法律协会是一套组件,旨在提供一个集中的信息库,为保持业务实体之间的非法律结构和法律结构(法律实体,机构)和协会之间只是法律构造的共同机制。您还可以使用法律协会一些国家保持平衡段值和机构之间的关联。
• When dealing with associations with establishments, these components are integrated into the Establishment Details page so that you can create associations between various attributes (such as Operating Unit/ Inventory Organization /Inventory Location / Ship-to and Bill-to Location) to establishments. These associations are mainly used by e-Business Tax as a component for tax calculations.
• 当处理与机构协会,这些组件被纳入编制详细信息“页面,使您可以创建各种属性(如经营组织单位/库存/库存地点/船舶和比尔位置)机构之间的关联。这些协会主要用于电子营业税税款计算的一个组成部分
• Associations are based on seeded cardinality rules, so it is possible to associate the same operating unit, inventory organization, and location to different establishments, even if they belong to different legal entities.
• 协会是基于种子基数规则,因此很可能联想到同一经营单位,库存组织,和不同机构的位置,即使它们属于不同的法律实体。
• E-Business Tax needs the establishment information to determine what the imposed tax will be based on information present at the time of entry/creation of the transaction. Determining the establishment is necessary as it is the connecting entity that would determine tax registration and the other relevant details to determine tax.
• 电子商务税收需要建立信息来确定什么加税将基于信息目前在进入/创建交易时间。确定的建立是必要的,因为它是连接实体,确定税务登记和其他有关细节,以确定纳税。
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• Legal Address:The address a legal entity uses to register with a legal authority. A legal entity may use different addresses for different authorities and hence, may have more than one registered address. This legal address must be located within the territory entered.
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• Legislative Category:立法范畴
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• Regime:政权

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