ITPub博客

首页 > Linux操作系统 > Linux操作系统 > Oracle 9i数据坏块的处理(ORA-01578)

Oracle 9i数据坏块的处理(ORA-01578)

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:zwc1083 时间:2009-03-16 17:41:59 0 删除 编辑
今天在一台生产用测试库上SELECT一个表时出现ORA-01578,一个块损坏,以前学习过块损坏怎么处理,到还真没遇到过,今天总算让我遇到了,还是一台生产用测试库,就不用很紧张了。
数据库版本是9.2.0.4,Oracle9i的RMAN有一个blockrecover命令,可以在线修复坏块,以下就是使用RMAN修复坏块的过程

SQL> conn owi/owi
Connected.
SQL> select * from dpa_history;
select * from dpa_history
              *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 15, block # 18)
ORA-01110: data file 15: '/d01/app/oracle/oradata/dpa/dpa01.dbf'


报ORA-01578数据块损坏,以下使用RMAN命令查询是否可以使用blockrecover命令恢复以及怎样恢复

使用rman登录catalog数据库

[ora9@rmanserver ~]$ rman target sys/oracle@dpa catalog rman/rman

Recovery Manager: Release 9.2.0.8.0 - Production

Copyright (c) 1995, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: DPA (DBID=843495022)
connected to recovery catalog database



查找最近datafile 15的全备份,今天下午刚做了一次RMAN的全备份

RMAN> list backup of datafile 15;


List of Backup Sets
===================

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
643     Full    64K        DISK        00:00:27     16-MAR-09      
        BP Key: 650   Status: AVAILABLE   Tag: TAG20090316T154352
        Piece Name: /d02/fullbackup/20090316_data_24_1
  List of Datafiles in backup set 643
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----
  15      Full 11856250905 16-MAR-09 /d01/app/oracle/oradata/dpa/dpa01.dbf



查找SCN 11856250905 以后的archivelog是否有备份

RMAN> list backup of archivelog scn from 11856250905

List of Backup Sets
===================

BS Key  Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
680     265K       DISK        00:00:00     16-MAR-09      
        BP Key: 681   Status: AVAILABLE   Tag: TAG20090316T154731
        Piece Name: /d02/fullbackup/20090316_arch_28

  List of Archived Logs in backup set 680
  Thrd Seq     Low SCN    Low Time  Next SCN   Next Time
  ---- ------- ---------- --------- ---------- ---------
  1    109     11856250805 16-MAR-09 11856251483 16-MAR-09
  1    110     11856251483 16-MAR-09 11856251487 16-MAR-09

查找sequence 110 以后的archivelog是否有备份

RMAN> list copy of archivelog from sequence 110;

List of Archived Log Copies
Key     Thrd Seq     S Low Time  Name
------- ---- ------- - --------- ----
694     1    111     A 16-MAR-09 /d02/arch/1_111.dbf
695     1    112     A 16-MAR-09 /d02/arch/1_112.dbf

查询online archive log

SQL> select sequence#,members,archived,status from v$log;

 SEQUENCE#    MEMBERS ARC STATUS
---------- ---------- --- ----------------
       113          1 NO  CURRENT
       111          1 YES INACTIVE
       112          1 YES INACTIVE


从以上查询中可以看出datafile 15有一次最近的全备份,有全备份以来的所有archivelog,online redo log
下面开始blockreocver,其实命令很简单

RMAN> blockrecover datafile 15 block 18;

Starting blockrecover at 16-MAR-09
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=16 devtype=DISK


channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring block(s)
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying block(s) to restore from backup set
restoring blocks of datafile 00015
channel ORA_DISK_1: restored block(s) from backup piece 1
piece handle=/d02/fullbackup/20090316_data_24_1 tag=TAG20090316T154352 params=NULL
channel ORA_DISK_1: block restore complete

starting media recovery

archive log thread 1 sequence 111 is already on disk as file /d02/arch/1_111.dbf
archive log thread 1 sequence 112 is already on disk as file /d02/arch/1_112.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting archive log restore to default destination
channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring archive log
archive log thread=1 sequence=109
channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring archive log
archive log thread=1 sequence=110
channel ORA_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1
piece handle=/d02/fullbackup/20090316_arch_28 tag=TAG20090316T154731 params=NULL
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete
media recovery complete
Finished blockrecover at 16-MAR-09

再SELECT一下表DPA_HISTORY

SQL> select * from dpa_history;

PRODLINEID BARCODE                        PA
---------- ------------------------------ --
7          S*33040-D8311050149512B        03
7          S*33040-D8311050143512B        03
7          S*33040-D8311050140512B        03
7          S*33040-D8311050144512B        03
7          S*33040-D8311050151512B        03
7          S*33040-D8311050262512B        03
7          S*33040-D8311050552512B        03
7          S*33040-D8311050345512B        03
7          S*33040-D8311050170512B        03

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/14876437/viewspace-567559/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

请登录后发表评论 登录
全部评论

注册时间:2009-02-16

  • 博文量
    91
  • 访问量
    43657