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Linux驱动子系统之输入子系统(6)-gpio-keys (转)

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:cifra_guokun 时间:2012-05-02 17:06:43 0 删除 编辑

6.Gpio-keys

6.1 概述

l  Gpio-keys是基于input子系统实现的一个通用的GPIO按键驱动。工程中我们常常会利用它来写按键驱动。

 

l  gpio-keys驱动是基于platform来实现,platform. driver(通用的部分)位于drivers/input/keyboard/gpio_keys.c,platform. device通常和硬件有关,需要我们在BSP中实现。

 

6.2  通用驱动部分(platform. driver)分析

l  初始化和卸载模块

static int__init gpio_keys_init(void)

{

         returnplatform_driver_register(&gpio_keys_device_driver);

}

 

static void__exit gpio_keys_exit(void)

{

         platform_driver_unregister(&gpio_keys_device_driver);

}

 

l  Platform. driver结构体

static structplatform_driver gpio_keys_device_driver = {

         .probe                =gpio_keys_probe,

         .remove            = __devexit_p(gpio_keys_remove),

         .driver                ={

                   .name       ="gpio-keys", /*platform. driver和platform. device通过name来匹配 */

                   .owner     = THIS_MODULE,

#ifdef CONFIG_PM

                   .pm  = &gpio_keys_pm_ops,

#endif

         }

};

 

l  Gpio_key_probe函数,Probe函数在platform. driver和platform. device匹配上时调用

static int__devinit gpio_keys_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)

{

         input = input_allocate_device();

 

         /*设置相关属性*/

         input->name = pdata->name ? :pdev->name;

         input->phys ="gpio-keys/input0";

         input->dev.parent =&pdev->dev;

         input->open = gpio_keys_open;

         input->close = gpio_keys_close;

 

         input->id.bustype = BUS_HOST;

         input->id.vendor = 0x0001;

         input->id.product = 0x0001;

         input->id.version = 0x0100;

 

         for (i = 0; i < pdata->nbuttons;i++) {

                   struct gpio_keys_button*button = &pdata->buttons[i];

                   struct gpio_button_data*bdata = &ddata->data[i];

                   unsigned int type =button->type ?: EV_KEY;

 

                   bdata->input = input;

                   bdata->button = button;

 

                  /*申请中断和timer、工作队列初始化*/

                   error = gpio_keys_setup_key(pdev, bdata, button);

 

                   input_set_capability(input, type, button->code);

         }

 

         error = sysfs_create_group(&pdev->dev.kobj,&gpio_keys_attr_group);

 

         error = input_register_device(input);

}

Probe主要完成注册输入设备input_dev,在sys目录下产生相应的文件。

 

l  gpio_keys_isr中断服务程序

staticirqreturn_t gpio_keys_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)

{

         struct gpio_button_data *bdata =dev_id;

         struct gpio_keys_button *button =bdata->button;

 

         if (bdata->timer_debounce)  /* 检测是否设置了去抖动 */

                  /*添加一个定时器,延迟msecs_to_jiffies(button->debounce_interval)个jiffies后执行schedule_work()*/

                   mod_timer(&bdata->timer,  jiffies +msecs_to_jiffies(bdata->timer_debounce));

         else

                   schedule_work(&bdata->work);

 

         return IRQ_HANDLED;

}

中断分为了上半部和下半部,下半部使用工作队列来实现

 

l  中断下半部

static voidgpio_keys_work_func(struct work_struct *work)

{

         struct gpio_button_data *bdata =

                   container_of(work, structgpio_button_data, work);

         /* 上报事件信息 */

         gpio_keys_report_event(bdata);

}

 

6.3 与板相关的部分(platform. device)

这里以s3c2440的BSP为例,首先需要了解两个结构体,用来GPIO的硬件信息:

l  Gpio_keys_buttons

structgpio_keys_button {

         /* Configuration parameters */

         unsigned int code;   /*input event code (KEY_*, SW_*) */

         int gpio;         /* GPIO口号 */

         int active_low;    /* 低电平有效 */

         const char *desc;  /*功能描述 */

         unsigned int type;    /* input event type (EV_KEY, EV_SW, EV_ABS)*/

         int wakeup;               /* configure the button as a wake-up source */

         int debounce_interval;    /* 去抖动间隔*/

         bool can_disable;

         int value;           /* axis value for EV_ABS */

};

 

l  Gpio_keys_platform_data

structgpio_keys_platform_data {

         struct gpio_keys_button *buttons;  /* 指向定义好的gpio_keys_button*/

         int nbuttons;                    /* buttons成员个数 */

         unsigned int poll_interval;       /* polling interval in msecs -

                                                  for polling driver only */

         unsigned int rep:1;           /* enable input subsystem auto repeat*/

         int (*enable)(struct device *dev);

         void (*disable)(struct device *dev);

         const char *name;            /* input device name */

};

 

l  BSP中实现代码

n  定义gpio_keys_button,填充GPIO的硬件信息

static structgpio_keys_button mini2440_buttons[] = {

         {

                   .gpio                   = S3C2410_GPG(0),          /*K1 */

                   .code                  = KEY_F1,

                   .desc                  = "Button 1",

                   .active_low      = 1,

         },

         {

                   .gpio                   = S3C2410_GPG(3),          /*K2 */

                   .code                  = KEY_F2,

                   .desc                  = "Button 2",

                   .active_low      = 1,

         },

         {

                   .gpio                   = S3C2410_GPG(5),          /*K3 */

                   .code                  = KEY_F3,

                   .desc                  = "Button 3",

                   .active_low      = 1,

         },

         {

                   .gpio                   = S3C2410_GPG(6),          /*K4 */

                   .code                  = KEY_POWER,

                   .desc                  = "Power",

                   .active_low      = 1,

         },

         {

                   .gpio                   = S3C2410_GPG(7),          /*K5 */

                   .code                  = KEY_F5,

                   .desc                  = "Button 5",

                   .active_low      = 1,

         },

};

 

n  构造gpio_keys_platform_data

static structgpio_keys_platform_data mini2440_button_data = {

         .buttons   = mini2440_buttons,

         .nbuttons          = ARRAY_SIZE(mini2440_buttons),

};

 

n  构造platform_device

static structplatform_device mini2440_button_device = {

         .name                ="gpio-keys",

         .id              =-1,

         .dev           ={

                   .platform_data         = &mini2440_button_data,

         }

};

 

n  注册platform_device

static structplatform_device *mini2440_devices[] __initdata = {

         ……

         &mini2440_button_device,             

};

 

static void__init mini2440_init(void)

{

         ……

         platform_add_devices(mini2440_devices,ARRAY_SIZE(mini2440_devices));

}


来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/13771794/viewspace-722568/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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