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Solaris 8.0 常用命令解释(转)

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:ilg 时间:2019-06-07 21:48:05 0 删除 编辑
Solaris 8.0 常用命令解释(转)

  Debugging

  truss executable

  /* Trace doing of given command ( useful debugging ) */

  truss -f -p

  /* Using multiple windows, this can be used to trace setuid/setgid programs */

  [ Back to Top ]

  Arp, ethernet trouble shooting

  arp -a .

  /* Shows the ethernet address arp table */

  arp -d myhost

  /* Delete a stale ethernet entry for host myhost */

  Disk Commands

  du -k .

  /* Reports disk space used in Kilobytes */

  du -sk .

  /* Reports only total disk space used in Kilobytes */

  du -ad /var | sort -nr

  /* Tells you how big the /var files are in reverse order */

  fdformat -d -U

  /* Format diskette */

  /usr/bin/iostat -E

  /* Command to display drives statistics */

  /bin/mount -F hsfs -o ro /dev/sr0 /cdrom

  /* Mount an ISO 9660 CDROM */

  prtvtoc /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2

  /* Disk geometry and partitioning info */

  quot -af

  /* How much space is used by users in kilobytes */

  Driver Parameters

  ndd /dev/ip ?

  /* Shows IP variables in the kernel */

  ndd /dev/ip ip_forwarding

  /* Tells you if forwarding is on (=1) */

  ndd -set /dev/ip ip_forwarding 1

  /* Enables IP forwarding between interfaces */

  File Manipulation

  dos2unix | -ascii

  /* Converts DOS file formats to Unix */

  split

  /* Split files into pieces */

  [vi] : %s/existing/new/g

  /* Search and Replace text in vi */

  [vi] :set nu

  /* Set line numbers in vi */

  [vi] :set ts=[num]

  /* Set tab stops in vi */

  File System

  cat /dev/null > filename

  /* Zero's out the file without breaking pipe */

  dd if=/dev/rdsk/... of=/dev/rdsk/... bs=4096

  /* Make a mirror image of your boot disk */

  df -k | grep dg| awk '{print $6}' |xargs -n 1 umount

  /* Unmount all file systems in disk group dg */

  fsck -F ufs /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s0

  /* Check a UFS filesystem on c0t0d0s0 */

  fsck -F ufs -y /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s0

  /* Check answering yes to all questions */

  fsck -F ufs -o b=97472 /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s0

  /* Check using an alternate super block */

  gzip -dc file1.tar.gz | tar xf -

  /* Unpack .tar.gz files in place */

  ls -la | awk '{ print $5," ",$9 }' | sort -rn

  /* File sizes of current directory */

  mount -f pcfs /dev/dsk/c0d0p1 /export/dos

  /* Mount DOS fdisk partition from Solaris */

  mount -F ufs -o rw,remount /

  /* Used to remount root to make it writeable */

  mount -o remount,logging /spare

  /* Re-mount the ro file system rw and turn on ufs logging */

  tar cvf filename.tar

  /* Create a tape (tar) archive */

  tar xvf filename.tar

  /* Extract a tape (tar) archive */

  tar cf - . | (cd /newdir ; tar xf -)

  /* Recursively copy files and their permissions */

  /sbin/uadmin x x

  /* Syncs File Systems and Reboots systems fast */

  zcat

  /* Extract the patch_file that is a compressed tar file */

  File Transfer

  put "| tar cf - ." filename.tar

  /* Undocumented Feature of FTP */

  find . -depth | cpio -pdmv /path/tobe/copied/to

  /* Fast alternative to cp -pr */

  sendport

  /* Transferring large numbers of files within the same ftp control session */

  General

  /usr/bin/catman -w

  /* Create windex databases for man page directories */

  mailx -H -u

  /* List out mail headers for specified user */

  set filec

  /* Set file-completion for csh */

  Hardware

  cfgadm

  /* Verify reconfigurable hardware resources */

  m64config -prconf

  /* Print M64 hardware configuration */

  m64config -depth 8|24

  /* Sets the screen depth of your M64 graphics accelerator */

  m64config -res 'video_mode'

  /* Change the resolution of your M64 graphics accelerator */

  Kernel

  /usr/sbin/modinfo

  /* Display kernel module information */

  /usr/sbin/modload

  /* Load a kernel module */

  /usr/sbin/modunload -i

  /* Unload a kernel module */

  nm -x /dev/ksyms | grep OBJ | more

  /* Tuneable kernel parameters */

  /usr/sbin/sysdef

  /* Show system kernal tunable details */

  Memory

  prtconf | grep "Memory size"

  /* Display Memory Size */

  Network Information

  ndd /dev/arp arp_cache_report

  /* Prints ARP table in cache with IP and MAC address */

  netstat -a | grep EST | wc -l

  /* Displays number active established connections to the localhost */

  netstat -k hme0

  /* Undocumented netstat command */

  netstat -i

  /* Show the TCP/IP network interfaces */

  netstat -np

  /* Similar to arp -a without name resolution */

  netstat -r

  /* Show network route table */

  netstat -rn

  /* Displays routing information but bypasses hostname lookup. */

  netstat -a | more

  /* Show the state of all sockets */

  traceroute

  /* Follow the route to the ipaddress */

  Network/Tuning

  ifconfig eth0 mtu 1500

  /* Change MTU of interface */

  ifconfig eth0 10.1.1.1 netmask 255.255.255.255

  /* Add an Interface */

  /sbin/ifconfig hme0:1 inet 10.210.xx.xxx netmask 255.255.0.0 broadcast 10.210.xxx.xxx

  /* Virtual Interfaces */

  /sbin/ifconfig hme0:1 up

  /* Bring virtual interface up */

  /usr/sbin/ndd -set /dev/hme adv_100fdx_cap 1

  /* Nailling to 100Mbps */

  ndd -set /dev/ip ip_addrs_per_if 1-8192

  /* To set more than 256 virtual ip addresses. */

  ndd -set /dev/tcp tcp_xmit_hiwat 65535

  /* Increase TCP-transmitbuffers */

  ndd -set /dev/tcp tcp_recv_hiwat 65535

  /* Increase TCP-receivebuffers */

  Processes

  fuser -uc /var

  /* Processes that are running from /var */

  kill -HUP `ps -ef | grep [p]roccess | awk '{print $2}'`

  /* HUP any related process in one step */

  pfiles

  /* Shows processes' current open files */

  pkill -n

  /* Kill a process by name */

  kill `ps -ef | grep program_name | grep -v grep | cut -f8 -d ' '`

  /* pkill for solaris 2.6 */

  prstat -a

  /* An alternative for top command */

  /usr/ucb/ps -aux | more

  /* Displays CPU % usage for each process in ascending order */

  /usr/ucb/ps -auxww | grep

  /* Gives the full listing of the process (long listing) */

  ps -ef | grep -i | awk '{ print $2 }'

  /* Creates list of running PID by */

  ps -ef | grep -v "0:00" | more

  /* Gives you a list of any process with CPU time more than 0:00 */

  ps -ef | more

  /* Show all processes running */

  ps -fu oracle|grep pmon

  /* See which instances of Oracle are running */

  /usr/proc/bin/ptree

  /* Print the parent/child process 'tree' of a process */

  /usr/proc/bin/pwdx

  /* Print the working directory of a process */

  top -b 1

  /* Returns the process utilizing the most cpu and quits */

  Resource Management

  /usr/bin/ldd [filename]

  /* List the dynamic dependencies of executable files */

  /usr/proc/bin/pmap pid

  /* Report address space map a process occupies */

  Route Configuration

  route add net 128.50.0.0 128.50.1.6 1

  /* Adds route to 128.50 network via 128.50.1.6 */

  route delete net 128.50.0.0 128.50.1.6

  /* Deletes route to 128.50 network */

  route get [hostname]

  /* Which interface will be used to contact hostname */

  route monitor

  /* Monitors traffic to the routes */

  route flush

  /* Removes all entries in the route table */

  Searching Items

  egrep "patterna|patternb"

  /* Search for multiple patterns within the same file */

  find . -exec egrep -li "str" {} ;

  /* Find a string in files starting cwd */

  find / -fstype nfs -prune -o fstype autofs -prune -o -name filename -print

  /* Find without traversing NFS mounted file systems */

  find . -mtime -1 -type f

  /* Find recently modified files */

  find / -mtime <# of days>

  /* Find files modified during the past # of days */

  find . ! -mtime - | /usr/bin/xargs rm -rf

  /* Finds and removes files older than specified */

  find . -type f -exec grep "" {} ; -print

  /* Find files containing within directory tree */

  find . -type f -print | xargs grep -i [PATTERN]

  /* Recursive grep on files */

  find / -user

  /* Find all files owned by */

  find / | grep [file mask]

  /* Fast way to search for files */

  find -name "" -exec rm -rf {} ;

  /* Recursively finds files by name and automatically removes them */

  find /proc/*/fd -links 0 -type f -size +2000 -ls

  /* Find large files held open by a process */

  ls -lR | grep

  /* Fast alternative to find */

  Security

  echo 'Please go away' > /etc/nologin

  /* Stops users logging in */

  find / -perm -0777 -type d -ls

  /* Find all your writable directories */

  find / -type f -perm -2000 -print

  /* Find all SGID files */

  find / -type f -perm -4000 -print

  /* find all SUID files */

  Set Terminal Options

  stty erase ^H

  /* Sets the Backspace Key to erase */

  stty erase ^?

  /* Sets the Delete Key to erase */

  stty sane

  /* Rreset terminal after viewing a binary file. */

  tput rmacs

  /* Reset to standard char set */

  Snoop Your Network

  snoop -d pcelx0

  /* Watch all network packets on device pcelx0 */

  snoop -o /tmp/mylog pcelx0

  /* Saves packets from device pcelx0 to a file */

  snoop -i /tmp/mylog host1 host2

  /* View packets from logfile between host1 & host2 */

  snoop -i /tmp/mylog -v -p101

  /* Show all info on packet number 101 from a logfile */

  snoop -i /tmp/mylog -o /tmp/newlog host1

  /* Write a new logfile with all host1 packets */

  snoop -s 120

  /* Return the first 120 bytes in the packet header */

  snoop -v arp

  /* Capture arp broadcasts on your network */

  Swap File

  mkfile -v 10m /export/disk1/myswap

  /* Makes a 10 Megabyte swapfile in /export/disk */

  mkfile -nv 10m /export/disk1/myswap

  /* Makes an empty 10 Megabyte swapfile */

  Swap Space

  swap -s

  /* List the amount of swap space available, also see mkfile */

  swap -a /export/disk1/swapfile

  /* Add a swapfile */

  swap -d /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s4

  /* Deletes a swap device */

  swap -l

  /* List the current swap devices */

  System Configuration

  /usr/sbin/eeprom auto-boot? false

  /* Changes eeprom autoboot? setting without going to Ok prompt */

  /usr/sbin/eeprom diagswitch? true

  /* Set the system to perform diagnostics on the next reboot. */

  /usr/sbin/grpck

  /* Check /etc/group file syntax */

  /usr/sbin/pwck

  /* Check /etc/passwd file syntax */

  /usr/sbin/sys-unconfig

  /* Clear host specific network configuration information */

  System Information and Monitoring

  coreadm -e log

  /* Report global core */

  /usr/sbin/eeprom

  /* Show eeprom parameters */

  grep "-root" /var/adm/sulog | grep -v + | tail -25

  /* List most recent attempts to switch to superuser account. */

  isainfo -bv

  /* Quickly checkout if machine is in 32 or 64 bit mode */

  last

  /* Tells who was or still is on the system */

  logger -i

  /* Log the process ID */

  /usr/sbin/prtconf -vp

  /* Show system configuration details */

  /usr/platform/`/bin/uname -i`/sbin/prtdiag -v

  /* System Diagnostics */

  psrinfo | wc -l

  /* Display number of processors */

  sar -A

  /* Provides cumulative system report. */

  sar -a

  /* Report use of file access system routines. */

  sar -u

  /* Report CPU Utilization */

  uname -a

  /* Displays system information */

  vmstat 10

  /* Displays summary of what the system is doing every 10 seconds */

  ypcat hosts | sort -n -t. +0 -1 +1 -2 +2 -3 +3 -4

  /* Take the input of "ypcat hosts" or "cat /etc/inet/hosts" and sort by IP. */

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