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2009年2月16日第1期VOA慢速听写

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:3571885 时间:2009-02-16 20:32:31 0 删除 编辑

This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.

Must a country buy from its own defense suppliers? This is one of the questions in Washington in a dispute over a deal worth at least thirty-five billion dollars. The contract will supply the Air Force with one hundred seventy-nine tankers.

The Air Force says it has a serious need for new planes to refuel aircraft in mid-flight. Boeing has a long history of supplying tankers to the Air Force.

But on February twenty-ninth, the Air Force awarded the contract to another American company, Northrop Grumman, teamed with EADS. EADS is the European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company, the parent of Airbus.

This week, Boeing protested the decision. The Government Accountability Office will study the appeal and expects to have a report by June nineteenth.

Boeing says it found problems in the process used to reach the decision. The Air Force has called the process fair and open.

But the decision not to give the contract to the Chicago-based company has angered lawmakers in Congress from states with Boeing factories. These include Washington state and Kansas.

Boeing offered a version of its Seven Sixty-seven airplane for the new tankers. Northrop Grumman and EADS based their tanker on the Airbus A-Three-Thirty. That plane is larger and would be able to carry more fuel.

There is debate about the possible effect on American jobs because production would be split between Europe and the United States. There is also dispute about what the deal could mean for national security. In any case, Boeing says the Air Force changed requirements in the middle of the competition.

Boeing and Airbus each had record numbers of orders last year for commercial airplanes. Demand is strong in Europe and Asia. But this week, EADS reported a loss of six hundred eighty-five million dollars last year, after a profit in two thousand six.
Airbus has had delays with its huge, new A-Three-Eighty passenger plane. A weak dollar also played a part in the loss.

Boeing has had its own problems with its new Seven Eighty-seven Dreamliner. To build it, the company is using a new system of suppliers around the world. Boeing says the Dreamliner could enter service early next year. Many buyers are waiting, but the new plane has not even had its first flight. The latest progress report is expected by the end of the month.

And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter. For more news, go to voaspecialenglish.com. I'm Steve Ember.

==

一个国家必须向国防供应商采购吗?这是美国政府在争论的问题之一,关于一笔价值35亿美金的交易.该合同将为美国空军提供179架加油机.

空军称它急需新的飞机来为飞行途中的飞行器加油。波音公司有为空军供应加油机的长远历史。

但是,2月29号空军将这笔合同交给了另外一家美国公司——诺思罗普•格鲁曼公司,该公司与EADS合作。

这周波音公司对这个决议提出了上诉.美国政府问责局将对该诉请进行研究,并预计在6月19日提交报告。

波音称发现达成这一决定程序中的问题。美国空军称这一程序公平公开。

但是,未将合约授予位于芝加哥的波音公司的决定激怒了议院中来自波音工厂所在州的立法者。这些州包括华盛顿州和堪萨斯州。

波音提供了波音767作为新加油机的机型.而诺斯罗普•格鲁曼以及EADS提供了以空客A-330为基础的加油机,它更大,并且能够装载更多的燃料。

关于美国就业可能因此受影响的问题存在争议,因为(加油机)的生产是在欧洲和美国两地分开进行的。对于这笔交易对国家安全意味着什么的问题也存在争议。无论如何,波音公司表示美国空军在竞争的过程中改变了需求。

波音公司和空中巴士公司都有去年商务客机订购数量的记录。在欧洲和亚洲,需求量是很大的。但这个星期,欧洲宇航防务集团报告说2006年赢利,但在2007年损失6.85亿美元。因此空中巴士推迟了新款巨型A380客机的生产。美元疲软也导致了这笔损失。

波音自己的新型787梦想飞机也存在着问题。为了建造梦想飞机,波音公司在全世界使用了一种新的供应系统。波音表示这款梦想飞机将在明年初投入使用。许多购买者在等待,但这款新型飞机还未进行过第一次试飞。最新的进展报告预计在本月底出来。

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