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【转】imp/exp tablespace

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:ljm0211 时间:2012-07-02 15:13:50 0 删除 编辑

很多人在进行数据迁移时,希望把数据导入不同于原系统的表空间,在导入之后却往往发现,数据被导入了原表空间。
本例举例说明解决这个问题:
1.如果缺省的用户具有DBA权限
那么导入时会按照原来的位置导入数据,即导入到原表空间
$ imp bjbbs/passwd file=bj_bbs.dmp fromuser=jive touser=bjbbs grants=n



Import: Release 8.1.7.4.0 - Production on Mon Sep 22 11:49:41 2003



(c) Copyright 2000 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle8i Enterprise Edition Release 8.1.7.4.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning option

JServer Release 8.1.7.4.0 - 64bit Production


Export file created by EXPORT:V08.01.07 via conventional path

Warning: the objects were exported by JIVE, not by you


import done in ZHS16GBK character set and ZHS16GBK NCHAR character set

. . importing table "HS_ALBUMINBOX" 12 rows imported

. . importing table "HS_ALBUM_INFO" 47 rows imported

. . importing table "HS_CATALOG" 13 rows imported

. . importing table "HS_CATALOGAUTHORITY" 5 rows imported

. . importing table "HS_CATEGORYAUTHORITY" 0 rows imported

....

. . importing table "JIVEUSERPROP" 4 rows imported

. . importing table "JIVEWATCH" 0 rows imported

. . importing table "PLAN_TABLE" 0 rows imported

. . importing table "TMZOLDUSER" 3 rows imported

. . importing table "TMZOLDUSER2" 3 rows imported

About to enable constraints...

Import terminated successfully without warnings.
查询发现仍然导入了USER表空间
$ sqlplus bjbbs/passwd


SQL*Plus: Release 8.1.7.0.0 - Production on Mon Sep 22 11:50:03 2003

(c) Copyright 2000 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.


Connected to:

Oracle8i Enterprise Edition Release 8.1.7.4.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning option

JServer Release 8.1.7.4.0 - 64bit Production

SQL> select table_name,tablespace_name from user_tables;


TABLE_NAME TABLESPACE_NAME

------------------------------ ------------------------------

HS_ALBUMINBOX USERS

HS_ALBUM_INFO USERS

HS_CATALOG USERS

HS_CATALOGAUTHORITY USERS

HS_CATEGORYAUTHORITY USERS

HS_CATEGORYINFO USERS

HS_DLF_DOWNLOG USERS

...

JIVEWATCH USERS

PLAN_TABLE USERS

TMZOLDUSER USERS



TABLE_NAME TABLESPACE_NAME

------------------------------ ------------------------------

TMZOLDUSER2 USERS

45 rows selected.2.回收用户unlimited tablespace权限
这样就可以导入到用户缺省表空间
SQL> create user bjbbs identified by passwd

2 default tablespace bjbbs

3 temporary tablespace temp

4 /


User created.


SQL> grant connect,resource to bjbbs;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> grant dba to bjbbs;

Grant succeeded.



SQL> revoke unlimited tablespace from bjbbs;


Revoke succeeded.

SQL> alter user bjbbs quota 0 on users;

User altered.


SQL> alter user bjbbs quota unlimited on bjbbs;

User altered.

SQL> exit

Disconnected from Oracle8i Enterprise Edition Release 8.1.7.4.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning option

JServer Release 8.1.7.4.0 - 64bit Production
重新导入数据
$ imp bjbbs/passwd file=bj_bbs.dmp fromuser=jive touser=bjbbs grants=n


Import: Release 8.1.7.4.0 - Production on Mon Sep 22 12:00:51 2003



(c) Copyright 2000 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.



Connected to: Oracle8i Enterprise Edition Release 8.1.7.4.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning option

JServer Release 8.1.7.4.0 - 64bit Production



Export file created by EXPORT:V08.01.07 via conventional path



Warning: the objects were exported by JIVE, not by you



import done in ZHS16GBK character set and ZHS16GBK NCHAR character set

. . importing table "HS_ALBUMINBOX" 12 rows imported

. . importing table "HS_ALBUM_INFO" 47 rows imported

. . importing table "HS_CATALOG" 13 rows imported

. . importing table "HS_CATALOGAUTHORITY" 5 rows imported

. . importing table "HS_CATEGORYAUTHORITY" 0 rows imported

. . importing table "HS_CATEGORYINFO" 9 rows imported

. . importing table "HS_DLF_DOWNLOG" 0 rows imported

....

. . importing table "JIVEUSER" 102 rows imported

. . importing table "JIVEUSERPERM" 81 rows imported

. . importing table "JIVEUSERPROP" 4 rows imported

. . importing table "JIVEWATCH" 0 rows imported

. . importing table "PLAN_TABLE" 0 rows imported

. . importing table "TMZOLDUSER" 3 rows imported

. . importing table "TMZOLDUSER2" 3 rows imported

About to enable constraints...

Import terminated successfully without warnings.



SQL> select table_name,tablespace_name from user_tables;



TABLE_NAME TABLESPACE_NAME

------------------------------ ------------------------------

HS_ALBUMINBOX BJBBS

HS_ALBUM_INFO BJBBS

HS_CATALOG BJBBS

HS_CATALOGAUTHORITY BJBBS

....

JIVETHREAD BJBBS

JIVETHREADPROP BJBBS

JIVEUSER BJBBS

JIVEUSERPERM BJBBS

JIVEUSERPROP BJBBS

JIVEWATCH BJBBS

PLAN_TABLE BJBBS

TMZOLDUSER BJBBS



TABLE_NAME TABLESPACE_NAME

------------------------------ ------------------------------

TMZOLDUSER2 BJBBS

45 rows selected.

现在数据被导入到正确的用户表空间中. -----

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