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.Net(C#)获取汉字声母的方法

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:iDotNetSpace 时间:2009-02-12 16:42:37 0 删除 编辑

static public string getSpell(string cn)
        {
            #region
            byte[] arrCN = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(cn);
            if (arrCN.Length > 1)
            {
                int area = (short)arrCN[0];
                int pos = (short)arrCN[1];
                int code = (area << 8) + pos;
                int[] areacode = { 45217, 45253, 45761, 46318, 46826, 47010, 47297, 47614, 48119, 48119, 49062, 49324, 49896, 50371, 50614, 50622, 50906, 51387, 51446, 52218, 52698, 52698, 52698, 52980, 53689, 54481 };
                for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++)
                {
                    int max = 55290;
                    if (i != 25) max = areacode[i + 1];
                    if (areacode[i] <= code && code < max)
                    {
                        return Encoding.Default.GetString(new byte[] { (byte)(65 + i) });
                    }
                }
                return cn;
            }
            else return cn;
            #endregion
        } 
 

获得拼音

 

Code
using System;

using System.IO;

using System.Xml;

using System.Collections;

using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

 

///

/// 汉字转拼音类

///

public class Hz2Py
{

    private static int[] pyValue = new int[]

    {

        -20319,-20317,-20304,-20295,-20292,-20283,-20265,-20257,-20242,-20230,-20051,-20036,

        -20032,-20026,-20002,-19990,-19986,-19982,-19976,-19805,-19784,-19775,-19774,-19763,

        -19756,-19751,-19746,-19741,-19739,-19728,-19725,-19715,-19540,-19531,-19525,-19515,

        -19500,-19484,-19479,-19467,-19289,-19288,-19281,-19275,-19270,-19263,-19261,-19249,

        -19243,-19242,-19238,-19235,-19227,-19224,-19218,-19212,-19038,-19023,-19018,-19006,

        -19003,-18996,-18977,-18961,-18952,-18783,-18774,-18773,-18763,-18756,-18741,-18735,

        -18731,-18722,-18710,-18697,-18696,-18526,-18518,-18501,-18490,-18478,-18463,-18448,

        -18447,-18446,-18239,-18237,-18231,-18220,-18211,-18201,-18184,-18183, -18181,-18012,

        -17997,-17988,-17970,-17964,-17961,-17950,-17947,-17931,-17928,-17922,-17759,-17752,

        -17733,-17730,-17721,-17703,-17701,-17697,-17692,-17683,-17676,-17496,-17487,-17482,

        -17468,-17454,-17433,-17427,-17417,-17202,-17185,-16983,-16970,-16942,-16915,-16733,

        -16708,-16706,-16689,-16664,-16657,-16647,-16474,-16470,-16465,-16459,-16452,-16448,

        -16433,-16429,-16427,-16423,-16419,-16412,-16407,-16403,-16401,-16393,-16220,-16216,

        -16212,-16205,-16202,-16187,-16180,-16171,-16169,-16158,-16155,-15959,-15958,-15944,

        -15933,-15920,-15915,-15903,-15889,-15878,-15707,-15701,-15681,-15667,-15661,-15659,

        -15652,-15640,-15631,-15625,-15454,-15448,-15436,-15435,-15419,-15416,-15408,-15394,

        -15385,-15377,-15375,-15369,-15363,-15362,-15183,-15180,-15165,-15158,-15153,-15150,

        -15149,-15144,-15143,-15141,-15140,-15139,-15128,-15121,-15119,-15117,-15110,-15109,

        -14941,-14937,-14933,-14930,-14929,-14928,-14926,-14922,-14921,-14914,-14908,-14902,

        -14894,-14889,-14882,-14873,-14871,-14857,-14678,-14674,-14670,-14668,-14663,-14654,

        -14645,-14630,-14594,-14429,-14407,-14399,-14384,-14379,-14368,-14355,-14353,-14345,

        -14170,-14159,-14151,-14149,-14145,-14140,-14137,-14135,-14125,-14123,-14122,-14112,

        -14109,-14099,-14097,-14094,-14092,-14090,-14087,-14083,-13917,-13914,-13910,-13907,

        -13906,-13905,-13896,-13894,-13878,-13870,-13859,-13847,-13831,-13658,-13611,-13601,

        -13406,-13404,-13400,-13398,-13395,-13391,-13387,-13383,-13367,-13359,-13356,-13343,

        -13340,-13329,-13326,-13318,-13147,-13138,-13120,-13107,-13096,-13095,-13091,-13076,

        -13068,-13063,-13060,-12888,-12875,-12871,-12860,-12858,-12852,-12849,-12838,-12831,

        -12829,-12812,-12802,-12607,-12597,-12594,-12585,-12556,-12359,-12346,-12320,-12300,

        -12120,-12099,-12089,-12074,-12067,-12058,-12039,-11867,-11861,-11847,-11831,-11798,

        -11781,-11604,-11589,-11536,-11358,-11340,-11339,-11324,-11303,-11097,-11077,-11067,

        -11055,-11052,-11045,-11041,-11038,-11024,-11020,-11019,-11018,-11014,-10838,-10832,

        -10815,-10800,-10790,-10780,-10764,-10587,-10544,-10533,-10519,-10331,-10329,-10328,

        -10322,-10315,-10309,-10307,-10296,-10281,-10274,-10270,-10262,-10260,-10256,-10254

    };

 

    private static string[] pyName = new string[]

    {

        "A","Ai","An","Ang","Ao","Ba","Bai","Ban","Bang","Bao","Bei","Ben",

        "Beng","Bi","Bian","Biao","Bie","Bin","Bing","Bo","Bu","Ba","Cai","Can",

        "Cang","Cao","Ce","Ceng","Cha","Chai","Chan","Chang","Chao","Che","Chen","Cheng",

        "Chi","Chong","Chou","Chu","Chuai","Chuan","Chuang","Chui","Chun","Chuo","Ci","Cong",

        "Cou","Cu","Cuan","Cui","Cun","Cuo","Da","Dai","Dan","Dang","Dao","De",

        "Deng","Di","Dian","Diao","Die","Ding","Diu","Dong","Dou","Du","Duan","Dui",

        "Dun","Duo","E","En","Er","Fa","Fan","Fang","Fei","Fen","Feng","Fo",

        "Fou","Fu","Ga","Gai","Gan","Gang","Gao","Ge","Gei","Gen","Geng","Gong",

        "Gou","Gu","Gua","Guai","Guan","Guang","Gui","Gun","Guo","Ha","Hai","Han",

        "Hang","Hao","He","Hei","Hen","Heng","Hong","Hou","Hu","Hua","Huai","Huan",

        "Huang","Hui","Hun","Huo","Ji","Jia","Jian","Jiang","Jiao","Jie","Jin","Jing",

        "Jiong","Jiu","Ju","Juan","Jue","Jun","Ka","Kai","Kan","Kang","Kao","Ke",

        "Ken","Keng","Kong","Kou","Ku","Kua","Kuai","Kuan","Kuang","Kui","Kun","Kuo",

        "La","Lai","Lan","Lang","Lao","Le","Lei","Leng","Li","Lia","Lian","Liang",

        "Liao","Lie","Lin","Ling","Liu","Long","Lou","Lu","Lv","Luan","Lue","Lun",

        "Luo","Ma","Mai","Man","Mang","Mao","Me","Mei","Men","Meng","Mi","Mian",

        "Miao","Mie","Min","Ming","Miu","Mo","Mou","Mu","Na","Nai","Nan","Nang",

        "Nao","Ne","Nei","Nen","Neng","Ni","Nian","Niang","Niao","Nie","Nin","Ning",

        "Niu","Nong","Nu","Nv","Nuan","Nue","Nuo","O","Ou","Pa","Pai","Pan",

        "Pang","Pao","Pei","Pen","Peng","Pi","Pian","Piao","Pie","Pin","Ping","Po",

        "Pu","Qi","Qia","Qian","Qiang","Qiao","Qie","Qin","Qing","Qiong","Qiu","Qu",

        "Quan","Que","Qun","Ran","Rang","Rao","Re","Ren","Reng","Ri","Rong","Rou",

        "Ru","Ruan","Rui","Run","Ruo","Sa","Sai","San","Sang","Sao","Se","Sen",

        "Seng","Sha","Shai","Shan","Shang","Shao","She","Shen","Sheng","Shi","Shou","Shu",

        "Shua","Shuai","Shuan","Shuang","Shui","Shun","Shuo","Si","Song","Sou","Su","Suan",

        "Sui","Sun","Suo","Ta","Tai","Tan","Tang","Tao","Te","Teng","Ti","Tian",

        "Tiao","Tie","Ting","Tong","Tou","Tu","Tuan","Tui","Tun","Tuo","Wa","Wai",

        "Wan","Wang","Wei","Wen","Weng","Wo","Wu","Xi","Xia","Xian","Xiang","Xiao",

        "Xie","Xin","Xing","Xiong","Xiu","Xu","Xuan","Xue","Xun","Ya","Yan","Yang",

        "Yao","Ye","Yi","Yin","Ying","Yo","Yong","You","Yu","Yuan","Yue","Yun",

        "Za", "Zai","Zan","Zang","Zao","Ze","Zei","Zen","Zeng","Zha","Zhai","Zhan",

        "Zhang","Zhao","Zhe","Zhen","Zheng","Zhi","Zhong","Zhou","Zhu","Zhua","Zhuai","Zhuan",

        "Zhuang","Zhui","Zhun","Zhuo","Zi","Zong","Zou","Zu","Zuan","Zui","Zun","Zuo"

    };

 

    ///

    /// 把汉字转换成拼音(全拼)

    ///

    /// 汉字字符串

    /// 转换后的拼音(全拼)字符串

    public static string Convert(string hzString)
    {

        // 匹配中文字符

        Regex regex = new Regex("^[\u4e00-\u9fa5]$");

        byte[] array = new byte[2];

        string pyString = "";

        int chrAsc = 0;

        int i1 = 0;

        int i2 = 0;

        char[] noWChar = hzString.ToCharArray();

 

        for (int j = 0; j < noWChar.Length; j++)
        {

            // 中文字符

            if (regex.IsMatch(noWChar[j].ToString()))
            {

                array = System.Text.Encoding.Default.GetBytes(noWChar[j].ToString());

                i1 = (short)(array[0]);

                i2 = (short)(array[1]);

                chrAsc = i1 * 256 + i2 - 65536;

                if (chrAsc > 0 && chrAsc < 160)
                {

                    pyString += noWChar[j];

                }

                else
                {

                    // 修正部分文字

                    if (chrAsc == -9254) // 修正“圳”字

                        pyString += "Zhen";

                    else
                    {

                        for (int i = (pyValue.Length - 1); i >= 0; i--)
                        {

                            if (pyValue[i] <= chrAsc)
                            {

                                pyString += pyName[i];

                                break;

                            }

                        }

                    }

                }

            }

            // 非中文字符

            else
            {

                pyString += noWChar[j].ToString();

            }

        }

        return pyString;

    }

}


 

调用

 

Code
  MessageBox.Show(Hz2Py.Convert("三山烟"));

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/12639172/viewspace-548876/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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