The target database is the database that is targeted for backup
and recovery. SYSDBA privilege is required to perform. these tasks.
Recovery catalog database
The recovery catalog database is the optional database that
stores information about the backup, recovery, and restore data.
The auxiliary database is the standby database, duplicate database,
or auxiliary instance (standby or TSPITR).
Format Specifications for the 10g RMAN FORMAT Option
The following list includes some of the format specifications for the FORMAT option. For a complete
listing, see the Oracle Database 10g Recovery Manager Reference Guide, part number B10770-02.
%a Specifies the activation ID of the database.
%c Specifies the copy number of the backup piece within a set of duplexed backup pieces.
%d Specifies the name of the database.
%D Specifies the current day of the month from the Gregorian calendar.
%e Specifies the archived log sequence number.
%f Specifies the absolute file number.
%F Combines the database identifier (DBID), day, month, year, and sequence number into a
unique and repeatable generated name.
%h Specifies the archived redo log thread number.
%I Specifies the DBID.
%M Specifies the month in the Gregorian calendar in format MM.
%N Specifies the tablespace name.
%n Specifies the name of the database, padded on the right with n characters to a total length
of eight characters.
%p Specifies the piece number within the backup set.
%s Specifies the backup set number.
%t Specifies the backup set timestamp.
%T Specifies the year, month, and day in the Gregorian calendar.
%u Specifies an eight-character name constituted by compressed representations of the
backup set or image copy number.
%U Specifies a system-generated unique filename. (This is the default.)
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