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Oracle:如何对CLOB行字段执行全文检索(转)

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:jcszjswkzhou 时间:2019-06-03 15:18:04 0 删除 编辑
Oracle:如何对CLOB行字段执行全文检索,CLOB,开发技术
大家知道超过4000字的文本一般存储在CLOB中(MSQL、Sysbase是存放在Text中)在目前的Oracle版本(Oracle8i)中对大字段CLOB仍然不支持在where子句直接的like操作如何实现对存储在CLOB字段中的内容进行like查找呢?下面的文章或则能给你帮助虽然在SQL*PLUS中能实现用select直接看到CLOB的内容但是如何通过DBMS_LOB包实现对中文环境下的CLOB内容的读取我一直没有找到好的方法(使用Documents中提到的Samples只适用英文字符集)这极大的限制了使用第3方软件开发工作的自由度如果那位仁兄有高招希望Email给我

表结构:create table products(
productid number(10) not null
name varchar2(255)
description CLOB) ;

方法:SELECT productid name FROM products
WHERE dbms_lob.instr(products.description′some text′11) > 0;

下面列出了DBMS_LOB包中的过程函数:

APPEND procedure Appends the contents of the source LOB to the destination LOB.

CLOSE procedure Closes a previously opened internal or external LOB.

COMPARE function Compares two entire LOBs or parts of two LOBs.

COPY procedure Copies all or part of the source LOB to the destination LOB.

CREATETEMPORARY procedure Creates a temporary BLOB or CLOB and its corresponding index in the user′s default temporary tablespace.

ERASE procedure Erases all or part of a LOB.

FILECLOSE procedure Closes the file.

FILECLOSEALL procedure Closes all previously opened files.

FILEEXISTS function Checks if the file exists on the server.

FILEGETNAME procedure Gets the directory alias and file name.

FILEISOPEN function Checks if the file was opened using the input BFILE locators.

FILEOPEN procedure Opens a file.

FREETEMPORARY procedure Frees the temporary BLOB or CLOB in the user′s default temporary tablespace.

GETCHUNKSIZE function Returns the amount of space used in the LOB chunk to store the LOB value.

GETLENGTH function Gets the length of the LOB value.

INSTR function Returns the matching position of the nth occurrence of the pattern in the LOB.

ISOPEN function Checks to see if the LOB was already opened using the input locator.

ISTEMPORARY function Checks if the locator is pointing to a temporary LOB.

LOADFROMFILE procedure Loads BFILE data into an internal LOB.

OPEN procedure Opens a LOB (internal external or temporary) in the indicated mode.

READ procedure Reads data from the LOB starting at the specified offset.

SUBSTR function Returns part of the LOB value starting at the specified offset.

TRIM procedure Trims the LOB value to the specified shorter length.

WRITE procedure Writes data to the LOB from a specified offset.

WRITEAPPEND procedure Writes a buffer to the end of a LOB.


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