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Redhat6 使用 yum源[转载]

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:yuefei200274 时间:2014-03-26 15:07:36 0 删除 编辑

Redhat6 使用 yum源

由于Redhat的yum在线更新是收费的,如果没有注册的话是不能使用的,即不能在线安装软件。在这里和大家分享一下如何使用Redhat6 系统用yum源来在线安装软件。 1、删除redhat原有的yum源

# rpm -aq | grep yum|xargs rpm -e --nodeps
2、下载新的yum安装包

  这里我们使用CentOS的yum源


# wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.5/os/i386/Packages/python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
# wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.5/os/i386/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.i686.rpm
# wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.5/os/i386/Packages/yum-3.2.29-30.el6.centos.noarch.rpm

# wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.5/os/i386/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch.rpm 3、安装yum软件包

# rpm -ivh  python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
# rpm -ivh  yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.i686.rpm
# rpm -ivh  yum-3.2.29-30.el6.centos.noarch.rpm  yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch.rpm

注意:最后两个安装包要放在一起同时安装,否则会提示相互依赖,安装失败。 4、更改yum源  #我们使用网易的CentOS镜像源

# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
# wget  http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo
# vi CentOS6-Base-163.repo

  编辑文件,把文件里面的$releasever全部替换为版本号,即6 最后保存!或者直接把下面的内存拷贝到CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件中即可(已经修改好)

#########################################################################
# CentOS-Base.repo
#
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
#
# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the
# remarked out baseurl= line instead.
#
#

[base]
name=CentOS-6 - Base - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-6 - Updates - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/updates/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-6 - Extras - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/extras/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-6 - Plus - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/centosplus/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#contrib - packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-6 - Contrib - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/contrib/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#########################################################################
5、清理yum缓存
# yum clean all
# yum makecache     #将服务器上的软件包信息缓存到本地,以提高搜索安装软件的速度
# yum install vim*    #测试域名是否可用

至此,Redhat6可以使用CentOS的yum源在线安装软件了!

6.使用 # yum update

或 # yum upgrade 升级系统

注:两个命令区别:

# yum  update 

升级所有包,改变软件设置和系统设置,系统版本内核都升级
# yum -y upgrade
升级所有包,不改变软件设置和系统设置,系统版本升级,内核不改变

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