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drop 一张3.7T的含lob的分区表

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:zengzg 时间:2019-03-08 17:03:05 0 删除 编辑

   今天drop 了一张3.7T的表,这张表为分区本身的数据只有23G,两个lob字段和lob index加起来占到3.7T,下面处理过程:

1.因为表特别大,开始尝试用以下方式来做:
 drop index ...;
truncate table ... reuse storage;
alter table ... deallocate unused keep 2000000m;
alter table ... deallocate unused keep 1500000m;
alter table ... deallocate unused keep 1000000m;
alter table ... deallocate unused keep 500000m;
alter table ... deallocate unused keep 0;
drop table ...;

结果做完truncate table ... reuse storage;之后做alter table ... deallocate unused keep 2000000m;时一直报
alter table EAI_CT_BUILD.EA_CROSS_SYS_DATA_TBL_BAK deallocate unused keep 10000M
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-03230: segment only contains 77 blocks of unused space above high water
mark

问了一下oracle,推荐我用下以下方法来做:

1.先truncate所有的subpartition:
truncate table EAI_CT_BUILD.EA_CROSS_SYS_DATA_TBL_BAK  subpartition **;......

2.truncate所有的partition
truncate table EAI_CT_BUILD.EA_CROSS_SYS_DATA_TBL_BAK  partition **;......

3.drop table EAI_CT_BUILD.EA_CROSS_SYS_DATA_TBL_BAK  ;

大概在truncate subpartition时花了25分钟,之后的就快了,drop table时只发了1分29秒.

 

附:

How To Efficiently Drop A Table With Many Extents
  Doc ID: Note:68836.1 Type: BULLETIN
  Last Revision Date: 12-JUN-2008 Status: PUBLISHED


               How to efficiently drop a table with many extents

PURPOSE
~~~~~~~

    This note describes why a user process can consume large amounts of CPU 
    after dropping a table consisting of many extents, and a potential
    workaround to stop the problem occurring. Essentially the CPU is being
    used to manipulate the extents i.e. moving used extents (uet$) to free
    extents (fet$). In certain circumstances it may be possible to regulate
    this CPU activity.

SCOPE & APPLICATION
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
This article is intended to assist DBAs who may need to drop a table
consisting of many extents.

RELATED DOCUMENTS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Note 61997.1 SMON - Temporary Segment Cleanup and Free Space Coalescing

Permanent object cleanup
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

   If a permanent object (table) is made up of many extents, and the object is 
   to be dropped, the user process dropping the object will consume large 
   amounts of CPU - this is an inescapable fact. However, with some forethought
   it is possible to mitigate the effects of CPU usage (and hence the knock-on
   effect on other users of system resources) thus:

   1. Identify, but do NOT drop the table
   2. Truncate the table, specifying the REUSE STORAGE clause. This will be 
      quick as extents are not deallocated; the highwater mark is simply 
      adjusted to the segment header block.
   3. Deallocate unused extents from the table, SPECIFYING THE KEEP CLAUSE.
      This is the crux - you can control how many extents are to be deallocated
      by specifying how much (in terms of Kb or Mb) of the table is NOT
      to be deallocated.

   Example:
   o. Table BIGTAB is 2Gb in size and consists of 262144 8Kb extents
   o. There is little CPU power available, and (from past experience) it is
      known that dropping an object of this number of extents can take days
   o. The system is quiet at night times (no other users or batch jobs)
   
   In the above example the table could be dropped in 'phases' over the period
   of a few nights as follows:
   1. Truncate the table, specifying the REUSE STORAGE clause:
      SQL> TRUNCATE TABLE BIGTAB REUSE STORAGE;
   2. If it takes 3 days (72 hours) to drop the table, spread this out over
      6 nights i.e. drop 1/3 Gb per night. This can be achieved in 6 (nightly)
      steps as follows:
      Night 1: 
        SQL> ALTER TABLE BIGTAB DEALLOCATE UNUSED KEEP 1707M; (2Gb*5/6)
      Night 2: 
        SQL> ALTER TABLE BIGTAB DEALLOCATE UNUSED KEEP 1365M; (2Gb*4/6)
      Night 3: 
        SQL> ALTER TABLE BIGTAB DEALLOCATE UNUSED KEEP 1024M; (2Gb*3/6)
      Night 4: 
        SQL> ALTER TABLE BIGTAB DEALLOCATE UNUSED KEEP 683M; (2Gb*2/6)
      Night 5: 
        SQL> ALTER TABLE BIGTAB DEALLOCATE UNUSED KEEP 341M; (2Gb*1/6)
      Night 6: 
        SQL> DROP TABLE BIGTAB;

   The same method can be applied if LOB segments or indexes are involved.

        SQL> ALTER TABLE  MODIFY LOB ()
             DEALLOCATE UNUSED KEEP M;
 
        SQL> ALTER INDEX  DEALLOCATE UNUSED KEEP M;
 

Caveats
~~~~~~~

   o. If you have inadvertently tried to drop the table, this method will
      not work. This is because the drop will first convert the segment to
      a temporary segment, and only then start cleaning up the now temporary
      segment's extents. Thus, if the drop is interrupted, the temporary
      segment will now be cleaned up by SMON.
   
   o. This method will only work for table, lob and index segment types.

   o. This method will not work for segments bigger than 4gb in size due to
      unpublished bug:
      1190939  4G

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Oracle Support Services


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