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ASM学习-3使用LUN

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:lsq_008 时间:2011-01-19 16:38:37 0 删除 编辑

通过lun来创建asm磁盘组,在linux上就是直接使用linux的分区来创建:

1. 新加一块磁盘,并分成四个区:

[root@single ~]# df -h
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
                       29G   23G  4.7G  83% /
/dev/sda1              99M   12M   82M  13% /boot
tmpfs                 252M     0  252M   0% /dev/shm
[root@single ~]# fdisk -l | grep -v /dev/sda | grep ^Disk
Disk /dev/sdb doesn't contain a valid partition table
Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes

root@single ~]# fdisk /dev/sdb
Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklabel
Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,
until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous
content won't be recoverable.

Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)

Command (m for help): m
Command action
   a   toggle a bootable flag
   b   edit bsd disklabel
   c   toggle the dos compatibility flag
   d   delete a partition
   l   list known partition types
   m   print this menu
   n   add a new partition
   o   create a new empty DOS partition table
   p   print the partition table
   q   quit without saving changes
   s   create a new empty Sun disklabel
   t   change a partition's system id
   u   change display/entry units
   v   verify the partition table
   w   write table to disk and exit
   x   extra functionality (experts only)

Command (m for help): n
Command action
   e   extended
   p   primary partition (1-4)
p
Partition number (1-4): 1
First cylinder (1-130, default 1):
Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-130, default 130): 256M
Value out of range.
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-130, default 130): +256M

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 130 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sdb1               1          32      257008+  83  Linux

Command (m for help): n
Command action
   e   extended
   p   primary partition (1-4)
p
Partition number (1-4): 2
First cylinder (33-130, default 33):
Using default value 33
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (33-130, default 130): +256M

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 130 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sdb1               1          32      257008+  83  Linux
/dev/sdb2              33          64      257040   83  Linux

Command (m for help): n
Command action
   e   extended
   p   primary partition (1-4)
p
Partition number (1-4): 3
First cylinder (65-130, default 65):
Using default value 65
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (65-130, default 130): +256M

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 130 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sdb1               1          32      257008+  83  Linux
/dev/sdb2              33          64      257040   83  Linux
/dev/sdb3              65          96      257040   83  Linux

Command (m for help): n
Command action
   e   extended
   p   primary partition (1-4)
p
Selected partition 4
First cylinder (97-130, default 97):
Using default value 97
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (97-130, default 130): +256M

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 130 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sdb1               1          32      257008+  83  Linux
/dev/sdb2              33          64      257040   83  Linux
/dev/sdb3              65          96      257040   83  Linux
/dev/sdb4              97         128      257040   83  Linux

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.

[root@single ~]# fdisk -l | grep /dev/sd | grep -v sda
Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes
/dev/sdb1               1          32      257008+  83  Linux
/dev/sdb2              33          64      257040   83  Linux
/dev/sdb3              65          96      257040   83  Linux
/dev/sdb4              97         128      257040   83  Linux

2.修改设备文件的权限

[root@single ~]# ls /dev/sd?? | grep -v sda
/dev/sdb1
/dev/sdb2
/dev/sdb3
/dev/sdb4
[root@single ~]# ls /dev/sd?? | grep -v sda |xargs chown ora10g:dba
[root@single ~]# ls /dev/sd?? | grep -v sda |xargs chmod 660

3.修改asm_diskstring参数,以使oracle能发现disk

idle>show parameter string

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
asm_diskstring                       string      /dev/raw/raw*, /home/db/oracle
                                                 /oradata/+ASM/fs/*
idle>alter system set asm_diskstring='/dev/raw/raw*','/home/db/oracle/oradata/+ASM/fs/*','/dev/sd*';

System altered.

idle>show parameter string

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
asm_diskstring                       string      /dev/raw/raw*, /home/db/oracle
                                                 /oradata/+ASM/fs/*, /dev/sd*

4.重启ASM实例,就可以发现新增加的分区

idle>shutdown
ASM diskgroups dismounted
ASM instance shutdown
idle>startup
ASM instance started

Total System Global Area   79691776 bytes
Fixed Size                  1217812 bytes
Variable Size              53308140 bytes
ASM Cache                  25165824 bytes
ASM diskgroups mounted

idle>col path for a50
idle>col library for a20
idle>SELECT path, header_status, library, total_mb, free_mb FROM v$asm_disk;

PATH                                               HEADER_STATU LIBRARY                TOTAL_MB    FREE_MB
-------------------------------------------------- ------------ -------------------- ---------- ----------
/dev/sdb2                                          CANDIDATE    System                      251          0
/dev/sdb3                                          CANDIDATE    System                      251          0
/dev/sdb4                                          CANDIDATE    System                      251          0
/dev/sdb1                                          CANDIDATE    System                      250          0
/dev/raw/raw4                                      MEMBER       System                      256        231
/dev/raw/raw3                                      MEMBER       System                      256        228
/dev/raw/raw2                                      MEMBER       System                      256        233
/dev/raw/raw1                                      MEMBER       System                      256        226
/home/db/oracle/oradata/+ASM/fs/filesystem_dsk4    MEMBER       System                      128        103
/home/db/oracle/oradata/+ASM/fs/filesystem_dsk2    MEMBER       System                      128        105
/home/db/oracle/oradata/+ASM/fs/filesystem_dsk1    MEMBER       System                      128         98
/home/db/oracle/oradata/+ASM/fs/filesystem_dsk3    MEMBER       System                      128        100

12 rows selected.

由于还没有加入到磁盘组中,新加的四个disk的状态为CANDIDATE。

5.创建新的磁盘组

idle>CREATE DISKGROUP LUN_DISK_GROUP NORMAL REDUNDANCY
  2  FAILGROUP array1
  3  DISK
  4  '/dev/sdb1' NAME lun_array1_disk1,
  5  '/dev/sdb2' NAME lun_array1_disk2
  6  FAILGROUP array2
  7  DISK
  8  '/dev/sdb3' NAME lun_array2_disk1,
  9  '/dev/sdb4' NAME lun_array2_disk2;

Diskgroup created.

idle>SELECT name, block_size, allocation_unit_size, state,
  2    type, total_mb, usable_file_mb
  3    FROM v$asm_diskgroup;

NAME                 BLOCK_SIZE ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE STATE       TYPE     TOTAL_MB USABLE_FILE_MB
-------------------- ---------- -------------------- ----------- ------ ---------- --------------
FS_DISK_GROUP              4096              1048576 MOUNTED     NORMAL        512            139
TEST_ASM_DG                4096              1048576 MOUNTED     NORMAL       1024            331
LUN_DISK_GROUP             4096              1048576 MOUNTED     NORMAL       1003            323

现在该asm实例一共有三个磁盘组。

 

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十余年大型金融及电信系统数据库管理经验,曾服务于中国建设银行、中国移动。对oracle,mysql数据库有深入了解。 擅长python开发,独立开发了开源数据库自动化监控运维平台Power Monitor。

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