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使用源码安装MYSQL 5.5.9版本

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:lirenquan 时间:2011-03-10 15:33:52 0 删除 编辑

由于要做goldengate异构平台的数据库同步测试,需要测试MYSQL与ORACLE之间的数据同步,因此本篇就介绍源码安装MYSQL的过程

安装流程如下:
1、解压安装包
tar -zcvf 包名.tar.gz
2、编译及安装
确保cmake已经下载(www.cmake.org)并安装(下载解压,然后修改一下环境变量即可,不需要安装)
shell> tar zxvf mysql-VERSION.tar.gz
shell> cd mysql-VERSION
shell> cmake .
shell> make
shell> su - root
shell> cd mysql-VERSION
shell> make install DESTDIR="/usr/local/mysql"

这样安装后,目录居然在是/usr/local/mysql/usr/local/mysql下,晕,移走:
[root@ora10g mysql]# mv /usr/local/mysql/usr/local/mysql/* /usr/local/mysql/
[root@ora10g mysql]# ls -l
total 0
[root@ora10g mysql]# pwd
/usr/local/mysql/usr/local/mysql
[root@ora10g mysql]# cd /usr/local/mysql/
[root@ora10g mysql]# ll
total 192
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 bin
-rw-r--r--   1 root root  17987 Jan 20 06:37 COPYING
drwxr-xr-x   4 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:39 data
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:39 docs
drwxr-xr-x   3 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:39 include
-rw-r--r--   1 root root   7390 Jan 20 06:37 INSTALL-BINARY
drwxr-xr-x   3 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:39 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 man
drwxr-xr-x  10 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 mysql-test
-rw-r--r--   1 root root 113534 Jan 20 06:37 README
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 scripts
drwxr-xr-x  27 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 share
drwxr-xr-x   4 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 sql-bench
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 support-files
drwxr-xr-x   3 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:39 usr
[root@ora10g mysql]# rm -rf usr
[root@ora10g mysql]# ls -l
total 188
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 bin
-rw-r--r--   1 root root  17987 Jan 20 06:37 COPYING
drwxr-xr-x   4 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:39 data
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:39 docs
drwxr-xr-x   3 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:39 include
-rw-r--r--   1 root root   7390 Jan 20 06:37 INSTALL-BINARY
drwxr-xr-x   3 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:39 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 man
drwxr-xr-x  10 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 mysql-test
-rw-r--r--   1 root root 113534 Jan 20 06:37 README
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 scripts
drwxr-xr-x  27 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 share
drwxr-xr-x   4 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 sql-bench
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root   4096 Mar  1 23:40 support-files

[root@ora10g mysql]# pwd
/usr/local/mysql
[root@ora10g mysql]# ls -l
total 188
drwxr-xr-x   2 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 bin
-rw-r--r--   1 mysql mysql  17987 Jan 20 06:37 COPYING
drwxr-xr-x   4 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:39 data
drwxr-xr-x   2 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:39 docs
drwxr-xr-x   3 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:39 include
-rw-r--r--   1 mysql mysql   7390 Jan 20 06:37 INSTALL-BINARY
drwxr-xr-x   3 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:39 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 man
drwxr-xr-x  10 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 mysql-test
-rw-r--r--   1 mysql mysql 113534 Jan 20 06:37 README
drwxr-xr-x   2 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 scripts
drwxr-xr-x  27 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 share
drwxr-xr-x   4 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 sql-bench
drwxr-xr-x   2 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 support-files
[root@ora10g mysql]# scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
Installing MySQL system tables...
OK
Filling help tables...
OK

To start mysqld at boot time you have to copy
support-files/mysql.server to the right place for your system

PLEASE REMEMBER TO SET A PASSWORD FOR THE MySQL root USER !
To do so, start the server, then issue the following commands:

./bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password'
./bin/mysqladmin -u root -h ora10g password 'new-password'

Alternatively you can run:
./bin/mysql_secure_installation

which will also give you the option of removing the test
databases and anonymous user created by default.  This is
strongly recommended for production servers.

See the manual for more instructions.

You can start the MySQL daemon with:
cd . ; ./bin/mysqld_safe &

You can test the MySQL daemon with mysql-test-run.pl
cd ./mysql-test ; perl mysql-test-run.pl

Please report any problems with the ./bin/mysqlbug script!
[root@ora10g mysql]# chown -R root .
[root@ora10g mysql]# ll
total 188
drwxr-xr-x   2 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 bin
-rw-r--r--   1 root mysql  17987 Jan 20 06:37 COPYING
drwxr-xr-x   5 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:51 data
drwxr-xr-x   2 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:39 docs
drwxr-xr-x   3 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:39 include
-rw-r--r--   1 root mysql   7390 Jan 20 06:37 INSTALL-BINARY
drwxr-xr-x   3 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:39 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 man
drwxr-xr-x  10 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 mysql-test
-rw-r--r--   1 root mysql 113534 Jan 20 06:37 README
drwxr-xr-x   2 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 scripts
drwxr-xr-x  27 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 share
drwxr-xr-x   4 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 sql-bench
drwxr-xr-x   2 root mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 support-files
[root@ora10g mysql]# chown -R mysql data
[root@ora10g mysql]# ls -l
total 188
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 bin
-rw-r--r--   1 root  mysql  17987 Jan 20 06:37 COPYING
drwxr-xr-x   5 mysql mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:51 data
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:39 docs
drwxr-xr-x   3 root  mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:39 include
-rw-r--r--   1 root  mysql   7390 Jan 20 06:37 INSTALL-BINARY
drwxr-xr-x   3 root  mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:39 lib
drwxr-xr-x   4 root  mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 man
drwxr-xr-x  10 root  mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 mysql-test
-rw-r--r--   1 root  mysql 113534 Jan 20 06:37 README
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 scripts
drwxr-xr-x  27 root  mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 share
drwxr-xr-x   4 root  mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 sql-bench
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  mysql   4096 Mar  1 23:40 support-files

 

[root@ora10g mysql]# bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &
[1] 25271
[root@ora10g mysql]# tail -100f /usr/local/mysql/data/ora10g.err
110301 23:56:00 mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /usr/local/mysql/data
110301 23:56:01 InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
110301 23:56:01 InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use InnoDB's own implementation
110301 23:56:01 InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.1.2
110301 23:56:01 InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
110301 23:56:01 InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
110301 23:56:01 InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
InnoDB: The first specified data file ./ibdata1 did not exist:
InnoDB: a new database to be created!
110301 23:56:01  InnoDB: Setting file ./ibdata1 size to 10 MB
InnoDB: Database physically writes the file full: wait...
110301 23:56:02  InnoDB: Log file ./ib_logfile0 did not exist: new to be created
InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile0 size to 5 MB
InnoDB: Database physically writes the file full: wait...
110301 23:56:03  InnoDB: Log file ./ib_logfile1 did not exist: new to be created
InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile1 size to 5 MB
InnoDB: Database physically writes the file full: wait...
InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer not found: creating new
InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer created
InnoDB: 127 rollback segment(s) active.
InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables
InnoDB: Foreign key constraint system tables created
110301 23:56:05  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
110301 23:56:06 InnoDB: 1.1.5 started; log sequence number 0
110301 23:56:06 [ERROR] Can't start server: Bind on TCP/IP port: Address already in use
110301 23:56:06 [ERROR] Do you already have another mysqld server running on port: 3306 ?
110301 23:56:06 [ERROR] Aborting

110301 23:56:06  InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
110301 23:56:07  InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1595675
110301 23:56:07 [Note] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: Shutdown complete

110301 23:56:07 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /usr/local/mysql/data/ora10g.pid ended
110302 00:01:08 mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /usr/local/mysql/data
110302  0:01:09 InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
110302  0:01:09 InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use InnoDB's own implementation
110302  0:01:09 InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.1.2
110302  0:01:09 InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
110302  0:01:10 InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
110302  0:01:10 InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
110302  0:01:10 InnoDB: highest supported file format is Barracuda.
110302  0:01:11  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
110302  0:01:12 InnoDB: 1.1.5 started; log sequence number 1595675
110302  0:01:13 [Note] Event Scheduler: Loaded 0 events
110302  0:01:13 [Note] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: ready for connections.
Version: '5.5.9-log'  socket: '/tmp/mysql.sock'  port: 3306  Source distribution

[root@ora10g mysql]#

cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql.server

[root@ora10g mysql]# bin/mysqladmin -u root shutdown
110302 00:09:00 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /usr/local/mysql/data/ora10g.pid ended
[1]+  Done                    bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql
[root@ora10g mysql]#
[root@ora10g mysql]#
[root@ora10g mysql]# ps -ef | grep -i mysql
root     25783 11274  0 00:09 pts/6    00:00:00 grep -i mysql

至此,整个源码安装过程完成

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