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【转】redhat 5 安装oracle10g方法

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:regonly1 时间:2009-04-29 07:23:52 0 删除 编辑

1.         硬件要求

 

   1.swap 分区不低于2G

   2.selinux 状态disable

   3.物理内存不低于512M

 

2.         系统要求

     redhat Enterprise 5 默认安装

 

3.         数据库要求

3.1.软件下载

      根据实际环环境从oracle官方网站下载相应的数据库

      http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/products/database/index.html

       3.2.解包

      unzip 10201_database_linux32.zip

 

      解包完成后后将database目录拷贝到/opt目录下,以便oracle用户安装使用

 

4.     redhat配置

     

4.1         安装缺失的包

用 root 用户身份运行以下命令:

      rpm -q gcc make binutils openmotif setarch compat-db compat-gcc compat-gcc-c++ compat-libstdc++ compat-libstdc++-devel

 

      如果采用默认安装,该命令执行后通常会提示openmotif,compat-db,compat-gcc,compat-gcc-c++,compat-libstdc++,compat-libstdc++-devel 没有安装。如下所示

 

      gcc-4.1.1-52.el5

      make-3.81-1.1

      binutils-2.17.50.0.6-2.el5

      package openmotif is not installed

      setarch-2.0-1.1

      package compat-db is not installed

      package compat-gcc is not installed

      package compat-gcc-c++ is not installed

      package compat-libstdc++ is not installed

      package compat-libstdc++-devel is not installed

          对缺失的包需要通过光盘或其他介质安装,笔者采用光盘安装

     

4.1.1          在/mnt 下创建cdrom

4.1.2          将光盘放入光驱

4.1.3          执行命令 mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom

命令执行后/mnt/cdrom下将产生光盘下面的文件

4.1.4          进入光盘Server目录下  cd /mnt/cdrom/Server

 

         由于缺失的包之间有严格的依赖关系,所以必须按照如下顺序安装缺失的包

     

        rpm -Uvh compat-db-4*
        rpm -Uvh libaio-0*
        rpm -Uvh compat-libstdc++-33-3*
        rpm -Uvh glibc-headers-2.5-12.i386.rpm
        rpm -Uvh glibc-devel-2.5-12.i386.rpm
        rpm -Uvh compat-gcc-34-3*
        rpm -Uvh compat-gcc-34-c++-3*
        rpm -Uvh libXp-1*
        rpm -Uvh openmotif-2*
        rpm -Uvh gcc-4*
        rpm -Uvh glibc-2.5-12.i686.rpm
        rpm -Uvh libgomp-4.1.1-52.el5.i386.rpm
        rpm -Uvh gcc-4.1.1-52.el5.i386.rpm


 

          安装完成后仍然提示部分包没有安装,不过不影响使用

package compat-gcc is not installed

package compat-gcc-c++ is not installed

package compat-libstdc++ is not installed

package compat-libstdc++-devel is not installed

 

4.2     vi /etc/sysctl.conf file

      kernel.shmall = 2097152

      kernel.shmmax = 2147483648

      kernel.shmmni = 4096

      # semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni

      kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

      fs.file-max = 65536

      net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000

      net.core.rmem_default=262144

      net.core.rmem_max=262144

      net.core.wmem_default=262144

      net.core.wmem_max=262144

        运行下面命令使设置生效/sbin/sysctl -p

 

4.3     vi /etc/security/limits.conf vf

      * soft nproc 2047

      * hard nproc 16384

      * soft nofile 1024

* hard nofile 65536

 

4.4     vi /etc/pam.d/login

          session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so

 

4.5     vi /etc/selinux/config

      # This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.

# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:

# enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.

# permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.

# disabled - SELinux is fully disabled.

SELINUX=disabled

# SELINUXTYPE= type of policy in use. Possible values are:

# targeted - Only targeted network daemons are protected.

# strict - Full SELinux protection.

#SELINUXTYPE=targeted

SELINUXTYPE=disabled

 

4.6     添加oracle用户和组

groupadd oinstall

groupadd dba

groupadd oper

useradd –m -g oinstall -G dba oracle

passwd oracle

 

4.7     创建安装目录并赋予oracle相应权限

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1

chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01

chmod -R 775 /u01

 

4.8     添加访问控制列表

xhost + machine-name

 

4.9     设置主机名和IP

vi /etc/hosts   

删除文件内容,添加如下两行

127.0.0.1    localhost

IP地址      主机名称

 

如果不添加第一行,安装以后数据库可以打开,通过http://ip:1158/em访问  控制台发现数据库和监听器均无法启动(箭头指向下)以管理员帐号进入em,页面提示Network Adapter error,如果通过命令lsnrctl start提示如下错误

 

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 17-OCT-2007 15:35:07

Copyright (c) 1991, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Starting .......

................
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=olivenan)(PORT=1521)))
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC0)))

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=olivenan)(PORT=1521)))
TNS-12547: TNS:lost contact
 TNS-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error
  TNS-00517: Lost contact
   Linux Error: 104: Connection reset by peer
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=EXTPROC0)))
TNS-12541: TNS:no listener
 TNS-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error
  TNS-00511: No listener
   Linux Error: 111: Connection refused

 

4.10  修改redhat版本

vi /etc/redhat-release

Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 5 (Tikanga) 替换成 redhat-4

 

4.11  修改oracle的环境变量

su - oracle

vi ~/.bash_profile

# Oracle Settings

TMP=/tmp; export TMP

TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR

ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE

ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2.0/db_1

export ORACLE_HOME

ORACLE_SID=orcl

export ORACLE_SID

ORACLE_TERM=xterm

export ORACLE_TERM

PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH

PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH

export PATH

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH

CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib

export CLASSPATH

#LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=2.4.1; export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then

  if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

    ulimit -p 16384

    ulimit -n 65536

  else

    ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

  fi

fi

export LANG=en_US.utf8

export LANGUAGE=en_US.utf8

export NLS_LANG="Simplified Chinese_China.UTF8"

export LC_ALL=en_US.utf8

 


4.13  安装

以oracle用户登录系统,打开终端将当前位置定位到database中

Unset LANG

./runInstaller.sh

 

 


如果之前的包按照要求安装完成,安装过程应该很顺利,如果安装进度在63%左右出现错误,如提示遇到问题需要重试,忽略等等,一般就是系统要求的包没有安装完全。

 

 


安装完成后重启机子,登录oracle 打开终端

 

 sqlplus ‘/as sysdba'

 启动数据库

 startup

 

 启动控制台

emctl start dbconsole

启动监听器

 lsnrctl start

 


http://ip:1158/em

 

 


4.14  后修改vi /etc/redhat-release 内容为Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 5 (Tikanga)

4.15  设置开机启动

vi /etc/oratab

orcl:/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1:Y

 

 

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