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Using a Virtual CListView with a Dynaset (转)

原创 网络安全 作者:amyz 时间:2007-11-29 17:10:38 0 删除 编辑
Using a Virtual CListView with a Dynaset (转)[@more@]


Using a Virtual CListView with a Dynaset

This article was contributed by Mailto:kepler@bellsouth.NET">Sam Fugarino.

This example illustrates how to use an Access database file with an ie 4.0 virtual list view." tppabs="">DOWNLOAD sample project 63KB.

Loading large amounts of data into a CListView derived class is a very slow process, even when the data is maintained in memory. Accessing data in a database slows the process down even further. One of new features of a list view control is the ability to load data when it is needed. Below are the steps envolved.

You must have a version of COMCTL32.DLL that came with IE 3.0 or later.

Open up you database file.

Use your document object to open your database, and record set. In this example I use a dynaset type recordset. This allows me to set the relative record number of a recordset object's current record by using CDaoRecordSet's SetAbsolutePosition member function. Pass the a pointer to the recordset to your view class in an appropriate manner.

BOOL CVirtualListDoc::OnOpenDocumentFile(LPCTSTR lpszPathname) { CString m_FileName = lpszPathname; pdbase = new CDaoDatabase; pDBase->Open(m_FileName); CString strsql = "select * FROM TableName ORDER BY ColumnName";//Set up SQL statement pRecordSet = new CDaoRecordset(pDBase); pRecordSet->Open(dbOpenDynaset, strSQL);

//Open recordset using SQL statement pRecordSet->MoveLast();

//you have to access the records in the dynaset to get GCDaoRecordSet::etRecordCount() to work }

Set the ListView's style to LVS_OWNERDATA:

BOOL CVirtualListView::PreCreateWindow(CREATESTRUCT& cs) { cs.lpszName = WC_LISTVIEW; &= ~LVS_TYPEMASK; |= LVS_REPORT; |= LVS_EDITLABELS; |= LVS_OWNERDATA; CListView::PreCreateWindow(cs); }

Set number of items in list:

You have to tell the list view how many items it will contain. This is done by sending a LVM_SETITEMCOUNT to the list control. Do this and set up the list views columns in the views OnInitialUpdate() member function. You can send a LVM_SETEXTENDEDLISTVIEWSTYLE message to the control to set any of the new extended listview styles.

void CVirtualListView::OnInitialUpdate() { CListView::OnInitialUpdate(); /*set number of items in list to number of items in RecordSet*/ /* create image list*/ imageList.Create(IDB_IMAGELIST, 16, 1, RGB(0,0,0)); GetListCtrl().SetImageList(&imageList, LVSIL_SMALL); /* set extended stlyes*/ Dword dwExStyle = LVS_EX_FULLROWSELECT | LVS_EX_GRIDLINES | /*LVS_EX_SUBITEMIMAGES |*/ LVS_EX_HEADERDRAGDROP | LVS_EX_TRACKSELECT; GetListCtrl().SendMessage(LVM_SETEXTENDEDLISTVIEWSTYLE, 0, LPARAM(dwExStyle)); LV_COLUMN lvColumn; lvColumn.mask = LVCF_FMT | LVCF_WIDTH | LVCF_TEXT | LVCF_SUBITEM; lvColumn.fmt = LVCFMT_LEFT; = 120; for(int i = 0; i < GetFieldCount(); i++) // set up columns { CDaoFieldInfo fieldinfo; pRecordSet->GetFieldInfo(i, fieldinfo);//get field name int len = fieldinfo.m_strName.GetLength(); CString temp = fieldinfo.m_strName; TCHAR* szBuffer = new TCHAR[len + 1]; strcpy(szBuffer, temp.GetBuffer(len)); temp.ReleaseBuffer(); lvColumn.pszText = szBuffer; GetListCtrl().InsertColumn(i, &lvColumn);//insert column delete szBuffer; } /*set number of items in ListView*/ count = pRecordSet->GetRecordCount();//Get number of records GetListCtrl().SendMessage(LVM_SETITEMCOUNT, (WPARAM)count, (LPARAM)LVSICF_NOINVALIDATEALL); }

Create a handler to handle LVN_GETDISPINFO messages:

void CVirtualListViewView::OnGetDispInfo(NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult) { LV_DISPINFO* pDispInfo = (LV_DISPINFO*)pNMHDR; TCHAR szValue[MAX_PATH]; COleVariant varValue; long index = pDispInfo->item.iItem; long subItem = pDispInfo->item.iSubItem; if(pDispInfo->item.mask & LVIF_TEXT) { try { pRecordSet->SetAbsolutePosition(index);

//Set the file to desired index } catch(CDaoException* e) { return; } try { if(subItem) pRecordSet->GetFieldValue(subItem, varValue); else pRecordSet->GetFieldValue(0, varValue); } catch(CDaoException* e) { return; } const VARIANT* variant = LPCVARIANT(varValue); switch(variant->vt) { case VT_I2:{ wsprintf(szValue, "%d", variant->iVal); break; } case VT_I4:{ wsprintf(szValue, "%d", variant->lVal); break; } case VT_R4:{ wsprintf(szValue, "%f", variant->fltVal); break; } case VT_R8:{ wsprintf(szValue, "%f", variant->dblVal); break; } case VT_CY:{ COleCurrency c(varValue); CString s = c.Format();//ie. 1.00 strcpy(szValue, s.GetBuffer(s.GetLength())); s.ReleaseBuffer(); break; } case VT_DATE:{ COleDateTime t(variant->date); CString s = t.Format( "%A, %B %d, %Y" );

//Day of Week, Month Day, Year strcpy(szValue, s.GetBuffer(s.GetLength())); s.ReleaseBuffer(); break; } case VT_BSTR:{ CString str = V_BSTRT( &varValue );

//convert BSTR to CString strcpy(szValue, str.GetBuffer(str.GetLength())); str.ReleaseBuffer(); break; } case VT_BOOL:{ if(variant->boolVal) strcpy(szValue, "TRUE"); else strcpy(szValue, "FALSE"); break; } case VT_UI1:{ strcpy(szValue, (char*)variant->bVal); break; } default: break; } lstrcpyn(pDispInfo->item.pszText, szValue, pDispInfo->item.cchTextMax);

//set item text } if(pDispInfo->item.mask & LVIF_IMAGE) pDispInfo->item.iImage = 0;

//set image to first in list *pResult = 0; }

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