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11g DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE

原创 Oracle 作者:yyp2009 时间:2014-03-13 14:57:12 0 删除 编辑

Chunk by ROWID


This example shows the most common usage of this package. After calling the
RUN_TASK Procedure, it checks for errors and re-runs in
the case of error.


DECLARE
  l_sql_stmt VARCHAR2(1000);
  l_try NUMBER;
  l_status NUMBER;
BEGIN
 
  -- Create the TASK
  DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.CREATE_TASK ('mytask');
 
  -- Chunk the table by ROWID
  DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.CREATE_CHUNKS_BY_ROWID('mytask', 'HR', 'EMPLOYEES', true, 100);
 
  -- Execute the DML in parallel
  l_sql_stmt := 'update /*+ ROWID (dda) */ EMPLOYEES e 
      SET e.salary = e.salary + 10
      WHERE rowid BETWEEN :start_id AND :end_id';
  DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.RUN_TASK('mytask', l_sql_stmt, DBMS_SQL.NATIVE,
                                 parallel_level => 10);
 
  -- If there is an error, RESUME it for at most 2 times.
  L_try := 0;
  L_status := DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.TASK_STATUS('mytask');
  WHILE(l_try < 2 and L_status != DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.FINISHED) 
  LOOP
    L_try := l_try + 1;
    DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.RESUME_TASK('mytask');
    L_status := DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.TASK_STATUS('mytask');
  END LOOP;
 
  -- Done with processing; drop the task
  DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.DROP_TASK('mytask');
   
END;
/


Chunk by User-Provided
SQL


A user can specify their own chunk algorithm by using the CREATE_CHUNKS_BY_SQL Procedure. This example shows that
rows with the same manager_id are grouped together and processed in
one chunk.


DECLARE
  l_chunk_sql VARCHAR2(1000);
  l_sql_stmt VARCHAR2(1000);
  l_try NUMBER;
  l_status NUMBER;
BEGIN
 
  -- Create the TASK
  DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.CREATE_TASK ('mytask');
 
  -- Chunk the table by MANAGER_ID
  l_chunk_sql := 'SELECT distinct manager_id, manager_id FROM employees';
  DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.CREATE_CHUNKS_BY_SQL('mytask', l_chunk_sql, false);
 
  -- Execute the DML in parallel
  --   the WHERE clause contain a condition on manager_id, which is the chunk
  --   column. In this case, grouping rows is by manager_id.
  l_sql_stmt := 'update /*+ ROWID (dda) */ EMPLOYEES e 
      SET e.salary = e.salary + 10
      WHERE manager_id between :start_id and :end_id';
  DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.RUN_TASK('mytask', l_sql_stmt, DBMS_SQL.NATIVE,
                                  parallel_level => 10);
 
  -- If there is error, RESUME it for at most 2 times.
  L_try := 0;
  L_status := DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.TASK_STATUS('mytask');
  WHILE(l_try < 2 and L_status != DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.FINISHED) 
  Loop
    L_try := l_try + 1;
    DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.RESUME_TASK('mytask');
    L_status := DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.TASK_STATUS('mytask');
  END LOOP;
 
  -- Done with processing; drop the task
  DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.DROP_TASK('mytask');
 
end;
/


Executing Chunks in an
User-defined Framework


The user can execute chunks in his own defined framework without using the RUN_TASK Procedure. This example shows how to use GET_ROWID_CHUNK Procedure, EXECUTE
IMMEDIATE, SET_CHUNK_STATUS Procedure to
execute the chunks.


DECLARE
  l_sql_stmt varchar2(1000);
  l_try number;
  l_status number;
  l_chunk_id number;
  l_start_rowid rowid;
  l_end_rowid rowid;
  l_any_rows boolean;
  CURSOR c1 IS SELECT chunk_id
               FROM user_parallel_execute_chunks
               WHERE task_name = 'mytask'
                 AND STATUS IN (DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.PROCESSED_WITH_ERROR,
                                DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.ASSIGNED);
BEGIN
 
  -- Create the Objects, task, and chunk by ROWID
  DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.CREATE_TASK ('mytask');
  DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.CREATE_CHUNKS_BY_ROWID('mytask', 'HR', 'EMPLOYEES', true, 100);
 
  l_sql_stmt := 'update /*+ ROWID (dda) */ EMPLOYEES e 
      SET e.salary = e.salary + 10
      WHERE rowid BETWEEN :start_id AND :end_id';
 
  -- Execute the DML in his own framework 
  --
  -- Process each chunk and commit.
  -- After processing one chunk, repeat this process until
  -- all the chunks are processed.
  --
  <>
  LOOP
      --
      -- Get a chunk to process; if there is nothing to process, then exit the 
      -- loop;
      --
      DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.GET_ROWID_CHUNK('mytask',
                                                          l_chunk_id,
                                                          l_start_rowid,
                                                          l_end_rowid,
                                                          l_any_rows);
      IF (l_any_rows = false) THEN EXIT; END IF;
 
      --
      -- The chunk is specified by start_id and end_id.
      -- Bind the start_id and end_id and then execute it
      --
      -- If no error occured, set the chunk status to PROCESSED.
      --
      -- Catch any exception. If an exception occured, store the error num/msg
      -- into the chunk table and then continue to process the next chunk.
      -- 
      BEGIN
        EXECUTE IMMEDIATE l_sql_stmt using l_start_rowid, l_end_rowid;
        DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.SET_CHUNK_STATUS('mytask',l_chunk_id,
          DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.PROCESSED);
      EXCEPTION WHEN OTHERS THEN
        DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.SET_CHUNK_STATUS('mytask', l_chunk_id,
          DBMS_PARALLEL_EXECUTE.PROCESSED_WITH_ERROR, SQLCODE, SQLERRM);
      END;
 
      --
      -- Finished processing one chunk; Commit here
      --
      COMMIT;
  END LOOP;



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