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db_block_checksum & db_block_checking

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:linyuze 时间:2009-03-31 22:21:10 0 删除 编辑

首先看两个参数的定义:
DB_BLOCK_CHECKSUM

DB_BLOCK_CHECKSUM determines whether DBWn and the direct loader will calculate a checksum (a number calculated from all the bytes stored in the block) and store it in the cache header of every data block when writing it to disk. Checksums are verified when a block is read-only if this parameter is true and the last write of the block stored a checksum. In addition, Oracle gives every log block a checksum before writing it to the current log.

If this parameter is set to false, DBWn calculates checksums only for the SYSTEM tablespace, but not for user tablespaces.

Checksums allow Oracle to detect corruption caused by underlying disks, storage systems, or I/O systems. Turning on this feature typically causes only an additional 1% to 2% overhead. Therefore, Oracle Corporation recommends that you set DB_BLOCK_CHECKSUM to true.

DB_BLOCK_CHECKING

DB_BLOCK_CHECKING controls whether Oracle performs block checking for data blocks. When this parameter is set to true, Oracle performs block checking for all data blocks. When it is set to false, Oracle does not perform. block checking for blocks in the user tablespaces. However, block checking for the SYSTEM tablespace is always turned on.



Oracle checks a block by going through the data on the block, making sure it is self-consistent. Block checking can often prevent memory and data corruption. Block checking typically causes 1% to 10% overhead, depending on workload. The more updates or inserts in a workload, the more expensive it is to turn on block checking. You should set DB_BLOCK_CHECKING to true if the performance overhead is acceptable.

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