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远程连接MySQL速度慢的解决办法

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:mysql_itpub 时间:2009-01-12 13:48:39 0 删除 编辑

skip-name-resolve

 

现象:

Windows 2003下的MySQL 5服务器,本机连接到MySQL服务非常快,局域网内有两台Linux机器,有一台连接很快,另外一台输入密码后要等好几秒钟才能连上。

解决办法:

在MySQL服务器的配置中增加一个如下配置后速度飞快。

[mysqld]
skip-name-resolve


附录:( How MySQL uses DNS )

When a new thread connects to mysqld, mysqld will spawn a new thread to handle the request. This thread will first check if the hostname is in the hostname cache. If not the thread will call gethostbyaddr_r() and gethostbyname_r() to resolve the hostname.

If the operating system doesn't support the above thread-safe calls, the thread will lock a mutex and call gethostbyaddr() and gethostbyname() instead. Note that in this case no other thread can resolve other hostnames that is not in the hostname cache until the first thread is ready.

You can disable DNS host lookup by starting mysqld with --skip-name-resolve. In this case you can however only use IP names in the MySQL privilege tables.

If you have a very slow DNS and many hosts, you can get more performance by either disabling DNS lookop with --skip-name-resolve or by increasing the HOST_CACHE_SIZE define (default: 128) and recompile mysqld.

You can disable the hostname cache with --skip-host-cache. You can clear the hostname cache with FLUSH HOSTS or mysqladmin flush-hosts.

If you don't want to allow connections over TCP/IP, you can do this by starting mysqld with --skip-networking

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