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Would rather的用法

原创 IT综合 作者:leonaifei 时间:2007-09-05 14:14:13 0 删除 编辑

would rather的用法

would rather+动词原形”是英语中常见的一个惯用句式(美国英语中多用 had rather)。would (had)在此决无“过去”之意,且无词性、时态变化,它是一个情态助动词。该句式常用来表示选择的意愿,意谓“宁可……”、“宁愿……”、“最好……”。

1. would rather do something 例如

  (1) Hed rather work in the countryside.   她宁可到农村去工作。

  (2) If youd rather be alone, well all leave here.

  如果你宁愿独自呆着,那我们都离开这儿。

  (3) You would rather stay at home and do some reading this evening.

  今晚你最好呆在家中读点书。

2. would rather do…that do…

would ratherthan连用,可构成另一个惯用句式,即:“ would rather...than....,意谓“宁可(愿)……(而)不要(愿)……”、“与其……不如……”。用以表达主语的意愿,强调经过选择后做其中一件事,而不愿做另一件事。例如

  (1) I would rather watch TV at home than go to the cinema.

  我宁可在家看电视而不愿去看电影。

  (2) The children would rather walk there than take a bus.

  孩子们宁愿步行去那里而不乘公共汽车。

  在使用“would rather...than...”句型时,应注意以下几点:

  1. than 后边也应接动词原形, 但如该句型前后连接的两个动词相同,则 than之后的那个动词可省去。如:

  (1) Id rather you know that now than afterwards.

  我宁可你现在就知道这件事,而不是以后。

3. would do…rather than do…

would rather...than...也可改写成would...rather than...,其用法及含义仍不变。如:

  (1) Facing the enemies, our soldiers would die rather than surrender.

  面对敌人,我们的战士宁死不屈。

  3. 有时,为表示语气上的强调,可将rather than置于句首,如:

  (1) Rather than refuse to help you, I would borrow money from my friends.

  我宁可向朋友借钱,也不愿拒绝帮助你。

4. would rather后也可跟从句,表示主语宁愿让某人干某事。这时,从句谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即用一般过去时表示过去现在或将来要做的事;用过去完成时表示过去要做的事。如

  (1) I’d rather she set out to do the work now.   我宁愿她现在就着手做这项工作。

(2) I’d rather you met her at the airport tomorrow morning.

我但愿你明天早上能在机场见到她。

  (3) I’d rather youhadn’t told him the news that day. 我真希望你那天没有把那消息告诉他。

  5. would rather后还可接动词的完成式,表示主语要做某事,而结果事与愿违的意思。如:

  (1) I’d rather have left a note on her desk. 我本想留张字条在她书桌上的。(事实上没有留)

  试比较

  (13) I’d rather I left a note on her desk.  我宁可留张字条在她的书桌上。

[@more@]

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