# 数据结构与算法(C#实现)系列---N叉树(一) (转)

数据结构与算法(实现)系列---N叉树(一):namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas--com::office" />

Heavenkiller(原创)

N叉树的每一节点度数都相同，为N

using System;

using System.Collections;

namespace DataStructure

{

///

/// NaryTree 的摘要说明。-----N叉树

///

public class NaryTree:Tree

{

// member variables

protected key;

protected uint degree;

protected ArrayList treeList=new ArrayList();

//protected uint height=0;//暂时默认为0

//create an empty tree whose attribute of degree is _degree

public NaryTree(uint _degree)

{

//

// TODO: 在此处添加构造逻辑

//

this.key=null;

this.degree=_degree;

this.treeList=null;

}

//构造一棵叶子结点的N叉树

public NaryTree(uint _degree,object _key)

{

this.key=_key;

this.degree=_degree;

this.treeList=new ArrayList();

this.treeList.Capacity=(int)_degree;

for(int i=0;i

{

}

}

//-----------------------------------------------------------------

protected virtual object GetEmptyInstance(uint _degree)

{  return new NaryTree(_degree); }

//-------------------------------------------------------------------

//judge whether the tree is an empty tree

public overr bool IsEmpty()

{  return this.key==null; }

//判定是否是叶子结点。如果即不是空树且每一棵子树均为空树，则为叶子结点

public override bool IsLeaf()

{

if(IsEmpty())

return false;

for(uint i=0;i

{

if(  !(this[i].IsEmpty()) )

return false;

}

return true;

}

//-----------------------------------Inherited Attributes---------------------------------

public override object Key

{

get

{

return this.key;

}

}

//器

public override Tree this[uint _index]

{

get

{

if( _index>=this.degree )

throw new Exception("My:out of index!");//如果出界，则抛出异常

if( this.IsEmpty() )

return null;//如果是空树，则索引器返回一个 null

return (Tree)this.treeList[(int)_index];

}

set

{

this.treeList[(int)_index]=value;

}

}

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